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CROYDON IN THE PASIi 

Historical, Monumental , and Biographical : 

being a history of thb town as depicted on the 

^omtis, ^afilpfs, anb (Jraopsfonps 

IN THE 

CHURCHES, CHURCHYARDS, AND CEMETERY 

OF THE PARISH, 

INCLUDING ALSO MEMORIALS OF THE NEIGHBOURING VILLAGES OF 

BEDDINGTON, SHIRLEY, AND ADDINGTON- 



PRECEDED BY ORIGINAL AND 



INTERESTING HISTORICAL NOTES. 
^ 

/^ n*-^ *3^ tttoxtntQ nil nisi honum.'' 



CROYDON : 
Printed and Published by Jesse W. Ward, "Advertiser" Offices, 
14 & 15, Katharine Street. 



CROYDON : 

PRINTED BY JESSE W. WARD, AT THE "CROYDON ADVERTISER" 

STKAM PRINTING OFFICES, KATHARINE STREET. 



4 




PREFACE. 



^ 







I EVER before, as far as we can learn, has an attempt been 

made to publish a work of this description, either in 

^' Croydon or elsewhere. Previous local historians have confined 

^\ themselves to copying the laudatory inscriptions engraved on some 

r>of the brasses, tablets, and monumental marbles, erected in the 

vchancels and aisles of the Churches, to keep in remembrance the 

names and deeds of the richer and more ini^uential inhabitants who 

have passed away. The publisher of this work, not content with 

copying these obituary notices, has gone to the Graveyards and the 

Cemetery, and placed on permanent record the names, not only 

of the great ones, but also of those less favoured in this world, 

lying beneath the humble gravestone or monumental slab, on which 

their names and ages are recorded, with the date of their death, 

and on which, in many instances, their virtues are set forth in 

humble verse, or suitable Scripture text. 

Many of these memorial stones will, by the operations of nature, 
in a few brief years crumble away, or be removed to make room 
for those of a later generation. Inscribed in the pages of this book, 
their names and deeds become permanently part of the past history 
of the town, and there are few residents who will not find in its 
pages, records of some dearly-loved ones whom they would gladly 
hold in their kind remembrance. 

Interspersed with these lists of the departed are numerous 
short obituary notices, written in most instances by gentlemen who 
have known those of whom they write, while in the flesh, and who 
were pleased to have this opportunity of recording their testimony 
of departed worth. 

Owing to the length to which these pages have run, in a few 
instances it has been deemed necessary to compress some of the 
inscriptions, especially where repetitions of Scripture texts occur, 



Croydon m the Past. 

the publication of which would have extended these pages to an 
unwelcome extent without concurrent advantages. 

In the introductory chapters will be found a brief but graphic 
History of the Town from the very earliest period, showing its 
gradual progress and subsequent rapid development, including 
many interesting matters and memorabilia, which have never before 
been published ; these have been collected by a diligent and 
unwearied search of every available source of information, and 
include an account of the now almost forgotten Canal, Tramway, 
and Atmospheric Railway. Many interesting documents from the 
State Paper Office, connecting this town with several important 
events in our national history, have been kindly placed at our 
disposal, and are now for the first time published, with explanatory 
notices. 

Every endeavour has been used to make this work as complete 
as possible, so that all who feel an interest in the old town of 
Croydon may have within their reach a permanent and reliable 
record of Croydon in the Past. 

Some idea of the work necessary to compile the book may be 
gathered from the fact that there are upwards oi four thousand five 
hundred separate names given. The bare work of copying these 
would be in itself a task of considerable labour, but its magnitude 
is increased by the copious notes and brief biographies which are 
appended to the obituaries of the best-known residents. 

We shall probably issue another edition when, in the course of 
time, the Cemetery contains a greater number of illustrious dead. 
In future editions we shall be happy to include further particulars of 
those, who, in the present edition, have not been in this way duly 
honoured. We have compiled from various sources of information 
all that we could gather, and have been cheerfully aided in the 
work by many old inhabitants, but we are conscious that there 
may be many omissions of records of departed worth which we 
would willingly rectify in future editions. We therefore cordially 
invite our friends to send to this office what notes they can, 
in the same spirit as we have written those already printed, and in 
accordance with the maxim we have taken for our motto, " De 
mortuis nil nisi boiium.'" 

Croydon Advertiser Offices, 
December, 1882. 





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INDEX TO HISTORICAL CHAPTERS. 



Early History of Croydon... i 

Ancient Extent of Parish . . vi 

Ancient Watercourses . . ii 

First Settlers . . . . iii 

Grant of Markets . . . . vii 

Introduction of Christianity v 

Origin of Name .. .. iv 

Route of Roman Road . . iii 

Saxon Rule . . . . . . iv 

Situation of Noviomagus . . iii 

The Domesday Book ... v 

Description and Progress of 

the Town ... ... vii 

Calico Printing Introduced x 

Coaching Times . . . . ix 

High Street . . . . . . viii 

Middle Row.. .. .. viii 

Railways Introduced . . x 

Rapid Progress of the Town xi 

The Town 50 years ago . . ix 

Local Names and their Origin xi 

Railways, Tramways, and 

Canal ... ... ... xiv 

Ancient Tramway Route . . xv 

Atmospheric Railway Trial xviii 

Great Speed Attained . . xviii 

Cause of Failure . . . . xix 

Building of Crystal Palace xx 

Formation of Canal . . xv 

Openingofthe Croydon Line xvii 

Opposition to Railway . . xvi 

Trial of Tramway . . . . xvi 

The Old Iron Road... ... xv 

The Atmospheric Railway... xvii 

Whitgift's Hospital and 

School ... ... ... XX 

Ancient Bible . . . . xxvi 

Deed of Gift.. .. .. xxvi 

Description of the Building xxv 

Expense of Building .. xxi 

Form of Presentation . . xxvii 

Foundation . . . . . . xx 

Statutes of the Hospital . . xxv 

The Chapel . . . . . . xxvii 

The Common Hall ... xxv 

The Fishmongers' Dinner xxv 



Croydon State Papers 
Ancient Leases 
Archbp. Abbot and the King 
Earl of Northumberland . . 
Grant of Haling Manor .. 
King James and the Puritans 
Northampton and the King 
Persecution of the Catholics 
Sir Thomas Walsingham . . 
Sir Walter Raleigh . . 
The Duke of Buckingham 
The Earl of Rochester 
The Gunpowder Plot 
The Plague in Croydon 
Troubles with Saltpetre Men 
Visit of the Duke of York. . 
Whitgift's Protest to the King 

Croydon Memorabilia 
Beddington . . 
Addington . . 

The Old Palace of the 
Archbishops ... 
Origin and Growth 
Extent and Sale 

Archbishop Tenison's School 
Elys Davy's Almshouses 
The Little Almshouses 
Croydon in 1851 and 18S2 

Church Street 

Croydon Common . . 

George Street 

Handcroft Road 

High Street . . 

London Road 

Middle Row . 

North End . 

Park Lane . 

Railways 

South End 

St. James's Road 

Surrey Street 

Windmill Road 

Abershaw, Jerry 
Addington Manor 
Almshouses — Elys Davy's 



PAQB 

xxix 

xxix 
xxxiv 

XXX 

xxxii 

XXX 

xxxiii 
xxxiv 

xxxvi 

XXX 

xxxiii 
xxxii 
xxxi 

XXXV 

xxxv 

xxxiii 

xxxi 

.xxxvii 
xli 
xlii 

xliii 
xliii 
xliv 

xliv 
xlv 



xlvi 

xlvii 

li 

Ivi 

liii 

Iv 

xlvii 

Iv 

liii 

1 

liv 

Ivi 

H 

Iv 

Hi 

ivi 

XV 

xlii 
xlv 



Croydon in the Past. 

HISTORICAL mDEX— (Continued). 
Judges die of Fever 



PAGE 

Anerley ... ... ... xiv 

Antiquity of Croydon ... i 

Arciibishops of Canterbury xliv 

Atmospheric Railway ... xvii 

Beggar's Bush xiv 

Bible, ancient one in Hospl. xxvi 
Births, extraordinary ...xxxviii 

Black Assises at Croydon... xxxix 

Blease, complaints against xxii 

Bourne ... ... ... xii 

Brereton, Sir William ... xl 
Broad Green ... ...xiv, Iv 

Calico Printing in Croydon x 

Canal xiv 

Carew, Kev. Charles ... xliii 

Carew, Sir Francis... ... xlii 

Caterhani ... ... ... xiv 

Clewer, the \'icar ... ... xxxix 

Cold Harbour ... ... xiii 

Collier's Water Lane ... xii 

Cooper, James, hung ... xl 

Criminals hung in chains ... xl 

Croham Hurst ... ... xii 

Crystal Palace ... ... xx 

Dead man found ... ...xxxviii 

Fairs vii 

Finch, Rev. Samuel ... xxi 

Fishmongers' Company ... xxv 

Girunt, recipe for making... xliii 

Gunpowder Plot ... ... xxxi 

Haling House and Manor xxxii 

Howard, Admiral xxxii 



Int 



PAGE 

xxxix 



King James and the Puritans xxx 

Leases, ancient ... ... xxix 

Leng, John, d.d xlii 

Little Almshouses ... ... xlvi 

Longevity, instances of ...xxxviii 

Northumberland, Earl of... xxxi 
Nottingham, Earl of ... xxxii 

Palace, description of ... xliii 
Parson's Mead sold in lots xii 

Plague in Croydon ... xxxv 

Pryce, Rogers ... ...xxxviii 

Races on Parson's Mead ... xii 
Railway accommodation ... Ivi 
Raleigh, Sir Walter ... xxxi 

Saltpetre diggers xxxvi 

Scarbrook ... ... ... xii 

Skeletons found in George St. xxii 
Smitham Bottom ... ... xiv 

Storm, terrible, at Croydon xii 
Swan and Sugar Loaf ... xiv 

Tramways, ancient ... xv 

Tramways, modern ... xx 

Tunstall, Sir John... ... xxxvi 

Vicar's Oak xxxvii 



Waldrons 

Walsingham, Sir Thomas 
Walworth, Sir William 
Wandle, its source... 
Whitgift's Hospital 
Woodcote 



xii, xxxvii 

xxxvi 

xxxviii 

xii 

XX 

xii 



INDEX TO CHURCHYARDS AND 
CEMETERY. 



St. Johns Church . 
Interior 
Exterior 

St. James's Church . 

St. Peter's Church . 

Christ Church 

Friends' Meeting He 

Pump Pail Chapel . 

Beddington Church- 
Interior 
Exterior 



I 


Addin 


gton Church — 


3 




Interior 


lO 




Exterior 


- 57 


Shirley Church 


- 73 


Croyd 


on Cemetery ... 


... 97 




Church of England 


... 104 




Nonconformist 


... 107 




Friends 
Roman Catholic 


... 109 






... 113 







117 

120 

125 
131 
132 
179 
194 
194 



Index to Surnames on Tombs, &c. 
INDEX TO SURNAMES ON TOMBS, &c. 



Abbott 105 

Abercrombie 54 

Acheson 1S9 

Adams 26, 48, 100 

Adcock 14 

Adeney 191 

Adkins gi 

Agate 16, 23, 88 

Ager go 

Albury g4 

Alcorn 3S 

Alden ig2 

Alder 172 

Aldridge 59 

Alexander 92, 124. 195 

Allam 163, 1S5 

Allanson 162 

Allbright 147 

Allen 20, 54, 102, 129, 141 

Allingham 46 

Allmond 92 

Allsop 150, 173 

Alhvorthy 46 

Amos 63 

Ancona 126 

Anderson 32, 42, 100, 127, 

164 
Andress 162 
Andrews 29, 78, 156 
Angell 135 
Angus io5 
Anscombe 181 
Ansell 92 

Anson, Sir John 125 
Appleby 70, 183 
Apps 94 
Archer 70 
Ardley 76 
Arlett 163 
Armstrong 140 
Arnold 2S, 67, 70, 147, 183 
Ashby 50, 106 1S5 
Ash down 155 
Aris I So 
Arthur 102, 162 
Artindale 158 
Astington 193 
Atkins 48, 185 
Atkinson 12S, 163 
Attridge, 52, 172 
Auber 183 
Austen 127 
Avis 91 

Axford 180, 182 
Ayre 141 

Baber 169 
Bagot 62 
Bailes 58 

Bailey 25, 59, 77, 96, 141, 
144, 157, 170 



Bailie 60 

Baine 42, 53, 145 

Baker 47, 62, 76, 93, 128, 

139, 149, 171 
Balcombe, 163 
Baldwin 78 
Ball 115 
Ballard 187 
Bambridge igi 
Bance 14, 40, 46, 76, 81 
Bannister 133, 172 
Barham 171 
Barker 91 
Barkley 152 
Barnes 47, 83, 172 
Barraud 153 
Barrell loi 
Barrett 105, io5, 154 
Barrow 80, 184 
Barry 147 

Bartlett 72, 79, 154, 171 
Barton 104, 167 
Basingwhite 46 
Bassett 88, 107 
Batchelar, 56, 66, 82, 99, 

175, 182 
Batchelor 145, 150 
Bateman 65 
Bates 54 
Batten 50 

Battersbee 27, 78, 83 
Battine 58 
Bavridge 169 
Baylis 80, 88, 93 
Beach 194 
Beadell 97 
Beagley 168 
Beale 157 
Bean 76, 138 
Beaumont 
Beaver 162 
Bebb 70 
Beck 58, 77 
Bechely 133 
Beckwith 159 
Bedford 105 
Bedingfield 156 
Beecher 159 
Belcher S3, 142 
Bell 20, 52, 54, 185, 191 
Belletti 146 
Bellwood 151 
Belton 172 
Benham 122 
Bennett 14, 18, 27, 28, 

53. 97. 139. 144. 146, 

152, 171 
Bennington 130 
Bennoch 158 
Benoit 195 
Benson 184 



Bentley 87, 153 
Berners 28 
Berney 173 
Berresford i5S 
Berrington 34 
Berry 46 
Berryman 114 
Bertram 133 
Betchley 88 
Betterton 115 
Bevan 93 
Bickley 76 
Biddulph 157 
Biggs 127 
Bignell 11, 27, 140 
Billings 1S5 
Bingham 154 
Binns 105 
Birch 153, 162 
Bishop 183, 185, 191 
Bissett 122 
Black 48 

Blackburne 158, 176 
Blackman 88 
Blake 11, 24, 38, 128 
Blitz 175 
Block 193 
Blow 133 
Blumsum 53 
Blundell 124 
Blythe 148 
Boatwright 124 
Bodkin 34 
Boglefrench 184 
Bond 23, 26, 134 
Bone 34 
Bonella 87 
Bonus 135 
Boobier 84 
Booker i5o 
Booth iS, 26 
Boothman 91 
Bordwine 61 
Boreman 151 
Borneque 116 
Borrow 130 
Bottomley 19 
Bouchier 14 
Boulton 52 
Bouquet 116 
Bourdieu 7 
Bourton 55 
Bowden, 177 
Bowell 88, Sg 
Bower 103 
Bowerman 92 
Bowling 10 
Bowman 28, 160 
Bowring 87 
Boyce 21 
Boyd 48 



Croydon in the Past. 



Boyton 137 
Brack 182 
Bradbury 157 
Bradden g8 
Bradford 47, 128 
Bradley 140 
Brady 105, 160 
Braikenridge 155 
Brain 186 
Braithwaite loi 
Branscombe 129 
Brasier 10 1 
Bratton 156 
Bray 54 
Brealey 142 
Breary 17 
Brennan 6g 
Brewster 105 
Briden 171 
Bridges 112, 115 
Brigstock 7, 17 
Brisenden 154 
Bristowe 58, 112, 115 
Broad 168 

drij 
Brooke 18, 63 
Brooker 49, 139, 149, 157, 

164, 185 
Brooks 34, 69, 76, 89, 155, 

169, 188 
Broughton 54, 62, 188 
Brown 30, 31, 33, 43, 48, 

49, 54, 62, 82, 86, 91, 

98,127,133, 137, 150, 

154, 182, 187 
Browning 130, 167, 184 
Bruce 61, 174 
Brunsden 20, 24 
Bryant 18, 81, 135, 170 
Buck 92 
Buckland 32 
Buckley 1S9 
Bud 78 
Budden 137 
Budgen 34, 84 
Bull 14, 163 
Bullen 15 
Bullock 180 
Bunyer 71 
Burbidge 61 
Burch 171 
Burchett 36, 166 
Burgess 36, 98, 125, 177 
Burke 153 
Burley 95 
Burnand 77 
Burnett 43, 50 
Burns 87 
Burrows 87, 157 
Burstow 103 
Burt 81 
Burton 8, 182 
Bush 81 
Bustard 134 



Butcher 46, 171, 177 

Butler 105 

Butt 41, 49, go, 159 

Buzin 44 

Byrne 58 

Byers loi 

Bywater 161 

Cadburn 156 

Cadogan 173 

Caldcleugh 30 

Gallant 30 

Callow 171 

Campart 134 

Campbell 92, 148, 184, 

191 
Candish 94, 95, 108, 187 
Candler 105, 106 
Candy 183 
Caparn 167 
Cape 136 
Caplis 194 

Carew 109, no, in, 113 
Carey 152 
Carham 167 
Carley 195 
Carpenter 180 
Carrick 177 
Carter 8g, 97, 134, 138, 

155. 156, 190 
Case 63, 64 
Cash 104 
Casswell 135 
Castledine 52,71 
Catchpole 92, 94, 95 
Cates 69 

Cattaneo 194, 195 
Caunee 95 
Cayley 115 
Cazalet 3g 
Cazenove 34 
Cearns 148 
Chadwick 62 
Chalklin 170 
Chaloner 40 
Chalmers 28 
Chambers 177 
Chambers 186 
Champniss 3g, 43 
Chandos 108 
Chapman 31, 32, 82, 150 
Chappell 164 
Chappie 133 
Chard 182 
Charkain 103 
Charlesworth 74 
Chart 134 
Chasemore 71, 136 
Chatfield 40, 70, loi, 138, 

176 
Checker ig3 
Cheel 4g 
Cheesman 64 
Chesterman 26, 89 



Child 68 

Childs 188 

Chilman 146 

Chirol 39 

Chlist 66 

Chrees 42 

Church 19 

Churcher 37 

Churchhill 44 

Chuter 83, 128 

Claredge 168 

Clarence 103 

Clarke 25, 35, 46, 67, 104, 

122, i2g, 143, 153, 

162, i6g, 196 
Clarkson 185 
Claxton 81 
Cleaver 133 
Clements 14, 176 
demons gg 
Cleverley 87 
Cliff 54 

Clifford II, 38, 155 
Clift 155 
Close g2, i7g 
Closer 150 
Clutton 161 
Coates 151 
Cochrane 65 
Cockrell i5 
Cocks 17 
Coe 8g 

Coldwells 183 
Coleman 105, 106 
Coles 63, g8, 168, 189 
Collard 64 
Colleson 128 
Collier 10, 17, 78, 115, 

i5g, 160 
Collingwood 58 
Collins 62, 192 
Collis 70, 98, 107, 142 
Comber 91 
Constable 28, 164, 167, 

170 
Cook 36 
Cooke 13, 63, 65, 67, 126, 

176 
Coomber 2g 
Coombes 33 
Cooper 14, 54, 62, 65, 67, 

77, 82, 83, go, loi, 

127, 156, 159 
Cope 43 

Copley (John Singleton) 9 
Coppin 76, 126 
Corbett 158 
Corden 92 
Corker 43, go 
Cornell 86 
Corney 24 
Cornfield 60, 126 
Cornish 132 
Cort 182 



Index to Surnames on Tombs, &c. 



Coste 196 

Cotman 34, 84 

Couch 1S8, 189 

Couchman 37, 88, 91, 99 

Coulthard 95 

Court 93 

Cousins 62, 155 

Covell 123 

Coventry 104, 192 

Coward 33 

Cowley 168 

Cowling 60, 149 

Cox 69, 88, 92, 95, 99, 114 

Coxhead 89 

Crafton 104 

Cragg 157 

Crame 48 

Crane 102 

Crawley 64 

Cream 24 

Creasy 37 

Credland 107 

Creswick 35 

Crickmere 176 

Crippen 76, 79, 174 

Crocker 92 

Croft 28 

Crookes 168 

Crosby 70 

Cross 38, 64, 158 

Crouch 100 

Crowley 106, 194 

Cruikshank 142, 194 

Crutchett 181 

Cuckow 158 

Culhaue 114 

Cullen 138 

Cumming 29, 64 

Curtis 24 

Cutting 167 

Dabner 37 

Dagleish 95 

Dale 70 

Dallow 186 

Dalton 187 

Daniel 65 

Daniels 32, 61 

Dann 88, 155 

Danton 99 

Danvers 157 

D'Arley 55 

Dartnell 71, 193 

Davey 77, 132, 158 

Davidson 27, 157 

Davies 62, 71, 77, 98, 182 

Dawes 71 

Davison 154 

Davis 40, 76, 126, 139, 

140, 158, 173, 193 
Davy Elye 9 
Dawson 65, 90, 98, 100, 

i5o 
Dax 20 



Day 26, 49, 51, 63, 72, 89, 
94, 140, 170, 173 

Dean 51, 54, 68, 78, 167 

Dearling 169 

Dearman 105, 194 

Death 168 

Dellar 159 

Dempster 60 

Denning 141 

Dennis 44, 185 

Denny 187 

Devereux 195, 196 

Dickenson 24, 139 

Dickin 139 

Dickson 181 

Diller 186 

Ditmas 147 

Dixon 54, g8, 187 

Dobbs 102 

Dodd 44, 61, 162 

Dods 176 

Dolan 137 

Donkin 94 

Dosell 152 

Dove 82 

Dow 166 

Dowden 156 

Down 46 

Downing 26, 68 

Doyle 1 96 

Drake 19 

Draper 179 

Drewett 53 

Drinkwater 115, 179 

Driscoll 196 

Driver 11 

Drought 155 

Drummond 24, 136 

Drury 160 

Dryden 167 

Dryland 186 

Duckett 77 

Dudley 94 

Dudman 75 

Duke 193 

Dulake 82 

Duncan 19, 133 

Durban 139 

Duthort igi 

Dyer 68, 69, 70, 146, 149, 
169 

Dyke 158 

Eades 18, 167 

Eagles 14 

Eames 28 

Earton 126 

Easted 138 

Easton 94, 181 

Eastty 137, 172 

Eaton 106 

Ebbutt 28, 38, 85, 178 

Eden 58 

Edgar 106, 145 



Edlia 141 

Edmonds 154, 155 

Edridge 95 

Edwards 54, 65, 147, 177, 

194 
Eggleton 144 
Eldershaw 59 
Eldridge 83, 86 
Elgie 23 
EUiffe 70, 171 
Elliott 37, 46, 177 
Ellis 103, 128, 156, 162 
Emberson 83 
Embley 76 
Engstrom 79 
Escreet 100 
Etherington 70 
Evalt 148 
Evans 70, 186, 187 
Everall 134 
Everest 69 
Everett 89, 105 
Ewen 92 
Ewer 165 
Eyles 24, 25, 153 

Pagan 94 

Fagg 128 

Fairman 59, 155 

Farebrother 68 

Farley 17, 53, 72, 137 

Fames 30, 34 

Farquhar 115 

Farrant 175 

Farrer 121, 125 

Farrow 191 

Farr 174 

Faulkner 100, 155 

Fawcett 129 

Feldwick 65 

Fell 66 

Fenner 41 

Ferrers 114 

Ferrett 160 

Fielder 87, 172 

Fielding 26 

Field 43, 62 

Filby 37 

Filer 124 

Finnis 84 

Firby 58 

Fisher 37, 86, 172 

Fitzgerald 154 

Fletcher 26 

Flint 142 

Flower 2, 130, 175 

Ford 61, 69, 85, 152, 156 

Foresteer Le 76 

Forman 188 

Forshaw 69 

Foss 126 

Foster 59, 127, 133. 164, 

165 
Fothergill 156 



Croydon in the Past. 



Foulkes 63 

Fowles 97, 140 

Fox 54, 98 

Francis 47, 65 

Franklin 151 

Franks 155 

Fraser 139 

Freebody 15, 193 

Freeland 125 

Freeman 6g, 148, 160 

Freestone 168 

Freeth 63 

French 159 

Fresson 160 

Frewer 130 

Friday 54 

Friel 154 

Frisch 188 

Frith 106, 127 

Froggatt 135 

Frost 65, 141 

Fryer 105 

Fudge 166 

Fulker 31, 169 

Fuller 86, 92, 122, 124, 

135, 140, 184 
Fullick 32 
Furance 60 
Furbisher 122 

Gabitass 69 

Gage 159 

Gale 71, 176 

Galloway 81 

Gambrill 163 

Garard 86 

Garaty 178 

Gardner 13, 55, 68, 100, 

168, 171, 176, 190 
Garniss 185 
Gaskin 8g 
Gaston 187 
Gates 47, 63, 94, 163 
Gatland 140 
Geal 21, 163 
Gear 161 
Gedge 82 
Gee III 
George 20, 144 
Geldart 96 
German 21 
Geyle 149 
Gibbon 170, 177 
Gibbs gi 

Gibson 20, 127, 159 
Gilbert 65, 79, 172 
Gilding 62 
Giles 12, 85 
Gill loi, 126, 128 
Gillies 122 

Gillingham 55, 141, 170 
Gilson 73, 129 
Ginner 174 
Girling 35, 67 



Glisbey 164 

Glover 15, 17, 152, 187 

Goad 115 

Goadby 159 

Godfrey 40, 177, 194 

Goddard 20, 63, 183 

Godlom 63 

Godsalve 33 

Godson 72, 100, 177 

Godwin 170 

Goff iSi 

Golding 102 

Goldsmith 190 

Gomez ig6 

Gompertz 142 

Gooch 46 

Gooderson 80 

Goodwin 48, 95, 130, 173 

176 
Gordon 179 
Gorton 128 
Goschen 121 
Gould 15 
Goulding 70 
Gower 64, 80, 81, 140 
Grace 64, 158 
Graham 46 
Graley 185 
Granger 126 
Grant 92, 93, 126, 175 
Grantham 24, 45, Si, 130, 

151. 179 
Granville 192 
Gravener 12 
Graves 65, 75, 83 
Gray 32, 81, 99, 129, 180, 

181, 188 
Green 15, 82, 103 
Greenhead 164 
Greenhill 173 
Greenish 127 
Greenwood 168 
Greeves 26, 167 
Gregory 133, 155, 164 
Grellier 82 
Grenhill 112 
Gresham 153 
Griffin 19, 65 
Griffiths 49, 150 
Grindall, Archbishop 4 
Grindall 58 
Grise 135 
Grist 157 
Groom 77, 182 
Grose 45 
Gruaz 41 
Gunrl 84, 189 
Gunning 91 
Gurney 126 
Gurrey 79 
Gutteridge 155 

Haddon 11, 160 
Haden 169 



Hadfield 20 

Haines 40, 41, 48, 95, 155,. 

192 
Haldane 33 
Hale 161 
Halfhide 17 
Hall 20, 26, 43, 70, 78, 91, 

102, 153, 1S8 
Hallett 26, 184 
Halliwell 158 
Halsey 91 
Hamilton 129 
Hammon 76, 127 
Hammond 133, 140, 195 
Hamp 163 
Hamsher 138 
Hancock 32 
Hanks 193 
Hanlon 195 
Hanrie 195 
Hanscomb 188 
Harcourt 173 
Harding 41, 70, 163, 167, 

178 
Hardstone 91 
Hardy 43 
Harker 73 
Harland 93, 16S 
Harley 30 
Harman 173 
Harmer 178 
Harris 19, 31, 81, 93, 145, 

151, 159, 162 
Harrison iSo, 194 
Hart 127, 164 
Hartley 152 
Harvey 84, 194, 195 
Hastings 195, 196 
Hatch 77, 141 
Hatcher 8 
Hatchett 147 
Hatter 162 
Hatterclyffe 118 
Hatton 22, 144 
Hawes 177 
Hawick 93 
Hawkins 139 
Haydon 32, 51, 58 
Haye 63, 178 
Hayes 158 
Haythorne 34 
Hayward 31, 63, 67, 86, 

93. 152 
Hazelgrove 157, 168 
Head 45 
Heading 163 
Heath 120 
Heath, Baron 129 
Heather 66 
Heathfield 192 
Heatley 190 
Hedgis 164 
Hemmans 45 
Hemmings 132 



Index to Surnames on Tombs, &c. 



Hempstead 70, 150 

Henbrey 53 

Hendred 36 

Henley 33, loi, 139, 168 

Henson 184 

Herbert ig, 153, 190 

Hermell 103 

Herring 7, 44, 77, 150 

Hersee 107, 162 

Hewell 105 

Hewett 134, 155 

Hibbett 44 

Hickmott 1S6 

Hicks 29 

Hickson 113 

Hide 160 

Hider 108 

Higgins 34 

Higgs 20 

Hildyard 166 

Hillar 115 

Hilling 77 

Hillman 176 

Hills 49, 126 

Hingston 127, 190 

Hinton 1S4 

Hintson 149 

Hipwell 174 

Hiscock 38 

Hoar 32, 34, 81, 194 

Hobbs 86, 125 

Hodges 103 

Hodgkins 82 

Hodgson 26, 76, 125, 193 

Hoffman 120 

Hoffmeister 64 

Holdship 34 

Holdsworth 139 

Hole 163 

Holman 163, 175 

Holmden 170 

Holmwood 171 

Hollands 33, 161, 162 

Holledge 70, 176, 179 

Holliday29, 59, 78, 86,92, 

i85 
Holloway 70 
Hooker 91 
Hookins 88 
Hope 81 
Hopkins 76, 149 
Hopwood 47 
Horn 193 

Home ig, 92, 106, 146 
Horner 70 
Horniman 106 
Horton 15 
Horsley 146, 169 
Hotchkiss 46 
Hotson 167 
Houghton 128 
Howard 67, 123 
Howell 71, 170 
Hoyle 71 



Hubbard 128, 133 

Hudson 130 

Hughes 19, 28, 49, 80, 

105, i5o, 17c, 177 
Hulbert 169, 179 
Hullett 44 
Humphreys 159 
Hunt 128, 133, 167, 188, 

193 
Hutchinson 105 
Hussey 140 
Hyde 102 

I'Anson 164 
lies 100, 192 
Ingham igi 
Ingleton 168 
Inglis 161 
Inkpen 25, 42 
Ingram 165 
Inchbald 193 
Innell 128 
Innes 12, 13 
Ireland 133, 152 
Irwin 154 
Isaac 159, 160 
Ives 37 
Izod 163 

Jackson 86, 133, 142, 185 

Jacob 67, 78, 165 

James 95, loi, 129, 164, 

176 
Janson 77 
Jarvis 85 
Jayne 38, 61 
Jeane i5q 
Jefferies 191 
Jeffrey 103 
Jell 128 

Jenkins 176, 187 
Jepson 68 
Jerrum 94 
Jervis 184 
Johns 17 
Johnson 13,26,44,62, 80, 

8g, 142, 148, 160, 183, 

192 
Jones 16, 38, 77, 94, 129, 

139, 142, 144, 177, 

187, 188 
Jordan 82 
Joy 133 
Joyce 140 
Julian 150 

Keallee 53 
Keates 36 
Keely 124 
Keen 141 
Keep 188 
Kelley 78, 196 
Kember 176 
Kemp 41, 53, 90 



Kempton 98 

Kennedy 29, 77 

Kent 182 

Kentish 186 

Kerrell 28, 174 

Kersey 185 

Kershaw 144 

Kettle 59, 72 

Kettles i65 

Kew 193 

Keys 68 

Killmaster 15 

Kilmister 89 

Kimber 191 

King 25, 42, 43, 47, 76, 
85, 136, 158, 163, 166, 
171, 172, 183, 185, 
192 

Kinsman 142 

Kirby 129 

Kirk 144 

Kirkby 190 

Kirkham 25, 148, 1S3 

Kirton 39 

Kitchen 156 

Klitz 133 

Knapp 44 

Knell 187 

Kneller 134 

Knight 20, 32, 91, 102 

Kotze 165 

Kynaston 143 

Ladd 163 

Laing 50 

Lamb 63 

Lambert 62, 76, 137 

Lambley 156 

Lammin 142 

Landon 187 

Lane 88, 195 

Lang 177 

Langford 75, 120 

Lanham 162 

Langridge, 160 

Langley 166 

Large 26 

Lashmar S3 

Latter 25 

Lattrell 168 

Lauchlan 188 

Lauree 126 

Lavers 195 

Lawless 196 

Lawrence 85, 102, 114,. 

167 
Layban 114 
Layton 160 
Leaver 165 
Ledbetter 106 
Lee 187 
Leeds 56, 67 
Lees 190 
Leese 160 



Croydon in the Past. 



Legg i6o 

Leggatt 29 

Leigh 117, 118 

Lenny 135 

Leppingwell 24 

Leresche 95 

Leslie 126 

Levens 32 

Levitt 105 

Lewes 61 

Lewin 31 

Lewis 68, 180, 186, igo 

Liddell 182 

Lindsay 99 

Line 170 

Linfield 55 

Ling 192 

Link 177 

Linn 167 

Little 59, 167 

Living 153 

Lloyd 20, 54, 126, 129, 

161 
Loch 60 

Lock 66, 154, 168 
Lockwood 20 
Lockyer 100 
Lodge 99 
Loft 69 
Loftus 127 
Lomas 153 
Long 39, 79, 85, 169 
Longhurst 66 
Longley, Archbishop 122 
Lonsdale 70 
Looker 41 
Lorant 175 
Lote 96 
Lott 122 
Love 175 
Loveday 95 
Lovejoy 20 
Loveland 59 
Lovelock 9 1 
Lowe 183 
Lowen 30 
Lowndes 194 
Loyd 120 

Lucas 106, 153, 168 
Luckins 76 
Ludlow 160 
Lulham 46 
Lumley 175 
Lunn 58 
Lurway 85 
Lushington, Sir Stephen, 

142 
Lutter 98 
Lyke 64 
Lynch 194 
Lynn 37 
Lytton, Lady Bulwer, 

126 



Macdonald 58, 153 

McDougall 196 

Mackay 142, 161 

Mackenzie 75 

Mackett 30 

Mackinder ig 

Macrone 61 

Madock 170 

Maidment 159 

Maidstone 126 

Main 12 

Maknis 54 

Mallett 88 

Malson 93 

Maltby 135, 176 

Man 169 

Mann 11, 12, 24, 46, 124 

Mannerson 187 

Manser 98 

Mapletoft 192 

Mardell 77 

Margett 31 

Markby 45 

Markham 29 

Marks 171 

Marrion 158, 179 

Marsh 55, 105, 113, 173 

Marshall 9, 30, 43, 93, 95, 

140 
Marston 52, 159 
Martin 16, 87, 99, 130, 

146, 156, 161, 163, 

164, 171, 175, 187, 

188, 191, 192 
Mascall 36 
Mash 143 
Maslin 53 
Mason 95, 106, 150, 152, 

166 
Massie 55 
Masterman 173 
Masters 62, 159 
Matheson 64, 190 
Mathison 61 
Matthews 22, 32, 38, 50, 

66, 85, 100, 139, 140, 

141, 152, 185 
Matthey 81 
Maughan 64 
Mawle 61 
Maxwell 164 
May 79, 82, 100, 187 
Mayhew 33, 36, 163, 164 
Maylam 94 
Maynard 11 
Mayne 49 
McCarty 14 
McCutcheon 157 
McGill 194 
McMillen 161 
McReddie 159 
Mead 168 
Meads 162 
Meager 17, 51, 69, 134 



Meakin 135 
Mean 70 
Meguinness 14 
Meheux 176 
Menhenuitt 144 
Mennie 55 
Mercer 159 
Meredith 48 
Merredew 30, loi, 156 
Merrick 183 
Merritt 33 
Merveilleux 71 
Messenger 13, 14, 24, 152 
Metcalf 50, 60 
Michaelwaite 166 
Middleton 123, 162 
Miller 24, 72, 75, 104, 

128, 150 
Mills 160, 175 
Mill 3 

Milward 175 
Miriam 164 
Mitchell 85, 116, 194 
Mole 94 
Molineux 38 
Monk 144 
Montague 166 
Montiploy 103 
Moorcroft 172 
Moody 39 
Moore 11, 34, 56,58,91, 

135. 155. 178 
Moorley 166 
Morgan 64, 187 
Morice 126 
Morland 104 
Morley 27, 157 
Morrant 132 
Morrison 38, 98 
Morris 14, 37, 68, 100, 

102, 116, 147 
Mortimer 175, 186 
Morton 168 
Moseley 138, 139 
Moss 184 
Mott 58, 181 
Moulton 30 
Moxam 176 
Moyse 133 
MuUett 83 
Munro 184 
Mure 128 

Murray 162, 173, 196 
Musgrove 45 
Muskett 87 
Myrtle 95 

N alder 75 

Nangreave 52 

Napier 130 

Nash 128, 169 

Naylor 67 

Neale 48, 87, 99, 157 

Neatby 106 



Index to Surnames on Tombs, &c. 



Need loo 
Nelson i8i 
Neville 52, 68, 69 
Newbury 140, 166 
Newby 188 
Newling 192 
Newman 21, 151, 183 
Newport 11 
Newton 52, 91, 148 
Nicholson 55, 102 
Nicoll 147 
Nobes 93 
Noble 24 
Nockalls 19 
Norkett i65 
Norman 36, 152 
Norris 175 
Norrington 173 
Norrish 11 
Northcott 87 
Northwood 93 
Norton 183, 195 
Nunes 72 

Oakley 172 

Odd 193 

O'Dwyer 93 

Oldaker 47 

Oldfield 162 

Oldham 126 

Oliviere 64 

Oliver 137 

Olive 16 

Oliphant 59, 171 

O'Neil 55 

O'Riordan 195 

Orkinstall 135 

Ormerod 115, 173 

Orr 179 

Orton 166 

Osborn 167 

O'Shea 175 

Osman 49 

Oswald 10, 30, 85 

Otes 6 

Outram 108 

Overbury 154 

Overton 35, 36, 193 

Owens 23, 144, 175, 192 

Oxden 14 

Oxford 179 

Pace 195 

Paddon 165 

Page 37, 41, 51, 77, 139, 

151, 178, 184 
Paine 37, 43, 48, 90, 149, 

150 
Palmer 66, 163, 182, 188, 

191 
Palmerine 124 
Pampillon 50 
Pare 127 
Parfitt 128 



Parish 36 

Parker (Archbishop) 9 

Parker 67, 71, 114, 154, 

161, 164 
Parkinson 9 
Parky n 189 
Parris 91 
Parrott loi 
Parry 65 
Parsons 59, 1S2 
Part 3 1 

Partridge 18, 133 
Pascall 55, 60, 140, 145 
Patch 128 
Paterson 60 
Patterson 163 
Paull 166 
Paxton 158 
Payne 151, 170, 183 
Peach 30 
Peacock 104 
Pearce 82, 102, 152, 153 
Pears 192 
Pearson 195 
Peck 65, 128 
Peckham igi 
Peed 81 
Peerless 191 
Pembridge 35 
Penfold II, 47, 65, 66 
Pengilly 189 
Penley 58, 66 
Pennefather 126 
Pennyall 30 
Penson 78, 186 
Percival 17 
Perkins 178, 183 
Ferryman 173 
Pescud 93 
Peskett 161, 191 
Peters 28, 48, 86, 192 
Petter 83 
Pettifer 52, 87 
Pettit 155 
Phear 142 
Phelen 195 
Phillips 23, 107, 129 
Phillipson 12, 13 
Philpot 184 
Phipps 21, 82 
Pidgeon 53 
Piercy 152 
Piggott 53, 114 
Pilbeam 80, 150, 174, 193 
Pilcher 130 
Pim 105, 115 
Pine 105 
Piper 59, 128 
Pitman 55 
Pitt 133, 167 
Plowman 148, 182 
Plumb 128 
Pocock 95, roo, 163 
Polhill 23 



Pollard 68, 172 

Polton 103 

Poole i6g 

Pope 147 

Popplewell 142 

Porter 38 

Potter (Archbishop) 7 

Potter 45, 88, 107, 146, 

173. 193 
Pothecary 126 
Pottinger 164 
Powle 62 

Pratt 36, 85, 114, 174 
Presant 92 
Prescott 60, 128 
Pretty 23 
Prevett 92 

Price 82, 83, 130, 156, 157 
Priddy 26 
Prier 106 
Pringle 152 
Pritchard 145, 147 
Privett 78 
Prodham 178 
Pry or 105 
Pugh 71, 175 
Pulford 173 
Pullen 55 

Punnett 128, 167, 177 
Puplett 56, 149 
Purdie 154 
Purkess 142 
Purnell 15 
Purritt 153 
Purser 17 
Purvis 148 
Puttick 159 
Puxon 132 
Puzey 33, 75, 128 
Pynsent 4 

Quelch 167, 174 
Quentery 126 
Quittenton 145, 177 

Radford 146 

Radley 105 

Raffe 151 

Raine 103 

Ralph 67 

Randall 99, 157, 166 

Ray 44, 46, 53, 77, 87, 

159. 193 
Rayment 133 
Raymond 79 
Rawlings 130 
Rawlins 122 
Read 33, 105, 162, 16^, 

175 
Ready 87, 155 
Reckitt 105 
Redford 97 
Redman 49, 175 
Redpath 166 



Croydon in the Past. 



Reed 144 

Reeks 22 

Reep 191 

Reeves 158 

Restell 135 

Reynolds 61, 104 

Rhodes 132 

Ricardo 79 

Rice 12, 18, 49 

Rich 18, 114 

Richards 25, 30, 84, 90, 

97, 143, 176 
Richardson 17, 59, 116, 

122, 163, 181 
Rickards 144 
Rickett 138, 171, 188 
Ridge 172 
Ridley 13, 93 
Rigby 142 
Right 34 

Ringham 146, 173 
Rivers 15, 167, 182 
Rix 88 
Roberts 11, 52, 70, 72, 86, 

91, 149, 159, 182 
Robertson 182 
Robinson 25, 27, 54, 169, 

191. 193 
Rodgers 163 
Roff 47, 81, 93 
Roffey 18, 75, 77, 95 
Rogers 48, 54, 58, 60, 71, 

136, 186, 188 
Rohde 129 
Rokes 105 
Rood 45 
Roper 71 
Rose 68 
Ross 142 
Roth 62 
Rousch 194 
Routledge 23, 132 
Row 193 
Rowland 48 
Rowlandson 79 
Rowlett 175 
Roy 49 
Rudge 167 
Rugendyke 144 
Rule 76 
Rumble 161 
Runacres 183 
Ruskin 117 
Russ 142 
Russell 19, 21, 68, 69, 73, 

86, 89, 102, 129; ^33' 

157. 185 
Rutter 17 
Ruxton 156 
Ryan 195 
Ryle 42 
Rylett 92 
Rymer 149 



Saker 82, 92 

Sale 160 

Salmon 60, 164 

Sandell 148 

Sanders 157, 184 

Sanderson 34, 162 

Sandy 156 

Sant 15 

Sares 159 

Saunders 95, 162 

Savage 182 

Saward 132 

Sawyer 80, 86, 107, 153 

Say 92 

Sayers, 98 

Scambler 65 

Schenk 129 

Schroder 142 

Scott 17, 18, 44, 78, 93, 

122, 168, 191 
Scrivener 166 
Scudamore, Lady 8 
Searle 77 
Secretan 177 
Sedgwick 67, 158 
Selfe 122 
Selmes 48, 70 
Serpell loi 
Sewell 26 
Seymour 5 
Shadbolt 185 
Shanklan 187 
Shapcott igi 
Shardlow 158 
Sharp 69, 97, 106, 138, 

167, 175 
Shattock 135, 168 
Shaw 24, 39, 58, 88 
Sheldon, Archbishop 6 
Sheldon 7, 21 
Shepherd 28, 61, 62, 146, 

152, 184 
Sherriff 99 
Sherrin 1S4 
Shewell 106 
Shirley 181 
Shoesmith loi 
Shonfield 51 
Shotton 149 
Shove 146 
Shurlock 182 
Sibery 64 
Sibley 84 
Sidegreaves 196 
Siggars 44 
Silva Da 194 
Silver 75 
Simkins 79 
Simmons 36, 43, 47, 165. 

172 
Simons 97 

Simpson 126, 143, 171 
Simson 184 
Sirr 161 



Skeats 185 

Skelton 144 

Skene, 45 

Skere 1S8 

Skinner 29, 33, 44, 63, 76, 
128, 135 

Slade 102, 193 

Slarke 35, 85 

Slatter 140 

Small 20, 102 

Smee 116 

Smith 8, II, 16, 17, 18, 28, 
30, 31, 36, 38, 40, 41, 
42, 45, 48, 59, 61, 63, 
67, 68, 75, 95, 100, 
103, 104, 106, 139, 
146, 154, 156, 160, 
168, 169, 171, 179, 
180, 183, 191, 192, 

. 193 

Smithers 85 

Snee 69 

Snelling 81, 155, 169 

Soan 37 

Southey 87 

Southgate 176 

Sparkes 184 

Spearpoint 141 

Spencely 144 

Spencer 28, 158, 168 

Spice 93, 94 

Spiers 64 

Spink 130 

Spooner 122, 179 

Squire 105 

Stack 126 

Stafford 150 

Stagg 16, 29, 44, 6g, 8g, 

. 94. 147 
Stainburne 132 
Stainforth 130 
Stamper 71 
Standen 107 
Stanford 48, 61 
Stanley 99 
Stannus 27, 57 
Staples 170, 181 
Stapleton 12, 83 
Starey 10 
Stead 26 
Stedman 50, 154 
Steed 161 
Steele 106 

Steer 68, 85, 176, 177, 178 
Steinman 19 
Stenhouse 157 
Stent 18 
Stephens 85 
Sterry 106 

Stevens 17, 69, 81,98 
Stevenson 156 
Stewart 112 
Still 61 
St. JL.eger 61 



Index to Surnames on Tombs, &c. 



Stock 64 

Stokes loi 

Stollens 182 

Stone 91, 166, 179 

Storey 6g 

Stovell 17S 

Strachan 90 

Strange 128, 148 

Stranger 20 

Street 83 

Streeter 14, 40, 177 

Stride 99 

Strike 63, 94 

Strong 157 

Strudwicke 29, 121 

Stuart 152 

Stubbington 76 

Stubbs 1S4 

Stuchberry 167 

Stunnell 40, 155 

Sturge ic5 

Sturgeon 168 

Sturt 18, 59, 147 

Suckling 82 

Sugden 186 

Summersby 158 

Sumner, Archbishop, 120, 

122 
Surman igo 
Sutherland 129, 136 
Sutton, Archbishop, 119 
Sutton 20, 119 
Sully 30, 60 
Swaine 84 
Swansborough 145 
Swift 16 
Swinbourne 32 
Svvindale 58, 114 
Symonds 168 

Tait 120 

Talbot 77 

Tancock 183 

Tanner 30, 192 

Tapson 169 

Tarrant 128, 166 

Tart 177 

Tarver 164 

Tate 82, 135, 152 

Tatum 95 

Taylor 12, 26, 39, 86, 94, 

105, 146 
Tchitchagoff 112 
Teale 157 
Tebbutt 141, 194 
Teevan 195 
Tegg 35 
Tennison 183 
Tent 47 
Tharp 187 
Tharpe 151 
Theobald 11, 183 
Thirkel 37 
Thomas43,62,65, 151, 153 



Thompson 90, 92, 99, 102 
Thomson 42, 58, 130, 173, 

184 
Thorn 187 
Thorne 48, 165 
Thornhill 17 
Thornton 33, 35, loi 
Thorp 79 
Thould 99 
Thrale 53 
Thrift 191 
Thyer 160 
Tice 173, 174 
Tickle 127 
Tidy 20, 36, 62 
Tidman 107 
Tierney 160 
Tilbury 53 
Tilling 103 
Tillyer 126 
Tindall 99 
Tippett 81 
Tirrell 7 
Titman 28 
Todd 14 
Todman 177 
Tolhurst 128 
Tomkins 90 
Toms 144 
Tonelli 141 
Torrington 71 
Toulmin 175 
Towell 28 
Towers 99, 151 
Town 149 
Townsend 107 
Toy 182 
Towse 144 
Trapnell gg 
Trapp 149 
Trask 44 

Treadaway 48, 141 
Trecothick 118, iig, 122^ 
Trenter 139 
Trewheels 166 
Trilleo 177 
Tritton 112, 116 
Trotman i8g 
Trott 161 
Truelove 102 
Trusler 18 
Tubb 166 

Tummons 133, 172 
Turner 36, 43, 45, 46, 53, 

78, gg, 150, 158, 170, 

196 
Turnour loi 
Tuthill 141 
Twiddy go 
Twigg gi, 154 
Twort 146 
Tyler 172 

Ulph I5g 



Unstead 12, 44 
Unwin 15 

Vanderkister 56 
Varden 151 
Vaughan loi 
Vaux 151 
Venables 94 
Venning iSi 
Veriom 177 
Vernon 195 
Verrall 60 
Vickers 86 
Vickery 47, igi 
Vigar 55 
Vinall 165 

Vincent 61, 146, 190 
Viney 16 
Vint 169 
Vipan 138 
Virgoe 46 
Vitre de 141 

Waghorne 82, 191 

Wagner 36, 85 

Wake, Archbishop 7 

Walbourn 94 

Walden iSi 

Walder 31 

Waldron 156 

Walford 188 

Walker 64, 76, 81, 92, 121, 

124, 162, 167, 174, 190 
Walkley 126 
Wall 47, 163 
Waller 157 
Wallington 114 
Wallis i6o, 191 
Walters 91, 122 
Walton 15, 112, 166 
Warburton 174 
Ward 15, 33, 49, 64, 71, 

go, g5, gg, 102, 107, 

154, 162, i6g, 187, 

194 
Warner 133 
Warren 148, 185 
Wasdall 18 

Waters 21, 23, 130, 171 
Wathen 116 
Watkins 135, 142 
Watson 23, 56, 70, 152 
Watts iS, 192 
Weaver 33, 85, 104, 171 
Webb 156, 159, 164, 179 
Webster 42 
Welch 161 
Weller 25, 2g, 52, 53, 55, 

60, gg, i6g 
Wells 64, 70, i3g, 140, 

153, 161 
Wenham 36 
Wenman 65 
Westbrook igo 



Croydon in the Past. 



West 19, 39, 98, loi, 140, 
141, 157, 172, 186 

Westlake 193 

Westrope 192 

Whealler 142 

Wheeler 35, 152, 185 

Whetstone 140 

Whiften 14 

Whitfield 191 

Whiffin 144, 178 

White 35, 61, 85, 107, 134, 
153, 163, 168, 187 

Whitehall 112, 113 

Whiteley 11 

Whitgift Archbishop 5 

Whiting 181 

Whitling 77 

Whittaker 15, 64, 87 

Whittington 154 

Wickens 26, 36 

Wicks 87 

Wightman 126 

Wigley 173 

Wilbraham 77 

Wilcox 171 

Wild 148 

Wilder 145 



Wildgoose 14, 39 

Wilkins 164 

Wilkinson 114, 172 

Willcock 191 

Williams 30, 38, 69, 85, 
95, 102, 159, 172 

Williamson 29 

Willing 141 

Willis 146, 172, 182 

Willmot 76 

Willoughby 79 
Wilmhurst 47, 153 
Wilson 19, 29, 92, 122, 

141, 156, i8o, 192 
Wilton 79 
Wiltshire 54, 154 
Winburn 64 
Windle 175 
Window 22 
Winscom 83 
Winter 21 
Witherby 189 
Witt 61, 156 

Wood 28, 35, 46, 55, 71, 
77, 82, 84, 93, 105, 
129, 160,167,170,195 
Wooderson 52 



Woodfall 142 
Woodhams 187 
Woodman 191 
Woodroffe 80 
Woodward 29, gi 
Woolford 51 
Woolnough 39 
Worcester 168 
World 80 
Wratten 182 
Wren 94, 144 
Wright 20, 26, 56, 96, gSf 

.135. 172 
Wrigley 70 
Wyatt 141 
Wykes 11 
Wynn 195 

Yeatman 49 
Yeoell 172 
Yewens 27 

Young 29, 90, 94, 126, 
138, 146, 162, 163 

Zuber 70 




N 



NOTE. 



While this sheet (which, though first in the book, is the last printed) 
is passing through the press, a notable addition has been made to the 
dead lying in Addington Churchyard. Dr. Archibald Campbell Tait, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, has passed away, and, though offered a resting- 
place in the grand cloisters of Westminster Abbey, his remains are now 
side by side with his beloved wife, and in the same graveyard where so 
many of his predecessors are lying. He died on Advent Sunday, 1882, 
the fourth anniversary of his wife's decease, having nearly attained his 
71st year. 





N commencing a brief epitome of the history of Croydon, 
we will endeavour in the first instance to give some idea 
of the configuration of the district in the pre-historic age. 
A dense forest filled up the whole of the country from the 
valley of the Thames to the South Wolds, the home of all kinds of 
wild animals, such as the wolf, the bear, the fox, the badger, and the 
wild cat. A great portion of this district was a swamp or morass, 
overgrown with rank verdure, impassable to all but the wild 
denizens of the woods. Just south of Croydon, the character of the 
country entirely changed ; the valley in which the Old Town stands 
is the boundary line. This was caused by an alteration in the 
nature of the soil. The bed of London clay reaches to Thornton 
Heath, near the northern boundary of the parish. South of 
Croydon, the North Wolds commence ; the hills are huge masses of 
chalk, raised by some great convulsion of nature from the bed of the 
sea ; the bare soil thereon affords little nourishment for trees, and 
few, therefore, were to be found, except in the sheltered valleys. 

In the forest range, the water from the hill sides gathered in the 
valley, forming swamps, eventually percolating into the soil, or find- 
ing an outlet by some small streamlet into the Thames valley. On 
the chalk hills, the water runs off very rapidly, makmg for itself 
channels, (though the nature of the soil prevented these channels 
becoming more than mere shallow brooklets, dry the better part of 
the year), to the lower levels ; but there were some parts in the 
valleys where there were large stretches of level lands ; here the 
water would naturally gather, forming bogs and swamps. The 
channels made by the passage of the water pouring down from the 
higher levels would, during the dry seasons, form a good level path- 
way, and we shall endeavour to trace the track of some of these 
brooklets, and show that most of our old roads are the dried beds of 
these hill streams. 

The most northerly water-course affecting this town had its 
origin in the forest, where now the Crystal Palace stands, pouring 
down Collier's Water Lane to Thornton Heath, the pond there 
(now very considerably reduced) being the natural reservoir. A 
second stream came from the direction of New Thornton Heath, ran 

A I 



ii. Croydon in the Past. 

along the Whitehorse Road, and found its way by some circuitous 
route not clearly discernable, across North End, down Chapel Walk 
(where there was formerly a conduit), and Handcross Alle}', joining 
the main stream near the Little Almshouses in Church Street. A 
third stream descended from the Park district and the higher ground 
beyond, passed down Mint Walk, crossed High Street at its 
junction with Surrey Street, thence down Scarbrook Hill, to a 
large pond situated in the triangle formed by Scarbrook Road, 
Church Road, and Church Street, and this pond, known in after 
years as Laud's pond, found an outlet partly across the Bogs, which 
we shall have to mention hereafter, and partly down the present 
Church Road, through the grounds of the Archbishop's Palace, 
where, in later years, it was artificially formed into fish ponds, round 
the churchyard, into Church Street, where it joined other streams. 
Laud's pond was also fed by springs, now utilised by the Water- 
works Company. Another stream came down the heights from 
Croham Hurst, pouring down Croham Lane, into the Southbridge 
Road, where it joined another stream, partially fed by springs rising 
in the grounds of Blunt House, and partially from a stream which 
came from Caterham and ran by the side of the Brighton Road, and 
the mysterious intermittent Bourne waters (of which we shall have 
to speak hereafter). This stream ran some little distance on the 
west side of the Old Town, but, being joined by a small brooklet 
from Duppas Hill and the Waldrons, it crossed the road near 
Chapel Passage, and shortly afterwards divided mto two branches, 
one part running east and the other west of Union Street, thus form- 
ing an island, called to this day " Bog Island." The divided stream 
joined again just before reaching the church, and here, meeting with 
all the other streams we have mentioned, formed a tolerabh' strong 
current, sufficient to turn a mill. It now became the River Wandle,. 
and made itself a course along the open ground at the back of St. 
John's Grove, crossed the course of the railway to Sutton, to Stubbs' 
Mead, where it formed a large marsh, yet known as Waddon Marsh, 
although the stream has long been confined to a channel, and the 
marsh converted into fertile pasture land. Almost all these water- 
courses were open until within the last 40 years. Since then, they 
have been 'covered in by the Board, and, in most instances, their 
old tracks have been converted into public roads. The running 
water is now confined to underground tunnels, and the bogs and 
swamps have been drained and converted into valuable building and 
garden land. Strangers, as they wander along the roadways of our 
old town, little think they are walking on the beds of ancient 
streamlets, and that in many cases, water, once such a source of 
trouble and annoyance to our forefathers, runs placidly under their 
feet in channels formed by the hands of man. 

We have thus faintly endeavoured to show the track of the 
many water-courses to which we owe the foundation of the town. 
The earliest settlers in this island were undoubtedly the Celts, and 
naturally, in their settlements, they would seek to find combined 
wood and water — the two most necessary elements of their subsist- 
ence ; these they would find conjoined in the district in which 



Early History of Croydon. iii. 

Croydon now stands. The Druids, the priests of the tribes, required 
groves of oak for their rehgious worship, and these would readily 
be found on the borders of the forest ; and they had, combined with 
these, running streams, also sacred objects in their worship. They 
also required open spaces for their sacrificial rites. The bare chalk 
hills on the opposite side of the valley were available for this 
purpose. The names of the district point out the uses to which it 
was appropriated. Haling is simply a corruption of Halig, or Holy. 
The little island we have spoken of would form a safe retreat from 
the incursions of the wild denizens of the woods. Thus, every cir- 
cumstance points to the feasibility of this district being considered, 
from the earliest time, holy or sacred ground. 

When the Romans invaded this island, they doubtless found a 
small community gathered in this Crag-dean, or winding valley, and 
here they would be suffered to remain ; but the Romans, in accord- 
ance with their usual policy, united their principal stations by good 
roads, one of the principal of which, from Londinum to Regum 
(Chichester), passed through Croydon. The first station out of 
London was Noviomagus, the precise situation of which is disputed. 
Some archaeologists place it at Holwood Park, where there is an 
ancient encampment still visible ; others at Woodcote, a retired 
little hamlet about two miles south of Croydon ; while a third party 
give Croydon the honour. We are inclined, however, to favour the 
idea that Woodcote is the more likely spot, partly on account of the 
numerous Roman remains found there, and partly on account of its 
splendid situation for defensive purposes, being situated at the 
mouth of a deep and natural gorge through the Wolds. There are 
also indications of a camp at Caterham Junction, on the opposite 
side of the valley, still called War Bank. 

It is an undecided question which was the route of the Roman 
road through the town. It is scarcel}'^ probable that they would 
choose the lower road through the swampy ground of the Old Town, 
although some ancient maps of Surrey would seem to favour this 
supposition. The main thoroughfare through the town, along the 
High Street, in these old maps is only shown as a bridle-path. It is 
conjectured that at least two other Roman roads pierced through 
the parish, but all traces of them have been lost. We are, however, 
not without convincing proof of the presence of the Romans in the 
district. In 1871, the remains of a Roman villa were brought to 
light at Beddington while the workmen were employed in cutting the 
carriers on the Irrigation Farm, belonging to the Croydon Local 
Board. Various sepulchral urns, containing fragments of calcined 
bones, were dug up in the immediate vicinity, and numerous human 
skeletons have been laid bare, with iron spear-heads and bosses of 
shields, usually buried with their warriors. Many Roman coins 
have also been dug up in various parts of the town. At the foot of 
Duppas Hill is a farm called Coldharbour, signifying an outstation 
for Roman legionaries ; the name is common in the vicinity of 
Roman encampments. Beyond these simple facts, the 300 years' 
reign of the Romans in Britain is, so far as Croydon is concerned, a 
blank. 



iv. Croydon in the Past. 

After the evacuation of this island by the Romans, the Saxons 
from Friedland and other parts of modern Germany, overran the 
country, introducing the worship of their mythic gods and heroes. 
They estabhshed the Heptarchy, dividing the island into seven 
different kingdoms. The smallest, although probably the most 
important, \vas Cent, embracing the counties of Kent and Surrey. 
Historians generally date the invasions by the Saxon tribes to the 
time of Hengist and Horsa, which the Venerable Bede says took 
place about 449 B.C.; but other chroniclers date the establishment 
of the Kentish Kingdom fully a century earlier. All these dates are, 
however, to a great extent, matters of supposition. There is no 
doubt that long before the retirement of the Romans, numbers of 
Saxons had settled along the southern and eastern coast of England, 
and they would naturally invite their brethren to join them when the 
withdrawal of the Roman legionaries had left the country defence- 
less. The Saxons introduced the worship of Woden, or Oden (from 
whom all their war-chiefs claim to be descended), and, wherever they 
settled, erected temples to his worship. We find his name very 
clearly traceable in the modern hamlet of Waddon, formerly spelt 
Waddens, and perhaps more doubtfully in the word Waldrons, 
formerl}' also spelt Waldons. The very name of Croydon is a cor- 
ruption of two Saxon words — Crag-dean, Saxon for winding valley, 
eminently descriptive of the locality. Some archaeologists have 
favoured the idea that the name is derived from the Norman Croi- 
dune, chalk-hill, totally oblivious of the fact that the town was called 
Croigdeaiie at the time of the Norman conquest. Any persons 
ascending the hills at Caterham or Haling cannot fail to notice how 
the valley winds in a serpentine course from Croydon to Godstone, 
formerly a natural pass from the valley of the Thames, through the 
chalk-hills to the Wealds of Sussex. The Saxon "g " is pronounced 
soft, very similar to our modern "y " ; thus it will be noticed that 
fully a century before the coming of the Normans, the pronunciation 
of the name of the town was nearly the same as at present. 

The Rev. D, W. Garrow, in his work on the " History and 
Antiquities of Croydon," published early in the present century, sup- 
poses the word to have originated in two Saxon words, crone, sheep, 
and dene, valley, and this idea is supported to some extent by the 
spelling of the name in the Domesday Book, where the town is 
called Croindene. In contradiction to this, we have the word spelt 
just as pronounced at the present time by an old Saxon scribe in 
962, — fully 50 years before the Domesday Book was taken. It must 
be remembered that the orthography of proper names was then, and 
for ages afterwards, in a very unsettled and uncertain state. 

Whether Christianity was introduced into this country during 
the continuance of the Roman Government is not positively known ; 
it is believed that some faint traces have been discovered during the 
later years of their rule. St. Augustine, to whom the honour of* 
introducing Christianity is generally given, landed in Kent in 597, 
but as early as the latter half of the second century, Tertullian wrote 
that those parts of Britain which were inaccessible to the Romans 
had become subject to Christ. Three English Bishops attended the 



Early History of Croydon. v. 

Council of Aries, in 347, and at Rimini a few years afterwards. St. 
Augustine was the first who brought the English Church in connec- 
tion with the Romish Church. The original Celtic race, driven to 
the inacessible regions of Wales and Scotland, were the first con- 
verts to Christianity. In the fifth century there was a famous 
Christian seminary at Bangor, in Wales, and another in the Isle of 
lona, in Scotland. Probably, when Augustine landed, many of the 
Saxon race still worshipped Wodin. Slowly, but gradually, Chris- 
tianity spread through the land, until, at the time of the invasion of 
Swe3-en the Dane, the whole island was nominally Christian. The 
Danes were heathen, but soon after they settled here they also 
embraced the Christian doctrines. The missionaries of Christianity 
seemed to have adapted themselves to the people, and heathen 
festivals were made to coincide with Christian celebrations. For 
centuries the English Church celebrated Easter at a different date 
from the Romish Church ; this was caused by the fact that the day 
thus celebrated was really the festival of the Anglo-Saxon goddess 
Eastre, from whence the very name was derived. Christmas, too, 
was made to coincide with the celebration of the heathen god Yule, 
or Jule; and we yet burn the Yule block at Christmas, little thinking 
we are celebrating an old heathen rite. 

The missionaries, while thus making the old coincide with the 
new religion, also very judiciously erected their first places of 
worship near to or upon the site of the holy places of the heathens. 
We have shown that the valley in which old Croydon stood had for 
ages been esteemed, both by Celt and Saxon, a holy place. What 
more likely than that the first priest who brought the worship of 
Christ into this district should erect his little chapelry upon the very 
ground where our Pagan ancestors were wont to offer up prayers to 
their gods ? The first positive proof we have of a church in Croydon 
is found in an old Saxon will, dated in the year 960, of Beorhtric and 
^Ifswyth, which was witnessed by" Elfsies, preoster of Crogd^ne." 

When this country was divided into parishes we know not with 
certainty. Camden states that Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
about the year 636, first began to separate parishes in England, and 
Theodor, his successor, effected the complete organisation of eccle- 
siastical power in this island. He urged upon the rich landowners 
the necessity of building and endowing churches upon their lands, 
and, as an inducement, offered them the right of patronage. Some 
estates were large and some small, and this accounts for the great 
difference in the size of parishes. We should gather from this that 
there was a church in Croydon at this time, for the right of patronage 
never was vested in any private individual ; it always has been in 
the hands of the Archbishops of Canterbury. The immense size of 
Croydon parish arises from the fact that all the northern portions 
were wild forest land, and therefore, in those days, comparatively 
valueless. 

THE DOMESDAY BOOK. 

In 1080 William the Norman ordered a general survey to be 
made of the whole of England, which took six years in compilation, 



vi. Croydon in the Past. 

and the result of his labours we have in the world-famous Domesday 
Book, the most indisputable record of topog^raphy ever made. We 
naturally turn to that valuable book to ascertain what it says about 
Croydon, and we find this entry : — 

" The Land of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 
" /» IValetoiic* Hundred. 

" Archbishop Lanfranc holds in demesne, Croindeine. In the 
time of King Edward the Confessor it was assessed for eighty 
hides, + and now for sixteen hides and one virgate.J The land is 
for twenty ploughs. In demesne there of four ploughs and forty- 
eight villans,§ and twenty-five bordars,|| with thirty-four ploughs. 
Here is a church and one mill of five shillings and eight acres of 
meadow. Wood for two hundred swine. Of the land of this 
manor, Restold holds seven hides of the Archbishop, and Ralph 
one hide, and from thence they have seven pounds^ and eight 
shillings** for gable. ft In the time of King Edward and after- 
wards, the whole was worth twelve pounds, now twenty-seven 
pounds to the Archbishop, and to his men ten pounds ten shillings." 

We gather from the Domesday Book that the extent of the 
manor or parish was 2,880 acres of arable land, eight acres of 
meadow, the remainder consisting of woods, heaths, and wastes. 
When a survey of the whole parish was made by the Danes, the 
extent was rated at g,ooo acres, which very closely approximates 

' Literally Wall Town, now Wallington, a hamlet in the parish of Bed- 
dington. 

t It is an unsettled question how much land was comprised in the Saxon 
hide. Some writers estimate it at 30 to 33 acres, while others gave the quantity 
as 120 acres. It really means the quantity of land sufficient for the support of one 
family, and therefore would be variable in quantity, according to the fertility of 
the soil. 

I A virgate is generall}- understood to signify the fourth part of a hide. 

§ Villans are persons who held land by certain tenures. They were of two 
descriptions. They were villans regardant, that is, annexed to the manor or land ; 
or else they were in gross, or at large, that is, annexed to the person of the lord 
of the manor, and transferable by deed from one owner to another ; in fact, they 
were nothing more than slaves, and could be punished for running away. They 
were generally granted some small plots of land, which they only held during 
their lord's pleasure. According to Blackstone, a villan could acquire no property, 
either in land or goods ; but if he purchased either, his lord might enter upon 
them, oust the villan, and seize them to his own use, unless he contrived to 
dispose of them again before the lord seized them, for the lord then had lost his 
opportunity. 

II Bordars were those of a less servile condition. The word is supposed to be 
derived from the Saxon bord — a cottage. They held small houses on the manor, 
and paid with poultry, eggs, and other provisions for the lord's consumption, 
besides performing domestic services, such as grinding, threshing, drawing water, 
cutting wood, &c. 

M The pound mentioned here is really a pound of silver, consisting of twelve 
ounces. 

** The shilling consisted, as at the present time, of twelve pence, and was 
equal in weight to three of our shillings, thus the pound was \\orth 62s. of our 
money. 

tt Gable, or gavel, is rent paid in money or kind, and sometimes by service to 
the king or any other lord — such, for instance, as performing military service, 
cither in person or b}' deputy. 



Early History of Croydon. vii. 

to the survey made in 1797, and still more recently, which fixes the 
total acreage at 9,872 acres. 

In 1273, Archbishop Kilwarby obtained for the town the 
privilege of holding a market on Wednesdays ; and in 1276, the 
right of a nine days' fair, commencing on the vigil of St. Botolph, 
that is to say, on the i6th of May. In the year 1314, Archbishop 
Reynolds obtained the grant of a market on Thursdays, and a fair 
on the Vigil of St. Matthew, Archbishop Stratford, in 1343, 
obtained the grant of a third market to be held on Saturdays, and a 
fair on the Feast of St. John the Baptist. At the present time the 
Wednesday market has entirely disappeared. The corn and cattle 
market is still held on Thursdays, and a provision market on 
Saturdays. The fairs, too, are gradually disappearing, although a 
cattle fair is still in November, in a field near the southern boundary 
of the parish. 

In the time of Queen Elizabeth the streets are described to have 
been deep, hollow ways, very dirty, the houses generally with wooden 
steps to them, and darkened with large trees growing before them (a 
peculiarity to the town retained almost to the present day), and the 
inhabitants generally were smiths or colliers. 





DESCRIPTION AND PROGRESS OF THE 

TOWN. 

^E have, in our previous pages, described the origin of the 
town, and shown how naturally the proximity of the 
great North Forest, and the ever-flowing streams of pure 
water in a pleasant winding valley, tempted the early 
settlers to choose this spot as a place of residence. The same 
temptations offered to colonists in Australia and Ne.v Zealand 
would induce them to settle in a similar manner. Wnen 
Christianity was introduced, a church was built on the borders 
of the stream, and doubtless other buildings connected therewith 
followed ; though, singularly enough, we do not find the slightest 
trace of any monastic establishment in the parish, nor does it 
ever appear to have been the property of any feudal lord. From 
the very earliest period it has been an appanage of the Archbishopric 
of Canterbury, and thus we find Archbishop Lanf/anc in quiet 
possession at the time the Domesday book was taken. 

The town gradually spread, first along the margin of the 
streams, and then up the hill towards our present High Street. It 
is not known whether the Romans made the upper road through the 
town, or followed the lower road past the church, but along this 
upper road gradually congregated the principal places of bus.njss. 



viii. Croydon in the Past. 

In that road we find the principal hotels, and when the only mode of 
travelling was on horseback or in litters, the posting houses would 
natural!}- be erected on the road generally traversed. 

During the troubled times, when the rival houses of York and 
Lancaster struggled for supremacy, and trade was carried on under 
immense difiiculties and amid great dangers, the shops were princi- 
pally confined to the triangle formed by Surre}' Street and High Street,, 
having its apex at the back of the present Town Hall. Here were 
" the Rows;" so called from the fact that the tradesmen displayed 
their wares in rows, partially or wholly covered over, in the same 
manner as they do at the present time in the bazaars in Eastern 
lands and in some of our old fashioned fairs. At nights these rows 
were closed by gates, carefully guarded by watchmen. In all 
probability there would be one such gate near the " Old King's 
Head " inn, and another at the opposite extremity, where the 
"Robinson Crusoe" beer shop now stands. It is questionable 
whether there was any entrance from High Street beyond a narrow 
passage, which could be effectuall}' closed by a door. There are two 
of these passages still in existence connecting with Surrey Street. 
Though this district is topographically divided into streets and lanes, 
yet it is still familiarly known by the inhabitants as " the Middle 
Row." With the advent of more settled times, tradesmen came 
more out into the front, and High Street became then, as now, the 
principal place of business in the town, narrow and inconvenient as 
it is lor such a purpose. The narrowness of the street was not a 
matter of much consequence when only the noble and great rode in 
wheeled vehicles, and farmers brought the great bulk of their produce 
to market on horseback, and all merchandise which could not be 
conveyed by water, was carried from town to town on pack horses. 
For ages the roads were mere tracks through woods or across fields, 
choked with dust in summer, and almost impassable in winter. A 
bridge was a rarity. Where the stream was shallow, the traveller 
waded across ; where too deep, a rude ferry-boat was brought into 
requisilicn. In some few isolated instances, where the highways 
was a matter of national importance, such as the road between 
London and Dover, more care was taken. Around Croydon, except- 
ing the main road to London, all the other roads were mere bridle 
tracks, such as many remain to this day. 

Gradually wheeled vehicles became more and more common,, 
and improvements in the roads grew absolutely necessary. McAdam 
introduced the art of road making, and soon excellent gravelled 
tuinpike roads extended from town to town, and even by-roads 
shared in the general improvement. Stage-coaches commenced 
running from London to Croydon, and through to the south coast; 
and every few hours the tradesmen were aroused by the sound of 
the guard's horn, as the Rocket or the Highflyer, or some other royal 
mail coach, dashed up to the " Greyhound " to change horses. In 
a few minutes the four reeking animals were removed, and four fresh 
ones took their places in the traces, and away the coach dashed 
down the Brighton road to the delight of all spectators. During the 
Regency, from 1810 to 1820, the semi-oriental pavilion at Brighton 



Description and Progress of the Town. ix^ 

was erected by the Prince Regent, and the Prince with his boon 
companions frequently posted through the town on their journeys to 
and from Brighton. Their example was followed by a host of 
imitators. Part of the coaching business was transferred to a point 
near the " Red Deer" inn, on the Brighton road, where a row of 
stables were built, some of which, converted into dwelling houses, 
still remain, known as Crunden Place. 

The proximity of the town to London naturally attracted the 
attention of gentlemen fond of sports, and Croydon became a great 
hunting centre. Two packs of hounds (one fox and one stag), and 
a pack of harriers, were kept in the immediate vicinity. For the 
accommodation of the hunting fraternity, hunting stables were 
established in various parts of the town, and it was no uncommon 
thing for Mr. Bignell, who was then the principal livery stable 
keeper, to turn out from forty to fifty hunters every morning during 
the season. 

These, however, only enlivened the town at certain seasons.. 
Croydon at other times was a dull sleepy place, and Thomas Frost, 
in his " Recollections," thus describes it as it was 50 years ago : — 

" I see it now, in my mind"s eye, as it were then, with Whitgift's 
hospital, dating from the reign of Elizabeth, and affectionately and 
reverently styled b}' my fellow-townsmen, ' the College,' forming its most 
conspicuous architectural feature at the point at which it was then entered 
by the high road from London ; and the bent old women and men sunning 
themselves in the trim little courtyard, a glimpse of which is obtamed 
through the archway, by which it is entered from the street. From that 
corner, the long narrow High street, stretchmg southwards, dull rather 
than quiet, with here a slow grey-tilted cart, and there a Brighton stage- 
coach, stopping to change horses, with the scarlet-coated guard on the 
back seat, equipped with post-horn and blunderbuss. The grej' tower of 
the old church — then the only one in the parish — was seen over the tops 
on the right, across a street, leadmg to the slums of the Old Town ; and 
looking after the coach, as it dashes off again to the sound of the horn^ 
the royal arms over the entrance of a substantial edifice of very red brick, 
with a signboard swinging from a beam across the street, proclaimed the 
prmcipal mn, from the windows of which the Tory candidates for the 
representation of the county were wont to address their supporters. On. 
the opposite side of the narrow street was the old butter market, to which 
farmers' wives brought butter, eggs, and poultry, in that golden age of 
Tory-Radical politicians of Cobbett's school, when farmers wore linen 
gabardines, as their forefathers had done since the days of Egbert, and 
their wives did not disdain to milk the cows, feed the poultry, and collect the 
eggs. A little further on, with the best of the sleepy shops on the right and 
the left, was the local capitol, where farmers stood on market days, behind 
their samples of corn on the ground floor, while above them the justices 
sat to hear charges of poaching and other rural oftences, and the Court of 
Requests to adjudicate upon claims for small debts." 

Thus it will be seen that the town did not really commence on 
the London side till the old hospital was reached. There may have 
been a few detached houses in North End, with pleasant gardens, 
fronted in the street with trees, but there was no continuous street. 
South of High Street, there were rows of houses down to the 
" Swan and Sugar-loaf Inn," beyond which was a toll-bar. Middle 
Row and Surrey Street would be much the same as at present.. 



X. Croydon in tJie Past. 

The north side of High Street was principally occupied by pri\'ate 
houses, with gardens behind. The shops opposite Surrey Street, now 
occupied by Mrs. Smith, pawnbroker, and Mr. Plowman, butcher, 
formed an old manor house, the back garden running up to Keeley 
Road, and extending some distance lower down the street. The 
old Vine House, pulled down last year, was said to have been the 
old Dower House. On the opposite side was a row of mean shops, 
behind which stretched on a very large pond, fed by springs, the 
principal source of the river Wandle. This pond was called 
" Laud's Pond." It is now entirely filled up, and the springs 
diverted into the wells at the waterworks. A short distance lower 
down the street was the entrance to the Archbishop of Canterbury's 
Palace-ground, where the " Gun Inn " now stands. Across the 
road, at the corner of the Small Almshouses, ran a stream of water, 
which came down the hills in the direction of Addington, and 
joined the main stream just beyond the church. The Old Town 
must have been a dreadful place to live in ; the main street, during 
the winter months, or continuous wet weather, was rendered 
almost impassable. The running streams, which ought to have 
been kept pure, were made the receptacle of indescribable filth 
and refuse, which the inhabitants were too lazy or too negligent to 
carry elsewhere. At times, when the Bourne waters rose, there 
would be one to two feet of water running down the street, and the 
lower rooms of the houses on each side were, in consequence, 
flooded. No wonder that few but the very poorest occupied this 
part of the town, and that Frost described it as " the back slums." 
It is only right to say the district has considerably improved since 
the streams were covered in, and a thorough system of drainage 
was carried out. 

An attempt was made early in the present century to establish 
the trades of calico printing and bleaching. A calico printing mill 
was erected near the edge of the large pond, at the back of Church 
Street, which we have previously described as " Laud's Pond," 
■where the water was diverted to turn a wheel, but it does not 
appear to have been very successful, and soon was given up. The 
bleaching trade was carried on in a portion of the Old Palace, and 
for a time met with a better fate, but the bleaching factory has now 
been converted into a steam laundry, and the old bleaching-ground 
is used as a drying-ground for the laundry. 

The present development of Croydon is reall}' ascribable to the 
universal development of the railway system. When the means of 
communication were slow, merchants were obliged to reside near 
their places of business, but the general adoption of the iron roads 
and the steam horse introduced a new era. City men of all grades 
found how much more pleasant ft was to live in open spaces, sur- 
rounded by trees and flowers, than in the dull, sombre, crowded 
streets, and soon discovered that, by the change, they benefited 
both in pocket and in person. The railway afforded them a prompt 
and ready mode of transit to anji from business every morning and 
evening, and many of them were not slow in taking advantage of 
the new life thus opened out to them. On all the hills which 



Description and Progress of the Tozvn. 



XI. 



■overlook the older part of the town, pleasant residences sprang into 
existence, new roads were laid out, and farm after farm was swal- 
lowed up ; but, owing to the fact that the greater portion of the new 
dwellings, being either wholly or partially detached, Croydon has 
never lost its rural appearance, and no town in England of its size and 
population presents such a mass of green verdure and open spaces. 
A thorough system of drainage was adopted, and all polluting 
influences removed ; a plentiful supply of pure spring water supplied 
to every house ; until the old, dull, stagnant country town of Croydon 
has grown in a lifetime to be acknowledged as the healthiest and 
wealthiest suburb of the great metropolis. 

The outlying portions of the parish, especially Norwood, 
received a great impulse when the Exhibition building was removed 
from Hyde Park to form the nucleus of the Crystal Palace on 
Sydenham Hill, within a few yards of the boundaries of the parish ; 
this undoubtedly has greatly aided the rapid progress of the town. 
Year by year the population rapidly increases, and when the town is 
incorporated, and is ruled by a municipal council, the inhabitants 
generally will take a more active intei'est in all that concerns its 
welfare, and many improvements, now deemed impossible, will be 
effected, the result being still more to aid its onward progress. 

One other matter deserves notice. By the adoption of the new 
-scheme for the management of the Whitgift Charity, Croydon now 
enjoys the benefits offered by one of the most important educa- 
tional establishments in the kingdom, and it is confidently hoped 
that ere long the Whitgift School, though perhaps not rivalling Eton 
or Harrow, may fully equal Rugby, Winchester, and schools of that 
class. This is an advantage which many of our residential popu- 
lation will not fail to appreciate. 




LOCAL NAMES AND THEIR ORIGIN. 




RETROSPECT of the names of the principal roads and 
places in the town and district may help to throw light 
on some part of the history of the town, which would 
otherwise remain uncertain and obscure. Successive 
races invariably leave their marks on the hills, valleys, and water 
courses. We shall endeavour to point out a few of these old literary 
landmarks. 

In our previous chapters we have shown that the name of the 
town is derived from two Saxon words, crag-dcejie — crooked valley, 
and that in Haling, we have an old Saxon word signifying Holy ; 



xii. Croydon in the Past. 

in \\'addcn, a reminiscence of the time when the mythical hero- 
Wodin was the principal god of our forefathers ; and in Walling- 
ham or \\'alIeton, we find a trace of Roman rule. 

Our principal water-course is the river Wandle, which rises in 
and about the town. An is Celtic, and Avon Cymric or ancient 
British, for a running stream. There are in England three or four 
rivers named Avon. Stratford-on-Avon will naturally rise to the 
mind of every lover of English literature, as the birth-place of 
Shakespeare. The addition El signifies little — thus Avondel, little 
river. Formerly the v was sounded soft like our modern tc, hence 
it would be sounded Awondel or Wandle. 

Coombe is a Celtic word, derived from Cwn, the letter ii' being' 
sounded like double o. Cwn or Coom signifies a hollow by the side 
of a hill, generally an old water course — thus we have Coombe 
lane. Addiscombe is a corruption of Edgecoom, the edge of a valley. 

Scarbrook is easily traceable to the ancient British word Scar, 
a steep hill, and brook or broc, running water. The word Scar 
frequently forms a portion of the names of towns ; thus we have 
Scarborough, the steep-hill town ; and any one acquainted with that 
delightful watering place, will at once acknowledge the propriety of 
the title. Scar or Scaur is in common use in Derbyshire and West- 
moreland to denote the slope of a very steep hill. 

Park or Pare is Celtic for an enclosure. Thus we have Park 
Hill, Park Lane, and so forth. 

Norwood is simply an abbreviation of the words North Wood, 
to distinguish the district from the great South Wood, which 
formerly covered the Wealds of Kent and Surrey. 

Bonnie signifies a running stream, and is frequently found in 
combination with other words, to show the direction from which the 
stream runs, such as Westbourne, Eastbourne, Holborn or Hill 
Bourne. 

]Voodcotc is from the Saxon co^^, a small dwelling, from whence 
we derive our familiar word- — cottage. The word, therefore, signifies 
the cottage by the wood. 

Selluirst. — It is rather singular that in this word, apparently so- 
different, we have nearly the same meaning. Scl in Saxon means a 
superior kind of dwelling, Inirst is a wood. Hurst is a comimon ter- 
minal in this district, and is spelt in a great variety of wa}S, but 
they are all derived from the same root. The frequency of its use 
clearl}- proves the former woody nature of the country. 

Croluwi-Jinrst is a wood where the crows have a ham or home. 
Birdhurst has, of course, a precisely similar meaning. 

Shirley comes from Shire, a boundary. It is situated on the 
borders of Kent and Surrey. 

Waldrons may be derived from either oi two sources. The 
Saxon word Weald or wild, and Dene a valley. Though the Wal- 
drons has no resemblance to a wild valley now, in days gone by, such 
might have been its characteristic. We are rather inclined to think 
it is derived from the same source as Waddon, as it was formerly 
spelt Walden. If so, this is another proof of the prevalency of the 
worship of the hero-god Wodin in this neighbourhood. 



Local Names and their Origin. 



Xlll, 



Ham. — In the ancient Cymric, this word means a narrow point, 
or enclosure of land where two rivers meet, and in that sense is still 
used in Wales and the bordering counties. The Saxons, however 
used the word to represent any place which a man could call his 
own ; hence our word home. Wherever the Saxons settled this 
terminal is in constant use. Fully one half the towns and villao-es 
in Norfolk and Suffolk terminate in Ham. Wherever the Danes 
settled in numbers, as in North Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, Derbyshire, 

and Leicestershire — we find the towns ending in by or tliorpe, By 

being the Danish equivalent for the Saxon Ham. 

Mint Walk is probably derived from the Saxon Miii, a field ; the 
word would therefore mean the walk leading to the fields. On the 
opposite side of High Street is a narrow passage, called Meadow- 
stile, — the stile leading to the meadows. Some towns had a right of 
mintage, but though the Archbishops of Canterbury formerly possessed 
this right, we have no proof that they ever established a mint at 
Croydon. 

Cold Harbour. — This word has long puzzled antiquaries. It is 
almost invariably found near a Roman military station, and is, 
therefore imagined to have been an out-station used by the Romans 
for their military purposes. 

Pitlake is from the Saxon leag, feeding ground, signifying the 
feeding ground near or by the side of the pit. 

Mear is a boundary line. 

Norbury. — An abbreviation of Northborough. There were 
formerly several boroughs in the town. We have the same word 
in Norwoodbury. The word Borough has now come to signify an 
incorporated town ; originally it meant a certain manor or district, 
and was in general use before corporations were dreamt of. 

Collier's Water is a place from whence the colliers or charcoal 
burners obtained a supply of water. Collier's Water Lane leads 
direct from the forest to Thornton Heath pond. 

Whitehorse Road owes its name to Walter Whitehorse, who 
obtained the grant of a free warren in this district in the reign of 
Edward III. 

Ing is a place where a family settled, such as Tooting, Worthing, 
Dorking, and so on. The addition oi ton, ham, bury, fold, or worth, 
denotes a branch settlement. Thus Warlingham would mean the 
place where the children of the Warlings had settled. We find the 
word in Addington, Beddington, Kennington, Beckingham, Syding- 
ham, in the last two cases modified into Beckenham and Syden- 
ham. The same combination occurs all over the kingdom. Thus 
we have Birmingham, Nottingham, &c. 

The Common is simply an unenclosed piece of free land, over 
which every cottager had a right of free soke, or grazing. Gradu- 
ally these places have been swallowed up by different Lords of the 
Manor, and sold in lots. In several old cities and towns the right 
of herbage on the common is restricted to the freemen of the place, 
who, in olden times, had the exclusive right of voting at elections of 
Members of Parliament. 

Pump Pail. — In this peculiar title we distinguish the Norman 



xiv. Croydon in the Past. 

word Pale, or district. This word is still frequently used in old 
law books. It would mean formerly the district entitled to the 
use of the pump which stood there. 

Broad Green. — This was a wide open spot, with a green in the 
centre. Gradually, however, encroachments have been made, and 
the green has disappeared, though the title remains. 

Caterliam is an abbreviation of the Roman Ca'ster, or Castle, and 
the Saxon ham. There are remains of an old Roman fort on 
Coppice Hill, in this parish. 

Keston in the same way, was originally Coester-ton, shortened 
down to Keston. 

Bcgi^afs Biish is evidently derived from the Saxon Becker, or 
point. Any one standing on the south side of Croham Hurst will 
at once be struck by a similarity of this point to the Beeker or Prow 
of an old Saxon war ship. No doubt it was formerly called Beeker 
Bush, vulgarised into Beggar's Bush. 

VVickJiam is derived from Wic, a street or way, with the 
terminal Ham. 

Bottom is frequently used to signify low ground, hence Smitham 
Bottom, Chipstead Bottom, &c. 

Penge is derived from the Saxon Pen, a hill, m Gaelic Ben. In 
Wales almost all the hills and mountains are called Pen, and in 
Scotland Ben. 

Anerley, from an a stream, and el, small. The small stream run- 
ning from Sydenham hill into the morass, which then occupied the 
ground on which Penge now stands. 

Swan and Sugar Loaf. — This is the title of a well-known Inn at 
the junction of the Brighton and Selsdon roads. It was origin- 
ally a farm house, and forms part of the property devoted by Arch- 
bishop Whitgift to his hospital. Formerly it was decorated rudely 
with the Archbishop's arms, a cone or sugar-loaf hat, and a bent 
crook, resembling the curve of a swan's neck ; hence it obtained the 
name of the Swan and Sugar Loaf from the common people, who 
did not understand heraldic signs. When the house was licensed, it 
retained the name by which the farmstead was familiarly known. 




RAILWAYS, TRAMWAYS, AND CANAL, 

With some Account of the Trial of the Atmospheric System on the 
Londo7i and Croydon Railway. 



Howards the close of the last century, it became apparent 
:'^ to all men of business that some readier and cheaper mode 
of conveying goods from town to town must be devised. 
The old system of pack horses was already a thing of the 
past, and their places had been superseded by the so-called fly-vans, 




Railways, Tramways, and Canal. xv. 

which crawled along the roads at a maximum speed of two miles an 
hour. The success of the Duke of Bridgewater's canal, connectino- 
Liverpool and Manchester, naturally drew attention to the compara- 
tive ease and cheapness of water carriage, and in the year iSoi, an 
Act of Parliament was obtained for the making and maintainino- 
a navigable canal from the town of Croydon to join the Grand 
Surrey Canal in the parish of St. Paul, Deptford ; and also for the 
purpose of supplying Croydon, Streatham, Dulwich, Norwood, and 
Sj^denham with water. The company formed by this Act was 
empowered to raise by subscription £50,000 in shares of £100 each ; 
and if that sum should be found insufficient, then ;^3o,ooo by 
additional shares or by mortgage ; and in order to repay the sub- 
scribers the Company was authorised to charge 3d per ton per mile 
on timber, stone, coal, bricks, tiles, and other goods, and three half- 
pence on dung, chalk, clay, lime, and such articles. The canal was 
finished and opened on the 22nd of October, 1809, but the v/ater- 
works were never attempted. 

The route followed by the canal was almost precisely the same 
as the present London and Croydon Railway. When this line was 
projected, an arrangement was made by which the canal became 
the property of the railway company for the sum of ;^40,259, — a 
very good bargain for the Canal Company, as it had never financially 
speaking been a success, although it had during its existence been 
extremely beneficial to the trading interests of the town. In the 
construction of the railway the space occupied by the canal was 
utilised wherever possible. It was finally closed in August, 1836, 
having been in existence about 30 years. Some few traces of the 
old canal are still visible at Anerley and Norwood. The terminus 
basin was at West Croydon, on the spot where the West Croydon 
Station now stands. The water was supplied by reservoirs at 
Norwood and Forest Hill, and a pumping station at Croydon. There 
were several locks on the route, two near Croydon, two at Forest 
Hill, and several intervening. 

About the year 1810 this canal was supplemented by atramwa}-, 
which ran from the head of the canal to Merstham. This tram was 
very different from our modern lines. Iron rails this shape — 

I I — were laid on large blocks of stone by the side of the roads, 

and the wheels of the tram carriages made to fit inside the upright 
flanges, so as to run on the flat surfaces. Thus it will be seen that 
the flanges instead of being on the carriage wheels, as in our present 
tram cars, were on the metals. They thereby obtained this advan- 
tage, the cars could run on ordinary roads as easily as any other 
wheeled vehicles. By means of this line great quantities of stone, 
lime, fullers' earth, and bricks were brought from the pits and quarries 
to the canal boats and shipped to London. In 1815, to save this 
transhipment, the tramway was carried through to London, and the 
terminus made at Wandsworth. A branch ran from Mitcham to 
Shipley's Oil-cake Mills at Hackbridge. 

The old line of trams ran alongside the Brighton Road on a 
slight embankment between the highway and the stream of the 
Bourne, a considerable portion of the route is now hidden by the 



xvi, Croydon in the Past. 

Haling Park palings, but some remains of the embankment are still 
visible near the Red Deer Inn. It was brought round the corner of 
the Anchor Hotel, but instead of following the line of our present 
tramways, along South End and High Street, it made a detour to the 
left, turning round Southbridge Road, or it would be more correct to 
say, where Southbridge Road is now situate, all this part behind the 
houses in South End being then open fields. From thence it passed 
along Church Road, originally called Tramway Road, crossing 
Church Street near to Elys Davy's Road, and thence up the Tam- 
worth Road to West Croydon basin. The London branch was carried 
alongside the Mitcham Road, and found its way via Mitcham and 
Merton to Wandsworth. The present railway from Mitcham to 
London in man}' places follows the track of this old tramway. 

These roads were very useful in saving an immense amount of 
labour, and shortly after the opening of the line between Wands- 
worth and Croydon, they were subjected to a practical test. The 
draught of a horse on a good road is about twenty hundredweight, 
and strong horses, under ordinary circumstances, can draw about 
a ton and a half. To show the superiority of the tramroads, twelve 
waggons were loaded with stones till each waggon weighed about 
three tons, and a horse being attached drew them with apparent ease 
a distance of six miles in an hour and three quarters, having been 
stopped four times, in order to show that it had the power of start- 
ing as well as drawing the load. Additional carriages were added, 
but still the horse was able to draw them. On weighing the load at 
the end of the journey it was found to amount to more than fifty- 
five tons. 

The successful application of steam power on the Liverpool 
and Manchester Railway, in 1830, opened the eyes of thinking men 
to the fact that a new era had dawned upon the world. The direc- 
tors of this new line offered a prize of £"500 for the best locomotive 
engine, and so moderate were they in their expectations, that they 
did not require the successful engine to accomplish more than ten 
miles per hour ; but George Stephenson's engine, the Rocket, on its 
first trial, averaged fourteen miles, and in some places even reached 
what was then thought to be the enormous speed of 30 miles per 
hour. It is most amusing to hear that this excessive rate of speed was 
denounced as dangerous to the health of the public. In the pro- 
spectus of a railway proposed to be made to Woolwich, it was 
modestly suggested that twice the velocity of ordinary carriages 
might be attained, combined with greater safety. An eminent 
writer, in the Quarterly Review, denounced these proposals as 
" visionary schemes unworthy of notice," and further on says " We 
should as soon expect the people of Woolwich to be fired off upon 
one of Congreve's ricochet rockets as trust themselves to the mercy 
of such a machine going at such a rate." 

In 1830, it was proposed to construct a railway from London to 
Birmingham, but, owing to the opposition of certain lords, the act 
did not become law until 1832. The bill excited immense attention 
throughout the kingdom, and very little notice was taken of a smaller 
bill which was passing through Parliament in 1834. This was an 



Railways, Tramways, and Canal. xvii. 

act, authorising the construction of a line from London to Croydon, 
along the track of the old Canal ; and in May, 1839, this, the first 
railway line south of London, was successfully opened by the Lord 
Mayor. For some time trains only ran once in two hours, from eight 
in the morning until ten in the evening, and the fare each way was 
IS. gd. The third-class carriages were all open at the top, and 
remained so for many years. In these days, is. 3d. is thought an 
excessive charge for riding both ways in a comfortable closed 
carriage. 

The London and Brighton Railway was opened in 1S41, and soon 
afterwards the two lines were amalgamated. When the Cro\don 
Railway was constructed, the art of railway engineering was in its 
infancy, and we should smile now at some of the appliances 
adopted. The first sleepers on the Birmingham line were blocks of 
stone, but the directors of the Croydon line did not fall into this 
error. From the first they employed wood, using what are tech- 
nically termed hog-trough sleepers — shaped thus \/, and these were 
for many years in use. They, however, did not use the "f rails. In 
place thereof, narrow planks of wood were laid longitudinally along 
■the sleepers, and firmly fastened thereto. On tnese were affixed 
bars of iron, about half an inch in thickness and two inches broad, 
with screw holes bored at intervals, enabling these bars to be securely 
fastened to the wood. These were found to answer tolerably well 
where the traffic was light and the speed moderate, but near tlie 
stations where the breaks are applied and the wheels bite, the iron 
was soon either worn out or loosened, requiring continual watching. 
Eventually it was found necessary to remove the rails and adopt the 
~P rails, fitting into iron chairs, bolted to the sleepers, and fastened 
with wooden keys. Many costly experiments, however, had to be 
tried before the present perfect system was finally adopted. 

We have now to speak of the Atmospheric Railway. Many of 
-our readers are not aware that one of the most interesting experi- 
ments ever proposed for the improvement of our modern railway- 
system was tried at Croydon. In 1840, Alessrs. Glegg and Samuda 
brought before the notice of the public their Atmospheric Railv/ay 
project. It was first tried on a portion of the then unfinished West 
London Railway, near Wormwood Scrubbs, and proved so success- 
ful, that the London and Croydon Company obtained parliamentary 
powers for laying down a line of atmospheric railway by the side of 
their other line from London to Croydon, and making an extension 
of the same from Croydon to Epsom — an arrangement by which 
there would have been eighteen miles of atmospheric line, half of 
which would run parallel with one worked by the locomotive engines. 
Jt having been found more convenient to lay the Atmospheric Rail- 
way along the eastern side of the tracks used by the locomotive trains, 
although the line leading to the Croydon Station, and thence on to 
the Croydon and Epsom Railway, branches off from that to Brigh- 
ton on the west, this difficulty was overcome by the construction 
at the point of separation of the Brighton and Croydon Imes, of a 
very curious viaduct, which crossed the locomotive lines at an 
•extremely acute and oblique angle, over which the atmospheric line 

A 2 



xviii. Croydon in the Past. 

was conducted ; the rise from, and the descent to, the ordinary level 
being provided for by slopes of one in fifty. This expedient, by 
which one railway was made as it were to take a flying leap over 
another, alongside of which it had been running for miles upon the 
same level, was then thought to be a marvellous achievement. 

Upon the part that was completed in the summer of 1845, ex- 
perimental trips were run, for the purpose of testing the machinery, 
and a speed of thirty miles an hour was obtained, with a train of sixteen 
carriages, and of seventy miles with six carriages. This was, how- 
ever, frequently surpassed when the line got into full working order 
by the regular express trains of nine carriages filled with passengers. 
The distance between Forest Hill and Croydon is 5} miles, and this 
has been accomplished in the marvellously quick time of 2m. 47s., 
including the starting and pulling up. This showed an average 
speed of more than 100 miles an hour. Coming down the incline 
of the viaduct this speed was much exceeded. The sensation has 
been described to us, by a geritleman who was in the habit of travel- 
ling by this train, to have been very similar to that of falling from a 
height ; it fairly took the breath away. The motion was very regular 
and smooth, with not one half the rattle and jar there is on an 
ordinary train drawn by locomotives. 

There were pumping engines at Croydon, Norwood, Forest 
Hill, and New Cross, though the last was never used, as the Atmos- 
pheric System was not worked beyond Forest Hill, the remaining 
portion of the journey being completed by the aid of ordinary loco- 
motives. One great difficulty of the Atmospheric System was the 
starting of the train. To obviate this, the metals on the line coming 
into a station were raised, and those on leaving were made to decline 
slightly, thus the necessary impetus was more readily obtained. 
Another great difficulty was stopping the train at the precise point 
required. Occasionally in wet weather, when the metals were 
slippery, the breaks would not bite, and the train would run some 
considerable distance before it could be stopped. In a train drawn 
by an ordinary locomotive this is not a matter of much consequence, 
as the carriages can be backed to their proper place, but on the 
Atmospheric Railway there was no backing power, the passengers 
must alight wherever the train stopped. A third difficulty occurred 
at the flying bridge, previously mentioned, near the Norwood 
Station. Occasionally, when the train was very heavily laden, the 
motive power was insufficient to propel the train over the top of the 
bridge, and it would stop sometimes within a few yards of the 
summit. To obviate this a simple remedy was provided. The three 
or four foremost carriages were detached from the ordinary couplings 
and the power was usually found sufficient to carry them over the top 
to the commencement of the decline. They were then attached to the 
remainder of the carriages by a long rope, and the train again started. 
The extra momentum thus obtained on the decline was sufficient to 
pull the back carriages over the remainder of the ascent, and thus 
the whole train arrived in Croydon Station, one half towing the other 
half behind it. 

It would be somewhat out of place in a work like this to enter 



Railways, Tramways, and Canal. xix. 

into an explanation of the working of the atmospheric principle, 
and without diagrams it would be almost impossible to do so. It 
will be sufficient here to state that a tube 15 inches in diameter was 
laid on the sleepers in the centre between the metals, and securely 
fastened down. Every two or three miles, pumping stations were 
erected to exhaust the air therein. On the top of this tube was 
affixed a moveable valve, so constructed as to easily rise, and yet 
when in position to be hermetically sealed. A piston affixed to the 
foremost carriage was let into this tube, which was completely lined 
with a soft composition, filling up all the little irregularities, and the 
piston so fitted as to be quite air-tight, and yet to move with little 
friction. When the air was quite exhausted in the tube, it was kept 
closed until the train was ready, and then the piston, which we have 
stated was affixed to the foremost carriage, was placed in the tube 
and the end of the tube behind it was opened. The current of air 
rushing in behind the piston to fill up the vacuum, gave sufficient 
power to propel the train. The real weak point of the system was 
the difficulty of keeping the valve of the tube effectually air-tight. 
In ordinary weather there was no difficulty, but in very hot weather 
the composition by which the longitudinal valve was sealed became 
insufficient to retain the necessary solidity. This difficulty was 
thought to be overcome by the substitution of a new and harder 
composition ; however, when the frosty weather set in this was 
found to be too hard. Eventually, after having been tried aV years, 
and a very heavy expense had been incurred, it was found necessary 
to abandon the atmospheric and revert to the ordinary locomotives 
for traction power. 

It is greatly to be regretted that a system apparently so full of 
promise should have been definitely abandoned for what appears to 
be so trivial a fault. It would have been thought that some other 
means might have been adopted for keeping the valve air-tight. 
Supposing this to have been the case, and the system had been 
extended, by the adoption of light atmospheric lines between the 
principal centres of population, what a revolution it would have 
made in our S3'stem of travelling. Imagine an atmospheric line at 
work the whole distance between London and Brighton, and trains 
propelled thereon at the same rate as the express travelled between 
Forest Hill and Croydon, we should see on our walls flaming 
placards announcing " Flying Atmospheric train from London to 
Brighton; the whole journey in half an hour !" In the same way 
we might have trains from London to Croydon in five minutes, or to 
Margate in one hour, or Liverpool in two-and-a-half hours, and to 
Edinburgh in four-and-a-half hours, including time for refreshment 
at York. All these glowing anticipations doomed to disappoint- 
ment, because a grease could not be found which would act properly 
in all states of the weather. 

The Atmospheric Railway is, however, now a thing of the past, 
and it becomes our duty to speak of railways of the present. At 
the close of the Great Exhibition of 185 1, it was decided to remove 
the Exhibition building to its present site on Sydenham Hill, where 
an army of workmen were employed in erecting the present Crystal 



XX. Cycydon in tJic Past. 

Palace, and hn'inp^ out the beautiful surrounding grounds, under the 
superintendence of the late Sir Joseph Paxton. This naturally 
attracted attention to the beauty and salubrity of the surroundings 
neighbourhood. New houses sprang up in all directions, and from 
its contiguity to the palace and the many advantages it offered to 
residents, Croyion naturally shared in the general prosperity. 
Increased facilities for travelling became necessary, and new lines 
with additional stations were designed and rapidly completed, and, 
year by year, the population increased by "jumps and bounds." 

Croydon is now connected with the London and North-Western 
Railway by several trains running daily to Willesden Junction ; with 
the Great Eastern Railway by trains to Liverpool Street via the 
East London Railway, which runs through the old Thames Tunnel ; 
with the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway by the branch line 
to Beckenham, via Norwood Junction ; and with the London and 
North-Western Railway by frequent trains both to Clapham and 
Wimbledon. 

In 1879, it was determined by a number of gentleman, interested 
in the prosperity of the town, to bring the outlying portions into 
closer connection with the centre, and a system of street tramways 
was proposed. A company was quickly formed and the necessary 
capital subscribed. An act having been obtained, work was com- 
menced forthwith, and in November, 1880, the first portion, extend- 
ing from North End to Thornton Heath Pond was opened. Other 
portions have since been gradually completed, and the whole of the 
original scheme carried out. Further extensions, however, are on 
the point of being made, extending the line to the Palace and Penge. 



WHITGIFT'S HOSPITAL AND SCHOOL. 




'he most prominent Institution in the town is the Hospital, 
College, or School, founded in the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth by Archbishop Whitgift. Standing in the very 
centre of the busiest part of the town, the quaint old 
hospital, or college as it is more familiarly called, attracts the notice 
of every visitor, while the spacious schools, lately erected in North 
End, out of the funds of the original bequest, are not only an orna- 
ment to the town, but promise to become, in a few years, one of the 
largest and most important educational institutions in the kingdom. 
Archbishop Whitgift, the founder, presided over the diocese of 
Canterbury, during the latter years of the reign of " Good Queen 
Bess," and in the 38th year of that monarch's reign, he obtained 
letters patent for building a hospital at Croydon, with license of 
mortmain. The building was commenced on the 17th day of 



Whitgift's Hospital and School. xxi. 

January, 1596, and finished on the 2gth September, 1599. The 
schoohnaster's house adjoining was not finished until the following 
year. 

Stow, writing in 1600, says : — " This yeere, the most reverend 
father, John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury, did finish that 
notable and memorable monument of our time, to wit, his Hospital 
of the Holy Trinitie in Croydon, in the county of Surrey, by him 
there founded, and builded of stone and brick, for the relief and 
sustentation of certain poor people. As also a fair school-house for 
the increase of literature, together with a large dwelling for the use 
of the schoolmaster, and these premises, he, through God's favour- 
able assistance, performed and perfected for that (as I have heard 
him say) he would not be to his executors a cause of their damna- 
tion, remembering the good advice an antient father hath left 
written to all posteritee, Fiitior via est ut bonuni quod quisquis post 
mortem, sperat agi per alios, agat dnm vivit ipse perse.'' "It is 
much safer for a man to do good and charitable deeds by himself, 
whilst he liveth, than to hope that others vv'ill do the same for him 
after his death." 

The execution of the work was entrusted to the Rev. Samuel 
Finch, Vicar of Croydon, who had to make the contracts and 
superintend the workmen. There is a book preserved in the manu- 
script library at Lambeth, entitled, " The particular accounts of the 
building of Trinitie Hospital in Croydon, and the statutes and 
ordinances belonging to the same," in which there is a very minute 
schedule of the expenses incurred in the building, the sum total of 
which amounted to £2,"] 16 lis. iid. 

The good Vicar was accustomed to write a weekly letter to the 
Archbishop, detailing the progress of the work. Very fortunately 
some of these letters have been preserved, as they throw great 
light on the value of labour, and the manners and customs of the 
time. The workmen, while digging the foundations, discovered 
some skulls and other human remains, which seemed to have 
troubled the worthy Air. Finch very considerably. He mentions the 
matter in two letters. In the first one he says, " There were three 
skulls dug out of the trench, next the highway leading to the park," 
[now George-street.] In the second, dated February 19th, 1596, 
he writes thus : " For the skulls there were four digged up indeede, 
and I presently upon finding the first did confer with Outred, and 
asked him if his conscience were cleare, and he said it was cleare ; 
I reasoned also with Morris, an old Welshman, that had dwelt 
there for a long time, and he knew nothing however; for the better 
satisfaction in the matter, I caused Hillarie to cast the measure of 
the ground this day, and we find the bodies did not lie within the 
compass of the house, for (to the end that the plot might be cast 
square) there was five foot taken in of the way against the 'George,' 
and four foot left out of the grounde (wherein the house stood) 
against the 'Crowne' (as ' Mr. Dr.' Bancroft knoweth well), so that the 
skulls being in the trench next to the ' George,' Hillarie dare depose 
they were without the compass of the house ; besides there be many 
that can remember, when they digged in the midst of that street, to 



xxii. Croydon in the Past. 

set a May-pole therein, they found the skulls and bones of a dead 
person ; so it is generally supposed that it has been some waste 
place wherein (in the time of some mortalitie) they did bury in, and 
more I cannot learn."* 

In addition to the difficulty arising from the finding of the 
bodies, the reverend Clerk of the Works seems to have had consider- 
able trouble with the workmen. In a letter to Mr. Wormall, the 
Archbishop's secretar}^ dated 8th Feb., 1596, he writesf : — 

" Wolmer, the bricklayer, was here yesterday, to view the 
work. He says that he cannot come himself, but he will send some 
men from Westminster, but they will not come under one shilling 
and sixpence per day, and the labourers under one shilling. 
Hillarie says that he can get a man who can do the work creditably 
for sixteenpence per day, and labourers at the rate of ;^6 per year, 
thus saving 2d. a day wages. And besides the master workman 
must be here to confer with the carpenter. This much Hillarie told 
me, but he does not know that I have told your Grace. The yard 
is all fenced in strong and safe, and we have made an end of pulling 
down. I Now we have taken mortar making in hand, cleansing and 
levelling the ground, and on Monday next, Hillarie says we shall 
be ready for the foundation and the bricklayer. Weeks, the brick- 
layer, has been looking at your brick-clamps and says they are very 
good.p We have had our sand from Dubber's Hill, for the Park 
faileth." 

On the iSth February, he again writes, and says that Henry 
Blease and John Green, two of his parishioners, had undertaken the 
brickwork for is. 3d. per day. Blease had begun the foundations 
leading to London, and finding the ground made and false, he dug 
a trench in the ground 4ft. deep, and finding that he had come to 
solid ground, he filled up the trench with great flint and small 
stones and brickbats and rubbish, not confusedly but orderl}' laid on, 
and rammed strongly course upon course, strong and sure. In this 
work he used up the heap of stones, which his Grace had made the 
boys gather out of the churchyard, and also half-a-dozen loads of 
small stones fetched from Smithdome (Smitham) bottom. He 
found it necessary to make the foundations in the other parts of the 
building even stronger, and for this purpose provided carts to fetch 
great flint and chalk for the building, and small for filling. In this 
letter he asked his Grace to send him some more mone}', as he had 
been obliged to send William Tagburne to Smithfield to buy two 
horses ; for this purpose he had given him ^5. 

' In all probability, these were remains of the unfortunate men slain in the 
encounter between the Londoners and the troops from Tonbridge Castle, 
which took place near this spot after the battle of Lewes, that occurred in 
1264. 

t We have somewhat modernised both the spelling and the phraseology of 
the letters in order to make them more intelligible to our readers. 

J An old inn, called tht; Chequer, formerly occupied the site of the present 
hospital. It was purchased by Archbishop Whitgift for the sum of ;^20. and a 
tenement adjoining cost him ^30. Probably the pulling down, mentioned in this 
letter, referred to the old inn. 

1] It would bv this appear the Archbishop had been Iriwkmaking, so as to have 
Eome ready for the work when he commenced building. 



Whitgiffs Hospital and School. xxiii. 

In his next letter, the Vicar acknowledges the receipt of £"20, 
sent by William Tagburne, and then came the difficulty about 
finding the skulls and other remains which we have already 
mentioned. Had they been found inside the range of building, we 
do not know what would have been the consequences ; probably the 
Hospital would have been removed to some other spot. Towards 
the conclusion of this letter occurs a sentence which we give in its 
entirety, owing to its exceeding quaintness. " I thank God our 
grounde-work is greatlye commended by all that vewe the same. 
And I hope well that it will like his Grace at his comminge, for it is 
not slubbered up, but stronglye doone." 

The next letter contains the copy of a contract with Nicholas 
and Christopher Richardson, citizens and freemasons of London, 
and Gabriel Anscombe, of Charlton, yeoman, who bind themselves 
under a penalty of £^100 to bring to Croydon so much good and 
seasoned freestone, as shall be sufficient for the doors and windows 
of the Hospital, and shall work the same, and set them up in such 
necessary and ready manner, that the remainder of the work be not 
delayed, receiving or taking for the same gd. the foot for windows, 
and lod. the foot for door cases." Those interested in these 
matters can see the work performed under this contract, and will be 
able to compare the difference in prices between the Elizabethan 
age and the present. 

The next letter is dated the 28th of February, in which the 
Vicar complains that the work has been delayed by this " goodlye 
seasonable weather, which would not serve for the laying of mortar," 
and therefore the work would not be ready for his Grace's inspection 
" untill Monday come seven-nighte." 

In the next letter, dated March 3rd, the worthy Vicar is in great 
tribulation. Blease, one of the bricklayers, had made some com- 
plaint of the unskilfulness of the workmen. He seems to have been 
a grumbling fellow, never satisfied. He and Green, who are 
mentioned in a previous letter, were allowed id. per day more than 
the ordinary workmen to take charge of the bricklaying. Instead of 
laying his complaints before the Vicar, he reported the matter to 
Mr. Mills, a gentleman who had come on the part of the Archbishop 
to inspect the work. It would seem that Blease, who, it will be 
remembered, was recommended by Hillarie, soon began to complain 
of Hillarie, because he both set out the work and gave his advice to 
the workmen. " For," saith Blease, " if I be appointed one to take 
charge, 'tis reason I appoint the work and the workmen." The 
Vicar went to Blease to advise him to be content that Hillarie 
should exercise supervision, but Blease would not be content, and 
so the Vicar let the discontented bricklayer have " a bit of his 
mind." "We quote his own words. "But, goodman Blease, I 
understand you shoot at another matter, which neither 3'ou, nor 
Hillarie himself, nor never a man here shall attain, if I know it, and 
that is, you would have the appointment of the workmen under 3'ou 
to make a gain of their wages ; as for example, here is Kilman, 
highly recommended to us, a good workman, who has I4d. a day, 
and you have made him promise you 2d. a day out of it, pretending 



xxiv. Croydon in the Past. 

that he is under you, and cometh in by you, when you give himi 
neitht r nuat, drink, nor lodging; and thus you would have us do 
with others ; but you shall not have your will, and if Kilman thinks. 
well to work for his Lordship for a shilling a day, he shall only 
receive tliat money, for there is no reason you should gain by his 
work to his Lordship's loss ; for I have learnt this trick of you ; 
when you gain by any of the men, you allow them to work as they 
please, but il tliey will not let you share their earnings, then you 
haste them on.'" Thus it will be seen that there were tricks in trade 
even in those days. The Vicar threatened Blease to take off his 
extra penny a day if he would not be quiet. Some short time after- 
wards, he was up to his old tricks again. He put on a labourer to 
work as a brickla}er, but Hillarie spied him before he had been at 
work an hour, and would only let him work as a labourer, and 
" then the fellow wrought 3 days and received 2S. 6d., a labourer's 
wages." He tried the same game on with two more men, but they 
were soon detected. " But," says the Vicar, "what are these 
matters to trouble my Lord with. We shall have enough hereof 
before the work is ended, and I told Mr. Mills 'tis no caveat to me, 
for I know in a multitude there will fall out such matters. If we 
cannot appease, we will thrust out such unruly persons." 

The next trouble Mr. Fitch had to contend with was the bricks. 
Those which had been provided were insufficient, and he had to buy 
some. He went with the brickmaker to see the bricks before pur- 
chasing. We preier to give the Vicar's own words. " Rednap 
came hither this da}-, and as soon as ever he came into the yard, and 
saw the bricks, his heart was dead ; he went to them and chose here 
one and theie one, and knock on it, and said, ' he hoped there were 
better to be found in the Park,' To the Park we came, and there 
went from clampe to clampe, and we found one here and there good, 
but they did not equal his own expectation. Fain would he have 
excused himself, but his handie work spake against him, and we 
were so round with him, that he burst into tears, saying, ' he was 
never the like served in any work ; he was ashamed of it, he could 
not excuse it ; it was the wickedness and deceitfulness of the earth. 
And all be it, he could not thoroughly make amends, yet he could be 
content to do what lay in him, but not of that earth," Well, then, 
to the loom pits beyond Dubber's Hill we came, near Halinge gate, 
where bricks had been made in time past. There he found such 
mould as contented him, and with much parleying, was content 
to give my Lord the making of fifty thousand, and of ten thousand 
for waste (nothing in comparison, but as much as we could get him 
to } ield to), and to make one hundred thousand more for the price he 
made for in the park, having all the necessaries found him as he had 
in the park. And there wood must be had from the farm, and 
water fetched in a cart from the other Halinge-gate. And these 
bricks will be ready for us before Whitsuntide. Only he requests 
His Grace to write to Sir John Box (in whose work he is) that he 
wi.l be content to spare him till he has served our turn, which he 
knoweth he both may and will." 

Unfortunately, at this point, these interesting letters cease, and 



Whitgiffs Hospital and School. xxv. 

we are left in doubt whether the Vicar or Blease conquered in the 
end, or whether Blease was turned out as an " unruly person." 

The statutes of this Hospital inform us that it was founded for 
the benefit of at least thirty persons of both sexes, and so many more 
under the number of forty, as the revenues will permit, half the 
number must be inhabitants of Croydon, and half of Lambeth. One 
of them (who is also to teach in the school-house, built by the 
founder) is required to say public prayers mornings and evenings in 
the chapel on all working days, except Wednesdays and Fridays in 
the forenoon, and Saturdays in the afternoon, on which days, as also 
on Sundays and festival days, the poor people are to resort to the 
Parish Church of Croydon. All this has been altered ; there is a 
proper chaplain appointed, and he reads prayers three mornings 
in the week in the old chapel. The schoolmaster is now the head- 
master of the celebrated Whitgift Grammar School ; he, however, 
still resides in one of the houses adjoining the Hospital. 

The Worshipful Company of Fishmongers provide a dinner for 
the poor people on the 23rd March in each year. The visitors of the 
company attend service in the Parish Church in the morning, and 
then return to the Hospital, and visit the kitchen to see that the 
dinner (for which they pay to the warden, £2 13s, 4d.) is cooking; 
thus they take care the poor people are not defrauded of their repast, 
which takes place in the common hall. On leaving, the Fish- 
mongers place in the poor-box attached to the entrance gate, a half- 
sovereign, which, with any other monies which have been deposited 
therein, is taken out after dinner, and divided in equal proportions 
among the brothers and sisters. This old practice has never been 
once omitted for more than 250 years. 

The Hospital, the building of which we have previously 
described, is in the form of a square, with a small court-yard and 
grass plat in the centre, very much after the fashion of the old 
colleges in Oxford and Cambridge. 

Over the gateway, engraved on stone, are the arms of the See 
of Canterbury, with Archbishop Whitgift's, and the date 1597, in 
which year this part of the hospital was completed. Over the arms 
on a square stone are these words: Sanctce Trinitati Sacri (sacred 
to the Holy Trinity). Over the gateway is this quotation from 
Prov. 28 c, "Qui dat pauperi, non indigebit" (he that giveth to the 
poor shall not lack.) 

Entering the gateway, and crossing the grass plat, we come to 
the Common Hall, in which the business of the hospital was accus- 
tomed to be transacted. It is, however, now fitted up as a reading 
room and library, for the use of the brothers and sisters. Formerly 
an old picture of the " Dance of Death "' hung over the chimney 
place ; this has, however, now been removed to the chapel. There 
were also kept in this room three antique wooden goblets, one of 
which held three pints, on which was inscribed — 
What, sirrah, hold thy peace, 
Thirste, satisfied, cease. 

But these have all disappeared. There is an old water-colour 
painting in a frame, dated 1795, representing the front of the hospital. 



XX vi. Croydon in the Past. 

looking" down North End, including a view of the old George Inn, 
with sign overhanging the street ; over the fire-place is a framed 
Latin inscription, which formerly was annexed to the Whitgift monu- 
ment in the Old Church, and was saved from the fire. The follow- 
ing is a copy of the inscription : — 

Gratia non miror, si fit divina Johanine 

Qui jacit hie, solas credito gratus erat, 
Nee magis immerito Whitgiftus dicitur idem, 

Candor in eloquio, pectore candor erat, 
Candida pauperibus posuit loca, Candida musis, 

E teriis moriens Candida dona tulit. 

[translation.] 

Some slight approach to evangelic fame. 

Lies buried here, which once was John by name : 

Of Whitgift's name, behold the dark abode, 

Fair was his speech, as from the heart it flowed. 

For want and learning a fair spot he gave, 

Then died, to meet a rich reward beyond the grave. 

The business meetings of the Governors are now held in a room 
■over the Common Hall, adjoining the Warden's apartments. This 
room presents no particular features ; the arms of the Archbishop 
are carved on the wood panels over the fire-place. There is, how- 
■ever, kept in this room an old black letter Bible, strongly bound in 
wooden covers, mounted in brass ; the New Testament is worn 
away. By an inscription inscribed therein, we find that it was pre- 
sented to the hospital by Abraham Hartwell, " Reverendissimi 
Fundatoris Humillimus Serocitus " (the humble and most dutiful 
servant of the Reverend Founder) 1599, and was repaired at the ex- 
pense of Thomas Lett, Esq , in 1813. It is a copy of a Bible, trans- 
lated into English by order of Archbishop Cranmer, and there is a 
Prologue or Preface written by that dignitary. This is the first 
authorised English translation of the Scriptures, and varies con- 
siderably from the authorised version at present in use, which dates 
from James the First. The imprint runs as follows: — "Imprinted 
at London by the deputies of Christopher Barker, printer to the 
Queen's most excellent Majestie, 1595." Formerly this Bible was 
kept in the Common Hall, and previous to its removal there, was 
in use in the Hospital Church, where, as was customary, in former 
times, it was chained to the reading desk. 

Over the outer gate in an upper room, called the Treasury, 
were deposited all the title deeds and other documents relating to 
the hospital. The most curious and valuable are Queen Elizabeth's 
original grant to the Founder, and the Archbishop's Deed of Gift of 
the several estates with which he endowed the hospital. They are 
both on vellum; the first neatly endorsed, and the margins beauti- 
fully ornamented with a drawing of the Queen in her robes, sitting in 
a chair of state, and the royal arms in different compartments. The 
other document is written in English ; the beginning is embellished 
with a drawing of the Archbishop in his robes, very artistically 
finished ; the margin contains his arms beautifully illuminated. A 
fire-proof room has lately been erected, in which these valuable 
documents are carefully preserved. 



Whitgiffs Hospital and School. xxvii. 

The right of presentation is vested in the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. The following is a copy of the form of presentation : — 
" (A. B.) by divine providence Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate 
and Metropolitan of all England, to our I3eloved in Christ (C. B.) : 
Health in the Lord for ever. By these presents we grant unto 
thee, in consideration of thy bodily infirmity, of thy poverty, and 
age, the space and lodging of one of the poor brethren of the 
Hospital of the Holy Trinity in Croydon, of the foundation of 
John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury, for the term of thy life, 
and for the sustenance of thy povert}', willing and strictly enjoin- 
ing thee to keep and in all things observe the statutes and ordinances 
of the same Hospital. In testimony whereof, &c." 

The Chapel is situated in one corner of the quadrangle. It is 
a very neat and unpretentious looking building. At the request of 
Whitgift, it was formally dedicated to the worship of God by the 
Bishops of London and Winchester, on the loth of July, 1599, by 
the title of the Chapel or Oratory of the Hospital of the Holy 
Trinity at Croydon, of the foundation of John Whitgift, Archbishop 
of Canterbury. A fine portrait of the founder, painted on wood, 
formerly hung on the wall. It was taken down, under pretence of 
being cleaned, but has never been returned. It is now, we under- 
stand, hanging in some of the buildings of the Whitgift Schools, 
where it must be somewhat out of place, because underneath are the 
following lines : — 

Has Triadi Sanctae Primi qui struxerat cedes, 
Illuis en veram Prssulis effigiem. 

Which we read thus — 

A striking portrait of the Primate see, 
Who built this chapel to the Holy Three. 
There are, however, a few objects of interest remaining on the 
walls, amongst which is a portrait of a lady, wearing a large ruff, 
with this inscription : — " A. D. 1616. iEtatis suoe, 38." This is 
said to be a portrait of a niece of the Archbishop, and it bears some 
resemblance to the portrait of Whitgift. 

There is also a framed tablet affixed to the wall near the 
entrance door, which formerly hung over the mantel piece in the 
common hall. It is almost illegible, but on closer inspection it 
proves to be a full-length skeleton entering a kind of portal, around 
which are some indistinct Latin phrases. 

Over the reading desk are two other tablets, with the following 
quaint inscriptions : — 

" To the happy memory of the most Reverend Father in God, Doctor John 
Whitgift, late Archbishop of Canterbury, &c., his Grace's sometime faithful loving 
servant and unworthy Gentleman Usher, J. W., consecrateth this testimony of his 
ancient duty. Obiit 29th Feb., 1603." 

Pure saints by Heaven refined from earthly dross, 

You duly can esteem your new increase, 
But our soul's eyes are dim to see the loss, 
Great Prelate, we sustain by thy decease. 

We never could esteem thee as we ought, 

Although the best men did thee best esteem ; 
For hardly can you square a mortal thought 

That of so great worth worthily can deem. 



xxviii. C.ioydon in the Past. 

The straight, sound cedar, new cut from the stem, 

As yet is scarcely missed in Libanus ; 
This richer than the wise kings' richest gem, 

New lost, as yet is scarcely missed of us. 

But years to come and our deserved society, 

I fear, will teach us more and more to prize 
This matchless pearl — this fairest, fruitless plant, 

On whose top. Virtue sitting, touched the skies. 

Presuming Horace, Ovid confident. 

Proudly foretold their books eternities : 
But if my muse were like mine argument, 

The lines would outlive both their memories. 

For their best masterpieces do contain 

But pictures of false Gods, and men's true faults, 
Whereas in my verse ever should remain 

A true saint's praise, whose worth fills Heaven's great vaults. 

Shine bright in the Triumphant Church, fair soul 

That in the Militant has shined so long ; 
Let rarest arts thy great deserts enroll, 
I can but sing thee in a mournful song. 

And wish that with a sea of tears my verse 
Could make an island of thy honoured hearse. 

L'Envoy. 

Cavendish in prose set Cardinal Wolsey forth. 

Who served him in that place, I served this Lord ; 
He had his faults to write of, and his worth, 
Nothing in this man was to be abhorred. 

Therefore his theme much larger was than mine. 
But, Cavendish, my theme better is than thine. 

Let ivy-honor'd Bards adore, 

The muses and Perene's name ; 
I offer my unpractis'd tone, 

A rude probationer for fame. 

On the south wall is a large frame, in the centre of which is the 
Archbishop's arms, surrounded by some Latin inscriptions in praise 
of charity. There is also another frame on the opposite wall con- 
taining a very lengthy poem, the greater portion of which is totally 
illegible. 

The seats in the Church are plain oaken benches without backs, 
so that the poor people have no chance of resting themselves during 
the service, which simply consists in reading the prayers and lessons 
of the day. Occasionally there is a full service. Archbishop Tait 
once preached a sermon in this small chapel. The poor brethren 
are expected to attend service in the Parish Church on Sunday. 

The site of the Hospital was formerly occupied by a public- 
house called the " Chequers." We find among the purchases made 
by the Archbishop for his Hospital these entries : — 

The " Chequers" in Croydon cost ;^20. 

A Tenement adjoining cost ;^30. 

Another Tenement in Croydon, called Stay Cross, with one 
acre-and-a-half of land, cost £80. 

Upon these I have builded my Hospital, school-house, and 
schoolmasters' houses. 

The original yearly revenue of the institution, arising princi- 



Whitgi/fs Hospital and ScJiool. xxix. 

pall}' from tha Archbishop's endowment, was only £'185 4s. 2d., but 
it is now upwards of ;)f2ooo. 

Formerly the Warden and Brethren were a body corporate, 
with power to buy, purchase, and possess goods and chattels not 
exceeding ;£200 per year. Their common seal was a history of 
Dives and Lazarus, and the escutcheon bore the arms of the Arch- 
bishop. Now, however, all power is taken out of the hands of the 
Warden and Brethren, and is vested in Governors appointed under 
the new Scheme just sanctioned by the Charit}^ Commissioners, and 
who have built and established the present noble Whitgift School 
out of the surplus funds of the original endowment. 





STATE PAPERS CONNECTED WITH 
CROYDON. 



[)ANY interesting matters throwing light on the history of 
Croydon in the Past, may be gathered from the Calendars 
^ of State Papers, and in the following pages we propose 
to give extracts from various State Papers and Letters, 
lodged in the State Paper Office in the British Museum, between 
the years 1588 and 1640, in which the town of Croydon is 
mentioned : — 

Lease for 21 years of Waddon Manor and Snelsdon Meadow, Croydon parish, 
to William Whitgift, at an annual rent of ;^22 6s. 8d. Among the conditions are 
the following : — The tenant to inbarn half the corn in the manor, lay down half 
the compost, also to maintain the Archbishop's steward and officers, four days a 
year, when they come to keep courts and take the rents. 

The extent of the Manor of Waddon is not know. It was 
given in the year 1127, by Henry I, to the Monks of Bermondsey, 
who in 1390 transferred it to Archbishop Courtney,' and ever since 
that time it has been annexed to the See of Canterbury. A Court 
Baron is held annually in Easter week, and in former times a 
constable was appointed for the hamlet. There is a corn-mill in 
Waddon, which is mentioned in Domesday Book. 

1590, 26th November. — Lease of 7 acres in Bushmead meadow, Croydon, 
called Southflake and Northflake fields, for 21 years at annual rental of 22s., to 
Edward Kidman. 

1593, 3oiA October. — Lease for 21 years of 106 acres at Broadcombe, Croydon, 
to Edward Heath, at an annual rental of £2, with leave to dig trenches and lay 
down pipes for conveyance of water to the houses. 

1597, 2ist March. — Lease for 28 years of 8 acres of land at Broomy Lees, 
Croydon, timber excepted, at an annual rent of 8s., to Gabriel Salway. 

1603, Croydon, 24th Sept. — Whitgift, Archbishop of Can'^erbury, and Bancroft, 
Bishop of London, to Cecil. This is a paper containing particulars of factious 



XXX. Croydon in the Past. 

and ill-disposed clergj'men who preferred petitions to the King against the govern- 
ment of the Church, and thanking the King for protecting the Church as reformed 
by the .late Queen (Elizabeth). 

This letter is addressed to Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, who was at 
that time President of the Council, an office equivalent to our Prime 
Minister — excepting that the President is appointed by the Monarch, 
while the Prime Minister is the choice of the House of Commons. 
At the time of the accession of King James, the hopes of the 
Presbyterian party were raised by the belief that he would make 
certain changes in the Episcopalian Church, established by his 
predecessor, as he had been brought up in the principles of the Kirk 
of Scotland. Various petitions were presented to the King, which 
however were coldly received, and doubtless this drew forth the 
letter of thanks mentioned above. As it was dated from Croydon, 
it is evident that the Bishop of London must at the time have been 
on a visit to Archbishop Whitgift at the Old Palace. 

Further petitions followed, and, much to the alarm of the 
Bishops, the King ordered that a conference should be held at West- 
minster, in which the matter should be discussed. The assembly 
consisted of 20 Bishops and other dignitaries, while only four of 
their opponents were summoned. The Bishops, however, were 
dreadfully perturbed, and, being admitted to the royal presence 
before the Presbyterians were admitted, they threw themselves on 
their knees before him, and earnestly entreated him not to alter the 
constitution of the Church, nor to give the Puritans the triumph in 
the coming debate. The King condescended to lift the weight of 
fear from their hearts, for he told them he meant to give the Puritan 
party a sound flagellation. Of course, such being the royal determi- 
nation, the result of the discussion was a foregone conclusion. 
James himself took a prominent part in the debate, and conducted it 
in that royal style which admits of no contradiction. He was in his 
true element. Theological discussion was his pride and glory, and 
he believed himself capable of silencing all Christendom. He held 
forth on all sorts of topics, and assured the anti-episcopal divines 
that, in his opinion, if there were no Bishops there would soon be no 
King, and that " a presbytery agreed with monarchy as well as God 
did with the Devil." The Reformers complained bitterly of the manner 
in which the discussion had been conducted, but James was inflated 
with the idea of his own unrivalled eloquence and ability. He 
boasted that he had " peppered the Dissenters soundly ; " " they fled 
me," he said, " from argument to argument like schoolboys." 

Croydon, Jtdy i2st, 1602. — The Earl of Northumberland to Cecil. — This letter, 
in which is a letter enclosed to the King, says that he would have known more of 
certain matters, but Raleigh distrusted him. 

The question naturally arises how this letter comes to be dated 
from Croydon, and it requires some insight into English history to 
understand its meaning or import. About this time Sir Walter 
Raleigh, who had married a sister of Sir Nicholas Carew, of Bed- 
dington, was suspected of being implicated in a plot to raise Arabella 
Stuart (cousin of the King) to the throne. Cecil, the Prime Minister, 
was jealous of the great ability of Raleigh, and wanted an excuse to 



State Papers connected with Croydon. xxxL 

get rid of him. The Earl of Northumberland was himself also sus- 
pected, but, to clear himself, had volunteered to visit Raleigh, then 
on a visit to Beddington Hall, and endeavour to gain information. 
It is evident Sir Walter distrusted him, and the Earl wrote the above 
letter to Cecil while on his visit to Beddington. 

Croydon, July gth, 1603. — This is a letter written by Archbishop Whitgift to 
King James, remonstrating against his letters to the Universities for restoration of 
impropriate tithes. He says he will attend His Majesty and personally make 
known the inconvenience thereof, which will be the overthrow of the Universities 
and learning. Annexed to this letter is a statement by the Archbishop of the 
inconvenience likely to result from the alteration of the University impropriations. 

In this year King James was, as usual, short of money, and he 
had laid his hands on certain tithes belonging to the Universities 
spared by King Henry VIII, and this gave rise to a remonstrance 
on the part of Whitgift, which, we believe, was successful, and the 
property was restored. 

1604. — On the 20th February we have notice of the presentation of Samuel 
Finch to the vicarage oi Croydon. 

The presentation had lapsed into the hands of the King. The 
Rev. Samuel Finch was the son of the late Rev. Samuel Finch, who 
superintended the erection of the Whitgift Hospital. The first Mr. 
Finch died shortly before Archbishop Whitgift, but it would seem, 
at that prelate's death, he had not appointed another Vicar, and the 
right of presentation lapsed into the hands of the King, who pre- 
sented it to the gentleman above named. 

1605. — November ^th, Lambeth. — On the above date (the celebrated gun- 
powder plot day), we find a letter from Archbishop Bancroft, who had succeeded 
Whitgift in the Archiepiscopal See, saying that Thomas Percy had been seen 
riding towards Croydon, and had reported •' all London is up in arms." 

Thomas Percy was one of the principal conspirators in the 
gunpowder plot. He engaged the house adjoining the Parliament 
House, as it was the intention of the conspirators in the first instance 
to break into the cellar underneath the building in which Parliament 
sat. He was a gentleman pensioner and therefore no suspicion was 
excited when he took these premises. It was afterwards found that 
the cellars into which they wanted to penetrate were to let, and it 
was Percy who took them, as he alleged, for the purpose of storing 
wood for winter. When the plot was discovered, the conspirators 
fled in all directions, and it would seem that Percy in the first 
instance turned his horse's head towards Croydon, but he and the 
rest were eventually brought to bay at Holbeach House, on the 
borders of Staffordshire, where he was shot in the struggle which 
ensued. In a very ancient history, we read " Thomas Percy and 
Robert Catesby, Esquires, fighting back to back, were both of them 
slain with one bullet." 

The Percy above described was a relative of the Earl of 
Northumberland, and suspicion fell on that nobleman ; and we find 
a letter four days afterwards from the Earl to the King, which is 
written from Croydon, although it is impossible to surmise what he 
could have been doing at Croydon at the time. Ht could not have 
been a welcome guest at Beddington, where his treachery to Sir 
Walter Raleigh must have been known. 



xxxii. Croydon in the Past. 

The letter is dated Croydon, Saturday, November g, 1609, and in it the Earl 
expresses his sorrow for having offended his Majesty, and fears that if the King 
expresses his displeasure, the world will cast imputations on his character, and he 
entreats his Majesty to save his loyalty from suspicion. 

We might here remark that the Earl was apprehended and held 
in custody in the town for twelve years, at the same time as Sir 
Walter Raleigh. There are one or two other letters having 
reference to the Gunpowder Plot, or arising from the suspicions 
which gathered round that mysterious affair. About this time, 
Archbishop Bancroft died, and Archbishop Abbot was nominated in 
his place. 

1612 — Croydon, July 12.— Archbishop Abbot, in writing to the King, says 
that the lingering in England of the Spanish Ambassador, Don Pedro de Zuniga.is 
very suspicious. He had already secretly disbursed £12,000 to £13,000 in 
England, and tampers at night with the Lieger Ambassador from France. He was 
in England at the time of the Powder Treason, and God knows what share he had 
in that business. 

Croydon, Aug. 3^^, 1612. — Archbishop Abbot to the King. — Zuniga has 
removed to the Lieger Ambassador, Alonzo de Velasquez, in the Barbican. 
Velasquez has been more free with his masses, having a bell rung, and holding 
several in the day. He sends scandalous reports of English affairs to Spain and 
Italy. 

Croydon, Aug. ijth, 1612. — Archbishop Abbot to Rochester.* — Will, at the 
King's command, hold correspondence with the Venetian Ambassador. 

At that time, the holding of masses in public was strictly pro- 
hibited, except at the official residences of the Ambassadors. 

Westminster, Nov. 18, 1611. — Grant to the Earl of Nottingham of the manor 
of Haling and other lands, &c., in Croydon and Mitcham. 

Charles, Earl of Nottingham, was the celebrated Lord Admiral, 
who commanded the British fleet which destroyed the Spanish 
Armada. He died at Haling House on December 14th, 1624. 
Previous to this grant, he must have had possession of the property, 
for it was granted to him on leave, under letters patent of the 34th 
of Elizabeth ; and his brother. Sir William Howard, died there in 
1600. At his death this manor, by some means, was re-transferred 
to the Gage family, to whom it had been granted by Queen Mary. 
They, however, forfeited it during the reign of Queen Elizabeth for 
treasonable practices. Robert Gage took part in the conspiracy of 
of Babington and others against Queen Elizabeth, and he was 
beheaded in September, 1586. His .brother, John Gage, incurred 

* The Earl of Rochester, a handsome young Scotchman, who attracted the 
King's fancy ; after the death of Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, he became the reigning 
favourite, and was made Secretary of State. Rochester's connection with the 
Countess of Essex, her divorce, and re-marriage, in which the King took an active 
part, is one of the most disgraceful incidents in English history. The only 
redeeming feature in the affair is Archbishop Abbot's manly protest against 
granting the divorce. His brother Bishops who sat in conclave proved themselves 
ready tools for the accommodation of aristocratic licentiousness. After this 
marriage Rochester was created Duke of Somerset, but soon afterwards fell under 
the Royal displeasure from his connection with the Overbury murder. He and his 
wife were both arraigned and condemned to death. " But," says an old chronicler, 
" they had a lease of their lives granted them for ninety-nine years, yet so as 
never after to see the King's face again." The Earl of Essex, the jilted husband, 
lived to lead the Parliamentary armies in the great struggle which took place 
<luring the following reign. 



State Papers connected with Croydon. xxxiii. 

imprisonment and forfeiture of his lands and tenements for har- 
bouring George Besley, a proscribed Jesuit priest. On the death of 
the Earl of Nottingham, they resumed possession, and sold it to 
Christopher Gardener, Esq., in whose family it remained until 1707, 
when it was purchased by Edward Stringer, Esq. He bequeathed 
it to his widow, who married again to a gentleman named 
Hamond, by whom she had issue. She left it to her grandson, 
William Parker Hamond, who retained possession until quite 
recently. The estate has lately been divided into lots, and resold to 
various proprietors. 

Croydon, Sept. 2gtk, 1612. — This is a note of the distribution of 42s. 6d. given 
by the Duke of York, when he dined at Croydon, to the yeomen of Archbishop 
Abbot's household. 

The Duke of York was the eldest surviving son of James the 
First ; he afterwards ascended the throne as Charles the First. 

Croydon, Sept. 2Sth, 1614.— Archbishop Abbot to the Bishop of Peterborough. 
In this letter, the Archbishop says the King wishes to know the truth of a report 
that several silenced ministers, especially Mr. Dod and Mr. Cleaver, are suffered 
to preach in his diocese ; and also that Mr. Catelyne, of Northampton, though 
professing conformity when questioned, does not " use perpetuall conformity ;" the 
refractory disposition of the people of that town cannot be borne with. 

This was the commencement of the great struggle between 
king and people, in which eventually the king lost both crown and 
life. It is rather singular that even in the time of Charles the First, 
the inhabitants of Northampton should have been celebrated for 
their "advanced" views on religious matters, a characteristic which, 
judging from recent events, they retain up to the prssent day. 

London, July 31, 1619. — Chamberlain to Carleton. — The Lord Admiral went 
to Chatham to see the ships in company with Sir Horace Vere and Lord Digby.* 
He is very desirous to settle at Beddington, near Croydon, but Sir Nicholas Carew 
will not give up his seat to him. 

The Lord Admiral is the in^mous Duke of Buckingham, who 
had just superseded the Earl of Nottingham (Lord Charles Howard), 
the grand old admiral, residing in retirement at Haling Park. It 
would seem that he coveted the possession of Beddington House, but 
Sir Nicholas Carew would not part with the family mansion. George 
Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, succeeded the Earl of Rochester 
in the favour of the King, and under his rule, this country was 
disgraced both at home and abroad. Every office in the State was 
given to his favourites, or sold to the highest bidder. His private 
life was a long course of debauchery and wickedness. He accom- 
panied Charles, Prince of Wales, in his mad-cap expedition to the 
Court of Spain, and was responsible for many of the worst acts of 
that foolish Prince. Eventually he perished by the hand of an 
assassin at Southampton. 

Croydon, Aug. 18, 1624. — ^Archbishop Abbot to Carleton. — Thanks for his favour 
to Dr. Jermyn. Regrets his late nibs, but all suffer alike who do "not stoope sail 
to that castle," though if they do, not certain of success. He (the duke) stands 
higher than ever, cannot think what that presages. 

This letter was evidently intended to be kept private ; the 
language is enigmatical, and is difficult to understand. The Duke 

* Afterwards Earl of Bristol. 



xxxiw Croydon in the Past. 

hinted at, is the Duke of Buckingham, who was at that time in high 
favour with the king. 

Croydvu, Die. 20, 1625. — Archbishop Abbot to Sec (Lord) Conway. — The 
Archbishop reports what took place at an interview between himself and certain 
messengers from the French Ambassador, who claimed as the Ambassador's 
chaphiins, Pettinger, alias W'entworth, and Dupre, alias Forbes, two Roman 
Catholic priests in London. 

This has reference to the persecution of the Cathohcs in 
Enghmd carried on with great severity during this reign. All 
Catholic priests were banished from the kingdom, excepting, of 
course, those belonging to the establishment of the Ambassadors, 
and the representatives of the kings of France and Spain were 
accustomed to claim as their servants, any priests who fell into the 
hands of the law. These disputes were continually recurring, and 
gave rise to much ill-feeling between the different monarchs, 

Croydon, jfiily loth, 1627.' — Archbishop Abbot of Canterburj- to Sec. Conway^ 
— The Archbishop sa} s that he dees not forget the message Lord Conwa}' brought 
him on Thursday last, and because he has heard nothing from him since, sends to 
him to know what he is resolved touching the house or houses where he must 
remain. He enumerates the houses which belong to his see, and enquires 
whether the king will leave the choice to himself, or name one or two for him to 
reside in. He desires to know, because he has to make provision of wood, and 
coals, and hay, and when he has brewed, it is fit to know where he shall put it. 

About this time the good old Archbishop incurred the Royal 
displeasure. It appears that one Robert Sibthorpe, Vicar of 
Brockley, in an assize sermon preached at Northampton, declared 
that even if the King commanded people to resist the law of God, 
the}- were to obey him, to show no resistance, no railing, no reviling 
— to be all passive obedience. To demonstrate the Scriptural 
soundness of his doctrine, he quoted the verse of the Book of 
Ecclesiastes, " Where the word of the King is, there is power ; and 
who may say unto him. What doest thou ? "' Abbot, very properly, 
refused to licence the printing of this sermon. In vain the King 
(Charles I.) insisted. The Archbishop was suspended, and even- 
tually ordered to reside at Canterbury. It is evident the above 
letter was written to Lord Conway while the matter was in abeyance. 
Bishop (afterwards Archbishop) Laud licensed the publication of the 
sermon. Sibthorpe was rewarded by being made Prebend of 
Peterborough, and Rector of Bishop Latimer. Some time after- 
wards Abbot was restored to the Archbishopric. 

1633.— Nicholas to Capt. John Pennington. — The Archbishop of Canterbury 
is very sick and weak at Croydon, inasmuch as it is thought he will hardly escape 
or live long. P.S. — The Archbishop died on Sunday last. 

ib2,z, Aug. 2gth. — Richard Kilvert to Sir John Lambe. — The funeral of the 
Archbishop will be celebrated at Croydon on Tuesday next, the funeral sermon to be 
preached by the Bishop of Rochester. 

Archbishop Abbot was buried at Guildford, his native town, 
where he had founded a hospital and grammar school, which remain 
in existence to this date. As a reward for his servility. Laud was 
appointed to the vacant Archiepiscopal See, and King Charles the 
First was strengthened in his foolish ideas of the royal supremacy, 
in the enforcement of which both he and Laud perished on the 



State Papers connected with Croydon. xxxv. 

scaffold. We have one or two letters from Laud, dated from 
Croydon, deserving of notice. 

Croydon, Aug. 2^th, 1634.— The Archbishop says that he has received Sir 
Thomas's letters, well fouled and worn. They bear date Aug. 4th, and came into 
his hands on the 23rd. He has had a little leisure (and but a little) for these three 
weeks, and now that his majesty is upon his return, he must return to grinding 
again. 

Croydon, August, 1636. — In this we have an account of the journey of Arch- 
bishop Laud trom Croydon to Oxford, in his coach and six, attended by fifty 
horsemen, all his own servants. He lodged the first night at Sir Thomas Roe's 
(Crauford). 

This journey to Oxford was doubtless caused by the fact that 
Parliament had been called to meet in that city, on account of the 
great plague raging in London. 

Croydon, Aug. ^th, 1636. — Archbishop Laud to Sir Thomas Roe, at his house 
at Crauford. — ... If Sir Thomas comes to Croydon next week, he will be 
welcome, and will find it a pretty stiff journey as the ways are now. 

Oatlands, Sept. igtii, 1636. — The Council to Archbishop Laud. — To take 
orders to remove inmates flying from London to Croydon in that time of infection. 

It would seem the plague extended its ravages to Croydon, for 
the parish registers show that there died from the plague in this town 
— between the months of July, 1603, to April, 1604, 158 ; in the 
year 1625, 76; in 1626, 24; in 1631, 74; and between the 27th 
July, 1665, and the 22nd March, 1666, the number amounted to 141. 

Under the date Sept. nth and Oct. 6th, 1638, there are two letters from Arch- 
bishop Laud, written at Croydon, to the unfortunate 0::een of Bohemia. This 
lady, the Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James I, married the Count Palatine, who 
was shortly afterwards nominated by the States of Bohemia, king of that nation, 
an office he foolishly accepted. This led to the terrible 30 years' war, which 
desolated the whole of Central Europe, and in which every European nation was 
more or less involved. 

There are two or three matters of local interest in these records 
which we also publish : — 

1634, Croydon, May 20th. — Returns made by the Justices of the Peace for the 
Hundred of Wallington and the Town of Croydon, which certify that they have 
suppressed 18 ale-houses and licensed 32. 

1619, Sept. 20th. — Extract from the Churchwarden's Accounts of Croydon show 
that town, being opprest by the carriage of saltpetre to Kingston-on-Thames, has 
had the road measured, and found it 10 miles and 62 roods ; also that Richard 
Gilbert is threatened with ruin by the saltpetre men, whc wish to dig for saltpetre 
in the shop which will stay his work. 

1634. — Francis Vincent and Edward Batts to the Lords of the Admiralty. 
— These are two saltpetre men who set forth that they have made various 
applications to Sir John Tunstall, near Croydon, to inspect his pigeon house for 
saltpetre, which he refuses, saying that last time it was digged four feet deep, 
which he thought such a prejudice that he had it filled up with sand and gravel. 

1636.— Petition of the Hundred of Kingston, Surrey, to the Council. — The 
petitioners complain that they are paid by the saltpetre men for carriage from 
Kingston to Croydon but for 7 miles, whereas it is iS miles, and they are to have 
6d. per mile for carriage, but the saltpetre men abate i^d. upon every loat , and 
besides a truss of straw for every load, and make them wait with their teams many 
hours. 

1637. — Petition of Francis Vincent, saltpetre man, to the Lords of the 
Admiralty. — Notwithstanding his Majesty's letters patent for making saltpetre, 
Sir John Tunstall, of Croydon, in no way obeying the commission, will not suffer 
petitioner to dig in his pigeon-house. He prays the Lords to take the case into 
consideration and order petitioner satisfaction. 



xxxvi. Croydon in the Past. 

Owing to the great scarcity of saltpetre, letters patent were 
issued in the reign of Charles the First, giving authority to the 
Lords of the Admiralty to employ men to dig for saltpetre wherever 
they thought possible to find it. This gave rise to innumerable 
complaints, as the men generally took a fancy to dig where they 
knew their digging would be a nuisance, and they had, in conse- 
quence, to be bought off. In one instance, it will be seen they took 
a fancy to dig under a tradesman's shop, and in another under Sir 
John Tunstall's pigeon-house, but Sir John refused them this 
.privilege, and this led to complaints to the Lords of the Admiralty, 
as cited above. Whether Sir John eventually had to give way we 
do not know, as the letters on the subject unfortunately end here. 
Sir John Tunstall is frequently mentioned in the records of 
Croydon in the Past. It was in his name that Archbishop Laud 
purchased an estate in Albury, in the county of Warwick, after- 
wards exchanged for some lands at Home, in Surrey, the rents and 
profits of which were to be yearly applied for the placing out of poor 
children of the said parish as apprentices ; and it was into the hands 
of Sir John Tunstall and other trustees, that Henry Smith, Esq., of 
London, in 1624, placed the sum of £1,000, with which an estate 
was purchased at Limpsfield, Surrey, the profits of which are to be 
devoted for ever to the relief of the poor of Croydon.* 

1637, yaii. 2gth. — Sir Thomas Walsingham having been sent for to the Board 
for having sold certain woods, called Westfield, in the parish of Croydon, to have 
them grubbed up, denied that he gave any warrant for it, and promised to give 
effectual orders to prevent the grubbing of any of his woods in that county without 
license from his Majesty or the Board. Thereupon he was discharged. 

1637, August. — Petition of Nicholas Wood and John Wood to Archbishop 
Laud. — The petitioners say that in February last they bought of Olave Edlyn, of 
Ham Farm, in the parish of Croydon, lately deceased, tenant to Sir Thomas 
Walsingham, for £22, the wood in Westfield Coppice, containing 8 acres, and the 
same to grub up, if the statutes allow it, which it seems to do, if it be within two 
furlongs of the farmhouse, which it is. But since the sale, his Majesty has put 
forth a proclamation to restrain grubbing up of woods. The petitioners being 
fearful to offend, Sir Thomas Walsingham offered 40s. to secure them from damage, 
or else advises his tenant to tie them to his bargain, and get others to grub it. 
They pray the Archbishop to recommend their cause to the Council, that nobody 
be suffered to grub the said wood but petitioners. 

It would seem that even so early as the reign of Charles I, the 
attention of the Lords of the Admiralty had been directed to the 
general grubbing up of the woods, from whence the supplies of 
oak timber necessary for the ships of war were obtained, and that a 
proclamation had been issued by the King to prohibit the practice. 

Croydon, Sept. yth, 1638. — Wiliam Dell to Sir John Lambe. — Think not I 
neglect you, though at every turn you abuse me. Your letters never come till 

* Sir John Tunstall, who belonged to a Durham family, was a magistrate for 
the county of Surrey, and was Knighted at Theobalds, Surrey, on the 13th July, 
1619. He is then described as of Carshalton, gentleman usher and esquire of the 
body of Queen Anne, consort of James I. In 1623, he lived at " Adgecombe," 
that is Addiscombe, in the house, in later years, occupied as a Military Seminary 
by the East India Company. He was buried at Croydon in February, 1651, and 
his wife, Lady Tunstall, in 1652; though there does not appear to have ever been 
a monument or tablet erected to their memory. It is rather curious that Sir John, 
who is named in so many wills, died intestate ; his next heirs were his grandsons, 
who were at time under age. They eventually succeeded to his property. 



State Papers connected with Croydon. xxxvii. 

Thursday, which day your carrier goes out of town ; so that it is impossible to 
answer the same week. You need not doubt of my thinking of a new wife in haste. 
I rather think of my winding sheet this sickly time, or of joining myself to your 
friend Dr. Barkham, who, good man, valcdixit sccido, and is lately turned hermit 
in Norwood, not far off. 

Cfoydon, Aug. 5//;, 1640. — William Dell to Sir John Lambe. — Archbishop 
Laud is content you should permanently settle the bearer i^Mr. Pemberton) in the 
clerkship (St. Vedast), as he desires. 

1639. — Information against John Lascoe for destroying the game about Croy- 
don, and taking hares in Haling Wood. 

1640, yan. iit'n. — Bond of John Lascoe and John Mantell, of Croydon, in the 
sum of ^50 to the King, conditional that John Lascoe shall not take, kill, or 
destroy hares, partridges, or pheasants, then this present obligation to be void. 




MEMORABILIA. 



^<>dpc^.T the present time, the Waldrons is the name of a district 
covered with stately mansions and villas. It may not 
be uninteresting to note a description of the district given 
by a writer early in the present century : — " Attached to 
the Haling estate is a piece of land called the Waldens, consisting 
of about 12 acres ; it is a high ridge of gravel soil, rising in a very 
steep ascent, forming a perfect shelter to the street, and descending 
in a declivity, as sudden, into a beautifully verdant valley, about five 
acres in extent. It was formerly enclosed by a park fence and 
stocked with conies. In the reign of Henry VIII it was occupied by 
Sir William Carew and used by him as a preserve for that species 
of game, to which purpose it was particularly adapted." 

In Haling Park, there was formerly a fine grove of exotics and 
evergreens, which is referred to by the Poet Laureate, William 
Whitehead, in a poem entitled " Answer to an Epistle from a grove 
in Derbyshire to a grove in Surrey." William Whitehead died in 
1785 ; he was the son of a baker at Cambridge, but evincing signs 
of genius, he was sent to Clare Hall, and eventually was made Poet 
Laureate. 

* 
Aubrey, in his celebrated work called the Magna Britannia, 

gives the following interesting account of the famous Vicar's Oak, 

which formerly stood on Norwood Hill : — " In the great wood, 

called Norwood, belonging to the Archbishop, was anciently a tree 

called the Vicar's Oak, where four parishes met, as it were, in a 

point. It bore mistletoe, which some were so hardy as to cut for 

the gain of selling it to the apothecaries of London, leaving a branch 

of it to sprout out. But they proved unfortunate after it, for one of 



xxxviii. Croydon in the Past. 

them fell lame, and others lost an eye. At length, in the year 1678, 
a certain man, notwithstanding he was warned against it upon 
account of what the others had suffered, adventured to cut the tree 
down, and he soon broke his leg." 

The parish register dates from 1538, and in it we find several 
remarkable instances of longevity in this parish, from which we 
extract the following : — Alice Miles, died on her looth birthday, 
buried March 6th, 1634. Margaret Ford, aged 105, buried February 
2nd, 1715. John Baydon, aged loi, buried December 12th, 1717. 
Elizabeth Giles, widow, aged 100, buried August 17th, 1729. And 
Elizabeth Wilson, from the " Black Horse," aged loi, buried March 

17th, 177 I. * ;!; "' 

Sir William Walworth, the famous Lord Mayor of London, 
who slew Wat Tyler upon his insulting Richard II, was keeper of 
the park which originally stood on Park Hill, and is said to have 
resided there. In the reign of Charles I, Francis Leigh, gentleman, 
of Addington, was keeper, and had a lodge in the park. He was 
Reeve of all the woods, had all the small spray, the doted and rotten 
trees, the bark of all trees felled, with grass for two cows in the park, 
and a fee of twopence a day. It was intended that a palace for the 
Archbishop of Canterbury should be erected in the park, but the pur- 
chase of Addington Hou-se rendered this proceeding unnecessary. 

On the 25th day of July, 1505, word was brought to the town of 
Croydon that a man was lying dead in a close near Pollard Hill, 
which was putrified and stank in the most horrible manner. None 
of the officers could be induced to bring him in, whereupon he 
remained there until the Tuesday night following, being the 27th 
day, whereupon the Vicar (the Rev. Samuel Finch) hired a man 
named James Woodward, and they two went to him and found him 
lying on his back, with his legs pulled up to him, and his knees lying 
wide, his right hand lying on his right leg, and his left across his 
stomach, the skin of his face and the hair of his head beaten off by 
the weather, so that no portion of the lineaments of his face could be 
identified. He wore a rotten canvas doublet, and his hose ragged, 
a black felt hat, with a cypress band, and two laces tied at the end 
of the band. Woodward digged the grave hard by him, and the two 
pulled him in, each with a long pole. 

Roger Pryce, leaning on a culver, charged with hail shot on his 
left side, his match in the same hand, the piece discharged suddenly 
and killed him presently, saving as much time as wherein he prayed 
the bystanders to pray to God for him, and so, falling down, desired 
God heartily to forgive him all his sins, and so he died the 25th 
July, 1585, and was buried on the 27th. 

Elizabeth, daughter of John and Clemence King, wife of Samuel 
Flynche (primus). Vicar, in the space of seven years mother oi Jive 
children at separate births, died the 17th November, 1589, aged 
twenty-one years. 



Memorabilia. xxxix. 

In 1200, two women, who had stolen some clothes at Croj^don, 
were pursued and captured at Southfleet, where they were 
imprisoned and tried by Lord Henry de Cobham and " many other 
discreet men of the county," who adjudicated them to undergo the 
fire ordeal. By this foolish and impious test, one of them was 
exculpated, and the other condemned and afterwards drowned in a 
pool called Bikepool. The two chief species of trial by ordeal were 
those of fire and water, the former being, in the opinion of some 
writers, confined to persons of high rank, and the latter only used 
for common people. But if the above case be correctly related, it is 
probable this distinction was not strictly observed. 

■X- 

In Church's History of England, he speaks of the Black Assizes 
at Oxford, in 1577, and of the assizes at Hereford in the reigns of 
King James and King Charles I, and says that a similar occurrence 
happened at Croydon. " The like chanced," says he, " some four 
years since at Croydon, in Surrey, where a great depopulation 
happened at the assizes; and the two judges, Baron Yates and Baron 
Rugby, getting their banes there, died a few days afterwards." 

The following relic of Papacy is recorded in the parish register 
in the year 1596 : — " Memoranda, that whereas Samuel Fynche, 
Vicar of Croydon, licensed Clemence Kmg, wife of John King, 
brewer, to eat flesh in the time of Lent, by reason of her sickness, 
which license beareth date the 29th day of February ; and, further, 
that the said Clemence doth yet continue sick, and hath not yet 
recovered her health, know ye, therefore, that the said license con- 
tinueth still in force, and, for the more efficacy thereof, is here 
registered according to the Statute in the presence of Thomas 
Mosar, churchwarden of the parish of Croydon, the 7th day of 
March, in the 38th year of the Queen's most gracious reign, and for 
the registering thereof is paid unto the curate 4d." 

* .., * 

Among the many eminent men, who have at different periods 
filled the office of Vicar of Croydon, is one " black sheep," William 
Clewer, D.D., who was collated by Archbishop Juxon in 1660. This 
man seems to have been a thorough scamp. During the Common- 
wealth he made himself notorious as a prosecutor of Royalists. As 
soon as King Charles ascended the throne, he became an ardent 
Royalist, and managed to interest the Earl of Clarendon in his 
behalf, the result being that Archbishop Juxon presented him with 
the living of Croydon. He soon began a system of extortion and 
injustice, demanding very much more for tithes and fees than he 
was entitled to, which led to considerable litigation. Eventually, he 
was ejected from his benefice in 1684. After his deprivation, he was 
tried and convicted at the Old Bailey for stealing a silver cup, and 
ordered to be burnt in the hand. The following anecdote of him is 
recorded in Smith's " Lives of Highwaymen : " — O'Bryan, a well- 
known highwayman, who was afterwards hanged at Tyburn, meet- 
ing with Dr. Clewer, the parson of Croydon, coming along the road 
from Acton, demanded his money, but the reverend doctor had not 



xl. Croydon in the Past. 

a farthing with him. O'Brian was for taking his gown. At this,, 
our divine was much dissatisfied, but perceiving the enemy would 
plunder him, quoth he, " Pray, sir, let me have a chance for my 
gown ; '' so pulling a pack of cards out of his pocket, he further said,, 
" We'll have, if you please, one game of all-fours for it, and if you 
win it, take and wear it." This challenge was readily accepted by 
the foot-pad, but being more cunning than his antagonist at slipping, 
and palming the cards, he won the game, and the doctor went con- 
tentedly home without his canonicals. 

During the Commonwealth, Sir William Brereton, a distin- 
guished General serving on the Parliamentary side, was granted 
possession of the Archiepiscopal Palace at Croydon, and Mr. 
Jonathan Westwood was appointed Minister. In a book in the 
MS. Library at Lambeth, there is the following memorandum : — 
" In pursuance of the several orders of the Committee for the 
Reformation of the Universities, of the 15th January, 1650, and 
28th Januar}^ 1851, it is ordered that Mr. Lawrens Steele, treasurer, 
doe from time to time continue and pay to Sir William Brereton 
the sum of £"50 for the use of such ministers as have been, and 
shall be by him provided, to serve the cure of the Church of 
Croydon, in the County of Surrey, the same to be continued till 
further orders of the said trustees, and to be accounted from the 
last receipt, any order to the contrary notwithstanding." It was 
after the ejectment of Mr. Westwood that Dr. Clewer, the clergyman 
mentioned in the preceding paragraph, was appointed. 

* 
The frequency of highway robberies may be gathered from the 

fact that on IMarch 31st, 1722, six men were hung at Thornton 

Heath, and in April, 1723, four other criminals were hung in the 

same place. * .,. ''' 

The last person condemned to the horrible punishment of 

hanging in chains was James Cooper, a highwayman, who was 

executed on a gibbet in Smitham Bottom, for murdering and 

robbing Robert Saxby, groom to John How, Esq., of Barrow Green, 

in the parish of Oxteed, in Surrey, on the 17th March, 1749, near 

Croham Hurst. The gibbet was erected a short distance below 

where the " Red Deer" now stands. At that time, it was an open 

space, and for years afterwards was known as Gallows Green. 

The celebrated Jerry Abershaw, a noted highwayman, who for 
some }ears (from 1790 to 1795) kept the whole of Surrey in a state 
of alarm, was tried at Croydon Summer Assizes, in 1795, for the 
murder of David Rice, an officer, whom he had killed by a pistol- 
shot, at the same time wounding a second officer with another 
pistol. The evidence was very conclusive, but some clever barrister 
detected a flaw in the indictment, and he was acquitted. As he was 
leaving the dock, he was re-apprehended on a charge of shooting 
one Barbara Turner, for which he was tried, and this time, there 
being no Haw in the indictment, he was found guilty, and executed, 
on Kennington Common, on the 3rd August, 1795. 



Memorabilia. xli. 

We have the record of a terrible storm of hail, rain, with 
thunder and lightning, which occurred in and about Croydon on the 
I2th May, 1728, which exceeded everything ever before known. 
Several hailstones, being measured, were from eight to ten inches 
in circumference. Most of the glass windows which faced the 
storm were shattered, and beans, peas, &c., were quite cut off. 
Many beasts and sheep were driven into the ditches, and were there 
drowned. The vehemence of the tempest, it is said (although we 
should be inclined to doubt the fact), drove the hailstones several 
inches into the ground. In 1744, there was another violent storm, 
during which one Mark Welch was struck dead by lightning while 
riding in his cart in Smitham Bottom. 

In the Sporting Magazine for November, 1792, we read that in 
the reign of James I, public horse races were established, and such 
horses as had given proofs of superior abilities became known and 
celebrated. Their breed was cultivated, their pedigrees, as well as 
those of their posterity (an imitation, perhaps, of the Arabian 
manner), were preserved and recorded with the utmost exactness. 
The usual places for exhibitions allotted for the fleetest racers were 
Gately, in Yorkshire ; Theobalds, on Enfield Chase, and Croydon. 
The race-course was on Parson's Mead, which was then an open 
space of ground, about fifty acres in extent. 

^ * * 
It may interest some of the readers of these pages to know that 
before the present century. Parson's Mead extended from Mrs. Chat- 
field's residence at Broad Green to the old Manor House at North 
End, formerly occupied by the late Mr. Till, intersected only by the 
little footpath at the back of the Wesleyan Chapel. Alexander 
Caldcleugh, Esq. (a West Indian planter, it is believed), was the 
Lord of the Manor, and resided at Broad Green House about seventy 
years ago. At that time the inhabitants who resided in Barnaby 
Hotel, as it was called, possessed the valuable privilege of pasturing 
cattle in the Mead. Time changes all things, however, and a 
" change suddenly came over the spirit of their dream," for about the 
year 1830 an award of this important property was made, to the 
delight of some people and the disgust and discomfort of others. 
The Lord, of course, took the lion's share, and those freeholders who 
lived in Barnaby Hotel, and had, in legal phraseology, land where 
cattle could be levant and couchant, also had some dainty slices. As 
may be imagined, there was an awful outcry by those who were 
" left out in the cold," but as everything had been done according to 
law by Martin Knockholt, the surveyor, the disappointed soon 
settled down. The land was ultimately sold, and the present range 
of respectable houses are built on land where pony races were 
once run to the gratification of Her Majesty's lieges. Alexander 
Caldcleugh, the younger, left Croydon many years ago, and lived 
and died at Santiago, in South America. 

***** 

BEDDINGTON. 

Among the Rectors ol Beddington, we find recorded the name 



xlii. Croydon in the Past. 

of John Leng, D.D., who, in 1723, was made Bishop of Norwich. 
Though appointed to the Bishopric, he continued to hold the 
Rectory of 13eddington until his death, at the age of 62, occasioned 
by the small-pox, which he caught at the coronation of George II., 
in 1727. He was editor of two of the comedies of Aristophanes, 
and of the six Comedies of Terence. He was buried at St. 
Margaret's, Westminster. 

The Rev. Charles Carew, another Rector, was beheaded in 
August, 1540, as an accomplice in the plot against King Henry 
VIII, for which his relation, Sir Nicholas Carew, also suffered. He 
was author of a " Treatise on the Mensuration of Land." 

During a visit of Queen Elizabeth to Beddington Hall, Sir 
Francis Carew treated her Majesty to what was considered at the 
time to be " a rite merrie conceite." " He led her to a cherry tree, 
whose fruit he had on purpose kept back from ripening, at least one 
month after all cherries had taken their farewell of England. This 
secret he performed by so raising a tent or cover of canvas over the 
whole tree, and wetting the same now and then with a scoop or 
horn, as the heat of the weather required ; and so, by withholding 
the sunbeams from reflecting upon the berries, they grew both 
great and were a long time before they had gotten their proper 
cherry colour ; and when he was assured of her Majesty's coming, 
he removed the tent, and a few sunny days brought them to their 
full maturity." 

***** 

ADDINGTON. 

Addington was a much more important place in former times 
than it is at present. There were formerly two manors in the parish. 
In the year 1278, they belonged to Robert de Aguilon, who obtained 
the Royal licence to embattle his mansion at " Eddintone," the King 
(Henry III) granting him at the same time right of free warren in 
the manors. The old mansion, or castle, formerly stood on the hill 
overlooking the Church, and traces of this building have been turned 
up by the plough in very recent times. The hill is still called Castle 
Hill. About the year 1400, this house was pulled down, and a new 
mansion erected on the same spot, over the principal entrance of 
which was a stone bearing the following quaint inscription : — 

In fourteen hundred and none, 

There was neither stick nor stone ; 

In fourteen hundred and three, 

The goodly building which you see. 
This house was pulled down in 1780, and the present mansion 
erected in another part of the park, which now forms the country 
seat of the Archbishops of Canterbury. 

* * * 
The manor in Addington was held by the King's cook, and 

furnishes an example of the tenure of estates by serjeanty. The 

holder of this manor is bound to attend the monarch's kitchen on 

coronation day, and to make a dish ailed Pastias. He had the 



Memorabilia. 



xliii. 



power to appoint a deputy, who had to make a dish called Girnnt, 
or if seym (seam or lard) was added, it was called Malpigernoun. 
We believe the actual recipe for making this dish is not known. In 
a scarce work, published by the Society of Antiquaries in 1790, 
containing a collection of ancient cookery recipes of the 14th 
century, the following is given as the probable contents of the dish : 
— " It is made as a pottage, and consists of almond milk, brawn of 
capons, sugar and spices, chicken parboiled and chopped, &c." 
This service is still kept up, and at the coronation of Victoria this 
" dish of pottage " was presented. It was formerly the custom for 
the King, on receiving the dish, to confer the honour of knighthood 
on the lord of the manor. Now that the Archbishop of Canterbury 
is lord of the manor, we should suppose this old custom will be 
discontinued. The manor of Addington was held by the King's 
cook so early as the reign of Edward the Confessor. 




THE OLD PALACE OF THE ARCHBISHOPS. 




sE have no means of ascertaining, with any degree of 
certainty, when the Archbishops of Canterbury first 
fi resided in Croydon. In our previous pages we have 
shown that the Manor of Croydon has been from time 
immemorial annexed to the Metropolitan See. In former tunes the 
duties of the Archbishops were much more multifarious than at present, 
and their presence was frequently required at their different manors. 
This doubtless led them, in the first instance, to erect a dwelling, 
in which they could reside when they came to transact their 
business at Croydon. This building was first entirely composed of 
wood, but gradually this wooden erection was removed to make 
room for something more permanent and substantial. Legend says 
that so early as the days of Edward the Confessor, the Archbishop 
dwelt here occasionally, but all traces of this earlier building have 
long since disappeared, and the only reliable data remaining in 
support of this legend arises from the circumstance of the 
Confessor's arms being found in the great hall, impaled with those 
of England and France. We have positive proof that Archbishop 
Kilwardby lived here in the thirteenth century, as several of his 
official acts are dated from Croydon. From that time until the 
middle of the eighteenth century, there are few Archbishops who 
did not live more or less frequently in the Old Palace, where they 
had pleasant gardens, fish-ponds, vinery, bowling green, and other 
appurtenances of a nobleman's residence. Here they received 
Crowned heads. Princes, and Ambassadors, ordained Bishops, and 



xliv. Croydon in the Past. 

transacted various affairs of State, some of which are recorded in 
our extracts from the State Calendar. 

Among other monarchs who have visited the place, we may 
mention Mary I, Elizabeth, Charles I, and James II. The unfortu- 
nate James I of Scotland, who was taken prisoner by the English 
while on his passage to France, spent the greater part of his i8 
years' captivity, in the Old Palace in the custody of Archbishop 
Arundel. 

According to Ducarel, the Palace consisted of one large court, 
guard chamber, chapel, hall, buttery, kitchen, &c., besides other con- 
venient and necessary apartments, amongst which a long gallery 
must not be omitted. Excepting the guard chamber, which is of 
stone, all the rest of the building is of brick. The greater part still 
remains standing, but the larger hall and guard chamber have 
been converted into a steam laundry, the chapel is used as a girls' 
schoolroom, the vinery changed into a private house, the fish ponds 
filled up, and the spacious gardens are now utilised as a drying 
ground in connection with the laundry. 

The last Primate who resided here was Archbishop Hutton, 
who died in 1758 ; his two immediate successors. Archbishops 
Seeker and Cornwallis, allowed the Old Palace to fall into decay, 
and in 1780 an Act of Parliament was obtained for selling the pro- 
perty, and on the loth October in that year, Abraham Pitches, of 
Streatham, purchased it for ;^2,520. It was afterwards sold in lots, 
but the greater portion remains in the occupation of Mr. Oswald, 
who resides in a part of the house, while the other part is converted, 
as we have before stated, into a steam laundry. Such are the 
vicissitudes which this old building has undergone. 

It was intended to have erected a country mansion for the Arch- 
bishops on Park Hill, where property had been leased for that pur- 
pose, but just at the time when the building was about to be com- 
menced, the old Hall at Addington was offered for sale, and this, being 
deemed suitable, was purchased. By reference to our notice of 
Addington Church (see page 1 17), it will be seen that the Archbishops 
now make that their permanent dwelling-place, and in the village 
church and churchyard they find a last resting-place. 




ARCHBISHOP TENISON'S SCHOOL. 



„ , T is evident that there was formerly a Grammar School at Croy- 
" ri don, although we can give no account of it beyond the fact 
■^2^ that in the register of Archbishop Courtney there is a memo- 
randum of his having ordained one, John Makneyt, master of 
the Grammar School at Croydon, a deacon at Maidstone. 



Archbishop Tenison's School. xlv. 

The only schools of remote date, beyond the Whitgift School 
already mentioned, is one founded by Archbishop Tenison in 17 14. 
We learn that he purchased a farm and lands at Limsfield, in 
Surrey, of the then yearly value of £42. The school was originally 
established for ten poor boys and an equal number of girls, but an 
increase of revenue led to an increase in the number of pupils. The 
school was originally established in North End, and in 1791, was 
further benefited by a legacy of £"500 from Mr. James Jenner, and 
£300 from Mr, William Heathfield, with other donations from 
charitable persons, and with this money a substantial brick building 
was erected, with commodious apartments for the master and 
mistress. In 1852, this school was taken down and removed to its 
present site, adjoining St. Peter's Church, in South End, where a 
handsome school-house has been erected in the Elizabethan style, 
after designs of Sir Gilbert Scott. It now forms, with the adjoining 
infant school, the parish school for St. Peter's district, and is under 
the supervision of the minister of St. Peter's Church. 




ELYS DAVY'S ALMSHOUSES. 




5HE Founder of these almshouses was a citizen and mercer of 
London, born in Croydon, who, having obtained letters 
patent of King Henry VI, bearing date the 25th December, 
1447, and also letters patent from Archbishop Stafford, 
together with letters from the Abbot and Convent of St. Saviour's, 
Bermondsey (who were thought to have an interest here), founded 
this almshouse on the 27th April, 1447, and called it Elys Davy's 
Almshouse. It was intended for the support of seven poor people 
(men and women), six of whom were to receive tenpence a week, and 
the seventh, to be called the tutor, one shilling. It was endowed 
with £iH a year, with some cottages situated near it, the rent of 
which cottages was to be applied to the expense of its repairs. The 
Vicar, Churchwardens, and four of the principal inhabitants of Croy- 
don were appointed Governors ; and the master and wardens of the 
Mercers' Company Overseers. The founder required that the 
clothes of the tutor and the poor of his almshouses should be " darke 
and browne of colour, and not staring, neither blazing, and of easy 
price cloth, according to their degree, that they should attend 
Divine service daily in the church of Croydon, and there ' pray 
upon their knees for the King in three paternosters, three aves, and 
a credo, with special and hartily recommendations ' of the founder to 
God and the Virgin Mary ; that they should also say for ' the estate 
of all the souls abovesaid,' daily at their convenience, one ave, fifteen 
paternosters, and three credos ; and that after the death of the 



xlvi. Croydon in the Past. 

founder, provided he should be buried at Croydon, they and their 
successors should appear daily before his tomb, and there say the 
Psalm De Profitiidis, or three paternosters, three aves, and a credo." 
After the Reformation, it became impossible to carry out these 
regulations, and in August, 1566, the original statutes were revised 
by Archbishop Parker, and the spirit, rather than the letter, of 
the benevolent donor's bequest is now adhered to. 

The old almshouses bequeathed by the founder having become 
dilapidated, they were enlarged aud improved in 1875, several 
smaller bequests having been made by different charitable 
individuals sufficient to justify an enlargement. The present 
buildings, situated near the tower end of the Church, now afford 
comfortable dwellings for 12 poor people, who each receive a monthly 
allowance of £1 17s., with a donation of 7s. 6d., eight sacks of 
coals, and a dole of bread at Christmas. The revenue may now be 
estimated at £200 per annum. Parties eligible to receive this 
charity must have been householders in Croydon for seven years, 
and the right of presentation is vested in the Vicar, Churchwardens, 
and other Governors. 



THE LITTLE ALMSHOUSES. 




'HESE are situated at the angle of Church Street and 
Lower Church Street, and, when first erected, were 
doubtless intended for the parish poor. The date of their 
first erection is not known, but they must have been built 
previous to 1528, as in that year a rent-charge of twenty shillings 
was given them by Joan Price. In 1629, Arnold Goldwell gave £4^0 
towards their erection ; in 1722, they were described as " nine 
small, low, inconvenient houses ;" and in 1775, they were enlarged 
by the addition of two new buildings for twelve poor residents, with 
funds supplied by the then Earl of Bristol, and a subscription raised 
amongst the inhabitants. The late John Blake, Esq., left the sum 
of £1,000 for the benefit of the poor of these almshouses, which 
was invested in consols. They now afford habitations for twenty- 
four poor persons, who, in addition to the free occupancy of the 
tenement, receive each a stipend of 2gs. 4d. monthly, with an extra 
allowance of los. and 7s. 6d. on alternate years, an allowance of 
coals, and a dole of bread at Christmas, under the direction and 
management of the Churchwardens for the time being. 





CROYDON IN 1851 AND 1882. 

•EW people can absolutely realise the great improvements- 
which have been effected in the town during the lifetime of 
^^ the present generation ; we therefore propose to lay before 
our readers a brief retrospect of some of the more impor- 
tant changes made in the residences of our inhabitants ; together with 
notices of the additions and alterations made in our streets, roads, 
and public places, taking as our stand point the year 185 1, the 
memorable year of the first Great Exhibition. It must be borne in 
mind in reading this chapter that all our remarks have '51 as their 
data, unless specially stated otherwise. 

At that time the population of the whole parish of Croydon was 
20,355, it is now over 80,000. There were then 81 streets, roads,^ 
and places, there are now nearly 400. The places of worship were 
in proportion — the Church of England had 4, namely, the old 
Parish Church of St. John the Baptist, St. James's Church, then 
called the district chapel of St. James, on Croydon Common ; the 
district church of All Saints at Norwood ; and a small Chapel of Ease 
at Shirley. The Nonconformists only mustered 6 chapels, namely, 
the Wesleyan in Church-path, North End ; the Congregational 
in George-street ; the old Baptist Meeting House in Pump-Pail ; 
Providence Chapel (Calvinistic) in West-street ; the Friends' Meet- 
ing House in Park-lane ; and a small Roman Catholic Chapel near 
Broad-green. There were in course of construction, St. Peter's 
Church, South End, and Christ Church, Sumner-road. There are 
now more than 50 buildings devoted to the worship of God. The 
Church of England have 18; the Congregationalists and Indepen- 
dents have g ; the Baptists (Calvinistic and General) have 8 ; the 
Wesleyan Methodists, 4 ; the Primitive Methodists, 3 ; the Free 
Methodists, 2 ; Friends, Free Christians, Christian Brethren, and 
Roman Catholics each i, and four others not enumerated, besides 
about 30 Mission Houses, in which Divine Worship is regularly 
conducted every Sunday. Not only have they increased in number 
but also in size. In 1857, the Parish Church was really the only 
spacious place of worship in the town ; now there are at least 
a dozen others, which can accommodate equal, and in some 
instances, even larger congregations. 

These pages are written in 1882. Year by year, doubtless, still 
further changes will occur which we may have to notice in future 
editions of this work. We commence first with 

HIGH STREET. 

No. I, now tenanted by Mr. D. B. Miller, draper, was at the date 
we have mentioned, in the occupation of Mr. G. S. Stapleton, in the 
same line of business. There was an opening adjoining, leading to 
the George-yard, where Mr. G. Tice had some stables. 

The Greyhound Hotel was tenanted by Mr. B. Bean, who was 
succeeded by Mr. Budden. The livery stable business in the yard 
was carried on by Mr. D. Freeman. 



xlviii. Croydon in the Past. 

Nos. 10 and ii, now the extensive ironmongery establishment of 
Messrs. Hammond and Hussey, were then divided into two shops, 
Mr. Henry Hammond had one, and Mr. W. Mawle, grocer, the 
other. Shortly after this, Mr. Hammond entered into partnership 
with Mr. Purrott and took both shops, Mr. Mawle removing a few 
doors lower down the street. Messrs. Hammond and Purrott 
had for some years a branch shop in Surrey-street, at the corner of 
Scarbrook-hill. 

Nos. 13 and 14 remain unchanged, Mr. J. Jordan, ironmonger 
residing in No. 13, and Mr. Page, fishmonger, in No. 14. 

There was a saddler's shop at No. 15, and Mr. T. L. Robinson, 
father of Mr. W.Mosse Robinson, carried on the business of banker 
and wine and spirit merchant at No. 16, now the offices of the 
Union Bank. The wine and spirit trade was for some years carried 
on in the name of Messrs. Robinson and Son, and was removed to 
No. 15, the next door being entirely devoted to the banking business. 

The King's Arms Hotel, now located in Katharine-street, faced 
High-street, partly on the site of Mr. Entwistle's wine and spirit stores. 
Mr. Stedall, upholsterer, had a shop adjoining, afterwards occupied 
by Messrs. Mawle and Sibery, grocers. The Board of Health had 
an engine station on part of the premises. In 1866 they were all 
pulled down to make an approach to the Central Railway Station, 
and Katharine-street was then built. 

Mr. D. Davidson occupies the shop formerly tenanted by 
Messrs. Jarvis and Co. and Messrs. Lashmar and Co., drapers, 
at No. 18 ; and at No. 20, Mr. A. C. Ebbutt, upholsterer, 
has followed his father, Mr. John Ebbutt. 

The house agency and auctioneering business now carried on by 
Messrs. Blake, Haddock, and Carpenter, was formerly carried on by 
Messrs. Blake on the same premises. 

Mr. Baldiston, printer of the Croydon Chronicle, lived at No. 33. 
The old house, No. 40, remains in the possession of the same 
tenant, but several dilapidated tenements of the same class, nearly 
adjoining, have been removed and their places filled with handsome 
modern shops. 

Friends'-road is quite a modern improvement. Formerly there 
was a narrow passage called Battersbee's yard on the site, in which 
stood three or four small cottages. 

The surgery of Messrs. Carpenter, Whitling, and Lanchester, No. 
53, was then the surgery of Messrs. Westall, Brown, and Ward. 
Dr. Westall lived in Dr. Whitling's house adjoining the surgery. 

Messrs. Nalder and Collyer's brewery stood on the same ground, 
but it has swallowed up a private house adjoining. 

Mr. Thomas Keen lived at the Elms, now the residence of Mr. 
T. R. Edridge. 

Messrs. Crowley's brewery remains without change, excepting 
that their Mineral Water Works are carried on in what was formerly 
the private residence of Mr. Alfred Crowley. 

Southborne (No. 65), the residence of Mr. R. Flint, was then in 
tenancy of Messrs. G. Bottomley and H. Thompson (now the cele- 
brated Sir H. Thompson, of London), surgeons. 



Croydon in 185 1 and 1882. xlix. 

Crossing the road, we notice that Mr. Lambert's tobacco 
factory, removed to No. 10 1, formerly stood at the corner of West- 
street, 

Messrs. Waghorne and Miles's coachbuilding establishment, 
No. 83, was then carried on in the name of Mr. S. Waghorne, coach 
and cart wheelwright. 

Corney's yard was formerly called Corney's Rents. 

The Bricklayer's Arms Inn was kept by Mr. J. Hamsher. 

No. 93 still remains in the hands of Mr. R. Walton, grocer. 

Laud-street, Whitgift-street,&Wandle-road, were not then built. 

The ground where the County Court Office now stands was 
occupied by Mr. John Cox, corn and seed merchant. 

Mr. John Goose, solicitor, lived next door at No. 105. 

Mr. George Price, wine and spirit merchant (now Price and Son), 
still remains at No. 114. Mr. G. Bance, upholsterer, nearly adjoin- 
ing, is another old resident. 

The Green Dragon Inn was kept by Mr. Horatio Chesterman, 
who was succeeded by Mr. L. T. Hardy, Mr. W. Marten, Mr. H. 
Yates, and Mr. James Wood, the present tenant. 

The London and County Banking Company was formerly located 
at No. 119, now the office of Mr. T. H. Ebbutt, furnishing under- 
taker. The premises at No. 120, where the bank is now carried on, 
have been erected by the company. It was formerly a pastry cook's 
shop. 

Mr. W. T. Bance, grocer, tenanted No. 123, and Mr. J. Dubois, 
grocer, No. 124. The premises have been united by Mr. W. 
Stevenson, grocer. 

The Town Hall remains externally the same, but great altera- 
tions have been made in the interior. The Literary Institution 
(now the Literary and Scientific Institution), at present located in 
the Public Hall, formerly occupied part of the premises. The lower 
room was the old Corn Market, where the farmers stood every 
Thursday showing their samples of corn. It has now been con- 
verted into a convenient justice room. Other changes have also 
been made. The Corn Market is now held in a large room attached 
to the King's Arms Hotel in Katharine Street. 

The extensive premises occupied by Messrs. Pelton, grocers, 
were formerly divided into three shops. 

No. 132 was a licensed house called the Masons' Arms. 

A beer-house called the Horse Shoe, stood on part of the site of 
the American Stores Inn, kept by Mr. J. Bryant, popularly known 
as " Gaffer Bryant." 

The Croydon Chronicle Office fills the place of the old Butter 
Market, where the farmers' wives stood with their butter, eggs, and 
poultry. 

The present General Post Office, or the ground on which it 
stands, was occupied by Mr. J. Booker, corn and flour dealer, after- 
wards by Mr. Gough, grocer, and subsequently by Mr. Whittaker, 
provision dealer. 

Messrs. Podmore and Martin's office at No. 145, was a tobac- 
conist's shop. 



1. Croydon in the Past. 

Mr. Chas. Newton, postmaster, formerly carried on the postal 
business in the lower part of his stationery shop, the entrance being 
in Crown Hill. Before these premises were rebuilt, the post office 
was located in a little corner of the shop, but with a separate 
entrance. 

NORTH END. 

The Crown Hotel is one of the few houses which have not 
changed owners. It still remains in the hands of Mr. Thomas 
Green, though a portion of the premises have witnessed consider- 
able changes. In 1865, a bank, called the English Joint Stock 
Bank, had an office in the shop adjoining the gateway. In 1869 
this was used as a Fire Brigade Station. 

The Police Station still remains at No. 6. 

Just beyond the new premises lately erected by Messrs. Bat- 
chelar and Sons, upholsterers, was Archbishop Tenison's School, 
now removed to Selsdon Road. At that time Handcross Alley was 
continued from Church Street to North End, but the upper portion 
has been widened and is now called Keeley New Road. 

The site on which the London and South-Western Bank 
is carried on was up to very recent times a private garden. 

The old Wesleyan Chapel was in Church Path, at the back of 
the Railway Arms. It has now been converted into a schoolroom. 
A new and more spacious building was erected in 1857 in Tam- 
worth Road. 

The Croydon High School for Boys (principal, Mr. H. Turner) 
was an establishment for young ladies, kept by Mrs. Goring and 
Stafford. It was afterwards occupied by the Girls' Public Day School 
Company, until their removal to their new premises in Wellesley 
Road. 

Crossing the road, the whole of Station Street and Station Ter- 
race, now filled with handsome shops, was the site of a garden 
attached to North End House, which is hidden in the back ground. 
Poplar Walk was not laid out until 1852. 

There was a small beer-shop, called The Telegraph, at No. 65, 
adjoining the small court known as Orange Court. Most of the 
houses up to Messrs. Drummonds' offices were private houses, 
several with rows of trees before them. 

Messrs. Arnold and Coldwells' outfitting establishment was 
tenanted by Mr. Meredith, coal merchant, and Mr. Castledine, tim- 
ber merchant. 

The Whitgift Schools, now forming such a prominent feature 
in the street, were not erected until 1870. Previously to that time 
the site of the school and the playgrounds had been a market 
garden, tenanted by the late Mr. Alexander Henderson, the front to the 
street being filled with a row of mean shops, at the back of which 
was a yard, called Turner's yard, used partly for storing stone and 
partly as an iron foundry. 

The handsome shops adjoining, occupied by Mrs. Halliwell and 
Messrs. Allsop and Wagner, tobacconists, were built in 1858 by the 
trustees of the Whitgift Charity, to whom the property belongs. 

The extensive range of premises, extending from North Place 



Croydon in 1851 and 1882. li. 

to the Swan Inn yard, forming the drapery establishment of Mr. 
Joshua Allder, was then occupied by about half-a-dozen different 
tenants. 

Mrs. Harriet Scrivener was landlady of the Swan Hotel. 

SOUTH END. 

The entrance to Coombe Road has been improved by the 
removal of an old farrier's shop which formerly stood at the corner. 

Mr. Philip Hubbert, surgeon, lived in Boswell House, now the 
residence of Mr. Barrow Rule, clerk to the School Board. Boswell 
Court was tenanted by Mrs. Colonel Kelly. 

In No. 8 lived a Mr. Christopher Stone who announced him- 
self as " Daily teacher of French, English, drawing, writing, arith- 
metic, and the flute," quite a combination of accomplishments. 

Aberdeen Road is a new road. John Simm Smith, Esq., J. P., 
lived at Blunt House. 

The old Swan and Sugar Loaf was tenanted by Mr. W. Meager. 

There were only two houses in Selsdon Road between the 
Cattle Market and the Rail-view Beer-house, and four houses on the 
Brighton-road between Drovers' Road, the entrance to the Cattle 
Market, and the Red Deer Inn, the southern terminus of the Croy- 
don tramways. All the streets and roads which cover the ground 
between Selsdon Road and Brighton Road were unbuilt, the space 
being clear pasture land. There was formerly a turnpike on the 
road, just below the Swan and Sugar Loaf. 

CHURCH STREET. 

No. I, now the shop of Mr. G. C. Hyde, wholesale provision 
dealer, was formerly the back of Mr. Reading's tallow chandlery, 
and there was another tallow chandlery a few doors below Surrey 
Street. The inhabitants in those days did not object to a few foul 
smells. To show the primitive nature of the business carried on in 
this street at that time, we may notice that No. lo was occupied by 
Hannah Howell, greengrocer and mangier, and at No. 19, the site 
of Messrs. Marshall and Son's outfitting shop, there lived a Mr. H. 
Battersbee, who also obtained his livelihood by keeping a mangle. 

Mr. Wm. West carried on the butchering business on the same 
premises occupied by his son, Mr. S. West, the well-known meat 
contractor. 

The old brewery down the yard, between Nos. 28 and 29, was 
tenanted by Mr. James Wood, who was followed by Mr. T. Williams. 

The premises beyond were principally private houses ; Mr- J- G. 
West's grocery shop was tenanted by Mrs. Mary Ann Wilkinson, 
and Messrs. S. West and Co.'s by Dr. Wm. Chalmers. 

In the old Palace Yard, Mr. Williamson, omnibus proprietor, 
occupied the site of Messrs. Russen and Son's premises. 

Messrs. Starey and Oswald carried on the business of linen 
bleachers in part of the Old Palace, now known as the Palace 
Laundry. 

The Gun Inn was occupied by Mr. W. Ewence, and Mr. T. L. 
Henley, surgeon, had a private house next door. 



Hi. Croydon in the Past. 

The old tan-yard, carried on by Mr. Edwards's father, was on its 
present site. 

There was formerly a passage called Church Court, leading to 
the Girls' School of Industry, by the side of the church wall, now 
the site of the Gothic Cottage, occupied by Mr. W. D. Russell. 

There were no houses opposite the Church ; the whole space 
covered now by St. John's Grove and St. John's Road was vacant 
ground. An uncovered stream, polluted with all kinds of filth, 
ran down the centre. It was not until 1851 that the old streams 
were turned into culverts by the Board of Health. 

Most of the houses up to Elys Davy's Almhouses were private 
houses ; the " Rose and Crown " was kept by Mr. W. Russell. 

The old Vine House, lately pulled down, was in the occupation 
of Mr. T. Martin, builder. 

In the old shop at the corner of Ebbutt's Court, Mr. Jas. 
Clark, now residing at No. 29, carried on the business of a wood 
turner. 

Messrs. J. and E. Grantham, London carriers, conducted their 
business in the yard occupied by Mr. A. Turner's veterinary forge. 

Mr. T. G. Plowman, butcher, is one of the few who remain in 
the same shop. 

A large building which covered the site of Mrs. Goddard's 
furniture warehouse and the Theatre Royal, was an Educational 
Institute, conducted by Mr. R. B. Paull, and there was attached to 
it a spacious hall, called the Croydon Lecture Hall. When the 
present premises were erected, Mrs. Goddard's shop was intended to 
be a provision market, but it was never fully occupied for that 
purpose and was soon closed. 

SURREY STREET. 

The "Three Tuns Inn" was kept by William Wateridge, 
veterinary surgeon. All the public-houses in this street seem to 
have been continually changing hands during the past thirty years. 
The " Three Tuns " has been successively tenanted by Mr. 
Wateridge, Mr. Wm. Richardson, Mr. C. S. Ward, Mr. S. Knight, 
Mr. J. Dossett, Mr. W. Smith, and the present landlord, Mr. G. 
Smith. 

The lower part of the adjoining premises, now occupied by Mr. 
D. W. Smith, corn chandler, was originally the Old Gaol, where 
prisoners were confined before being taken before a magistrate, or 
while waiting their trial at the assizes. Mr. Thomas Pilbeam, the 
last parish beadle, then lived in the adjoining house. The lower 
part of the Town Hall has since been adapted for this purpose. 

Nos. 5 and 6 are now occupied by Mr. G. Watson, greengrocer 
and fishmonger. Formerly they were divided. No. 5 forming the 
shop of Mr. Henry Plowman, furniture broker, and No. 6 was a 
beer-house and eating-house called the "Jenny Lind." In 1853 the 
"Jenny Lind" was closed, the two shops thrown into one, and 
occupied by Mr. Henley as a clothes and shoe warehouse. The 
" White Hart " beer-house at No. 9 was opened as the " New Jenny 
Lind," a title it did not long retain. 



Croydon in 185 1 and 1882. liii. 

The first Gas Works, established by Mr. Overton, were situated 
in Overton's Yard. They were purchased by the Croydon Gas 
Company in 1846, and it was found necessary in 1869 to remove 
them to Waddon Marsh Lane, as more room was required than 
could be found on the old site. 

The office of the Croydon Times is at the house formerly 
(previous to 1863) occupied by Mr. Loveday as an eating house ; 
and Parker's pie-shop (adjoining) still preserves its name and fame. 

The " Dog and Bull Inn " was kept by Mr. Daniel Brown, who 
was followed in the tenancy by Mr. Wm. Goddard, Mr. Elijah King, 
Mrs. C. J. King, Mr. W. Wood, and Mr. W. G. Richards, the 
present tenant. 

Crossing the road we find the " Britannia Inn," formerly kept 
by Mr. John Hunt, who was succeeded by Mr. Jas. Hathrill, Mr. 
Robert Cliff, and Mr. John Chappell, who has lived there since 1868. 

In the butcher's shop (No 36) now occupied by Mr. Webb, the 
same trade has been carried on for many years. This row is 
popularly known as the Shambles, having in former years been 
entirely tenanted by butchers. Several yet remain. 

The " Royal Oak Inn " is another proof of the quick change in 
tenancy. It was formerly kept by Mrs. Mary Ann Herring, then by 
Mr. A. A. Bignell, Mr. T. L. Ryott, Mr. G. Clifton, Mr. C. Maltby, 
Mr. C. H. Porter, Mr. W. E. Humberstone, and the present tenant, 
Mrs. E. M. Walter. 

The " Old King's Head Inn," at the back of the Town Hall, is 
an exception to the rule of quick changes, Mr. Mark Griffin having 
lived there for twenty-five years. He was succeeded by Mr. Sadler, 
and afterwards by the present tenant, Mr. W. Jackman. 

THE MIDDLE ROW. 

King Street, Middle Street, and Market Street were formerly 
much more important places of business than they are at the present 
time, the removal of the butter market having materially affected 
the trade in this locality. 

GEORGE STREET. 

No. I has undergone several mutations. It was formerly 
occupied by Mr. Muigay, gentleman, then by Mr. C. Dowell, 
insurance agent, afterwards by Mr. C. Newton as a temporary post- 
office, while his own premises were rebuilding. When the Whitgift 
Schools were established, it was adapted for the residence of the 
Rev. E. H. Genge, assistant master. 

No. 2 was the old school-room of the Whitgift Hospital, and 
was used for some time as the Lower School, which was afterwards 
removed to the new premises in Church Road. The Young Men's 
Christian Association then became tenants, and were followed by 
Mr. Webb, who used it as a musical instrument warehouse. It is 
now used as a class-room in connection with the Whitgift Grammar 
School. 

No. 3, another portion of the Hospital buildings has been fitted 
up for the residence of Mr. R. Brodie, head master of the Whitgift 



liv. Croydon in the Past. 

Schools ; for many years previously it had been tenanted by the Rev. 
G. Coles, curate of St. James's Church, who was the chaplain to 
the Whitgift College. 

The remaining portion of this street, where there is now a row 
of shops, was filled up with a number of detached private houses. 
George Street proper then only extended as far as Park Lane. The 
road, opposite thereto, now called Wellesley Road, was then called 
New Lane, and contained only eight houses — some of them very 
small. Mr. E. Russell lived near where the Public Hall stands. 
The parish pound stood at the corner. 

The old Congregational Chapel, which stood on the opposite 
side of the road, was pulled down a few years since, and the present 
spacious and handsome building erected in place thereof. 

About this point the road took the name of Addiscombe Road, 
and there were only a few straggling houses thereon. On the right- 
hand side was Fairfield House with its grounds, occupied by Mr. A. 
Twentyman as a school for young gentlemen. Beyond this was the 
" George the Fourth Hotel," — next a large piece of vacant ground 
on which St. Matthew's Church and Lecture Hall have been erected. 
This unoccupied ground extended up to the " Railway Hotel," 
occupied by IVIr. W. Coulstock. Between this hotel and the bridge 
was the residence of Mr. F. Slight, sec. to the London and Brighton 
Railway. 

Crossing over the bridge, there were a few houses on the high 
ground on the right-hand side, beyond which was a farm called 
Park Hill Farm, on which was the residence of John W. Flower, 
Esq. This farm is now nearly wholly built on, and forms the site 
of Park Hill Road, Park Hill Rise, Chichester Road, Fairfield 
Road, and the other roads adjacent. On the left-hand side was 
Cherry Orchard Road, then came Brickwood House and grounds, 
and about half-a-dozen villas, principally inhabited by Professors of 
the Military College. The whole of the remaining space from 
Canning Road to the Ashburton Road, was taken up by the 
Addiscombe Military Seminary and grounds, the property of the East 
India Company. 

Beyond the College grounds was Addiscombe Farm, occupied 
by the Right Hon. Earl Ashburton. This terminated the town. 
There were a few houses at Shirley and a Chapel of Ease. 

The East Croydon station was then much smaller than at 
present, althought it was on the main line of the South Eastern 
Railway to Dover, Margate, Ramsgate, and Hastings. The New 
Croydon portion had then not been added. There was no South 
Croydon station. 

PARK LANE. 

On the left hand side of this lane, near its junction with George 
Street, is a large gravel pit, the property of the London, Brighton, 
and South Coast Railway. This was the old P'air Field, where the 
annual pleasure fair was held for many years. The Cattle Fair is now 
held in afield near the " Windsor Castle Inn," on the Brighton Road. 
The lane^(called Bftck Lane) formerly did not extend beyond Coombe 



Croydon in 1851 and 1882. Iv. 

Road, but, by the opening of St. Peter's Road, there is a pleasant 
drive now open to St. Peter's Church and the Selsdon Road. All 
the land on each side is rapidly being built upon. 

LONDON ROAD AND THORNTON HEATH. 

The only houses on the right hand side of the London Road, 
beyond the West Croydon Station, were Oakfield House, Broad 
Green Place, and one other house near the entrance of St. James's 
Road. On the opposite side stood the " Fox and Hounds Hotel," 
(Mr. John Tebbutt, landlord), facing the station ; then came a long 
blank, until a few private houses were reached, which stretched up 
to Broad Green. It is rather singular that there was not a place of 
business on the London Road. We meet a few shops at Broad 
Green, and then fields up to Thornton Heath Pond, round which 
were congregated a few houses. Bensham Lane was entirely 
occupied by market gardens. 

HANDCROFT ROAD AND THE DISTRICT ROUND. 

This being a very old road (forming at one time the chief road 
through the " old town " of Croydon), has changed almost less than 
any other ; most of the small streets leading therefrom, including 
Adelaide Street, Albion Street, and Myrtle Street, were occupied, 
but Croydon Grove, Sumner Road, and Canterbury Road were only 
projected. 

Mitcham Road consisted principally of a number of cottages 
congregated round the Barracks, called Barrack Town. 

Derby Road was laid out, but not built on, and Parson's Mead, 
called New Road, was partially filled up on one side only. 

ST. JAMES'S ROAD. 

St. James's Road, commencing at Broad Green, was divided 
into three portions. In the first portion, extending from Broad 
Green to Windmill Road, there was scarcely a house beyond the 
few cottages at the commencement, and the mansion, standing near 
the corner of Windmill Road, called Croydon Lodge. All the dis- 
trict beyond, extending up to Gloucester Road, was known as 
Croydon Common, having originally formed portion of the common. 

In the second portion, Messrs. Bulman and Co. had a steam 
saw mill, and then followed St. James's Episcopal Chapel, the Rev. 
G. Coles, curate. Beyond the church was Middle Heath Lane, 
occupied by gardeners, now called Sydenham Road. Opposite the 
church were somie National Schools, which have been removed. 
The third portion of St. James's Road, extending from Windmill 
Bridge to Addiscombe College, now called Lower Addiscombe 
Road was entirely untenanted. On the left, some short distance 
from the road, were the newly erected Freemason's Almshouses. 
The grounds of the Military College occupied nearly the whole of the 
right-hand side of the road, beyond the junction with Cherry Orchard 
Road. The North Kent line was not constructed until 1870, at 
which time the Addiscombe Road station was erected. 



Ivi. Croydon in the Past. 

CROYDON COMMON. 

Until a few years previous to this time, the whole of Croydon 
Common was a vacant waste. Whitehorse Road led through it, 
on which there were a few houses. This road then extended through 
the district now known as New Thornton Heath, to the junction 
with Colliers' Water Lane. At the present time the far end is called 
Parchmore Road. The whole of this district was entirely covered 
with trees. Near the site of the Lambeth Waterworks reservoir 
were some public gardens, known as Beulah Spa Gardens. There 
was a branch of White Horse Road at the junction with Windmill 
Road, to the " White Horse Inn " on the Selhurst Road. The 
whole length of the road from this point to the "Jolly Sailors Inn," 
in South Norwood, was called Selhurst Road, on which there were 
a couple of farms, called respectively Selhurst Farm and New White 
Horse Farm. The greater portion of Norwood was a dense 
wood, inhabited by a few wandering gipsies. 

WINDMILL ROAD. 
This was originally called Selhurst Road, and in 185 1 
consisted of a few cottages gathered round the " Fisherman's Arms 
Inn." All the roads leading therefrom were open ground, the 
Cemetery was not laid out until i86i. The new Union Workhouse 
was erected in 1864; previously the old Infirmary on Duppas Hill 
Terrace had served for the Parish Workhouse. 

RAILWAY ACCOMMODATION. 
At that time the only railway stations in the parish were West 
Croydon, East Croydon, and South Norwood, then a small calling 
station on the edge of the bank at the Portland Road bridge. The 
only terminus in London was London Bridge station ; the line to 
Victoria was not constructed until some years afterwards. The 
number of trains daily to London from both stations com- 
bined was 34 up, and 35 down, now there are about two 
hundred each way. Croydon was then on the South Eastern 
Company's main line to Dover, Hastings, Portsmouth, Margate, 
Ramsgate, and Maidstone. Most of the trains had third class 
carriages attached, but these were quite open at the top, and 
passengers were thereby exposed to all the inclemency of the 
weather. Once a day, covered carriages were provided for third 
class passengers in the parliamentary train, in accordance with the 
provisions of the Act of Parliament. To seven of the up trains 
passengers were brought from Mitcham in omnibuses, free of any 
additional charge, and in like manner were conveyed thither from 
seven down trains. 




iMilii Hi 




AS SEEN IN THE GRAVES. 



THE PARISH CHURCHYARD. 




HE PARISH CHURCH OF CROYDON, dedicated to 
St. John the Baptist, is situated at the junction of 
Church Street and the Old Town. The date of its 
dedication is unknown ; in all probability it is one 
of the oldest Christian Churches in the kingdom, and is be- 
lieved to have been erected on the site of a temple or place 
of heathen worship dedicated to Woden, the hero-god of our 
Saxon forefathers. Croydon has been from time immemorial an 
appanage of the See of Canterbury ; and the Old Palace, portions 
of which still remain contiguous to the Churchyard, was up to 
the middle of the last century, one of the favourite residences of 
the Archbishops, several of whom were buried in the Church. The 
Old Church is supposed to have been almost entirely rebuilt by 
Archbishop Courtney, who occupied the Archiepiscopal see from 
1381 to 1396. It was in the Early Perpendicular style, and con- 
sisted of a nave with aisles, porches on the north and south side, 
three chancels, a sacristy, and a massive tower at the west end- 
It was built exteriorly of flint with stone copings, and stone and 
flint within, filled up with chalk and rubble. In the interior were 
several ancient and beautiful monuments, notably among which 
was one to the memory of Archbishop Whitgift, and another to 
Archbishop Sheldon, and a third to Archbishop Grindall, the 
mutilated remains of which are yet to be seen. The most beautiful 
■one, as a work of art, was carved by Flaxman in white marble, 
representing an angel carrying a female to heaven. This was 
^erected to the memory of Mrs. Bowling, wife of Mr. James Bowling, 
of Southwark. 

Unfortunately these are now things of the past, as the Old 
Church, so full of these interesting reminiscences, was totally 
destroyed by fire, caused by the overheating of a flue, on the night 



2 Croydon in the Past. 

of the 5th of January, 1867 ; a portion of the owter walls and the 
tower alone remaining standing. The New Church, rebuilt on the 
lines of the old one, with several improvements, from the designs 
of Sir Gilbert Scott, was opened on the 5th of January, 1870. One 
of the most attractive features of the present edifice is the magni- 
ficent oak roof of the nave and chancel. The pulpit, prayer desk, 
and altar rails are most beautifull}- carved. They are the work 
of the late Mr. Gaskin, of Croydon, b\- whom they were presented 
to the Church. The font is a fine specimen of veined alabaster 
artistically carved. The reredos, though a tine work of art, is too 
small for so large a building. It is divided into three compart- 
ments — the Nativity, Crucifixion, and Resurrection. There are 
several stained glass windows ; the principal one is the great east 
window in the chancel ; the others have been presented at various 
times. The following are the inscriptions on those erected to the 
memory of the late J. W. Flower, of Park Hill : — 

" In memory of J. W. F., who died April 11, 1873, aged 65." 

" Virtiite vixit, mcmoria vv.it, gloria vivet." 

Undci' the adjoining one — 

" /h oniatum Dcimis Dei. Nccnon ad ccgimtis dilectas coiiimcmorandus 
hanc fenestrain ponendam curavit. — J. W. F. 

Underneath the two windows in the opposite aisle — 

" Erected to the memory of John Wickham Flower, born nth August, 
1807, died April 11, 1873, by his friend John Peter, 1874.'' 

" Oiiiiics animce evadcvent ad terrain. Utiqtie homicida est homo hie. In 
reliqiio rcfosita est niihi eorona justitice.'" 

In the tower is a fine peal of bells cast by Taylor, of Lough- 
borough, and a magnificent clock, with a set of chimes which play 
every third hour, the machinery manufactured by Messrs. Gillett 
and Ijland, of Croydon. 

The old churchyard was formerly much more limited in extent 
than at present, and the number of burials in the old ground must 
have been immense, the ground all round being raised several feet 
above the level of the floor of the church. Up to the year 1S30 
it was the only place of sepulture in the town, excepting the small 
burying ground attached to the old Baptist Chapel in Pump Pail. 
It was, however, almost doubled in size in 1848, when the old 
vicarage house was pulled down, and the site thereof, with the 
garden adjoining, was added to the old ground. This, however, was 
soon filled, and as the town had began to grow very rapidly, a new 
and spacious Cemetery was opened in the Queen's Road, and the 
old churchyard was finally closed by an Order of Council on the 
1st of August, 1 86 1. The whole extent of the ground is not much 
more than two acres, and from this must be deducted the site of 
the Church and several footpaths which cross it in various directions. 

We might here remark that there are several ancient tombs which 
we have been obliged to pass over, age having rendered the inscrip- 
tions totally undecipherable, and there are many others which we 
have had great difficulty in reading, and doubtless in a few years 



St. John's Chiiixh. 3 

these epitaphs will also be quite obliterated. We have throughout 
followed the ancient orthography, omitting only portions which 
appeared to be superfluous in a work of this description. 



In the Interior of the Old Chnrcli. 

In the Old Church were several very interesting tablets and 
monuments, and though they were all destroyed during the burning 
of the Church, yet a work of this description would not be complete 
without a brief description of the principal memorials. 



In a recessed arch were the painted effigies of a man and 
woman, kneeling before desks. Over the man was this 
inscription — 
Obiit 21 Jana., 1553, aet suae 69. Underneath in Roman capitals, 
Heare lieth buried the corps of Maister Henrie Mill, Citezen and Grocer, 
of London famous Cittie, Alderman and somtyme Shreve. A man 
of prudent skill, charitable to the poore. and alwaies full of pitie. 
Whose soul wee hope dothe rest in bhse, 

Wheare joy dothe stil? abounde, 
Thoughe bodie his full depe do lie, 
In earthe here under ground. 
Over the woman — 

Obiit 2 Aug., 1585, aet suae [no age]. Underneath — 
Elizabeth Mill, his lovinge wyf lyeth also buried heare, whoe sixtene 
children did him beare, the blessing of tt:e Lorde, eight of them 
sonnes and the other 8 weare daughters. This is cleare a witness 
sure of mutuall love, a signe of greate accorde. 
Who?e sole amonge the patr\-arks, 

In faithful Abram's brest, 
Thoughe bodie hirs be wrapt in clay, 
We hope in joye dothe rest. 

On a black marble tablet was the following inscription — 
Here lyes the body of John Pynsent Esq,, one of the Prothonotories of 
his Majestie's Court of Common-Pleas, who departed this life the 
29th August, 1668. 

The meanest part of him is only told 

In this inscription, as this Tombe doth hold 

His worser part, and both these easily may 

In length of time consume, and weare away ; 

His virtue doth more lasting honours give, 

Virtue, and virtuous souls for ever live ; 

This doth embaulme our deade beyond the art 

Proud ^Egypt used of old ; his head and heart 

Prudence and pietie enricht, his hand 

Justice and charity did still command ; 

Hee was the Churche"s and the poore man's friend ; 

Wealth got by law, the Gospell taught to spend. 

From hence hee learnt that wt is sent before 

Of our estates, doth make us rich far more 

Than what wee leave, and therefore did hee send 

Great portions weekly; thus did hee commend 

His faith by workes ; in heaven did treasuer lay; 

Which to possess his soule is cald away. 

Here only is reserved his precious dust, 

Untill the resurrection of the just. 



4 Croydon in the Past. 

On a Sarcophagus, with an arched recess, was the effigy of a 
Churchman in his scarlet robes, surmounted by the arms 
of the Sees of Canterbury, York, and London. At the top 
of the monument was the following : — 

Beati mortui qui in Dno moriuntur: — 
Kequiesciint enim a laboiibus suis. 
Et opera illorum sequuntur illos. 
Apoc. 14. 

There was a Latin inscription above Archbishop Grindall's tomb. 
We give the English translation for the benefit of our 
readers who are not conversant with the Latin language — 

Edmund Grindall, a native of Cumberland, Doctor in Divinity, celebrated for 
his learning, prudence, and suavity of character; remarkable for constancy, 
justice and piety; beloved alike by his fellow citizens and foreigners; 
having returned from exile (to which for the sake of the Gospel he 
submitted*), promoted to the summit of dignity by a gradation of 
honours under the auspices of Queen Elizabeth, he governed successfully 
the Churches of London, York, and Canterbury!, and when now no 
loftier pre-eminence remained for him, released from the shackles of the 
body, free and happy, he took his flight to Heaven on the 6th day of July 
in the year of our Lord 1633, aged 63. 

Besides the many offices of piety which he performed in his lifetime, when 
near his death, he consecrated the greater part of his fortune to pious 
purposes. In the parish which gave him birth he caused a handsome 
Grammar School to be built which he richly endowed. To the foundation 
of Magdalen College, where, when a boy, he drew his first nutriment from 
the breast of Alma Mater, he added a scholar ; to Christ Church, where in 
late years he studied, he left a grateful memorial; he increased the 
treasury and librar\- of Pembroke Hall, of which he was once a Fellow, 
and afterwards Master, and assigned ample endowments to one fellow, 
two scholars, and a lecturer in Greek ; he enriched Queen's College, 
Oxford, with monies, books, and large revenues ; he gave ^100 to the poor 
of Canterbur}'; the residue of his property he dedicated to pious works ; 
thus li\ing and dying he was Benelactor to Learning, to the Church, and 
to his Country. 

Underneath the effigy were the following lines — 

Grindallus doctus, prudens, gravitate verandus 
Justus, rnunificus, sub cruce fortis erat. 
Post crucis a;rumnas Christi gregis Anglia fecit 
Signiferum, Christus coelica regua dedit. 
In memoria sterna erit Justus. — Psal. cxii. 

There were several other verses in Latin. He was successively 
Bishop of London, Archbishop of York, and Archbishop of 
Canterbur}'. He died the 6th July, 1583, aged 63. Some 
time before his death he incurred the Queen's displeasure, 
and was suspended from his office. In 1582 he was 
restored to a great extent to his ecclesiastical jurisdiction, 
but by that time he had the misfortune to become totally 
blind ; he in consequence resigned his office, which was 
accepted by Queen Elizabeth, but before the necessary for- 
malities were completed, he died, and was succeeded by 
Archbishop Whitgift. 

' The Archbishop deemed it advisable to leave England upon the accession of 

Queen Mary, and retired to Germany where he remained till htr death. 

tGrindall was iu the year 1569 appointed Bishop of London; in 1570 he was 

translated to York, and in 1575 to Canterbury. 



St. Johns Church. 5 

The oldest memorial in the Church was a brass near the 
entrance to the middle aisle. The inscription, it will be 
seen, bears the date 1390. 

Hie jacet Egidius Seymor, qui obiit xxij, die Decembr, a dni mccclxxxx, 
cui 'aic ppiciet ds. 

On a tomb on the north walk was the following" -nscription on a 
brass plate : — 

Here lyes ye bodye of ye precious servant of God, Mr. Samuel Otes, 
Master of Arts and Minister of the Word in Croyden, whose Piety, 
Zeal, and Selfdenyal are the best monument of his Worth, Whose 
blessed memery lives, and needs not words to preserve it. He was 
placed there Ao. 1643, ^"<^ deceased Ao. 1645, aged 30 years, havmg 
lived long, though he d\'ed young. 

R (admire and learne) B. 
There was also a monument to Archbishop Whitgift, the 
founder of the noble Charity in the North end. The 
figure was full size recumbent, with hands folded in the 
act of prayer. The arms on the tomb were those of the 
See of Canterbur}^ the See of Worcester, and the Deanery 
of Lincoln. The following was the inscription ; — 

Post tenebras spero lucem. 
Whitgifta Eborum Grimsbeia ad littora nomen 
Whitgifta emisit. Foelix hoc nomine Grimsbei 
Hinc natus : non natiis ad banc mox mittitur hospes 
Londinum : inde novam te Cantabrigia, matrem. 
Insequitur, supraque, fidem suavi, ubere crescit ; 
Petro tit socius : Pembro : Tradique magister : 
Fitq. matri, Cathedra^que Professor utrique 
E. Cathedra Lincolna suum petit esse Decanum : 
Mox Wigorn petit esse suum ; fit Episcopus illic : 
Propseses Patrie, quo nunquam acceptior alter. 
Post annos plus sex summum petit Anglia patrem. 
Plus quam bis denos fuit Arthiepiscopus annos, 
Charior Elizas dubium est, an Regi Jacobo ; 
Consul utriq. fuit. Sis tu Croidonia tastis 
Pauperibus quam charus erat, queis noblle struxit 
Hospitium, puerisq. scholam, dotemq. reliquit. 
CcElibis haec vit:e soboles quae nata per annos 
Septuaginta duos nullo enumerabitur aevo, 
Invidia ha^c cerneus moritur Patientia vincens 
Ad summum evecto asternum dat lumen honori. 

We append a translation of the above — 

After darkness I hope for light. 
Whitgift, of great, unspotted, holy name, 
To Grimsby's regions wafted Yorkshire's fame ; 
Not born to sojourn in a town like this. 
He hastened to the great metropolis ; 
Thence, Granta, flew to thee ; and as he grew. 
The choicest food from th}' sweet mixture drew ; 
In Granta's bowers he rose to high degree, 
Of Pembroke, Peter-house, and Trinity ; 
Raised to th' exalted chair by Marg'ret* giv'n, 
He spoke the faith and mysteries of Heav'n. 
Lincoln, as Dean, proclaimed him all her own. 
And Worcester hail'd him on her Bishop's throne. 

* He was Margaret Professor of Divinity at Cambridge. 



6 Croydon in the Past. 

A Judge all mindful of his country's trust — 
He prov'd that to be great is to be just, 
For more than twice ten years, so rare a man, 
Did England boast her Metropolitan ; 
Subject to Sov'reigns of illustrious names, 
The great Eliza, and the learned James, 
To both a counsel and a friend he prov'd, 
By both alike rever'd, alike belov'd. 
How kind to want, the poor man's Iriend confest, 
Let Croydon's town, let Croydon's poor attest ; 
He rear'd, and by his bounty did supply, 
A House for age, a School for infancy. 
Such num'rous progeny we never knew 
Of a long single lite of sevent\-two. 
Envy beliolds and sickens at the sight, 
Victorious patience* crowns it with immortal light. 
Then followed two verses in juxtaposition, and at the bottom 
were the following lines — 

Gratia non miror, si fit divina Johannes 

Qui jiicit hie, solus credito gratus erat. 

Nee magis immerito Whitgiftus dicitur idem; 

Candor in eloquio, pectore candor erat. 

Candida pauperibus posuit loca, Candida Musis ; 

E terris moriens Candida dona tulit. 

TRANSLATION. 

Some slight approach to evangelic fame 

Lies buried here, who once was John by name ; 

Of Whitgift's name, behold the dark abode ; 

Fair was his speech, as from the heart it flowed; 

For want and learning a fair spot he gave. 

Then died to seek a bright reward beyond the grave. 

Near this was a splendid monument to the memory of Arch- 
bishop Sheldon, representing the recumbent effigy of the 
Prelate, in his archiepiscopal robes and mitre. His left 
hand sustained his head, and in his right was a crosier. 
Under the figure was a sarcophagus, on which was figured 
a horrible mass of winged hour-glasses, skulls, bones, 
worms, and dirt. The following inscription was on a 
tablet above the statue — 
Hie jacet Gilbertus Sheldon, Antiqua Sheldoniorium familia, In agro 
Staffordiensi natus, Oxonii bonis Iiteris eruditus, S. S*'. Theologise 
Doctor insignis ; Coll. Omnium Animarum Gustos prudens et fidelis, 
Academias Cancellarius Munificentissimus, Regii Oratorii Clericus 
Car. I"io 13, Martyri Charissimus, sub Serenissimo R Carolo II. 
MDCLX, magno illo Instauratinis anno, Sacelli Palatini Decanus. 
Londiniensis Episcopus ; MDCLXII, in secretoris concilii ordinem 
cooptatus, MDCLXIII ad dignitatis Archiepiscopalis apicem evectus. 
Vir — Omnibus Negotiis Par, omnibus Titulis Superior, in rebus adversis 
magnus, in prosperis bonus, utruisque fortuncE Dominus ; pauperum 
parens, literatorum patronus, Ecclesiic stator. De tanto viro pauca 
diccrc non expedit, multa non opus est ; norunt praesentes, poster! 
vix credent ; Octogenarius, animam piam et Coelo Maturam Deo 
rediddit v. Id. Novembris, MDCLXXVII. 

TRANSLATION. 

Here licth at rest, Gilbert Sheldon, born in the county of Stafford of the 
ancient family of Sbeldons ; educated at Oxford ; a learned Doctor 

* Evidently an allusion to the Archbishop's motto : "Vincit quid patitur — 
" He conquers who can endure." 



St. John's Church. 7 

of Divinity, a discreet and faithful Warden of All Sauls' College, 
a most munificent Chancellor of the Universit}', Clerk of the Royal 
Closet, held in the utmost esteem by the blessed Martyr, Charles I; 
in the year 1640, the great year of the restoration of King Charles II, 
appointed Dean of the Chapel Royal and Bishop of London ; in 
1642, chosen a Member of the Privy Council ; in 1643, advanced to 
the summit of Archiepiscopal honour. 
A man equal to ever)^ station, superior to every title, constant in adversity, 
virtuous in prosperity, superior to either event ; father of the poor, 
patron of the learned, guardian of the Church, it is not right to say 
little of so great a man, to say much would be useless ; his contem- 
poraries knew his excellence, and posterity will believe it. At four- 
score years he surrendered his pious spirit to God, mature for 
Heaven, on the 5th November, 1657. 

A neat white marble ta'jlet affixed to the wall, nearly opposite 
Sheldon's monument, bore the following inscription — 
Beneath are deposited the remains of the most reverend John Potter, 
D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury, who died Oct. 10, 1747, in the 
74th j'ear of his age. 

On the ground, adjoining the east-wall, on a black marble 
ledger — 
Here lyeth the body of the most reverend Dr. Thomas Herring, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, who died March 13, 1757, aged 64. 

Adjoining the above — 
Depositum Gulielmi Wake, Archiepiscopi Cantuariensis, qui obitt 24 
Januarii, 1736, iEtatis suae 79, et Etheldra u.xoris ejus, d ii Aprilis, 
1735, ^tatis su£e 62. 

Here lieth the body of Sir Joseph Sheldon, Kt., some time Lord Mayor of 
London, the eldest son of Ralph Sheldon, Esq., who was the elder 
brother of Gilbert Sheldon, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. He 
left issue two daughters Elizabeth and Ann, and died Augt. ye i6Lh, 
16S1, in the 51st year of his age. 

Beneath this place were deposited the remains of Thomas Brigstock, Esq., 
he died of decline, 27th October, 1792, in the 17th year of his age. 
If a suavity of manners and goodness of mind could have preserved 
his life, he would not now been numbered among the dead. 

Here under lieth Buried the bodie of Franc Tirrell, sometime Citizen and 
Grocer of London. He was a good benefactor to the poor of divers 
Hospitals, Prisons, and Pishes of London; and to the continual! 
relief of the poore fremen of the Grocers, he gave to this Pishe 200/, 
to build a new Market house, and 40/. to beautifie this Church, and 
to make a new Saintes Bell. He died in September 1600. 
When the old Market House was pulled down in 1807, the 
following inscription was discovered " This Market House 
was built att the coste and charges of Francis Tirrell, 
citizen and grocer of London, who was born in this tovvne, 
and departed this worlds in Sapt. i6oo." 
A column of marble supporting a funeral urn bore the 
following inscription — ■ 
Sacred to the memory of Mrs. Anne Bourdieu, wife of John Bourdieu, 
^ Esq., of Golden square, London. She departed this life the 23 i 
March, 1798, aged 31. 

A virtuous daughter and a sister kind, 
A tender mother and a v/ife refin'd, 



8 Croydon in the Past. 

Who all the various duties of life sustain'd, 
Inspir'd by \\ isdom, and by honour train'd, 
Lies here entomb'd ; here virtue, beauty, grace, 
Ready for heav'n, have run their earthly race ; 
Vet to the shorten'd course of youth confin'd, 
She shew'd but glimpses of her glorious mind ; 
Where multitudes of virtues pass'd along, 
I'lach mo\ing onward in the lovely throng. 
To kindle admiration, and make room 
For greater multitudes that were to come ; 
liut her vast mind, rich with such gifts divine. 
In heaven's eternal year alone could shine. 

Here lielh interred the body of the truly pious and singularly accom- 
plish'd Lady Dame Ruth Scudamore, daughter to Griffith Hamden, 
of Hamden, in the Count}' of Bucks, Esq., first married to 
lidward Oglethorpe, Esq., sonn and heir to Owen Oglethorpe, in the 
County of Oxford, Knight, and by him had 2 daughters ; after to 
Sir Philip Scudamore, of Rurnham, in the County of Bucks, Knight;, 
and lastly to Henry Leigh, Esq., sonn and heir to Sir Edward Leigh, 
of Kushall. in the County of Stafford, Knight, by him had one son 
named Samuel, now living. She dyed at Croydon March 28, 1649, 
being the 73d year of her age. 

This lady was aunt to the illustrious patriot, Hampden, and to 
Edmund Waller, the poet. It is rather strange that she 
bears on her tombstone the name of her second husband, 
rather than that of her third. 

Here lyeth the bodye of Nicholas Hatcher, of Croydon, gentleman, who 
was Captaine of a Troop of Horse, under his most sacred Majestic 
King Charles the First, and Yeoman-Usher in Ordinarie to His 
Majestic King Charles the Second, who departed this life the 29th 
of September, 1673, aged 6g. 

It is seldom we find puzzles or riddles on tombstones, but here 
is one which contains an anagram : — 

Curteous Reader, know that here doth lye, 

A rare example of true pietie. 

Whose glorie 'twas to prove herselfe in life, 

A vertuous wooman and a loyall wife, 

Her name to you obscurely He impart, 

In this her anagrame, " No arme but Hart ; " 

And least you should joyne amis, and soe loose ye name. 

Look underneath, and you shall find ye same. 

Martha Burton, yc wife of Barnard Burton, Esq., 

deceased ye 2oh day of November, and was buryed 

ye 26h day. Anno D"ni 1668. 

The following was the inscription on the tomb of a blind man : — 

Memoras Sacrum. To the pious memoryc of his religious Father Ralph. 
Smith, who deceased the 26 of Sept. 1639, aged 83. Thomas Smith, 
did lay this marble as a grateful testimonye of his filial duty. 

So well thou lov'st God's house, tho' beinge blind, 
Thou came oft hither, lighted by thy mind ; 
Where thou did'st ofl'er such a sacrifice, 
As few do now present that have their eyes, 
A bleeding harte of sinne in sorrow dround, 
Sustained by Hope, and with Devotion crownd ; 
Therefore thou dost deserve an abler pen, 
Whose spritcly lines mighte stir up zeale in men. 



St. John's Church. 9^ 

To write thine epitaph, I am sure of this 
What thou dost want in words, thou hast in blisse. 
[In early Hfe Mr. Ralph Smith was yeoman of the guard.] 
The last one which we insert from the interior of the Church 
was erected in the North Gallery : — 
Sacred to the memory of John Parker, Esq., formerly of London, who 
died on the 6th March, 1706, aged 46 years, and is here interred. 
Also of Elizabeth, his relict, who died the loth August, 1730, aged 
70 3-ears. 
The pair, while they lived together, were a pattern of conjugal behaviour ; he 
a careful indulgent husband, she a tender engaging wife ; he active in busi- 
ness, punctual to his word, kind to his family, generous to his friend, but 
charitable to all ; possest of every social virtue. During her widowhood 
she carefullv and virtuously educated five children, who survived her ; she 
was an excellent economist, modest without affectation, religious without 
superstition ; and in every action behaved with uncommon candour and 
steadiness. 



Ill the Interior of the New Church. 
There are very few memorial tablets in the present Parish 
Church. It contains the mutilated remains of the monuments of 
the Archbishops, and two small brass tablets saved from the fire. 
We publish the inscriptions in extcnso : — 

6rate pro aninm (glgt Jlabg tmptr Cibis ft Prrctri, |.'onboir, tjui cbiit 
iiij hk mnts' Ptctmbris, giiuio p'mui gliU'imo acdb. tnjtts mnmt 
propicielnr pens. '^mtn. 

TRANSLATION. 

Pray for the soul of Elis Davy, late Citizen and Mercer of London, who 
died on the 4th December, 1455. God be merciful to his spirit. 
Amen. 

Ely Davis founded an Almshouse in Croydon on the 27th April, 
1447, for seven poor people, six of whom were to receive 
lod. per week, and the seventh, who was called the tutor, 
IS. This almshouse, somewhat enlarged, still remains in 
Church Street, near the tower end of the Church. 

Here under are conteined the bodies of Thomas Parkinson, late Farmer of 
ye Parsonage of Croydon, and Elizabeth, his wife, which Thomas 
deceased the the 7 day of September, 1605, and Elizabeth the 30 
Janvary, 1594. 

The following marble tablet has also lately been erected — 
John Singleton Copley, R.A., born 1737, died 1815. Inscribed by his grand- 
children. 

John Singleton Copley, father of the celebrated Lord Lyndhurst, 
was buried in the north chancel aisle of the Old Church, 
He was born in Boston, Mass., U.S., and came to this 
country in 1776. He painted portraits of several of the 
children of George the Third. His other productions are 
" The Death of Lord Chatham," " The Destruction of the 
Floating Batteries during the Siege of Gibraltar," " Brooke 
Watson saved from the Shark," all of which have been, 
engraved. 



lo Croydon in the Past. 



The following Tablets arc affixed to the outer wall of the Archbishop's 
Palace, near the Chancel End of the Church: — 

Martha Oswald, d July 2, 1848, a 51. 
John Oswald, d Aug. 2, 1848, a 60. 
Charlotte Oswald, d Dec. 2, 1856, a 27. 

Consecrated as a tribute of respect by his affectionate friends to the 
memory of 
Samuel olarey, d Oct. 28, 1809, a 52. 
Elizabeth, his widow, d Aug. 17, 1833, a 76. 

Tiic Stareys were the principal owners of the old Palace of 
Croydon. They were extensive bleachers, and their 
j;rounds reached from Pitlake on the East to the Gas 
Works on the West, and from Waddon Brook on the 
South to Barrack Field on the North. About sixty years 
ago pony races were occasionally ran in this field, which 
was partly surrounded by large elm trees ; and it is 
remembered that at the time of the rejoicings and 
illuminations that took place in 1816, after Waterloo, 
when "there was a sound of revelry by night," the boys 
were always to the front in those days as they are in the 
present, and were perched in the trees like so many crows, in 
order to witness the fireworks and the dancing on the 
o.iicers' lawn in the Barracks. 



The folloiving Inscriptions are taken from the Tombs and Tombstones 
on the sonth side of the Chnrch, South of the pathway ; including 
the neiv ground added when the Vicarage House ivas removed: 

John Collier, v/hitesmith, d Feb. 12, 1834, a 65. 
Jane Collier, his widow, d Jan. 10, 1837, ^ ^^• 

Collier's Corner, at South End, near the Blue Anchor, then, as 

now a whitesmith's shop, was named after these worthy 

people. 

Ann Bowling, wife of James Bowling, of the Borough of Southwark, 
d April 26, 1808, a 25. 

This is the lady in whose memory a magnificent marble 
monument, representing an angel bearing a female figure, 
the work of Flaxman, the eminent sculptor, was erected in 
the Parish Church. We regret to say this magnificent 
work of art was totall}- destroyed during the fire. Above 
the figures were these words — 

•' Then shall the good be received into life everlasting." 
Under — Sacred to the memory of Ann, the beloved wife of James Bowling, 
of th(j Borough of Southwark (and daughter of the late Mr. James 
Harris of this place) who after two days' illness only exchanged this 
life for a better, on the 26th April, 1808, in the 25th year of her age. 

Bright excellence, with every virtue fraught, 

SucJi may we be by thy example taught ; 

Pure in the eye of Heaven like thee appear, 

Should we this hour death's awful summons hear; 



St. John's Churchyard. II 

Like thee all other confidence disown, 

And, looking to the Cross of Christ alone, 

In meekness tread the paths thy steps have trod. 

And find with thee acceptance from our God. 

Her husband, under the strongest bonds of affection, ha? caused this 
monument to be erected, in testimony of his everlasting regard, 
aud gratitude to a most affectionate wife and kind friend. 

Also Abraham Purshouse Driver, her son-in-law, d March i6, 1841, a 65. 

Elizabeth, wife of Wm. John Blake, d Aug. 11, 1841, a 40. 

Elizabeth, widow of the late Rev. Jas. Wykes, rector of Hazelbeach, in 

Northampton, d Jan. 16, 1844. 
Also Ann Alicia Wykes, her daughter, d Dec. i, 1848, a 45. 
Also Geo. Penfold, solicitor, d Sept. 3, 1852, a 44. 

Also in loving memory of Mary Caroline Haddon, daughter of Mrs. Wykes, 

^ June 28, 1881, a 68. 

[Mr. G. Penfold held the office of Vestry Clerk of Croydon for many years 

having succeeded his father, Mr. Thos. Penfold. He was succeeded in 

office by Mr. John Drummond, solicitor, at whose death the office was 

given by the Vestry to Mr. Henry Seale, who still retains it.'i 

Ann Moore, d Sept. 27, 1787, a 35. 

Here lies, whose life is at end, 
A tender wife and earnest friend ; 
She resteth herewith hope to be, 
Happy with her to all eternity. 

Sarah Driver, wife of A. P. Driver, jun., of Walcot Place, Lambeth, 

d April 26, 1819, a 32. 
Edward, her son, d May 20, 1821, a 8. 
James, another son, d March, 1835, a 23. 

[The Drivers are descendants of Mr. A. Purshouse Driver, mentioned on Mrs. 
Bowling's tombstone. They seemed to have lived at Christchurch, in 
Lambeth, and afterwards moved to Mitcham, where the two sons were 
born.] 

Mrs. Ann Norrish, d Jan. 15, 1834, a 56. 
John Norrish, d June 10, 1846, a 83. 

In memory of Elizabeth and Dinah Maynard, both wives of James Maynard. 
Also James Maynard, d Jan. 14, 1756, a 75. 

William Clifford, d Oct. 7, 1741. 
Ann, his wife, d Oct. 9, 1749. 

Elizabeth Theobald, of Woodside, d May 23, 1851, a 80. 
William Theobald, d Feb. 15, 1856, a 88. 

Alfred Bignell, d July 28, 1837, ^ 21. 

Albert, son of Joshua and Ann Bignell, d Aug. 22, 1849, a 29. 

Susan, wife of Albert Bignell, d Nov. 12, 1848, a 30. 

Elizabeth Newport, d May 17, 1741, a 29. 
Sarah, his wife, d Oct. 13, 1746, a 36. 

William Whiteley, d Jan. 8, 17S7, a 94. 
Mary Whiteley, his wife, d June 4, 1773, a 74. 

Edward Roberts, m.d., d Nov. 21, 1846, a 84. 

John Smith, late of Southwark, son of Thomas Smith, Esq., of York, 

d Oct. 18, 1803, a 34. 
In a vault, William, son of John and Jane Mann, d Jan. 2, 1841, a 50. 
Also Sarah Mann, his sister, born Aug. 28, 1796, d Jan. 20, 1870. 



12 



Croydon in the Past. 



John, son oi John and Jane Mann, d Sept. 24, 1856, a 70. 
Sophia Mann, his sister, d Feb. 7, 1865, a 61. 
Also John Mann, d Feb. 16, 1818, a 63. 
Mrs. Jane Mann, d June 19, 1835 fl 76. 

'Mr. Mann kept tlie butcher's shop in what was called " The Shambles," 
Surrey Street, now occupied by Mr. Taylor.j 

Thomas Mann, d May 24, 1840, a 57. 
Louisa Taylor, d Sept. 24, 1841, a 16 months. 
George, son of John and Ann Mann, d April 26, 1823, a 30. 
Thomas, son of Richard and Mary Mann, and grandson of John and Jane 
Mann, d March 10, 1840, a 15. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Rice, d Nov. 25, 1818, a 54. 

Also, Eliza, wife of Joseph William Rice, d April 4, 1844, a 34. . 

I Joseph William Rice (formerly parish clerk), d Sept. 7, 1854, a 38. J 

John, the twin-born son of W^illiam and Anne Rice, died in his infancy 
March 11, 1752. 

Tho' twins by birth, to me the right 
Above my Brother given ; 
He to enjoy his friends on earth, 
But I the God of Heaven. 
Also Mary Rice, daughter of the above-named William and Anne Rice, 
d Oct. 2, 1822, a 78. 

William Rice, d May 2, 1793, n 82. 
Ann, his wife, d Jan. 29, 1795, a 75. 

Samuel Unstead, d July 22, 1851, a 65. 
Sarah, his wife, d Jan. 23, 1853, a 62. 

[Mr. Unstead carried on the business of cooper in the High Street.] 
Mrs. Hannah Gravener, d March 14, 1744, a 42. 

Mr. Henry Gravener, (formerly of South End), d Dec. 16, 1835, a 66. 
Anna Main, d Aug. 18, 1831, a 78. 

Thy life is calmly closed at last. 

In tenderness and truth 'twas passed; 

No more thy well-known form we see. 

But still we love to think on thee. 

He who thy fondness most did prize, 
Altho' not bound by kindred ties; 
He who from childhood was thy care 
And like a son thy heart did share. 

To whom the name of Nurse will prove 

A spell to bring back all thy love. 

This tribute pays and trusts in that great day, 

The Lord of Life thy service will repay. 
James Stapleton, d Nov. 14, 1750, a 75. 
Also James Stapleton, d August 11, 1756, a 53. 
James Giles, d August 24, 1848, a 50. 
Lucy Elizabeth, his wife, d July 6, 12, a 54. 

[Mr. Giles was a predecessor of Mr. Stovell, poulterer, 112 (then of loS), 
High Street.] 

Joseph Innes, youngest son of James and Sarah Innes, d Jan. 15, 1821, fl 38. 

Mrs. Sarah Innes, his sister, -rf Dec. 16, 1852, a 76. 

On a tomb, Susannah, wife of John Phillipson, gent., d Feb. 23, 1796, rt 33. 

Grieve not, dear friends, I was early called. 

Rather be prepared to obey the awful change. 
Also the above John Phillipson, gent., d May 30, 1840, a 80. 

"Blessed is he whose unrighteousness is forgiven, and whose sin is covered." 



St. John's Churchyard. 13 

On the sides of this tomb, Joseph, son of John PhilHpson, gent., d June 
16, 1854, a 45. 

His pious memory here shall lay 
Till letters cut in stone decay. 
Also Susannah, his daughter, d March 29, 1853, a 58. 

" Flee from evil and do the thing that is good and dwell for evermore." 
[Mr. Phillipson, was a corn merchant residing in George Street.] 

Sarah, wife of James Innes, d July 22, 1823, a 72. 
James Innes, d May 27, 1821, a 74. 

Mrs. Patience Ridley, d April 9, 1794, a 72. 
Also three of her daughter's children, who died in infancy. 
So sleep the saints, and cease to groan 

When sin and death have done their worst ; 
Christ hath a glory like his own, 

Which waits to cloathe their waking dust. 

Mrs, Mary Gardner, d Jan. 1778, a 45. 

Also Master Wm. Jas. Gardner, of Calcutta, in the East Indies, d May 
7, 1789, a 13. 

Endearing, lovel}', virtuous, noble youth. 

Whose heart was goodness, whose affection truth ; 

Farewell, thy soul hath winged its joyful way 

To rearlms of bliss and never-ending day. 

Reader, stop, pause, think, thy frail state explore; 

Go home, be wise, thy just God adore. 

Catherine, wife of Samuel Johnson, d Aug. 3, 1803, a 53. 

Also Mr. Joseph Cooke, late of Northampton, surgeon, d Feb. 12, 1827, 

a 86. 
Also Captain Samuel Johnson, late of Her Majesty's Royal Wagon Train, 

d July 10, 1828, a 44. 

The Royal Wagon Train was not a very distinguished 
Regiment, but it had its usefulness in picking up the sick 
and wounded on the field of battle, and no doubt it did 
good service both in the Peninsula and at Waterloo. In 
those far off days, when Croydon contained about eight 
or ten thousand inhabitants, the Barracks were full of 
soldiers, who gave a little life and animation to the other- 
wise deadly-livel}' town. The band numbered about 25 or 
30, and no doubt discoursed most eloquent music every 
afternoon, opposite the officers' quarters, and as that was 
almost the only enjoyment the townspeople had, the 
Barrack yard was the shady promenade, especially on 
Sundays. That music is now a thing of the past, and 
almost all who heard it have joined the majority. 

Richard Messenger, d Dec. 31, 1818, a 69. 
James Messenger, his son, d Aug. 29, 1858, a 76. 
Mary Ann, his wife, d Oct. 9, 1863, a 74. 

[Mr. Richard Messenger was originally a pawnbroker, residing in the opening 

adjoining the Old Butter Market, which occupied the site of the 

Croydon Chronicle office.] 

Mary, wife of Richard Messenger, d Nov. 15, 1797, a 45. 

Mary, only daughter, d April 30, 1828, a 46. 

James Andrews, her husband, d Dec. 14, 1849, a 59. 

Mary Messenger, d Oct. 22, 1781, a 74. 

Mary, daughter of John and Mary Messenger, d Feb. 3, 1792, a 3. 



i^ Croydon in the Past. 

Mary, wife of Richard Messenger, d Jan. 21, 1844, a 65. 
Also Richard Messenger, her husband, d Feb. 7, 1853, a 74. 

John Messenger, d Jan. 11, 1811, a 73. 

Mary Messenger, his wife, d Jan. 26, 1821, a 77. 

Also Richard Messenger, their son, d Oct. 22, 1877, a 10 months. 

Emma Willis Bance, daughter of George and Mary Bance, d Jan. 24, 1838, 

a 3 years »o months. 
Mary Ann Bance, d July 16, 1838, a 7 years 7 months. 
Eliza Brett Bance, d May 28, 1851, a 14. 

William Hideman, d June 11, 1781, a 42. 
Elizabeth Hideman, d Jan. 11, 1807, a 72. 

Michael McCarty, d Dec. ig, 1822, a 49. 

Beloved and respected through life, lamented in death 
by all who knew him. 
[Mr. McCarty kept a livery stable in George Street, where Mr. Waters' coach 
building establishment now stands. He was the father of the late 
beadle.] 

Sarah, his wife, d April 23, 1823, a 50. 

Maria McCarty, d April 15, 1809, a 15 months. 

Our Great Jehovah from above. 

An Angel he did send, 

To fetch his little harmless dove 

To a place that has no end. 

Elizabeth, wife of Robert Streeter, d July 11, 1857, " 7^- 

Elizabeth, wife of Thos. Eagles, d July 4, 1798, a 65. 
Thomas Eagles, d Oct. 13, 1798, a 61. 

[Mr. Eagles left a sum of money to the churchwardens to keep this tomb in 
repair, the remainder to be distributed in bread to the poor.] 

Richard CI 'ments, d March 27th, 1823, a 19. 

Mary Clements, his mother, d May 17, 1825, ^ S^- 

Mary Barker Clements, her daughter, d Feb. 29, 1828, a 25. 

John Clements, the father,!;? July 17, 1840, a 81. 

On a tomb, Hie Jacet Joannes Bouchier, obiit 17 Mai, 1774, ffitat 74. 

John Oxden, d Oct. 10, 1780, a 55. 

Also Elizabeth Oxden, d Oct. 14, 1796, a 67. 

Elizabeth I'lorns, late of Lewes, Sussex, obiit March 10, I785,°ffitat 59. 

Mrs. Mary Adcock, d Oct. 31, 1808, a 70. 

Also Mary, wife of William Meguinness, d July 29, 1820, a 73. 

George Wildgoose, surveyor, d Feb. 26, 1806, a 61. 
Ann, his wife, d July 9, 1824, a 84. 

Richard Whififin, d April 11, 1809, a 40. 

Lucy Whiffin, his widow, d Dec. 7, 1820, a 48. 

Mary Ann, wife of Thos. Cooper, d Jan. 15, 1835, a 70. 
James Bull, of Pangdean, Sussex, d Sept. 4, 1S28, a 25. 

The character of the deceased was marked by an undeviating regard to the best 
and most lasting interests of friendship. As a son, brother, and friend, in each 
relation he stood without blemish. This stone is erected by a few friends to 
commemorate his virtues while living, and to show their regard for his memory 
now that he is departed. 

Thomas, son of Robert and Fanny Bennett, d May 9th, 1S24. 

Deeply lamented by his surviving relatives and friends. 
Also Mrs. Margaret Todd, d April 18, 1810, fl 74. 



St. John^s Churchyard. 15 

Joseph Killmaster, d April 19, 1834, a 62. 

Leah, his wife, d April 27, 1834, a 60. 

Louisa Bullen, granddaughter, d Dec. 16, 1854, a 3. 

[Mr. Killmaster was a carpenter, residing in the Old Town.] 

Richard Gould, d April 30, 1804, a 32. 

John Gould, his brother, d Feb. 10, 1834, a 67. 

Mrs. Mary Freebody, d Nov. 17, 1786, a 51. 

Thomas Walton, d Sept. 25, 1783, a 46. 
Jane, his wife, d Nov. 7, 1806, « 67. 

Sarah Whittaker, daughter of Daniel and Patience Stagg, if? suddenly Aug. 

2, 1842, a 54. 
Henry Whittaker, her husband, d March 5, 1869; interred in St. Peler's 

Churchyard. 

Mary, wife of Michael Copp Horton, Esq., d Jan. 8, 1784, a 51. 

Also Michael Copp Horton, Esq., d March 3, 1808, a 88. 

An uncommon energy and correctness of mind, a mild and placid disposition, 
a heart warmed to the prick of sorrow and of Christian charity rendered his 
length of days a blessing to himself, his relations and friends, and his ^ast 
hours resigned, composed, and happy. 

Sarah, wife of Peter Green, d March 28, 1789, a 70. 

Peter Green, her husband, d May 22, 1793, a 73. 

John Green, d Dec. 22, 1802, a 39. 

Also Sarah Poole Purnell, wife of the above, d Feb. 80, 1838, a 68. 

" Great are the troubles of the righteous, but the Lord delivereth them 
out of all." 
[This lady was married twice, but chose to have her name on the tombstone 
of her first husband.] 

Wm. Skey Purnell, d May 15, 1820, a 40. 
Mrs. Sarah Glover, d Sept. 18, 1820, a 31. 

Ann, wife of Mr. W. F. Rivers, d April 26, 1852, a 42. 
Also W. F. Rivers, d June 8, 1854, a 43. 

Mr. James Sant, d Jan. 18, 1837, ^ ^^• 

[Grandfather of the present celebrated artist.] 

" When the Eye saw him then it blessed him." 
Martha Sant, his daughter, d Dec. 8, 1863, a 88. 
James Trusler, died Jan. 9, 1853, a 47. 

Dorothy, wife of Henry G. Ward, d July 23, 1807, a 42. 
Also Henry G. Ward, their son, d May 31, 1814, a 18. 
Also Henry G. Ward, his father, d May 10, 1834, a 68. 
Mary, wife of Henry G. Ward, d June 11, 1846, a 85. 
[Evidently a second wife.] 

Vault. Here lieth the body of William Unwin, second son of the late Rev. 
Wm. Cawthorne Unwin, rector of Stock-cum-Ramsden, Essex, and 
great nephew of John Unwin, Esq., whose remains are interred near 
here, who departed this life May 8, 1806, a 19. 

Also on the left-hand side of this stone lie the bodies of Mary Ann Unwin, 
his onl}^ sister, who died Sept. 24th, 1799, a 29 ; and of Elizabeth 
Shuttleworth, his aunt, who died Jan. 29, 1795, a 40 ; also his 
mother, Anne Unwin, who died May 10, 1825, ^ 75' 

John Unwin, Esq., d Sept. 21, 1789, a 76. 

A small gravestone bears this remarkable inscription — 

R + E, son of Robert and Ann, d Nov. 30, 1792. 



1 6 Croydon in the Past. 

Robert Smith, only child of Robert and Elizabeth Smith, i Dec. ii, 1788, a 17. 
Also Robert Smith, Esq., his father, d Feb. 20, 1815, a 68. 
Also Elizabeth Smith, his mother, d Feb. 22, 1830, a 80. 
Sarah, wife of John Cockrell, d Sept. 27, 1823, a 65. 

Resigned to him who gave thee breath 

And calm'd thy soul in hour of death, 

Tho' pain and sorrow long endured. 

By Christian faith and hope secured. 

Beyond the grave all sorrows cease, 

And rest in perfect bliss and peace, 

If we in life but copy thee 

Our future state will happy be. 
Also John Cockrell, d Jan. 10, 1837, a 78. 
George Olive, d March 9, 1792, a 39, and four of his children. 

Mr. Richard Swift, d June 26, 1789, a 76. 
Philadelphia, his wife, d Feb. i, 1794, a 76. 

In memory of John Vincy, inventor of the Patent Wheel, obiit July 27, 
1742, astat 63. 

Rebecca, wife of John Viney, d August 14, 1791, a 58. 

Patience, wife of Daniel Stagg, d Jan. 9, 1832, a 67. 
Daniel Stagg, her husband, d Oct. 30, 1844, a 79. 
Thomas Stagg, grandson, d July 23, 1848, a 23, 

My time on earth so soon did pass away; 

Because God called I could no longer stay, 

A rapid consumption brought me to the grave, 

I trust in Christ my precious soul to save. 

Elizabeth daughter of Francis and Jane Jones, d March 9, 1797, a 25. 
Fragrant the rose, but it fades in time, 
The violet lives, but quickly past its prime, 
While lilies hang their heads and soon decay, 
And whiter snow in minutes melt away, 
Suoh and so withering are our early joys 
Which time or sickness speedily destroys, 

Also, Ann Jones, her sister, d Sept, 15, 1833, a 58. 

At the back of this stone we read — 

Mary Jones, d Feb. 28, 1791, a 29. 

Francis Jones, her father, d April 30, 1804, a 63. 

Jane Jones, her mother, i Sept. 14, 1817, a 83. 

Mary, wife of George Agate, d March 19, 1791, a 62. 
George Agate, died August 4, 1799, a 62. 

[Formerly a nurseryman in Southbridge Road.] 
Mr. James Martin, bricklayer, d Jan. 19, 1808, a 61. 
Arenia Martin, his wife, d Sept. 18, 1816, a 64. 
Also Harriot Martin, his daughter, d Jan. 31, 1851, a 64. 

Harriot Martin, wife of Thomas Martin, d Dec. 4, 1819, in the 20th year 
of her age and the second of her marriage, leavingan infant daughter. 
Also, Arenia, her daughter, d Jan. 2, 1820, a two months. 
A lovely infant and a model wife 

All to this vault must sadly be consigned 
Thus, all we hold most dear to us in life 

With grief and sorrow arc to death resigned. 
Also, Thomas Martin, builder, d Jan. 30, 1866, a 68. 
Also, Rebecca Collins Martin, second wife, d Nov. 14, 1876, a 73. 

[Mr. Martin carried on his business at the back of the Old Vine House, 
Church Street, lately pulled down, and the site covered with shops.] 



St. John's Churchyard. 17 

Richard Gould, d April 30, 1804, a 32. 

Weep not, dear friends, altho' on earth 

My time with you is past, 
With Christ above I hope to meet. 
Where happiness will last. 
Also, John Gould, his brother, d Feb. 16, 1834, a 67. 
Mrs. Mary Thornhill, d Oct. g, 1830, a 39. 

William, infant son of Edward and Sally Percival. d March 6, 1847, '^ on^ 
year and five months. 

Edward Percival, d Nov. 3, 1847, a 30. 
Sally Percival, d April 26, 1861, a 46, 

James Halfhide, d July 23. 1807, a 72. 

Mary Halfhide, his wife, d Jan. 20, 1830, a 90. 

William Cock, d March 3, 1787, a -3,^. 

James Tweedalle Adair Richardson, d May 18, 181 2, a 2. 

Margaret Cock, d Sept. 29, 1817, a 62. 

Bridget, wife of George Richardson and daughter of the above, d Dec. 12, 

1830, a 48. 
Mr. George Richardson, her husband, d July 4, 1861, a 79. 

Elizabeth Rutter, d Dec. 14, 1786, a 70. 

Also, Daniel, her husband, d Jan. 30, 1790, a 80. 

James Johns, d Oct. 19, 1830, a 57. 

Sarah Johns, his wife, d June 4, 1858, a 75. 

Susan Stevens, d April 19, 1831, a 44. 
Geo. Thos. Smith, her nephew, d April 10, 1823, a 4. 
'Tis Jesus from his mercy seat 

Invites me to his rest, 
He calls poor sinners to his feet 
And makes them truly blest. 

Vault. — Alice Brigstock, wife of Richd. Brigstock, d March 18, 1750, a 59. 
Also, Richard Brigstock, her husband, d Nov. 14, 1779, a 89. 
[The Brigstocks were originally brewers in South End.] 

On one side, Elizabeth Farley, d May 18, 1823, a 80. 

On the other, Frances, wife of John Farley, d Jan. 30, a 49. 

John Farley, d 10 April, 1824, ^ ^9- 

Jane Farley, his sister, d Oct. 17, 1838, a 89. 

Henry Stanford Purser, d Aug. 4, 1830, a 48. 
Harriet, his wife, d March 9, 1829, a 45. 
Also four children who died in infancy. 

Jane Farley, wife of Thos. Farley, d Oct. 23, 1783, a 73. 
Thomas Farley, d Sept. 4, 1808, a 95. 
Thomas Farley, his son, d June 22, 1835, a 83. 
Catharine, his wife, d Dec. 11, 1858, a 85. 

Vault. — Mary Brear}% d April 28, 1785, a 28. 

James Meagher, d July 10, 1795, ci 67. 

Robert Meagher, d Sept. 6, 1807, a 36. 

Francis Meagher, d Oct. 10, 1826, « 73. 

Harriott Meagher, d May 17, 1827, ^ '^^• 

Martha, wife of James Scott, d Dec. 24, 1827, a 51. 

James Scott, d Aug. 9, 1853, a 74. 

Sarah, wife of Charles Collier, d Aug. 29, 1809, a 68. 

William, her son, d Oct. 4, 1802, a 22. 

Charles Collier, whitesmith, d Sept. 23, 1820, a 81. 

c 



1 8 Croydon in the Past. 

Jane Frances, dau^'hter of \Vm. Bryant, d April 5, i860, a 22 nnonths. 
Ann, wife of Jonas Sturt, d Nov. 18, 1792, a 37. 

Long as the good congenial worth revere, 

As worth departed prompts the gushing tear. 

So long to virtue Just and urged by woe, 

For thee, the heart shall grieve, the e}e shall flow. 

And whilst by friendship led or grief opprest. 

We tread these limits where thy reliques rest, 

With thv loved image shall thy virtues rise, 

Sooth the keen pang, and train us for the skies. 

Jonas Sturt, blacksmith, d Oct, 26, 1829, ^ 68. 

Mrs. Mary Roffey, d Feb. 9, 1787, a 36. 
Mrs. Mary Wasdall, d March i, 1825, a 81. 

James Trusler, d Jan. g, 1853, a 47. 

Sarah Partridge, singlewoman, for 55 years an inhabitant of this parish, 

d Nov. 2, 1790, a 74. 
John Partridge, Esq., d Feb. 27, iSog, a 90. 

Eleanor Elizabeth Bennett, daughter of John and Eleanor Bennett, d 
March 2, 1S58, a 5. 

" Though lost to sight to memory dear." 

William Fades, d Sept. 8, 1818, a 9. 
Frances Charlotte Fades, d March 14, 1826, a 75. 
James Bryant Fades, d July 8, 1826, a 78. 
Anna Maria Rich, their daughter, d May 10, 1825, ^ 33* 
[Mr. Eades was an undertaker.] 

William Eades, d Oct. 31, 1831, a 45. 

Mary Elizabeth, his wife, d Sept. 26, 1851, a 66. 

William Eades, their son, d Feb. 27, 1847, a 37. 

Martha, wife of James Scott, d Dec. 24, 1827, ^ S''^- 
James Scott, d Aug. 9, 1853, a 74. 

Sarah, wife of James Booth, d April 13, 1792, a 36. 

Weep not for me my children dear, 

Although you're left behind. 
Prepare yourselves to follow me, 

And bear me in your mind. 

Also Mr. Robert Rogers, d Jan. 24, 1836, a 85. 
Mrs. Hannah Rogers^ d Sept. 11, 1836, a 85. 

Thomas Rice, d June 12, 1797, a 18. 

John Rice, d Oct, 5, 1806, a 28. 

Also William Rice, d Nov. 15, 1814, a 62. 

The man who meant well and acted boldly. 

Elizabeth, wife of Henry Stent, d July 13, 1806, a 31. 

Robert, only child of Robert and Elizabeth Smith, d Dec. 11, 1788, a 7. 
Robert Smith, Esq., his father, d Feb, 20, 1815, a 68. 
Elizabeth Smith, his mother, d Feb. 22, 1830, a 80. 

Elizabeth Sarah Brooke, d July 11, 1844, a 65. 
Daniel Thompson Brooke, d Feb. 5, 1837, a 68. 

[Mr. Brooke left a sum of money to the churchwardens of the parish, the 
interest of which is spent on bread for the poor.] 
[Some other names not decipherable.] 

Margaret Charlotte Watts, eldest daughter of Lieut.-Col. Watts, d May 13, 
1825, a 28. 



St. John's Churchyard. n) 

Mary West, d Sept, 15, 1827, a 74. 
Edward West, d Aug. 23, 1830, a 76. 

John Harris, sursjeon, d Sept. 22, 1823, ^ 79" 

Ann, his wife, d Sept. 7, 1809, a 69. 

Joseph Bottomley, grandson, d Nov. 12, 1799, « 21. 

Harriott Bottomlev, his mother, d Oct. 12, 1826, a 32. 

Catharine Harris Bottomley, d Oct. 16, a 6. 

Elizabeth, wife of Edward Hughes, d Dec. 6, 1822, a 68. 

Martha, relict of Roger Griffin, Esq., of Clerkenwell, d June 30, 1822, a 90. 

Robert Harris, Esq., magistrate of the County of Surrey, d Sept. 24, 1907, 

a 70. 
Mary, his widow, d Nov. 13, 1828 
Mary, his daughter, d Nov. 2, 1843. 
-Susanna, his daughter, d Feb. 18, 1871. 

By reference to the Gentleman's Magazine we find that Mr. 
Harris, who died in the Commission of the Peace for the 
county, was originally a druggist in St. Paul's Churchyard. 
He had a son named Francis, who was brought up to the 
medical profession, and practised in Croydon, He died on 
the 5th May, 1849, and was buried at Mitcham, where there 
is a monument erected to his memory. He married Har- 
riet St. Clair Kelly, daughter of Lieut. -Colonel Kelly, of the 
1st regiment of Life Guards, who died in India. Colonel 
Kelly's wife was buried in St. Peter's Churchj'^ard, where 
her name is recorded on a tomb, together with her husband's, 
which will be found noticed under the proper heading. 

Mrs. Jane Nockalls, d Jan. 15, 1813, a 98. 

Mrs. Lucy Wilson, d May 23, 1832, a 83. 

Mrs. Hester Russell, d j\Iarch 10, 1S17, a 82. 

Elizabeth Harris, May 12, 1823, a 18. 

Mrs. Ann Harris, d Nov. 26, 1826, a 56. 

Thomas Mackinder, who died suddenly the same day, a 55. 

Elizabeth Mackinder, his relict, d June i, 1833, a 69. 

Mary Harris d March 27, 1840, a 29. 

George Leonhard Steinman, Esq., d Jan. 4, 1S30, a 72. 

Susanna, his relict, d Oct. 14, 1S42, a 80. 

Louisa Bastin, their youngest daughter, d July 13, 1828, a 34. 

[Mr. Steinman's son published a History of Croydon.] 
Charles Church, d June 10, 1827, '^ 37- 

Weep not dear Friends, although on Earth, 

My time with you is past, 
With Christ above we hope to meet, 
Where happiness will last. 

John Duncan, d April 20, 1825, a 65. 
Sarah, his relict, d May 28, 1825, a 60. 

Dear friends, forbear to mourn and weep, 

While in the dust we sweetly sleep. 

This frailsome world we've left behind, 

A crown of glory now to find. 

George Drake, Esq., d April 21, 1800, a 60. 
Mrs. Mary Herbert, d April 7, 18&5, a 75. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Horn, d Feb. 11, i8og, a 77. 



20 Croydon in ike Past. 

Mrs. Phoebe Lovejoy, d Aug. 3, 1802, a 30. 

Jane George, wife of Richd. George, d Dec. 31, 1820, a 71. 
Sarah, second wife of Richd. George, d Feb. 22, 1828, a 47. 
Knhard George, d Aug. 30, 1849, a 88. 

Rebecca Sutton, d March 20, 1810, a 34. 

John Sutton, her husband, d Dec. 7, 1816, a 39. 

Mary Brunsden, spinster, d June 2, 1819, a 61. 
Miss Elizabeth Wright, d July 5, 1849, a 78. 

Mrs. Hester Lloyd, relict of the late Rev. Thomas Lloyd, of Hereford 
Cathedral, d June 30, 1840, a 73. 

Thomas Dax, Esq., d March 28, 1834, a 80. 
Ann, his widow, d Feb. 27, 1844, a 82. 

Thomas Dax, Esq., senior master of the Court of Exchequer [no age nor 

date] . 
Anne Elizabeth Dax, his relict, d April 19, 1861, a 62. 

Grata et Qiterna Memoria. 
George Bell, gent., d April ig, 1849, a 42. 

Relying only on the merits of his Saviour. 
Jenet Bell, his widow, d April 16, 1855 [no age]. 
William Higgs, of Church Street, Croydon, d Jan. 20, 1856, a 58. 

Isaac Hadfield, who died in Demerara, Feb., 1847. 
Mary, his wife, d Feb. 23, 1850, a 50. 

This Stone is erected by their affectionate children. 
Mr. Thomas Hall, d Oct. 18, 1859, a 70. 
Mr. Thomas Small, d Jan. 30, 1851, a 44. 
Emma Sophia Knight, d April 30, 1851, a 48. 

Berthia, wife of Wm. Tidy, d Jan. 27, 1837, ^ 4^- 

Wiiiiam Tidy, the respected sexton of tliis parish for 34 years, d March 
II, 1866, a 76. 
Keep innocency, and take heed unto the thing that is right, for that shall give 
a man peace at last. 

William Hillier, d Sept. 17, 1853, a 18. 
Thomas Green, d June 27, 1855, a 61. 

David Tidy, d March 8, 1826, a 62. 

The mas Albert Lockwood, d March i, 1826, a 2^. 

Richard Tidy, d May 24, 1838, a 57. 

Lucy, his wife, d Dec. 16, 1839, a 53, 

John Allen, news agent, 31, Surrey Street, d March 21, 1854, a 32. 
Hannah, wife of John Gibson, d Sept. 14, 1853, a 56. 
Andrew Stranger, rf March 17, 1854, a 3 months. 
Charlotte Stranger, d April 25, 1858, a 24. 

George Samuel Goddard, d June 14, 1854, a 74. 

" He died trusting in the merits of Christ, an heir of that righteousness 
which is by faith." 
Here shall we rest until that great judgment morning, 
W hen the last trump shall sound its awful warning; 
When the Archangel's voice, midst peals of thunder, 
Shall break the iron bands of death asunder, 
Tear up the graves, the elements confounding. 
And thro' the caverns of the deep resounding; 
Proclaiming through each lone sequestered lodgment, 
Awake, ye sleeping dead, and come to judgment. 



St. John's Churchyard. 21 

Ellen, wife of John German, d April 27, 1859, a 27. 
We laid her in the hallowed grave 
In hope of Him who died to save. 

Michael Newman, d Dec. 29, 1854, a 66. 

Mary Winter, d Oct. 18, 1856, a 86. 

John Geal, d Oct. 31, 1859, a 82. 
Mary Geal, his wife, d Jan., 1861, a 73. 

Edward Albrey Russell, son of Edward Russell, d March 30, 1861, a 26. 
Ann Waters, relict of the late Mr. Joseph Waters, d Feb. 17, i860, a 79. 

Lived beloved and died lamented. 
Emily Boyce, wife of Robert Boyce, d March 9, 1859, a 59. 
A tomb, now standing in the centre of the Churchyard, formerly stood 
outside the wall of the Old Church, enclosed with iron rails, backing 
up to the tomb of Archbishop Sheldon. When the church was 
rebuilt, this tomb (with the coffins) was removed to its present site. 
The following are the inscriptions thereon: 
Beneath this tomb repose the remains of the Right Hon. Lad\' Catharine 

Sheldon, late Phipps, who died in January, 1738. 
John Sheldon, Esq., of Mitcham, who died in March, 1752. 
The Right Hon. Constantine Phipps, Baron Mulgrave, who died in Septem- 
ber, 1775. 
The Right Hon. Lady Lepel Phipps, Baroness Mulgrave, who died in 

March, 1780. 
Richard Sheldon, Esq., of Lincoln's-inn-fields, who died the 15th February, 

1795, aged 72 years. 
William Sheldon, Esq., nephew of Richard Sheldon, Esq., also interred 

here, who died December 23, 1811, aged 38. 
Thomas Henry Sheldon, Esq., brother of the above, who died Feb. 5, 
1817, in his 70th year. 
[These two gentlemen were sons of William Sheldon, brother of Richard 
Sheldon, mentioned above.] 
It is rather curious that John Sheldon, whose relatives had his 
tomb backed up to that of Archbishop Sheldon, does not 
appear to have been any relation of that dignitary. This 
John Sheldon was second son of William Sheldon, of 
Mitcham, gent., and grandson of William Sheldon, who in 
his will, dated gth September, 1699, describes himself " of 
London, Draper, and now inhabitant of Clapham, in the 
county of Surrey." John Sheldon was the second husband 
of Lady Catherine Annesley, only daughter and heiress of 
James, third Earl of Anglese}^ by Lady Catherine Darnley, 
natural daughter of James IL She was relict of William 
Phipps, Esq., onl}' surviving son of Sir Constantine 
Phipps, Lord High Chancellor of Ireland, and by him had, 
with other issue, a son, Constantine Phipps, created (for 
some reason which we have not been able to ascertain) 
Baron Mulgrave of New Ross, in the Peerage of Ireland, 
3rd September, 1767, and he was buried in the same tomb 
as his mother, as the inscription thereon testifies. The 
burial of John Sheldon and some of his relatives at 
Croydon was probably in consequence of having, by 
accident, resided in this parish at the time of his wife's 
death, she desiring in her will to be buried " in the parish 



22 Croydon in the Past. 

church}ard where I dye." She was consequently buried at 
Croydon, and he was, at his desire, buried with her. The 
Phipps and Sheldon tomb is composed of stone, with white 
marl.le panels. During the removal of the coffins from 
the side of the Church wall to their present resting-place, 
it was seen that the coffin containing the remains of Lord 
]Mul<:rave had been filled up with wax, evidently with the 
intention of preserving the body. The will of Lady 
Catherine Sheldon is worthy of notice. After devising her 
propert)', she leaves the care of her children " to my much- 
loved and honoured mother, Catherine, Duchess of Buck- 
ingham," but if she refused the guardianship, she thea 
commits them to the care of " my aforesaid husband, he 
having always been to me a most indulgent, tender, and 
affectionate husband, and to my dear children has always 
been a most kind and loving Father. . . . And I order 
and direct my Executor to dispose my funeral in the 
following manner, that is to say I will be buryed in the 
Parish Churchyard, where I dye, and to be carried in a 
Hearse, with only one pair of horses, without escocheons, 
plumes, or any other ornaments. I will have no coach 
nor attendance to follow me. I will have no pall bearers, 
chief mourner, nor mourners, but I will have six of my 
nearest poor neighbours to carry my body from the hearse 
to the grave ; to each of them I will give ten shillings and 
sixpence. I will have no torches for I direct that I shall be 
carried out of my house in the morning at the break of 
day. I will that there be no rings given in remembrance 
of me, and tis my desire that all herein mentioned con- 
cerning my funerall be as punctually performed as any 
other part of my Will, and lastly, I do hereby appoint my 
loving husbanci, John Sheldon, Esq., Sole Executor." In 
the will of John Sheldon, he is described as "John 
Sheldon, of Mitcham, in the county of Surrey, Esquire." 
He directs, " And I will that I be buried with the Right 
Honourable Lady Catherine, m}' late dear deceased wife, 
who lyes in Croydon Church Yard. The Funeral and 
expence of repairing the vault and laying a marble slab 
with an inscription, not exceeding one hundred pounds." 
Alter reciting a variety of legacies, comes this peculiar 
item, " to John Johnson, an infant about ten 3'ears old, the 
son of Ann Osborn, the now w^ife of John Bishop, ;^500." 
He left the residue of his estate to his nephew, Richard 
Sheldon. There is not a word in an}' of these documents 
relating to Archbishop Sheldon. In some histories it is 
stated that John Sheldon was the son of the Archbishop, 
but it is impossible this can be true, as that dignitary never 
was married. 

Henry Hattcn, ci Oct. 30, 1839, a 68. 
John Reeks, d Jan. 4, 1861, a 47. 

Jan-.es W'inc!(.\v, Esq., of Craig's Court, London, and Acdisccmbe Road^ 
d Feb. 26, 1859, a 68. 



St. John's Churchyard. 23 

The following lines were formerly on a rail — 

Thou shalt do no murder, nor shalt thou steal, 
Are the commands Jehovah did reveal ; 
But thou, O wretch, who without fear or dread 
Of thy tremendous Maker, shot me dead 
Amidst my strength and sin, but. Lord forgive, 
As I through boundless mercies hope to live ! 

Caroline, wife of George Matthew, d July 20, 1858, a 70. 
George Washford Matthew, d April 18, i860, a 75. 

[Mr. Matthew was a stage-coach proprietor, and ran a coach to London before 
the railway was opened.] 

Long before the screech of the locomotive was heard, and when 
many of the tradesmen of the town occasionally walked to 
and from London, Mr. Matthew (" Georgy," as he was 
commonly called), a kind-hearted unsophisticated man, was 
for many years proprietor and driver of one of the old 
Croydon coaches. It was rather a slow coach, it is true, 
but it was always considered very safe, and there was an 
old joke, often repeated over the morning glass, that upon 
one occasion, when Mr. Matthew held up his whip, and 
hailed a Croydon tradesman who was walking to town, the 
pedestrian, looking round with a twinkle in his eye, said, 
" Can't ride this morning, Mr. Matthew. I'm in a hurry, 
and want to get to town early." But there were coaches in 
those days, and the mail, that went the pace, viz., " The 
Times," " The Age," and other Brighton coaches, well 
horsed and often driven by noblemen and gentlemen, which 
rattled through the town at ten miles an hour. 

" Alas ! alas ! where are they gone. 
The coach, the bays, and greys .•" 
Alas ! alas ! where are the}- gone. 
The light of other days ? " 

" Though the coachmen of old are dead. 
Though the guards are turned to clay. 
You will still remember the "yard of tin," 
And the mail of the olden day." 

Elizabeth Elgie, d Aug. 12, i860, a 64. 
Ann Phillips, d March 10, 1861, a 71. 
Elizabeth Janet Watson, d Jan. 18, 1859, a 86. 
Mary Polhill, born Jan. 24, 1767, died May 25, 1858. 

William Steward Owen, Esq., of Duppas Hill Place, d Nov. 26, 1855, a 64. 
[One of the first members of the Croydon Local Board of Health.] 

James Waters, d April 3, 1853, a 31. 

Elizabeth Waters, his mother, d Oct. 15, 1857, a 61. 

J. V. Routledge, his son-in-law, d Jan. 17, 1859, a 31. 

John Waters Routledge, his son, who died at sea, Aug. 7, 1874, a 17. 

Charlotte, wife of Wm. Agate, d Aug. 4, 1850, a 72. 

George Agate, d March 19, 1850, a 80. 
May, his wife, d April 4, 1850, a 78. 

Ann, daughter of Edward and Ann Bond, d July 24, 1850, a 23. 
Edward Bond, d Jan. 8, 1856, a 60. 

Ann, wife of Thomas Pretty, d May 7, 1848, a 76. 



24 Croydon in the Past. 

Edward Dickenson, gent, d Nov. 8, 1S27, a 71, 

Mary Magdalene Dickenson, died at Vauxhall, Lambeth, June 7, 1841, 

a 76. 
Mary Brumsden, d June 22, 1811, a 61. 

Elizabeth, wife of Patrick Drummond, solicitor, d Aug, 29, 1845, a 73. 
Patrick Drummond, her husband, d Nov. 5, 1S45, a 79. 
Also, Mary Drummond, their daughter, d Nov. 17, 1871, a 67, 

" All that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth." 

John v. 28. 
[These were the father, mother, and sister of the late John and the present 
William Drummond, of North End.] 

Thomas Miller, b Nov. 3, 1767, d Dec. 14, 1855. 

" My flesh also shall rest in hope." 
The deceased was a gentleman of considerable musical abilities, 
and was the first person to officiate at the organ erected in 
1794, and destroyed in the fire. Mr. Miller filled the post 
of organist for some years without fee or reward. 
Wm. Curtis, d Oct. 4, 1853, a 53. 

Mary, wife of Richard Mann, d June 17, 1850, a 58. 
Richard Mann, her husband, d Sept. 17, 1856, a 68. 

[Mr. Richard Mann was a tallow chandler and plumber.] 
Knivett Leppingweil, d Sept. 21, 1849, a 72. 
Charles James Messenger, d Sept. 19, 1851, a 32. 

Margaret, wife of Robert Corney, b Feb. 17, 1785, d Feb. 17, 1850. 

Mr. Robert Corney, her husband, b May 25, 1787, rf Jan. 28, 1868. 

Maria, their daughter, b Feb. 27, 1812, d Nov. 26, 1851. 
[Ancestors of Mr. Corney, pipe-maker, of High Street.] 

Harry, son of John and Ann Grantham, d Nov. 2, 1853, a 46. 
His frame no more shall pain or sickness know, 
For gentle death has closed the scene of woe. 

Also Mr. John Grantham, his father, d April 16, 1856, a 81. 

Sarah, his wife, d April 30, 1856, a 67. 

Gabriel Shaw, Esq., only son of Charles Shaw, Esq., of Lawton in Cheshire, 
and of Elizabeth Ludlow, his w'ife, d Feb. 11, 1851, a 75. 
Beloved and lamented by all who knew him. 
Ann wife of Mr. David Grantham, d July 21, 1852, a 46. 
John Cream, d June i, 1851, a 53. 

Joseph Noble, of Wood Street, Cheapside, d Nov. 27, 1857, '^ 39- 
Plumer Eyles, formerly of Lewes, Sussex, d June 3, 1851, a 85. 
John Blake, d Feb. 23, 1852, a 72. 

John Blake was for many years the principal auctioneer in 
in Croydon. He was wealthy, and a gentleman of 
unblemished character, and was highly valued b}- all who 
knew him, not only for his wonderful business habits and 
integrity, but for his benevolence, his hospitality, and his 
bonhomie. HiS whole life had been spent in the parish, 
and had been one of almost incessant activity in the path 
of usefulness. 
Edward Grantham, Esq., d June 13, 1852, a 71. 
Elizabeth Jane, his sister, d Jan. 14, 1865, a 86. 

[Mr. Grantham was a surveyor of considerable eminence.] 



St. John's Churchyard. 25 

In this vault are deposited the remains of Robert Wells Eyles, Esq., late 
of Brickwood House, a magistrate for the County of Surrey, li Oct. 

I5> 1853. « 70- 
Sarah Susannah, his wife, d June 20, 1830, a 56. 
Mary Ann, their youngest daughter, d Sept. 23, 1828, a 14. 

Their remains are deposited in a vault in the church of St. Mai tin, Ludgate, 

London. 

On the side panels, John Brown Eyles, of St. Andrews Court, Holborn, d 

Nov. 26, 1863, a 6g. 
Robert Meyrick, youngest child of Edward and Sarah Eyles, d July 4, 1855, 

a 6 years 5 months. 
In the cemetery are interred the remains of Mary Anne, sister of R. W. 

and J. B. Eyles, d April 28, 1S68. 
Also their sister, Ann Elizabeth Eyles, d May 19, 1870, a 73. 

James Robinson Esq., of Croydon and Queen Street Place, London, (/ Aug. 
4, 1853, a 63. 

Maria, wife of Wm. Inkpen, d Aug. 8, 1855, a 56. 

Each moment since her dying hour, 

My loss I keenly feel, 
But trust I feel the Saviour's power. 
To sanctify and heal. 
Also Wm. Inkpen, d Oct. 28, 1873, a 85. 

[The deceased left the sum of ^600 to the inhabitants of the Little Alms- 
houses.] 

Air. Inkpen was the principal coach proprietor in Croj-don, and 
like his old friend and competitor Mr. Matthews, he almost 
always drove one of his own teams. His coaches were 
always well horsed, and all the appointments were good ; 
and, if he did not go the pace that kills, he generally 
accomplished the journey to or from London in a little over 
an hour. Mr. Inkpen was highly respected by his fellow- 
townsmen, and al\va3'S won golden opinions from his 
numerous passengers. He was, perhaps, a little narrow- 
minded and prejudiced, and had such a horror of and dislike 
to railways that he was never known to enter one of their 
carriages. He was a man of property, chairman of the 
Board of Guardians, and died at a ripe old age. 
" The sun is set that once shone out, 

So bright upon these teams ; 
The night has come, and all that's past. 

Seem but as fleeting dreams." 

Elizabeth King, d Dec. 19, 1857, a 82. 

Henry Clark, late of Rudgvvick, Sussex, d July 3, 1858, a ^^. 

Benjamin Bailey, for many years sergeant in the Fusilier Guards, d Feb. 

I, 1858, a 76. 
Elizabeth, his widow, and formerly wife of Charles Strudwicke, d Nov. 30, 

1S58, a 77. 

Eleanor Kirkham, d March 17, 1S60, a 45. 

James Latter, d March 15, 1857, a 59. 

Benjamin Weller, d Oct. 25, 1856, a 52. 

Mrs. Unity Elizabeth Weller, d Jan. 29, 1S57, a 51. 

Ellen, beloved child of Henr}- and Elizabeth Mary Richards, d March 12, 
1855, rt II. 



26 Croydon in the Past. 

Richard Priddy, (/ Feb 5, 1S51, a 71. 
Mary Priddy, his widow, </ Jan. 28, 1856, a 73. 
[Mr. Priddy was a maltster, living on Crown Hill.] 

Robert Wm. Bond, d April 23, 1855, a 22. 
Emma Hannah Bond, d May 17, 1859, a 30. 

Elizabeth, wife of Henry Downing, died Jan. 7, 1855, a 71. 
Henry Downing, d at Thelnetham, Suffolk, Jan. 5, 1859, a 79. 

Archibald Henry Greeves, d May 28, 1854, a 45. 

William Wickens, d April 15, 1854, a 45. 

Juh'a, the truly and dearly beloved wife of William Hallett, corn merchant, 
of High street, and widow of the above William Wickens, d Aug. 6, 
i860. 

How then ought I to live, 

While God withholds the kind reprieve. 

To live well die never, 

To die well and live for ever. 

To bear from the world of grief and sin, 

Eternally with God shut in. 

Rev. Brice Fletcher, d Sept. 11, 1854, a 83. 

Looking unto Jesus. 

Mary, wife of the late Samuel Taylor of the Borough, d Jan. ig, 1854, a 83. 
Emily Frances Adams, her grandchild, d March 27, 1841, a i5. 

John, son of the late Rev. Jno. Geo. Hodgson, m.a., vicar of this parish, 
d Dec. 23, 1853, a 9. 
" He shall gather the lambs in his arms and carry them in his bosom." 
Wm. Wright, d Dec. 3, 1868, a 42. 
Sarah, wife of Mr. A. R. Sewell, d Sept. 12, 1853, ^ 50- 

What is your life ? It is even a vapour that appeareth for a little time and 
then vanisheth away. 

Charles Henry Large, youngest son of the late Robert Large, Esq., of 
Great Clacton, Essex, d Aug. 29, 1853, a 56. 

Benjamin Day, nephew of George Day, of the Railway Bell Inn, Croydon, 
d Jan. 10, i860, a 18. 

William Johnson, saddler, d April 6, 1S53, a 52. 

Rebecca Chesterman, d Aug. 27, 1852, a 35. 
Horatio Chesterman, d Jan. 8, 1853, a 40. 

Theodore H. A. Fieldmg, d July 11, 1851, a 70. 

And merciful men are taken away ; none considering the righteous is taken 
away from the evil to come. 

Mrs. Martha Stead, of the Gun Inn, ^ Dec. 9, 1862, a 64. 

William Stead, her son, d March 2, 1853, a 29. 

Susanna, Wm. Stead's wife, d July 20, 1851, a 28. 

William Stead, of the Gun Inn, d Aug. 5, 1855, a 56. 

Husband and father of the above, who, after a succession of domestic troubles 
during his stay in Croydon, departed this life in the full conviction of inherit- 
ing a belter one ; beloved and respected by all who knew him. 

William Cheetham Hales, d Jan. 3, 1859, a 41. 

Edward Booth, d Sept. 13, 1859, a 53. 

O reader, obseive this stone erected here. 
Contains a loving l'"ather, tender parent dear, 
Who sought no honours, betraj'ed no trust. 
But strove in all his dealings to be just, 
This truth he braved in every path he trod, 
An honest man is the noblest work of God. 



St. John's Churchyard. 27 

Hannah, wife of Mr. John Battersbee, d Dec. 28, 1853, a 75. 

Sarah Morley, wife of Mr. John Morley, d Sept. 4, 1852, a 63. 

Here lieth the remains of Charles Yewens, " who when Hving was a man, 

now of his kindred dust," born Aug. 23, 1798, died Sept. 3, i860. 
Susy Margaret, his infant daughter, d Aug. 28, 1855, a 3. 

Joshua Bignell, late livery stable keeper, d May 8, 1850, a 67. 

Mr. Bignell kept for a number of years the celebrated hunting 
stables near the Derby Arms Inn. He was a kind-hearted, 
humane, and upright man, though occasionally a little 
hriisquc in his manners, and hot-tempered. " Old Josh " 
was not only well known at Melton and Rugby by all the 
sporting men who rode with the Quorn and the Pytchley, 
but also by all the swells who sported scarlet in the 
Midlands. He was a hater of humbug, and a lover of 
horses, and the man would have had a hot time of it who 
failed in carefully nursing a hunter after a hard day's run 
with the " Old Surrey" or the Stag Hounds. Poor " Old 
Josh ! " What would be your feelings now if you could see 
the dilapidated state of the old stables which were formerly 
kept so neat and trim, both by yourself and subsequently 
by your son Atwood, who was veritably a " chip of the old 
block." 

Ann, his wife, d April 27, 1867, on her S4th birthday. 

James Bennett, late of the Derby Arms, d March 19, 1849, a 60. 
Sarah Bennett, his wife, d Jan. 20, 1875, a 85. 

Elizabeth, her daughter, who died on her passage to Port Phillip, South 
Australia, Dec. 20, 1848, a 27. 

Sarah, wife of Attwood Bignell, daughter of James Bennett, of the Derby 

Arms, d Aug. 5, 1849, a 30. 
James Bennett, her brother, d May 6, i85o, a 43. 

Major-General Sir Ephraim G. Stannus, c.b., for many years Lieut. - 
Governor of the Honourable East India Company's Military College- 
at Addiscombe, d Oct. 21, i860, a 66. 
There is a marble tablet erected to the memory of this gentleman 
in St. James's Church by his brother officers. Before his ap- 
pointmentto AddiscombeCollege heservedwith considerable 
distinction in various campaigns in India, Arabia, and Persia. 
Some years before Sir Ephraim Stannus was governor, the 
discipline at the College was not perhaps quite so strict as 
it might have been, and there were sometimes quarrels 
and fights between the cadets and the roughs of the town. 
The cadets were nicknamed puppies because (it was said) 
they hunted and tortured cats, and whenever the offensive 
word was applied to these spirited lads, a row was sure to 
ensue, and many a fight took place in the town and at 
Addiscombe, resulting in broken heads and damaged noses.. 

Jane, wife of Wm. P. Robinson, d Nov. g, 1833, a 38. 
Christopher John Robinson, her son, d Nov. 9, 1833, a 11 days. 

"Man Cometh up and is mowed down as a flower, he fleeth as it were a shadow,, 
and never maketh a stay." 

Charlotte Davidson, youngest daughter of the late James Davidson, m.d., 
Professor in Imnechel College, Aberdeen, d March 16, 1848. 



23 Croydon in the Past. 

Catharine Rachel, daughter of Dr. Wm. Chalmers, d Jan. 26, 1831, a 13. 

Elizabeth Margaret, his wife, d May 28, 1846, a 52. 

Wm. Chalmers, m.d,, d Oct. 13, 1862, a 76. 

Eliza, wife of James Constable, d Dec. 8th, 1849, a 29. 

Ellen, wife of Charles Arnold, d Sept. i, 1872, a 30. 

George, husband of Maria Constable, d Jan. 4, iSSi, a 39. 

Emily Kerrell, d June 27, 1853, a 20. 
William Wood, d Aug. 3, 1854, a 66. 
Rhoda Shepherd, d Nov. 15, 1858, a 43. 
Jabez Towell, d Oct. 6, 1855, a 3 years. 

Jesus, lover of my soul. 

Let me to thy bosom flee, 
While the raging billows roll, 

While the tempest still is high. 
Hide me, oh, my Saviour hide. 
Till the storm of life is past. 
Safe into the haven guide. 
Oh, receive my soul at last. 
Amelia Mary, daughter of Robert and Lucy Titman, Drill-Sergeant 

Grenadier Guards, d Feb. 7, 1858, a 4. 
Lucy Jane, her sister, d April 10, 1854, a 9 months. 
See from earth, the fading lily rise, 
It springs, it grows, it flourishes and dies, 
So these fair flowers, scarce blossomed for a day. 
Short was the blossom, earlj' the decay. 

Wm. Bowman, son of John and Mary Bowman, of Leatherhead, d Aug. 22, 
1851, a 70. 

Salome, wife of Mr. John Barnes, d April 3, 1856, a 26. 
Led by simplicity divine. 
She pleased and never tried to shine. 

Mrs. Rebecca Peters, wife of Thomas Peters, d June 21, 1852, a 23. 
Eliza Mary, her daughter, d Feb. 6, 1853, a i year 5 months. 

Edward James Croft, d Nov. 10, 1855, ^ 46- 
Edward Charles Croft, his son, d Oct. 8, i860, a 23. 
Chas. Sidney Smith, d June 3, 1859, a 59. 

G. J., d June 16, i860. 

I shall go to him, but he shall not come to me. 

Kate Sarah Ebbutt, d April 17, 1857, ^ 7 months. 

Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Lamb Bennett, d March 23, i860, a 36. 

A good wife and tender mother. 
Major Berners, late of the Royal Artillery, d May 80, 1853, a 57. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Morris and Elizabeth Hughes, d March 18, 1854, 
a 20. 

Then farewell, dear child, farewell, 

Though severed still, our hearts are one, 
In distant spheres, awhile farewell, 
We part to meet again anon. 

Mrs. Catharine Spencer, d June 29, 1855, a 71. 
John Spencer, her husband, d Sept 10, 1832, a 47. 
Thomas Spencer, her son, d June 5, 1877, a 40. 



The following tombs are in the narrow strip of land at the tower 

end of the Church betiveen the footpath and the road. 
George Hicks, butcher, died May 3, 1845, a 29. 



St. John's Churchyard. 29 

Joseph Coomber, d Oct. 4, 1S31, a 21. 

Martha Coomber, his mother, d Nov. 28, 1831, a 39. 

James Coomber, his father, d Dec. 1850, a 84. 

Sarah Markham, d Aug. 2, 1827, a 39. 
Charles Strudwicke, d Feb. 3, 1853, a 65. 

Eliza Holliday, (/ Nov. 24, 1835, a 72. 
Argent HolHday, d Dec. 8, 1835, a 30. 
Richard HoUidaj', d Dec. 28, 1835, a 74. 

[The Hollidays were a well known Waddon family.] 

Elizabeth, wife of John Young, d Jan. 24, 1822, a 38. 

Also 9 of her children, who died in their infancj-. 

Ah, solemn death, that by commission comes, 
To call a loving wife and tender mother home, 
No longer to assist her partner in his cares. 
No more advise her offspring in their tender years. 

George Weller, d Jan. 10, 1802, a 28. 
Alexander Cummings, d Aug. 3, 1S41, a 53. 
Ann Woodward, d Jan. 7, 1858. 

Farewell, vain world, we've had enough of thee, 

And value not what thou canst say of me, 

Thy smiles I court not, nor thy frowns I fear, 

All's one to me, my head lies quiet here. 
James Woodward, her father, d Jan. 20, 1S46, a 74. 
Jane, his wile, d May 27, 1846. 

In death we were not parted. 

Here lies the remains of an Honest Man — John Kennedy, late Quarter- 
Master of his Majesty's Royal Wagon Train, d Jan. 28, 1804, a 49. 
Christiana Kennedy, his wife, d Aug. 10, 181S, a 63. 

John Stagg, d Aug. i, 1833, a 79. 

Hannah Stagg, his wife, d Dec. 21, 1835, a 70. 

Mary Ann Stagg, d March 22, 1845, a 45. 

Sarah, wife of Thos. Skinner, d Aug. 24, 1849, a 70, 

John Williamson, d March 21, 1822, a 83. 

Sarah, his wife, d May 17, 1827, a 70. 

John Williamson, his son, d March 12, 1S33, i" the prime of life. 

Walter Wilson, d Sept. i, 1831, a 58. 
Sarah, his wife, d April 15, 1834, a 57. 



The following Tombs lie in the space between the South side of the 
Church and the Footpath. 

There are a few ancient stones laid near the Church walls, which came out 
of the old Church. We give the inscriptions in full : — 

Here lyeth interred ye body of Svsana Legatt, ye wife of Mr. George 
Legatt, citizen and Dry Fishmonger of London, ye only davghter of 
Mr. Richard Shalleros, of ye Parish of Croj'don, yeoman, aged 24 
years, leveing one son. Shee departed this life ye 9th day of Sept. 
in ye yeare of our Lord God, 1679. 

Sara, the wife of Jonathan Andrews, of London, marchant, dyed the i of 
October, 1645. 

[This is the oldest tombstone in the Churchyard]. 



30 Croydon in the Past. 

In memory of Mr. George Lowen, late of London, butcher. He married 
Mary, the only daughter of Mr. Joshua Pennyall, of Croydon, 
butcher, by whom he had issue one daughter, who died in her 
infancy, and all three hereunder be interr'd. He died Oct. 26, 1741, 
aged 43 years. His said wife died before him, that is to say, the 
26th day of February, 1727, in the 22d year of her age. 

Joshua Pennyall, d May 13, 1758, a 84. 

Mrs. Ann Gallant, widow (eldest daughter of Thomas Morton, Esq., of 

Whitehorse), d Feb. 11, 1733, a 72. 
Jane Gallant, wife of Robert Gallant, d Feb. 19, 1736, a 52. 

Martha, second wife of Robert Gallant, d Sept. 16, 1754, a 45. 
Robert Gallant, d Feb. 7, 1764, a 72. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Brown, d April 23, 1833, a 60. 

William Hills Tanner, d Nov. 12, 1720, a 74. 
Walter Hills Tanner, his brother, d Sept 26, 1717, a 79. 
Elizabeth Hill, wife of Richard Hill, d Feb. 10, 1720, a 25. 
Richard and William Hill, infant sons. 

[This family were Tanners by name and Tanners by trade.] 

Thomas Fames, d Nov. 31, 1779, a 44. 
John Fames, his son, d March 17, 1796, a 53. 
Sarah Fames, his wife, d April 28, 1805, a 85. 
Also John and Mary Davey, of this parish. 

[Mr. Fames was in his day the principal builder in the town, and to his hands 
was entrusted the reconstruction of the roof of the Old Church in 1760.] 

Mary, widow of Robert Mackett, d Aug. 22, 1786, a 83. 

Alexander Galdcleugh, Esq., of Broad Green, d Jan. 18, 1809, a 55. 
Elizabeth, his daughter, wife of William Plaskett, Esq., of Old Burlington 

Street, d Nov. 24, 1832, a 41. 
Elizabeth, widow of Alexander Galdcleugh, Esq., d Feb. 8, 1835, a 67. 

[Mr. Galdcleugh was the last owner of the chancel. He sold it to the parish 
shortly before his death.] 

Joseph Williams, citizen and grocer of London, d June 5, 1759, a 57. 

John Harley, gentleman, d Jan. 15, 1705, a 62. 
Mary Harley, his wife, d March 7, 1715, a 74. 

Gharles Smith, d Nov. 11, 1845, a 40. 

Gharlotte Mary Oswald, 1856. 

Elizabeth, relict of James Moulton, gent., d Feb. 10, 1772, a 67. 

Daniel Richard, Esq., of Waddon, d Dec, 1743, a 82. 

Mr. Robert Sulley, d March 17, 1835, a 56. 

Jane, relict of above, d April 3, 1843, a 66. 

Also Alfred Richard and Elizabeth Marshall, d Nov., 1832. 

Ann Peach, daughter of Hugh and Mary Peach, d Oct. 20, 1716, a 32. 

Thomas Merredew, d July 17, 1847, a 75. 

Elizabeth, his wife, d July 7, 1853, a 74. 

Charlotte Merredew, daughter of John and Sarah Merredew, d Feb. 17, 

i860 [no age]. 
John Merredew, d Sept 2, 1806, a 36. 
Eliza, his daughter, d Sept. 3, 1823, a 21. 
Sarah, his wife, d Jan, 16, 1826, a 63. 
Edmund, his son, d Sept. 18, 1848, a 50. 



St. John's Churchyard. 31 

Christopher Margett, d Oct. 12, 1808, a 68. 
Robert Margett, her nephew, d Nov. 13, 1856, a 82. 
Sarah, his wife, d May 10, 1S56, a 84. 

[Mr. Margett was a greengrocer, and for a number of years occupied the shop 
now belonging to Mr. Browning in Church Street. " Margett"s Yard " 
takes its name from him.] 

Ann, wife of Thomas Part, d June 24, 1792, a 39. 

Long as the good congenial worth revere, 
As worth departed prompts the gushing tear, 
So long to virtue just and urged by woe. 
For thee, the heart shall grieve, the eye shall flow. 
And w'hilst by friendship led or grief opprest, 
VVe tread these limits where thy reliques rest, 
With thy loved image shall thy virtues rise. 
Sooth the keen pang and train us for the skies. 

Benjamin Hayward, d Aug. 19, 1816, a 46. 

An affectionate husband. 
The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no more. Thine eyes are 
upon me, and I am not. 
Also Benjamin, son of the above. A most lovely infant and an only child. 
He was taken from his distress'd parents Aug. 24, 1815, a 2 years and 
2 months. 

Of such is the Kingdom of Heaven. 

Elizabeth, wife of Joshua Hayward, d June 18, 1799, a 37. 
Joshua Hayward, her husband, d Dec. 31, 1850, a 93. 

[Grandfather to Mr. Hayward of the Windsor Castle Inn, on the Brighton 
Road.] 

Walter Lewen, d Aug. 14, 1781, a 81. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d March g, 1788, a 74. 

Ann, daughter of John and Mary Fulker, d April 11, 1826, a 2 years and 8 

months. 
Mary Fulker, her mother, d April 8, 1847, a 43. 
John Fulker, her father, d Nov. 19, i860, a 65. 

Robert Smith, of Streatham, d Feb. 21, 1825, a 63. 
Mary Smith, his wife, d Dec. 29, 1853, a 77. 
John Smith, d April 26, 1S38, a 38. 
Robert Smith, d March 16, 1859, a 64. 

John Walder, d Feb. 24, 1766, a 34. 
Jane, his wife, d Nov. 7, 1817, a 83. 
Ann, his daughter, d June 9, 1831. 

In memory of Mr. John Harris, an honest man and skilful florist, rf Jan. 4, 
1811, a 59. 

Fond to admire creation's various powers 

In all the fragrance and the hue of flowers 

He marked their rising from the earthly tomb 

Swell into verdure, — redden into bloom ; 

Die to revive through Nature's wond'rous maze. 

Emblem of man ! the source of holy praise ; 

And now his body in the earth is lain, 

Like them, tho' dead, to rise and bloom again. 

Mrs. Ann Brown, d Feb. 19, 1831, a 72. 

Mr. Thomas Brown, her husband, d May 24, 1831, a 62. 

Elizabeth Ann Brown, d March 28, 1833, a 64. 

Mr. Henry Brown, her husband, d May 21, 1843, a 66. 

Sarah Chapman, d May 8, 1844, 0-51. 

Jaffnes Chapman (her husband), d March 24, 1852, a 80. 



32 Croydon in the Past. 

Here lies the body of Anna, the loving and beloved wife of Roger Ander- 
son, of London, j'oungest of the seven sons of William and Bridget 
Anderson, of this parish. She was daughter of the Rev. Dr. 
Casson. Rector of Sutton in Herefordshire, and one of the Prebends 
of Hereford Minster, a great sufferer during the time of Cromwell's 
usurpation, for his firm adherence to the Church of England, and his 
loyalty to the royal martyr. She died igth Jan., 1723, in the 74th 
year of her age. Finis coronat opus. 

Mortis trophsum de corpore Henrici Hoar, medico-chirurgi, qui prisci 

candoris et humanitatis se exemplum prsebuit et plane bonus fuit 

licet optimis comparetur. xi Februarii obiit, anno salutis mdccix, 

getatis L.xxii. Annis ille senex fuit et candore; sed ilium dixerunt 

omnes non satis esse senem. 

[He was married at Gatton, in this county, on the 21st June, 1677, to Jane, 

eldest daughter of John Hedge, of that place, by whom he had issue 

two daughters.] 

Susan Anderson, d Feb. 19, 1776, a 80. 
William Johnson, d Oct. 26, 1776, a 42. 
Mary, his wife, d March 13, 1788, a 52. 
George FuUick, d May 3, 1808, a 45. 
Eliza Fullick, d Sept. 4, 1819, a 92. 

William Haydon. d Oct. 8, 1824, a 74. 

Amey Haydon, d July 19, 1820, a 64. 

Ann, wife of James Haydon, d Feb. 4, 1829, a 45. 

James Haydon (her husband), d Jan. 15, 1858, a 76. 

Rachel Levens, d Dec. 20, 1744, a 65. 
Richard Levens, d Sept. 16, 174S, a 77. 

James Chapman, d Feb. 3, 1841, a 47. 

In memory of Ursula Swinbourne, who, after fulfilling her duty in that 
station of life her Creator had allotted her, and by her faithful and 
affectionate conduct, in a series of 35 years, rendered herself re- 
spected and beloved while living, and her loss sincerely regretted by 
the family she lived with, departed tiiis life the 5th January-, 1781, 
^g^d 55- Reader, let not a fancied inferiority from her station in 
life prevent thy regarding her example ; but remember according' to 
the number of talents given shall the increase be expected. 

Edward Daniel, d May 5, 1782, a 54. 
Edward Daniel, d July 22, 1827, a 75. 
Elizabeth Daniel, d Oct. 5, 1834, a 71. 

John Gray, d Dec. 5, 1841, a 27. 

Ann Buckland, wife of Samuel Buckland, d Oct. 31, 1826, a 68. 
Samuel Buckland, d Aug. 28, 1805, a 55. 

Anthony Matthew, d Nov. 2, 1835, a 63. 

Wm. Hancock, d Oct. 3, 1870, a 76. 
Mary Hancock, his wife [rest illegible]. 

John Knight, d June 12, 1766, a 66. 

Afflictions sore long time I bore, 
Physicians was* in vain. 
Till death did seize, and God did please, 
To ease me of my pain. 

[This verse is repeated four times in the Churchyard and seven times in the 

Cemetery] . 

• This word has been variously mis-spelt ; in some cases the word " where " 
being used. 



St. John's CJiurchyard. 33 

Sacred to the memory of Henry Haldane, Esq., Student of Physic, who 
departed this life the 2S January. 1810, in the 23 year of his age. 
With manners gentle, and with zealous mind, 
Both formed complete, to benefit mankind ; 
The healing art he sought with keen desire, 
Thro' fume pestiferous, and contagion dire. 
Careless of self, intent on other's ease, 
This mortal Irame severe disorder seize ; 
Him, fierce cathartic and horrid coughs assail, 
O'er which no skill or science could prevail ; 
Tyrannic Death, who viewed him as a foe, 
Stretch'd forth his dart, and struck the deadly blow ; 
Down sank the youth ; his earthly part soon lies, 
But to its God, the dismal spirit flies ; 
There placed with Seraphs in the realms above. 
In joy, in peace, in happiness and love; 
They to his soul all joyous comfort bring. 
While to their God they hallelujah's sing. 

Avaunt ! thou tyrant, where is then thy sting ? 

\Vm, Brown, gentleman, d Nov. 25, 1S07, a 57. 
Mrs. Mary Brown, his mother, d Jan. 8, 1816, a 94. 

Jane, wife of Thomas Weaver, of Park Hill Farm, d Jan. 3, 1S49, a 42. 

The memory of the just is blessed. 
Richard Codnor Henley, of Abbotts Kerswell, Devonshire, d Sept. 21, 1S48, 

a 25. 
William Hollands, d April 10, 1826, a 76. 

Forbear, my friends, to weep. 

Since death has lost its sting; 

Those Christians that in Jesus sleep 

Our God will with Him bring. 

Francis Merritt, d April 11, 1733, a 60. 

In this dark bed doth lie, 

A husband dear and so must I. 

Mary Ward, d Jan. 21, 1823, ^ 73- 
Thomas Ward, d June, 1789, a 71. 

George Godsalve, d April i, 1763, a 50. 
Sarah, his wife, d June 21, 1790, a 80. 

Richard, Sarah. John, and Martha, who died in their minority. 
Also, Mrs. Sarah Read, mother of the above, d June 28, 1822, a 75. 
Thomas Read, d Sept. 18, 1823, ^ 83. 

Sarah Godsalve, widow of Wm. Coward, Esq., of Brixton, d June 22, 1849, 
a 70. 
[There is a small stone tablet in St. Clement's Church, Hastings, erected to 
the memory of Mr. Coward, who died Sept. 27th, 1823, aged 70.] 

Elizabeth Coombes, d July 28, 1771, a, 69. 
Thomas Coombes, her son, d Oct. 9, 1761, a 39. 
Elizabeth Coombes, her daughter, d Nov. 14. 1775, a 48. 
William Coombes, another son, d Oct, 15, 1794. 

John Puzey, d June 26, 1833, a 40. 

For here we have no continuing city, for we seek one to come. 
Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Mayhew, d Jan. 5, 1800, a 9. 
Mary, his mother, d May 10, 1826, a 67. 

Henry Skinner, d Dec. 19, 1842, a 75, 

Mary Skinner, d Oct. 6, i?44, a 72. 

Hannah, wife of W'm. Thornton, of Waddon, d May 24, 1S44, a 56. 

Wm. Thornton, her husband, d Nov. 29, 1838, a 72. 

D 



oi Croydon in the Past. 

John Henry Cazenove, Esq., of Waddon, rf Jan. 24, 1817, a 80. Univer- 
sally benevolent, generous, and social, his virtues will live in the re- 
membrance of his grateful relatives who have erected this monument. 

George Brooks, d June 27, 1852, a 31. 

Hannah Mary Brooks, his daughter, d Sept. 19, 1863, a 6. 

Mary, beloved wife of Richd. Sanderson, of Norbury House, d Sept. 24, 

1826, a 68. 
Richard Sanderson, merchant and citizen of London, b at Wigton, in 

Cumberland, d Aug. 20, 1837, a 75. 

Martha, daughter-in-law of William Higgins, Esq., and sister-in-law of 
Richd. Sanderson, Esq., d Feb. 6, 1820, a 58. 



West of tlie Footpath leading to the South Porch. 

Mary Anne Bone, d May 13, 1826, a 38. 
Thomas Bone, d Nov. 19, 1828, a 48. 

David Hoar, d May 14, 1804, a 75. 

William John Bodkin, d Jan. 28, 1812, a 46. 
Thomas Bodkin, his son, d Jan. 23, 1873, a 62. 

William Bodkin, d May 30, 1798, a 65. 
Mary, his wife, d March 5, 1821, a 77. 

Mary Elizabeth, wife of Percival Barker, daughter of William Bodkin, 
d July 2, 1816, a 47. 
Like her father, she died lamented, and her memory will ever be respected by 
all who knew her. 
Thomas Barker, her son, d Oct. 15, 1826, a 26. 

John Haythorne, d Nov. 19, 1760, a 48. 

Mrs. Hannah Right, d Sept. 2, 1778, a 64. 

Thomas Fames (late of Waddon), d Dec. 12, 1818, a 71. 

Hannah Fames, his wife, d Jan. 6, 1835, a 82. 

Sophia, wife of C. W. Fames, of Waddon, d Sept. 4, 1831, a 34. 
Also Charles Wright Fames, d Nov. 29, 1863, a 68. 
Buried at Forest Hill. 

William Budgen, d Sept. 21, 1816, a 81. 

William, his son, died Oct. 31, 1788, « 2 years and 4 months. 

Mary, his daughter, d May 15, 1803, a 19. 

Thomas, his son, d March 1. 1805, a 23. 

Ann Budgen, his wife [remainder obliterated]. 

Ann Moore, daughter of Wm. and Ann Budgen, d June 6, 1820, a 40. 
John Moore, her son, d Aug. 7, 1820, a 11. 

Josiah Holdship, d Dec. 24, 1833, a 37. 

Clarissa Cotman, d Jan. 26, 1838, a 26. 

Edward Cotman, her father, d Aug. 30, 1840, a 68. 

[This gentleman lived opposite the Duke's Head Inn, South End, and died 
through eating poisonous mushrooms.] 

Thomas Berrington, d Aug. 8, 1840, a 51. 

Mary, wife of Francis Berrington, d July 19, 1868, a 71. 

Francis Berrington, d Nov. 22, 1857, a 71. 

William Berrington, d Dec. 28, 1864, a 73. 

Susan, his wife, d Dec. 7, 1866, a 72. 

[Mr. Thomas Berrington was a butcher residing near the top of Crown Hill.] 
The Manns, the Berringtons, and the Streeters, were for many 
years the principal butchers in the town. 



St. jfohn's Churchyard. 35 

Robert Thornton, of Waddon, d May 23, 1837, a 78. 
Eliza Thornton, d March 18, 1850, a 88. 

Anne, wife of James Slarke, clerk, d July 13, 1836, a 54. 

The subscribers to the National Girl's School established in this place, of 
which she was the exemplary and useful mistress for upwards of 20 years, 
have erected this stone as a mark of their approbation, and a public 
testimony of her worth. 

James Slarke, her husband, d Oct. 16, 1S43, a 73. 
William Tegg, d Aug. 14, 1792, a 43. m rjK^o r: OH^ 

Isaac Wheeler, d June 26, 1789, a 33. -t^f^ • (^wvJ'O € 

Mary Costin, his wife, d Nov. 29, 1821, a 73. 

William White, late of Duppas Hill, bricklayer, d Aug 23, 1837, a 90. 
Earth walks upon Earth like glittering gold. 
Earth says to Earth we are but mould. 
Earth builds upon Earth, castles and towers. 
Earth says to Earth, all is ours. 

Sarah, wife of James White, bricklayer, d Jan. 17, 1854, a 60. 

Lament we may for those that were dear to us, but not as without hope, evsn 
Jesus wept at the death of Lazarus. 

Over a vault.— James Overton, d May 15, 1831, a 66. 
Ann Overton, his wife, d June 14, 1835, a 74. 
William Overton, grandson, d Sept. 27, 1835, a 2 years 6 weeks. 
Henry James Overton, grandson, a 22. 
Mary, wife of Henry Overton, d March 5, 1844, a 47. 
■George Thomas, her son, d April 12, i860, a 28. 
Henry Overton, rf Jan. 11, 1864, a 74. 

Mr. Henry Overton, a self-made man, was an old inhabitant, 
who was well known and highly respected. He was a 
thorough John Bull — warm-hearted, rich, and generous — 
and he possessed considerable skill as an engineer and 
a mechanic. He not only built his own brewery, but 
also built up a good connection with it. He was a very 
enterprising and public spirited man. In proof of this it 
may be mentioned that he purchased the original gas 
works from the proprietors, and conducted them profitably 
for some years. In 1847, however, the works becoming 
too extensive for the grasp of one individual, the present 
company was formed, and in 1859, the works were removed 
from Overton's Yard to their present site, at Waddon 
Marsh. 

"William Creswick, d March 10, 1857, a 85. 
Mary, his wife, d Sept. 21, 1827, a 54. 
-Gideon, their son, d Nov. 4, 1801, a 26. 
John, another son, d Oct. 2, 1809, a 27. 

[Mr. Wm. Creswick was an old ringer, and when he died a dumb peal was 
rang.] 

Charles Girling, licensed victualler (Dog and Bull Inn), d Aug. S, 183 3, a j.7. 

Charles, his son, d Dec. 24th, 1827, ^ ^ years. 

Henry Pembridge, another son, d Dec. 24, 1827, a 5 years. 

William Wood, d Feb. 19, 1792, a 36. 
John Clarke, d March 3, 1819. 



36 Croydon in the Past. 

Thomas Burj;ess, d July 18, 1837, a 54. 

This stone was erected by his master in grateful recollection of twenty years 
faithful service. 
Thomas Burgess, his son, d Dec. 29, 1858, a 30. 
Mary Anna, wife of Thomas Overton, d Nov. 15, 1826, a 37. 
Thomas Overton, d Oct. 22, 1846, a 55. 
Jane, their daughter, d April 26, 1829, a 2 months. 

Isaac Pratt, d Sept, 29, 1839, « 29. 

Joanna, wife of Joseph Cook, rf April 15, 1832, a 77. 

Joseph Cook, d Jan. 18, 1834, a 77. 

William Cook, their son, d Dec. 24, 1825, a 41. 

James, son of James and Mary Mayhew, d Sept. i, 1847, a ig. 
James Mayhew, d Aug. 15, 1853, a 70. 

[Formerly landlord of the Ro3'al Oak Inn.] 

Hannah, widow of the Rev. John Smith, rector of Carlton, in Norfolk, d' 

April 6, 1794, a go. 
Paulina Smith, her daughter, d Jan. 15, 1813, a 78. 

Kebecca Simmons, wife of Francis Simmons, d Nov. 12, 1818, a 40. 

Francis Simmons, her son, d in infancy. 

Ann, her daughter, wife of Jas. Hendred, d Nov. 2g, 1826, a 36. 

Jas. Francis Hendred, d in infanc}'. 

Francis Simmons, d Aug. 11, 1833, a 58. 

John Norman, sexton of this parish upwards of 36 years, d March 27, 1803, 

a 72. 
]Mary Ann Norman, his wife, d Aug. 9, 1832, a 92. 

Mr. John Burchett, d Jan. 7, 1826, a 8g. 

Harriet Fanny, daughter of Fredk and Mary Wagner, d May g, iSio, a 3^ 
years. 

We trust thou'rt gone before 
To bloom, and praise, and to adore 
Thy God, our Saviour and our Friend, 
Who will protect such to the end. 
Sarah, wife of William Wickens, d June 6, 1814, a 56. 
Elizabeth Wickens, his second wife, d May 12, 1S24, ^ 57» 
Mrs. Ann Parish, d Jan. 3, 1823, a 58. 
George Wenham, d Sept. 2, i83g, a 12. 

Grace 'tis a charming sound. 

Harmonious to the ear, 
Heaven with the echo shall resound, 
And all the earth shall hear. 
Elizabeth, wife of Henry Mascall, d Oct. 21, 1828, a 75. 
Fanny, his second wife, d Jan. 6, 1832, a 51. 
Henry Mascall, d Oct. 22, 1835, a 72. 

Sophia, wife of James Tidy, d July 17, 1820, a 36. 
Sophia, her daughter, d Dec. 26, 1824, a 5. 
James Tidy, her husband, d Sept. 12, 1832, a 45. 
Mrs. Mary Keates, d Oet. 19, 1830, a 29. 
Mary, infant daughter, d Oct. 23, 1830. 
Thomas Turner, d July 6, 1811, a 44. 
Sarah, her daughter, d April 20, 1830, a 36. 
Sarah, his wife, d June 3, 1828, a 63. 

Here cloathed in peace, may her dear ashes rest,. 

Who suffered sore with heavy pains opprest, 

Who always was a true and faithful friend, 

Remaining good and perfect to the end. 



St. John's Churchyard. 37 

Mary Ann Churcher, of Thornton Heath, d March 13, 1837, a 64. 
John Churcher, her husband, d May 15, 1838, a 65. 
Both deeply regretted. 

George Couchman, d December. 30, 1832, a 71. 
Elizabeth Couchman, d Jan. 12, 1838, a 77. 

Sarah Couchman, d Nov. 28, 1841, a 41. 
Thomas B. Thirkel, her grandson, d Aug. 5, 1846, a 2. 

James Thomas Page, eldest son of Jasper and Martha Page, d May rr, 
1820, a 22. 

A youth is laid beneath this stone, 

Death nipped the bud, the blossom's gone, 

Be still each parent's sighing heart, 

Time is but short that we shall part. 

When we again in glory meet, 

'Twill turn past bitters all to sweet. 

Edward Jasper Page, d Dec. 29, 1851, a 17. 

Martha Deborah, eldest child of Henry Tyson and Martha Dale, d March, 

26, 1861, a 3. 
Jasper Page, d Aug 29, 1S14, a 41. 

Alas, a husband, father, brother, friend. 

Ah, one who all these names so well deserved. 
Lies here entombed, his pains are at end, 

Then why lament, since Heaven hath him preferred. 

Martha Page, widow, d Oct. 10, 1855, a 80. 
Also 4 of her children. 

Benjamin Ives, d Ma)' 18, 1811, a 27. 

Death little warning to me gave. 
And quickly brought me to my grave, 
I from my friends did quickly part 
And lost my life by horse and cart. 

John Fisher, d Dec. 27, 1838, d 66. 
Sarah Fisher, d June 10, 1843, a 74. 

Sarah, wife of James Paine, d May 4, 1748, « 31. 

James Paine, d June 13, 1757, a 77. 

Mary, wife of Wm. Page, of Purley Cottage, d Dec, 21, 1847, a 78.'' 

Jane, wife of Joseph Lynn, of Chelsea Hospital, d Oct, 17, 1820, a 45. 

She was a truly pious and charitable woman. 
'Robert Rice Lynn, her son, d March 12, 1838, a 42. 
Elizabeth, sister to Joseph Lynn, d Oct. 24, 1844. 

Wm. Lynn, d March, 1770, a 5i. 
Jane, his wife, d May, 1801, a 84. 
Father and mother of Mrs. Williams and Mrs. Coates. 

James Dabner, d Aug. 29, 1834, a jj. 

Elizabeth Elliott, d Jan. 17, 1833, a 41. 

William Filby, d May 23, 1810, a 81. 
Ann Filby, his wife, d Dec. 17, 1815, a 80. 

Thomas Morris, late of St. Andrew's Undershaft, London, d Jan, 23, 1S37, 

a 46. 
Thomas Creasey, d July 23, 1844, a 28. 

George Soan, d Feb. 8, 1820, a 83. 
Elizabeth Soan, his wife, d Aug. 11, 1829, a 86. 
John Soan, d Jan. 14, 1833, a 64. 
'Elizabeth, his wife, d Sept. 20, 1826, a 62. 



38 Croydon in the Past. 

Joseph Porter, d July 16, 1834, a 69. 

A lino;ering sickness did me seize. 

No physician could me ease, 

I sought for means but all in vain, 

Till God did ease me of my pain. 
Ann Porter, his wife, d Dec. 24, 1850, a 70. 

James Cross, d Dec. 17, 1845, a 36. 
Matilda, his daughter, d Dec. 31, 1845, a 19 days. 
Charlei James, his son, d April 15, 1858, a 14. 

Jane Hiscock, wife of John Hiscock, d May 2, 1824, a 73. 
John Hiscock, her husband, d April 11, 1823, a 64. 

Knc\v, O. Reader, his departure was sudden, therefore be ye read}', for in such 

an hour as ye think not, the final summons cometh. 
[Mr. Hiscock was one of the last of the private brewers. He kept the Globe, . 
in the Old Town.] 

Richard Smith, d Aug. 23, 1832, a 38. 
Mary Ann, his daughter, d July 24, 1827, a 3. 
Ann, his daughter, d Oct. 8, 1833, a 16. 
Richard, his son, d June 4, 1847. 

Ann, wife of George Clifford, d June 18, 1809, a 32. 

George Clifford, d Dec. 7, 1810, a 67. 

Ann, wife of George Clifford, d Jan. 16. 1838. 



The following are tJie inscriptions on the East (chancel) 
end of the Churchyard. 

John Ebbutt, d Feb. 3, 1813, a 66. 
Ann, his wife, d Sept. 18, 1814, a 58. 
Thomas Ebbutt, his son, d Sept. i, 1832, a 41. 
Abi, his wife, d July 22, 1851, a 60. 

[John Ebbutt was grandfather of Mr. A. C. Ebbutt, upholsterer, of 20 and 24, 
High Street. Thomas Ebbutt was his uncle.] 

Mrs. Susanna Blake, Sept. 3, 1811, a 21. 

William Blake, her husband, d April 15, 1842, a 64. 

Hester, second wife of Wm. Blake, d March 5, 1852. 

[Mr. Blake caused a stained glass window to be erected in the Old Church, to 
the memory of his uncle.] 

Thomas Blake, builder, d Aug. 10, 1830, a 88. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Alcorn, his sister, d May 2, 1823, a 81. 

Robert Henry, son of Nicholas and Mary Jayne, of the Crown Inn, d Feb.. 

24, 1832, a 10. 
Richard Henry Williams, their nephew, d Sept. 20, 1832, a 21, 
Nicholas Jayne, d Nov. 15, 1847, a 65. 

[Ancestor of Messrs. J. B. and F. N. Jayne.] 

Richard James Jones, d July 27, 1837, a 71. 

Hiram Matthews, d May 16, 1834, a 40. 

Elizabeth Molineux, d March 7, 1842, a 59. 
Thomas Molineux, d April ig, 1845, a 55. 

[Formerly an architect residing in High Street.] 

John Morrison, late of the Isle of Madeira, merchant, d April 17, 1824,, 
^i 55. 



St. Johiis Churchyard. 39 

William Woolnough, d June 21, 1S32, a 50. 

Charlotte, his wife, d May 21, 1828. 

Augusta Mar>', second daughter, d Oct. 24, 1856, a 40. 

This gentleman was agent or clerk to the Croydon Canal 
Company, who were the principal carriers in Croydon, and 
conveyed nearly all the heavy goods in barges to the 
Thames, consisting of stone, lime, Fuller's earth, and 
timber, bringing back as a return freight, coals and other 
heavy goods lor the town and neighbourhood. The canal 
was about ten miles in length, with numerous locks and 
two reservoirs, one at Forest Hill (now utilised for other 
purposes), and the other at Norwood, which may still be 
seen on the left hand side of the Crystal Palace Railway. 
The canal was an immense source of amusement to the 
inhabitants, for in summer there was the pleasure of 
boating, fishing, and bathing, and in winter the delightful 
exercise of skating. 

George Champniss, d Feb. 21, 1825, a 53. 

A good husband, a fond father, and an honest man. 
[For many years landlord of the Swan and Sugar Loaf, South End.] 
Mrs. Mary Champniss, d July 25, 1826, a 52. 

James Moody, d March 23, 1826, a 40. 
Sarah, his wife, d July 6, 1832, a 50. 

Sarah Kirton, d Aug., 2, 1834, a 19. 

Jane Charlotte Maria, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Taylor, d Aug. 21, 

1845, a 18. 
William Taylor, d May 18, 1849, a 74. 

Mrs. Comfort Shaw, d March 8, 1836, (( 26. 
William Wildgoose, d June 22, 1818, a 72. 

Sarah Long, wife of Giles Long, d Jan. 26, 1833, « 76. 

Giles Long, d Dec. 26, 1831, a 81. 

Elizabeth, their grand child, d Dec. 2, 1844, a 21. 

Giles, son of Giles and Frances Long, d May 8, 184S, a 18. 

Sarah Long, his sister, d Oct. i, 1851, a 19. 

Ann Long, his sister, d June 8, 1852, a 24. 

Emily Charlotte, daughter of William and Mary Long, d Dec. 6, 1852, 

a 19. 
Mary, wife of William Long, (/ Oct. 22, 1854, a 59. 
John Frederick, her son, d April 11, 1S57, a 20. 
Frances Long, wife of Giles Long, d March 6, 1871, a 71. 
Giles Long, her husband, J June 18, 1881, a 81. 
[Late coal merchant, of East Croydon Station.] 

Susan Cazalet, daughter of Wm. and Mary Cazalet, of Austin Friars, d 

May 14, 1S25, a 51. 
Maria, her sister, d March 4, 1827, a 44. 
Sarah, her sister, d Sept. 16, 1836, a 60. 
Mary Cazalet, d Sept. 15, 1840, a 68. 

Sophia, eldest daughter of the Rev. J. L. Chirol, h 1S06, d 1825. 

This damsel is not dead but sieepeth. 
Rev. J. L. Chirol, one of Her Majesty's Chaplains, h 1765, d 1837, 

Elizabeth, wife of Wm. West, d Oct. 22, 1846. a 42. 
Emily, her daughter, d Aug. 6. 183S. a i year 8 months. 



40 Croydon in the Past. 

Reuben, fifth son of Robert and Mary Godfrey, rf June 29, 1826, a 19. 
Jane, his sister, li April 11, 1839, a 32. 
Catharine Taylor Godfrey, d Oct. 10, 1851, a 37. 

Thomas Stunncli, </ Jan. 23, 1S40, a 55. 

Robert Godfrey, il July 18, 1850, a 89. 
Mary, his wife, J Jan. 31, 1859, a 84. 
[Formerly master of the Workhouse.] 

Mrs. Eliiiabeth Bance, d April 5, 1819, a 80. 
Judith, wife of Wm. Bance, d April 23, 1817, a 61. 

Samuel Davis, Esq., d June 16, 1819, a 59. 

Frances, his fifth daughter, d Feb. 5, 1853, a 80. 

Frances, daughter of Samuel and Henrietta Davis, d May 10, 1828, a 18. 

Anne, sister of Samuel Davis, Esq., d Feb. 18, 1833, a 75. 

[In the Old Church there was a stained glass window erected to this gentleman's 
memory. He resided at Birdhurst.] 

Mrs. Tryphina Smith, wife of Robert Smith, d Sept. 19, 1818, a 24. 
Mrs. Sarah Jeffries, liis mother, d May 19, 1828, a 72. 
Mrs. Jane Smith, his second wife, d Oct. 9, 1853, a 34. 
Elizabeth, her daughter, d May 4, 1837, « ii- 

Sarah Ann, daughter of George and Martha vSmith, d Feb. 22, 1851, a 10. 
Martha, wife of Geo. Wm. Smith, rf April 11, 1858, a 42. 
A kind aflectionate wife and tender mother. 

Eleanor Streeter, d Feb. 28, 1816, a 14 3'ears. 

John Shove, d Dec. 20, 1818, a 2 years. 

William Streeter, his brother, d Oct. 18, 1826, a 35. 

John Streeter, d Sept. 17, 1837, ^ 75- 

Elizabeth Streeter, d June 22, 1838, a 73. 

Henry, their son, d Jan. i, 1841, a 46. 

Mrs. Mary Haines, wife of John Haines, d Aug. 18, 1815, a 62. 
John Haines, d Sept. 10, 1830, a 76. 
Elizabeth Haines, d Dec. 19, 1853, a 61. 

Henry Bance, rf Jan. 25, 1821, a 53. 
Mary, his wife, d Nov. 15, 1826, a 58. 

A kind affectionate wife and tender mother. 
[Mr. Bance was a builder, residing in High Street, nearly opposite to the 
Town Hall.] 

William Chatfield, Esq., d May 30, 1821, a 65. 
Mary Chatfield, his wife, d July ig, 1821, a 65. 
Charles Chatfield, Esq., their youngest son, d Nov. 23, 1876, a 77. 
James Chatfield, Esq., of the Hon. E. I. Co.'s Civil Service, Madras, d 
March 5, 1813, a 29. 
[Mr. Charles Chatfield was formerly a wine merchant, in High Street (now 
G. Price & Son), and resided for many years at Broad Green House, 
London RoadJ 

William Chatfield, jun.. Captain ist. Regt. Madras Cavalry, died in India, 

Aug. 10, 1820, a 37. 
George Chatfield, Esq., d Jan. 16, 1819, a 29. 
Mary, his sister, d Oct. 23, 1844, ^ 5^- 
Frances, wife of John Chaloner, d Jan. 14, 1844, a 34. 

Tho" lost to sight to cherished memory dear, 
A beloved Wife and Mother sleepeth here; 
For fifteen years the sad affliction bore. 
Her hopes in Heaven, a rich reward in store. 
[Mr. Chaloner was for many years coachman to the late Thomas Keen, Esq., 
father to Baroness Heath.] 



St. John's Churchyard. 41 

George Butt, d April 18, 1831, a 64. 

Ann Fenner, his wife, d Aug. 16, 1853, a 72. 

[Mr. Butt was a dairyman living in Duppas Hill Lane ; after his death his 
widow married again to a person named Fenner.] 

Richard Siggars, d May 2, 1835, a 15. 
Martha Haines, d Nov. 11, 1858, a 56. 

Timothy Harding, d Jan. 13, 1825, ^ 7^- 

Ann Harding, his wife, d Jan. 3, 1840, a 76. 

Timothy Harding was the earliest printer in Croydon. He was 
also a booKseller and stationer, and kept a circulating 
library filled with the trashiest novels and romances of the 
day, and we are informed that his office was one of the 
smallest, his types the most old-fashioned, and his little 
press the most primitive. He kept one journeyman, on 
engaging whom, it was always made a sine qua non 
that he should fill up his spare time by working in the 
garden. In those days, as may be imagined, there were few 
inhabitants, and but little printing was required, and Mr. 
Harding's business consisted chiefly in printing the play- 
bills for old Beverley, manager of the Theatre, the 
summonses and other forms for the Court of Requests, 
and, on rare occasions, a little bill and lesser catalogue for 
an auctioneer. On one occasion the old gentleman indulged 
his fancy by writing, printing, and illustrating a little 
brochure, entitled the " Beauties of Sanderstead," which 
had a frontispiece (executed on wood) representing a lady, 
in deep distress, reclining by a weeping willow over a tomb 
in a churchyard. It will thus be seen that Mr. Harding 
was not only an author and printer, but illustrator of his 
own little work, and it is doubtful whether any of his 
successors possess such a combination of talents. Old 
Mr. Harding was quite a character. He was very taciturn, 
took snuff", and was somewhat Pickwickian in appearance. 
His dress always consisted of nankeen breeches and white 
stockings, low shoes, light vest, and dark coat, and he 
might be seen at any time of the day standing on the 
upper step of his front door,=''- looking at passers-by either 
under or through his spectacles. 

Mary, wife of H. W. Looker, Esq., d Sept. 17, 1819, a 45. 

Let me live the life and die the death of the righteous, 
O let my latter end and future state be like hers. 

William, son of Wm. and Elizabeth Smith, d]a.n. 8, 1845, « 29. 
Sarah Sylvia, wife of George Kemp, baker, d Aug. 28, 1850, 23. 

Susanna, wife Mr. Richd. Scott, d March 10, 1849, a 59. 

Thomas Page, d March 2, 1849, a 64. 

Also three children died in their infancy. 

Why should we lament that our little ones are crowned with victory. 
Edith Harriet Page, d June 12, 1871, ayg. 
Mrs. Jane Gruaz, d June 18, 1844, a 87. 
Comfort Master Page, d June 23, 1868, a 57. 



*Now Mrs. Dempster's, no, High Street. 



42 Croydon in the Pant. 

Benjamin Chrees, d Aug. 7, 1818, a 56. 
Mary, his widow, d Sept. 4, 1841, a 80. 
John Chrees, his son, d April 18, 1866, a 64. 

John Chrees ("Johnny" he was called) was the son of a well-to-do 
glover in London, but we are not aware whether he 
succeeded to his father's business. If he did, it must have 
been for a short time, for he was continually in Croydon. 
He was very gentlemanly in his manner, and was always 
well dressed, and no doubt the cut of his clothes and the 
canary-coloured gloves which he sported, were the envy of 
the young gentlemen of the period. Like his namesake, 
Johnny Gilpin, he was a "citizen of famous London town." 
He was also a bon vivant, and was in the habit of telling 
amusing stories to his friends about the Corporation 
Luncheons and Dinners, and of the fun and pleasure he 
had when he went swan-hopping with a merry party up 
the Thames. We believe that he was a mason, but we 
know that he was a back-bone Conservative, and at election 
times when the committees met at the Greyhound, — 
" In and out through the motley rout 
The little man kept hopping about," 

now running to the printer with copy, and anon hunting 
up a voter ; at these stirring times he occasionally wrote and 
said some smart things. But, alas ! for our old friend, 
" a change somehow came o'er the spirit of his dream." 
Fortune seemed suddenly to forsake hin-, but his friends — 
his first cousins were Messrs. John and Wm. Drummond — 
never did, and in his old age he always received the same 
amount of respect that he was accustomed to in his palmy 
days. 

Charles Thompson, (/ March 6, 1818, a 71. 

Mary, his wife, (/ July 13, 1834, a 83. 

Mary Ann Thomson, her daughter, d Oct. 8, 1853, a 76. 

Charles Pratt Thomson, her son, d Oct. 21, 1857, '^ 75- 

Mary, wife of Cooke Webster, d April 9, 1818, a 25. 
Elizabeth, his second wife, d April 17, 1832, a 27. 
Cooke Webster, d Dec. 15, 1839, a 51. 

Nicholas Dundas Anderson, d Aug. 29, 1818, a 16. 

[This young man was drowned while bathing in the pond or canal made on 
the grounds of Addiscombe Military Seminary, and used by the cadets 
in the preparation of their military works The canal has long been 
filled in.] 

Janet, wife of Joshua Ryle, Esq,, d Feb. 23, 1828, a 35. 
Joshua Ryle, d May 14, "1828, a 42. 

George Smith, d May 12, 1820, a 65. 
Mary, his wife, d Jan. 25, 1837, a 73. 
George, his son, d Feb. 10, 1831, a 41. 
Thomas Smith, d Sept. 10, 1831, a 43, 
Robert Smith, d. Dec. 26, 1819, a 22. 
Matilda Ann Bain, d Feb. 27, 1837, <■' 24- 
Mary Ann Inkpen, d March 31, 1832, a 13. 

Emma, wife of James Kmg, (/ Nov. 11, 1865, a 54. 



St. John's Churchyard. 43 

David Thomas, d April 20, 1817, a 30. 

Sarah, wife of T. H. Thomas, son of the above, died at Antigua, West 

Indies, Aug. 30, 1S40, a 29. 
Ann EHzabeth Ida, her daughter, d Nov. 8, 1838, a i yr. gmths. 

Edward Champniss, son of George and Mary Champniss, d Jan. 27, 1821, 
a II. 

When the fatal trump shall sound, 

When the immortals pour around, 

Heaven shall thy return attest, 

Hail'd by myriads of the blest. 
Mary Champniss, his sister, d Nov. 1822, after an illness of two days, a 15. 

Joj'se Field, d Jan. 6, 1829, ^ 7^- 

John Field, d March 22, 1830, a 85. 

Hannah Field, d Nov. 3, 1848, a 64. 

Thomas Field, her husband, d Jan. 8, 1858, a 78. 

[Mr. Thomas Field left £^0 to the poor of the parish of Croydon, which was 
distributed by the Churchwardens shortly after his death.] 

Thomas Elias, son of Thomas and Mary Corker, d April 14, 1819, a i year 

8 months. 
Amelia Elizabeth, his sister, d May i, 1831, a 10. 
Mar}% his sister, d Oct. 7, 1841, a 16. 

God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave, for he will receive me. 
Mary Ann Paine, d Sept. 22, 1846, a 39. 
Mary Ann, wife of Thomas Paine, d Jan. 3, 1849, a 70. 

Harriot, daughter of Abraham Burnett, d May 21, 1819, a 17. 

Mary, her sister, d April 23, 1821, a 9. 

Abraham Burnett, d Nov. 21, 1844, a 71. 

William Burnett, d March 15, 1836, a 30. 

Wm. Brown, d Oct. 24, 1825, ^ 59- 

Margaret, his wife, d Feb. 12, 1829, a 74. 

[Abraham Burnett was a farmer, and tenanted a farm called Fox Farm in 
Selsdon Lane. He formerly lived in an old house which occupied the 
site of the present theatre, to which access was obtained by going 
down three or four steps.] 

Rebecca King, d April 27, 1832, a 31. 

Elizabeth Hardy, her sister, d Dec. 12, i860, a 52. 

John Cope, d June 26, 1825, a 77. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Jan. 16, 1828, a 79. 

Thomas Turner, d Feb. 12, 1829, ^ 58- 

Mrs. Christian Turner, his wife d June 30, 1849, a 82. 

James Turner, her son, d April 3, i860, a 67. 

William Turner, veterinary student, d Jan. 21, 1828, a 23. 

After lingering a year and nine months from dissecting a diseased animal, 
beloved and lamented by all who knew him. 

Robert Marshall, d July 25, 1839, a 46. 

Mary Marshall, his wife, d April 14, i860, a 65. 

[Mr. Marshall was landlord of the Blue Anchor, South End. The house was 
managed by his widow for many years after his death.] 

E izabeth Simmons, d Dec. 28, 1836, a 61. 
Richard, her husband, d Nov. 8, 1851, a 72. 
Sarah, his daughter, d Sept. 29, 1819, a 21. 
Eliza, another daughter, d Aug, 21, 1835, a 23. 

Mrs. Alary Hall, d Feb. 12, 1820, a 82. 
Mrs. Jane Hall, d Nov. i, 1822, a 62. 
Mrs. Anne Hall, d March i, 1845, a 95. 



44 Croydon in the Past. 

Rebecca Knapp, d Jul}' 2, 1819, a 42. 

Wm. Jerome Knapp, her nephew, ci Oct. 23, 1821, a 12. 

Sarah Anne Knapp, d Oct. 13, 1818, a 54. 

Daniel William, son of Wm. and S. Johnson, J June 12, 1817, a 7^ years. 
Sarah, his mother, d Nov. 26, 1847, ^^ ^^• 

Richard Ray, d May 29, 1818, a 36. 

Edward Ray, d Dec. 19, 1841, rt ^^. 

Mary Amoore, his grandmother, d Sept. 25, 1850, a 88. 

Mary, widow of Richard Ray, d April 17, 1850, a 68. 

[The Rays were plumbers and glaziers. They had shops in High Street and 
South End.] 

Edward Ray, d Jan. 24, 1817, a 59. 

Susanna Stevens Fidler, his daughter, d Nov. 14, 1818, a 33. 

Susanna Ray, his widow, d Nov. 11, 1822, a 67. 

Mary Ann Ray, her daughter, d Sept. 13, 1852. 

Wm. Trask, d April 10, 1846, a 63. 

Mrs. Mary Hullett, d Nov. 16, 1848, a 67, widow of William Hullett, 
Minister of the Philadelphian Chapel, Plymouth, who d Feb. 8, 1818, 
«57- 

Mary, wife of Henry Stagg, grocer, d April 25, 1841, a 39. 

Mary Churchill, her mother, d July 21, 1844, a 83. 

Jane Dodd, d May 2, 1861, a 69. 

Let this vain world engage no more. 

Behold the gaping tomb, 
It bids us seize the present hour. 

To-morrow death may come. 
The voice of this alarming scene. 

May every heart obey. 
Nor be the heavenly warning vain, 
Which calls to watch and pray. 
George Dodd, her husband, d March i, 1864, a 71. 
[The deceased was a bricklayer in Handcroft Road.] 

John Dennis, d Oct. 13, 1818, a 55. 

^lary Dennis, his wife, d Feb. 12, 1855, a 85. 

George Skinner, d May 2, 1822, a 21. 
William Skinner, d June 10, 1835, a 38. 
John Skinner, d Oct. 31, 1843, a 45. 
Jeremiah Skinner, d Nov. 24, 1845, a 42. 

[John Skinner met with his death in a somewhat singular manner. He was at 
work on a haystack on Haling Park Farm, and fell therefrom ; the 
prong of a fork ran into his thigh, from the effects of which wound he 
died.] 

John Skinner, d July 10, 1817, a 54. 

Ruth Skinner, his wife, d Aug. 24, 1852, a 82. 

Mary Ann Buzin, d Nov. 10, 1817, a 48. 

Henry Hibbitt, d March 23, 1810, a 54. 
Ann, his daughter, d July 23, 1819, a 30. 

Sarah Unstead, (/ June 25, 1835, a 75. 

Wm. Unstead, her husband, d Oct. 30, 1838, a 77. 

Thomas Herring, d Feb. 28, 1845, a 40. 

[Thomas Herring kept the Royal Oak Inn, Surrey Street; his widow succeeded 
him.] 



St. jfohn^s Churchyard. 45 

David Skene, Esq., formerly a merchant in London, d March 9, 1817, a 58. 
This stone is erected by his brother George Skene, Esq., of Skene, in Aber- 
deenshire, and the family, as a small tribute of respect and acknowledgment 
of his scientific abilities. 

Joel Turner, mason, d Au^. 23, i8ig, a 55. 

Ruth, his wife, c^f Jan. 15, 1824, a 58. 

George, his son, d July 7, 1840, a 50. 

Edward Markby, d Feb. 16, 1814, a 29. 

\\'illiam Markby, d Dec. 23, 1823. 

Elizabeth Markby, their mother, d Nov. 7, 1835, a 76. 

Mary Ann Markby, d Nov. 3, 1849, a 56. 

Mrs. Mary Markby, (/ March 22, 1813, a 72. 

James Markby, d Nov. 30, 1822, a 69. 

Frederick Markb)', d May 21, 1833. 

[The Markbys were stationers and had a shop at the entrance of Park Street,. 
High Street.] 

William, son of Francis Potter, d May 12, 1843, a 31. 
Francis, his brother, d Sept. 16, 1849, a 27. 
Sarah, wife of John Potter, d March 15, 1843, a 27. 
Alfred Charles, son of Charles Potter, (/ April 1856, a 2. 

[The Potters were fellmongers in Surrey Street, down what is now called 
Fellmonger's Lane.] 

John Grantham, Esq., d Jan. 9, 1814, a 66. 
Elizabeth, his widow, d Aug. 5, 1137, a 87. 

[This gentleman was a surveyor and land agent.] 

William Musgrove, d June 24, 1813, a 53. 
Elizabeth Smith, d Jan. 4, 1822, a 51. 
Edward, her husband, d May 17, 1830, a 68. 

Samuel Hemmans, late of Chatham Dockyard, d June 14, 1819, a 74. 

Ann, his widow, d Oct. 22, 1833, a 81. 

Susannah Hinton, her sister, d Dec. 18, 1845, " ^5- 

Samuel Hood Hemmans, Lieut. R.N., d at Ceylon, May 2, 1854, a 62. 

Mary Eliza Hemmans, d Feb. 15, 1872, a 81. 

Thos. Hinton Hemmans, Lieut. -Colonel, d Nov. 17, 1873, a 79. 

Ann Hemmans, d April i, 1875, a 75. 

The Hemmans family originally came from Mitcham; they had 
a brewery, now pulled down, at Lower Mitcham. In 1820, 
Wm. Hood Hemman was Churchwarden of that parish, 
and his name is cast on one of the bells. The tombstones, 
from which these inscriptions are taken, have lately been 
replaced by new stones, probably by some members of the 
family. 
Lieut. -General Francis Grose, d May 8, 1814, a 56. 
Rev. Francis Devis Grose, his son, d Dec. 2, 1817, a 28. 
Mrs. Fanny Grose, wife of Lieut. -General Grose, who having suffered 
with great patience and resignation a most painful illness for 18 
months, d Jan. 12, 1813, a 46. 

Behold the bricks and mortar cover, 
The best of wives, the kindest mother. 
[General Grose occupied a mansion, called Limes House, on the Whitehorse 
Road. The house has been pulled down, and the grounds attached 
thereto are now built upon.] 

Thomas Head, d Dec. 17, 1840, a 58. 

Mary, his wife, d May 8, 1848, a 65, and 7 children. 

Elizabeth Rood, widow, after an illness of 5 years, ^ June i, 1839, a yc. 



q.6 Croydon in the Past. 

Richard Turner, d Nov. 26, 1828, a 56. 
William Mitchell Wood, d Oct. 19, 1845, a 45. 

Maria, wife of James Clark, d Jan. 13, 1839, a 54. 
It is not well or wise. 

To mourn for thee with endless pain, 
There is a better world above the skies, 

Where we hope to meet again. 

Henry Graham, d July 25, 1826, a 22. 

George Graham, his father, d Nov. 7, 1826, a 54. 

Eleanor Butcher, his daughter, d Oct. 14, 1841. 

Richard Virgoe, d June 24, 1844, a 73. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d July 27, 1848, a 76. 

To God I cried, who to my help 

Did graciously repair, 
In trouble's dismal day I sought, 
My God with humble prayer. 

Elizabeth Hotchkiss, d Dec. 31, 1850, a 84. 
James, her husband, d Jan. 2, 1851, a 79. 

Edward Lulham, Esq., d Nov. 22, 1840, a 60. 

William Basingwhite, d May 21, 1857, " 74- 
Mar}' Ann, his wife, d June 24, 1874, a 84. 
Mar}'^ Ann, his daughter, d Oct. 13, 1834, a 20. 

Richard Allingham,^ March 27, 1818, a 10. 

Oh, when fair youth that every promise gave, 
Sheds its sweet blossom in the lasting grave, 
Our eyes o'erflow with many a streaming tear. 
And each sad bosom heaves a sigh sincere. 

Elizabeth, his sister, d April 10, 1826, a 11. 

Anne, his sister, d Feb. 5, 1831, a 17. 

William, his brother, d May 21, 1838, a 17. 

Richard Allingham, his father, d Sept. 29, 1841, a 66. 

Eliza, his mother, d Jan. 30, 1849, a 68. 

Samuel Berry, d May 18, 1817, a 53. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d March 15, 1841, a 85. 

Mary Ann, wife of Robert Bance, d July 31, 1841, a 37. 

Robert Bance, her husband, d Jan. 31, 1847, ^ 47- 

Eliza Bance, her daughter, d Nov. 11, 1850, a 16. 

George Bance, her son, died at Melbourne, Australia, Jan, 10, 1853, a 17. 

Emily Gooch, wife of Robt. Gooch, M.D., d Jan. 21, 1811, a 25, and third 

of her marriage. 
Sarah, second wife of Robt. Gooch, d March 28, 1833, a 45. 
Robert Gooch, M.D., d Feb. 16, 1833, a 45. 

[Ancestors of Sir Daniel Gooch, M.P.] 
William Elliott, Esq., of Woodside, d Nov. 10, 1809, a 65. 
Hannah, wife of James Down, d Jan. 23, 1813, a 63. 

George Allworthy, d Aug. 28, 1823, ^ 74- 
Mary, his wile, d Nov. g, 1824, a 69. 

James Spence, d May 18, 1814, a 75. 

Robert Rosier Ray, d May 20, 1838, a 65. 
Elizabeth, his first wife, d Sept. 17, 1814, a 38. 
James Mann, d April 3, 1837, ^ 63. 
Catharine, his daughter, d Aug. 6, 1849, « 40' 



St. John's Churchyard. 47 

Sarah, wife of Henry Simmonds, d Sept. 26, 1846, a 26. 
Elizabeth Baker, d Aug. 18, 1826, a 75. 

Edward Henr}^ Francis, d May 5, 1842, a 57. 
Theodore O. Francis, his son, d June 26, 1842, a ig. 
John Robt. Francis, d Feb. 14, 1846, a 34. 
Alfred Edward Francis, d April 29, 1846, rt 28. 

[Mr. Francis kept a boarding-school, and lived nearly opposite the New Inn, in 
South End.] 

Mary King, d May 19, 1S32, a 60. 

James King, her husband, a April 3, 1841, a 71. 

William Wilmshurst, d Jan. 25, 1837, a 30. 
Fanny, his mother, d May 12, 1838, a 55. 
\\'illiam, his father, d Dec. 7, 1853, a 77. 
Esther Wilmshurst, d June 26, 1854, ^ S^- 

[For many years the Wilmshurst family carried on the business of carpenters 
and builders, at 85, North End. The premises were removed to form 
the entrance to the Whitgift School.] 

Henry William, son of Wm. Barnes, Esq., d March 14, 1846, a i year 6 

months. 
Elizabeth, wife of George Tant, d May 13, 1848, a 84. 

William Vickery, d Dec. 19, 1839, a 47. 
Elizabeth Vickery, d Feb. 3, 1855, a 63. 

Abraham Wall, d Sept., 22, 1826, a 43. 
Salome, his wife, rf Jan. 12, 1849, a 67. 

James Hopwood, d Feb. 13, 1822, a 79. 
I\lary, his wife, d Jan, 13, 1826, a 82. 

Edith, wife of Thos. Penfold, solicitor, after a long and painful illness, 

which she bore with Christian fortitude, d Dec. 18, 1827, ^ 54- 
Henry, her son, d April 23, 1822, a 25 
James Moore Penfold, his brother, (/ Oct. 22, 1831, a 25. 
Mary Jane Penfold, his sister, d Feb. 6, 1830, a \i. 
Clarissa, his sister, d April 4, 1830, a 36. 

Mary, wife of Edward Oldaker, d Sept. 26, 1838, a 53. 

Edward Oldaker, d Sept. 27, 1849, a 76. 

David Freeman, his son-in-law, d Sept. 7, 1858, a 40. 

[Mr. Oldaker formerly kept a confectioner's and baker's shop on the site of the 
premises now occupied by the London and County Bank.] 

John Roff, d April 13, 1846, a 32. 

Weep not for me, mv wife and children dear, 
I am not dead but sleeping here, 
Just like a blossom plucked from a tree, 
So death has parted you and me. 

John Bradford, licensed victualler, d May 9, 1838, a 61. 
Oh, magnify the Lord with me, 

With me exalt His name. 
When in distress to Him I called, 
He to my rescue came. 
Mrs. Ann Bradford, his wife, d Dec. 22, 1843, a 58. 
Charles Bradford, his son, d March 15, 1845, a 25. 

[Mr. Bradford, described above as a licensed victualler, kept the Hare and 
Hounds at Waddon.] 

Elizabeth, wife of Charles Gates, d Feb. 22, 1833, a 26 
Wm. Richard Gates, her son, d Feb. 15, 1852, a 27. 
Emily, her daughter, d Jan. 30, 1850, a 13. 



^8 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary, daughter of John and Mary Peters, d Sept. 19, 1812, a 30. 
Death with his dart has pierced my heart, 

When I was in my prime, 
Mourn not for me my parents dear. 
It was God's appointed time. 
Mary Peters, her mother, d Nov. 4, 1819, a 69. 

George Stanford, d Aug. 8, 1839, a 63, 
Mary, his wife, d March 16, 1852, a 66. 

[Mr. Stanford was landlord of the Swan Inn, North End.] 

William Black, d Jan, 24, 1847, a 70. 

Nathaniel Neale, d Jan. 4, 1S46, a 55. 

Mary Ann jMeredith, d Sept. 3, 1845, a 70. 
John Treadaway, bricklayer, d Feb. i 1853, a 73. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Nov. 18, 1856, a 80. 
Charles Crame, d June 14, 1833, a 47. 
James Crame, d Feb. 9, 1837, ^ 54- 

[The Crames kept the Gun Inn, Church Street.] 

John Adams, d Oct. 11, 1826, a 66. 

Weep not for me, my children dear, 
I am not dead but sleeping here ; 
I am thus as you must be. 
Prepare yourselves to follow me. 

Eliza, wife of Joseph Haynes, d Jan. 10, 1845, a 45. 

Mr. Richard Rowland, d May 17, 1831, a 69. 
Susanna, his wife, d Jan. 13, 1848, a 82. 

Nicholas Smith, d Nov. 9, 1825, ^ 5°- 

Robert Smith, d April 27, 1810, a 42. 

Jeremiah Selmes, d May 30, 1853, a 50. 

Hannah, wife of Nicholas Smith, d July 4, 1854, a 82. 

[Jeremiah Selmes was a butcher in Surrey Street, on premises now occupied by 
Mr. Cottle, draper.] 

John Rogers, d Oct. 4, 1819, a 67. 
Hannah, his wife, d April 15, 1837, a 77. 

Elizabeth Atkins, d May 23, 1819, a 65. 

Joseph Atkins, sen., d Oct. 26, 1821, a 77. 

Joseph, son of James Atkins, d March 2, 1S51, a 22. 

Richard Brown, d Sept. 8, 1830, a 62. 

Thomas Goodwin, d June 17, 1825, '^ 32- 

[Mr. Goodwin was a butcher, residing on premises adjoining the King's Head, 
Surrey Street, and while he was lying in his coffin, the King's Head took 
fire, and they were obliged to get the coffin and the body out of the 
window. It would seem that the lead coffin burst with the heat, and 
had afterwards to be soldered up again.] 

Sarah, wife of Wm. Selmes, d Nov. 19, 1852, a 52. 
Wm. Richardson Selmes, d July 21, 1873, a 66. 

[Mr. W. R. Selmes kept a butcher's shop in High Street, near the Town Hall, 
in one of the shops now occupied by Pelton Bros., grocers.] 

Nicholas Payne, d March 28, 1843, ^ 46- 
Sarah, his wife, d Nov. 27, 1855, a 52. 
David, his son, d Feb. 20, 1851, a 22. 
Thomas Thorne, d Jan. 15, 1828, a 55, 
Mrs. Mary Boyd, widow, d Feb. 14, 1861, fl88. 



St. Joint's Churchyard. 49 

Elizabeth, wife of John Brooker, d Nov. 11, 1856, a 71, 
John Brooker, d Oct. i, 1869, a 76. 

Mary Brown, wife of Richard Brown, d Aug. 17, 1817, a 52, (with a cancer 
in her breast). Memento mori. 

Let the Lord be ev'r in your mind, 
Before your body's here consigned. 
That your Redeemer may always see, 
Your soul's prepared for eternity. 

My God, He thought it just and right, 
In haste to put my soul to flight, 
And with His hand upon my breath, 
Consigned my breath to eternal death. 

Miss Christiana Roy, d Sept. 19, 1824, '^ ^S- 
Mrs. Ann Taylor, d Oct. i, 1S31, a 84. 
Mrs. Mary Roy, d Feb. 19, 1835, a 53. 
Miss Harriet Roy, d July 27, 1839, a 30. 

John Hughes, d Sept. 3, 1873. 

Mary Ann, his wife, d Dec. 24, 1847. 

Maria Hawkins, their eldest daughter, d April 30, 1872. 

Elizabeth, widow of Capt. Mayne, Dublin, d July 27, 1825, a 66. 

Ann Day, d Jan. 31, 1820, a 'jq. 

William Da)% her grandson, d Sept. 27, 1830, a 25. 

George Butt, d Jan 23, 1834, a 29. 

James Butt, his father, d March 29, 1839, a 66. 

William Ward, d April 5, 1812, a 33. 

William Hills Rice, d May 10, iSii, a 36. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d March 18, 1804, a 29. 

Enoch Redman, d Jan, 16, 1790, a 51. 
Ann, his wife, d Oct. 4, 1793, a 47. 

The truely deserving and justly lamented Mr. William Hills, late of S^uth- 

wark, butcher, d Sept. 24, 1779, a jj. 

He was a sincere and honest man, an unparallel'd friend to friendless orphans, 

one of whom lives through his paternal care humbly to dedicate this stone 

to his memory. Now he rests from his labour, and his works do follow hiiEu 

Mrs. Bridget Rice, d March 13, 1811, a 62. 

Thomas Rice, d July 18, 1818, a 79. 

Christopher Hughes Rice, their son, d Aug. 23, 1835, a 35. 

The infant son of Thomas and Bridget Rice, d April 12, 1776. 

How suddenly alas from me. 

You're snatched my infant boy, 

Tho' parted here, in bliss I hope, 

To meet in lasting joy. 

Mrs. Catherine Yeatman, d July 18, 1825, a 79. 
John Cheel, d June 6, 1821, a 27. 

Youth is laid beneath this stone. 

Death nipped the bud, the blossoms gone, 

Be still each parent's sighing heart, 

Time is but short that we shall part, 

When we again in glory meet, 

'Twill turn past bitters all to sweet. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Osman, d April 23, 1843, a 83. 

Ann Martha Griffin, her granddaughter, d Oct. 2, 1857, '^ ^4- 
Weep not for me, it is in vain. 
Your loss, dear parents, is my eternal gain. 

E 



JO Croydon in the Past. 

Joseph Matthews, d June 23, 1826, a 77. 

Sarah, wife of Win. Laing, d Oct. 29, 1829, « 3i- 

William, her son, d Sept. 24, 1844, a 21. 

Mrs. Amy Batten, d Nov. 15, 1844, a 89. 

Amy Batten, her daughter, d Nov. 2, 1842, a 62. 

Susanna, wife of Thomas Batten, d Oct. 23, 1821, a 29. 

[Mrs. Amy Batten and her daughter kept a dame's school in North End, on. 
part of the premises now occupied by Mr. AUder's shop.] 

Abraham Metcalf, d Dec. 20, 1843, a 79. 
Ann, his wife, d Nov. 29, 1843, a 69. 

[Abraham Metcalf was the last warden of Whitgift Hospital, while it remained 

a corporate body. He steadily refused any alterations and innovations,. 

and nothing could be done until after his death.] 

Fanny, wife of Richard Older, d Nov. 19, 1810, a 44. 
Rebecca Older, her daughter, d May 3, 1826, a 54. 
[Mr. Richard Older was a bricklayer and builder.] 

Champion Bennett, d Dec. 9, 1787, a 50. 

Elizabeth Bennett, d Jan. 28, 1814, a 74. 

Mary, her daughter, d Oct, 20, 1838, a 69. 

William Ashby, d June 20, 1828, a 56. 

Elizabeth, his wife, d April 15, 1835, a 61. 

Winifred, wife of John Stedman, d Oct. 23, 1835, a 58. 

John Stedman, d March 16, 1837, a 62. 

[The deceased was a baker, residing at 16, Surrey Street (now the Royal Oak 

Brewery Office), in which business he was succeeded by his son.. 

Another son was a violet grower on Thornton Heath.] 

Richard Pampillon, d Oct. 12, 1788, a 45. 
Sarah, his widow, d March i, 1833, a 80. 



On a vault near tht North Entrance : — 

Mrs. Sarah Burnett was born in this parish Jan i, 1673. She died in. 
London, Feb. 17, 1742, and was buried here. 

Boast not, vain man, whoe'er thou art. 

Of high birth, riches, strength, or power. 
For they no comfort can impart. 

When thou art at thy dying hour, 
Be meek and humble while on earth. 

Delight in being good and just. 
Nor riches, strength, nor power, nor birth 
Will be distinguished in the dust. 
Mr. William Burnett, b Jan. 29, 1685, d Oct. 29, 1760. j- 

What is man ? 
To-day he's drest in gold and silver bright. 
Wrapt in a shroud before to-morrow night ; 
To-day, he's feasting on delicious food. 
To-morrow, nothing eats can do him good ; 
To-day he's nice, and scorns to feed on crumbs, 
In a few days, himself a dish for worms ; 
To-day, he's honoured and in great esteem. 
To-morrow, not a beggar values him ; 
To-day he rises from a velvet bed, 
To-morrow, lies in one that's made of lead ; 
To-day, his house tho' large he thinks too small, 
To-morrow, can command no house at all ; > 

To-day, has twenty servants at his gates. 
To-morrow, scarcely one will deign to wait ; ; 



St. John's Churchyard. 51 

To-day, perfumed and sweet as is the rose, 

To-morrow, stinks in everybody's nose ; 

To-day, he's grand, majestic, all delight. 

Ghastly and pale before to-morrow night. 

Now, when you've wrote and said whate'er you can, 

This is the best that you can say of man ! 



North side of the Church, between the Church and the Footpath. 

Joseph Shonfield, d Aug. 19, 1847, a 63. 
Hannah Maria, his wife, d March 16, 1861, a 86. 

William Day, d Feb. 26, 1832, a 42. 

Joseph, his eldest son, d July 7, 1865, a 42. 

Marjs his wife, d Dec. 12, 1868, a 78. 

Mark Cooper, youngest son, d March 8, 1874, a 43. 

William, his brother, d June 18, 1877, a 48. 

Ann Woolford, d Jan. 13, 1827, a 39. 
Thomas, her husband, d Aug. 30, 1836, a 63, 

John Woolford, d Oct. 17, 1833, a 64. 

Anne, his wife, d Dec. 6, 1827, a 59. 

[Thomas and Jchn Woolford were the last tenants of Blunt Farm, which ex- 
tended bejond St. Peter's Church. It is now almost entirely built on. 
The old farm house remains standing in South End, and has been con- 
verted into four shops. The farm buildings extended behind the house, 
stretching across what is now called the Southbridge Road.] 

Mrs. ]\Iartha Page, d Oct. 11, 1829, « 5^' 
Maurice Page, her husband, d June 14, 1838, a 68. 

[Mr. Maurice Page was the ancestor of Mr. W. Page, the well-known fish- 
monger in High Street. He established the business in 1785.] 

Joseph Dean, d March 26, 1777, a 43. 

Oh wife, most dear, my time is past, 
My love remain'd while life did last. 
And now for me no sorrow take. 
But love my children for my sake. 
My body now is turned to dust, 
Ivly soul to Christ in whom I trust. 

Thomas Meager, d March 10, 1733, a 58. 
Martha, his wife, d June 3, 1755, a 76. 
Thomas Meager, of Coombe, d April 27, 1804, a 77. 
Martha, his wife, d March 10, 1802, a 64. 
Thomas Meager, Esq., d Sept. 20, 1833, a 59. 

Thomas Meager, of Whitehouse, yeoman, d Feb. 24, 1742, a 55. 
Elizabeth Meager, his wife, d Oct. 23, 1747, « 56. 
George Meager, yeoman, d April 18, 1830, a 77. 
William Meager, yeoman, d Dec. 12, 1830, a 82. 
Mary Meager, d April 10, 1847, a 77. 

[The Meagers were for more than a century tenants ot the Whitehouse Farm, 
Selhurst.] 

John Meager, brewer, d Dec. 3, 1804, a 48. 

Benevolent to all, strictly just in his worldly concerns, he industriously 
accumulated for others that he was not permitted to enjoy, but is now gone 
to meet his just reward. 

John Thomas Haydon, d May 14, 1829, a 13. 

Wm. James Haydon, d April 17, 1842, a 24. 

Thomas H. Haydon, their father, d April 10, 1845, a 51. 



52 Croydon in the Past. 

Edward Nangreave, d Nov. 20, 1831, a 52. 
Alice, his widow, d Jan. 6, 1832, a 49. 

Ann, wife of \Vm. Boulton, d March 25, 1824, a 75. 
Stop here awhile and shed a tear 
Upon the dust that sleepeth here 
.'\s you are now, so was I, 
A rainbow floating in the sky. 

Marv \\''ooderson, d June 4, 1824, a 49. 

Martha Elizabeth W'ooderson, her granddaughter d April 9, 1839, a 10. 

Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Neville, surgeon, d Dec. 3, 1839, «3i. 

Joseph Bell, late of Duppas Hill, d May 24, 1821, a 61. 
Amey Bell, d Feb. 24, 1856, a 83. 
Lucy Bell, d Feb. 6, 1809, a 78. 

[The Bells were originally saddlers in the High Street.] 

William Newton, d Jan. 15, 1831, a 68. 
Wm. Shirley Newton, his son, d Dec. 5, i860, a 69. 
Charles Newton, d April 22, 1842, a 45. 
Elizabeth Mary, his wife, d Aug. 18, 1836, a 31. 
[Ancestors of the present Postmaster of the town.] 

William Hodgkins, d Sept. 12, 1794, a 41. 
Mary Hodgkins, his wife, d Feb. 4, 1815, a 62. 

[The family of Hodgkins were for many years carpenters in the Old Town.] 



Nortli side of the Tower : — 

John Roberts, d Nov. 22, 1S29, a 58. 
Mary, his wife, d Oct. 16, 1830, a 58. 

Lovely and pleasant in their lives they were, 

Not long divided they together are ; 

Their bodies to this tomb, their souls on high 

Waiting the coming day of victory. 

Richard Pettifer, d March 17, 1820, a 43. 
Walter Godfrey Pettifer, (/Jan. 20, 1840, a 30. 

Wm. Attridge, (/ Dec. 12, 1832, a 74. 

This ritual stone thy son doth lay 

O'er thy respected dust, 
Onl)- proclaims the mournful day, 
When we a parent lost. 
Abigail Attridge, his wife, d Feb. 24, 1856, a 73. 

Jane Weller, d Feb. 27, 1833, a 22. 
Edmund Weller, d Dec. 6, 1834, a 34. 

Martha Castledine, d April 22, 1830, a 25. 

Sarah Castledine, her daughter, d Aug. 13, 1832, a 37. 

William Castledine, d Feb. 17, 1870,0 77. 

[Mr. Castledine was a timber merchant and one of the earliest members of the 
Local Board ; but having some interest in the property purchased by 
the Board for the Cemetery, he was obliged to resign his office.] 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Marston, of Selhurst Farm, d Feb. 16, 1825, ^ 3^- 

Oh, solemn death, who by commission comes, 
To call a loving wife and tender mother home, 
No longer to assist her partner in his cares, 
No more to advise her offsprings' tender years. 



St. John's Churchyard. 53 

Mary, wife of Henry Ray, sen., d Oct. g, 1772, a 73. 
Henry Ray, d Nov. 22, 1776, a 70. 
Edward Ray, d Aug. 31, 1800, a 72. 
Elizabeth Ray, his wife, d Aug. 20, 1S19, a 79. 
WiUiam Ray, (f Jan. 30, 1845, a 70. 
John Ray, d March 2, 1837, a 31. 

Theodosia Maria Keallee, d April 4, 1796, a 75. 

Robert Henbrey, rf May 28, 1845, a 63. 
Jas. Edward Henbrey, d Jan. 2, 1819, « 3. 
Mrs. Jane Henbrey, d April 2, 1855, a 73. 

[Mr. Henbrey was a corn dealer, carrying on business^^at 62, South End, now 
occupied by Mr. H. Yates.] 

John Pidgeon, trunkmaker, d Sept. 11, 1790, a ^2. 

Ann Pidgeon, rf July 21, 1823, ^ 84. 

Peter Pidgeon, farrier, d March 13, 1S29, a 88. 

Ralph Thrale, d Oct. 11, 1S42, a 29. 

Ralph Thrale, his father, d June 21, 1S43, a 62. 

Susannah Thrale, d Feb. 12, 1854, a 71. 

[Mr. Pidgeon lived on what is now called Scarbrook Hill, where he carried on 
business as a trunk maker. He was succeeded by Mr. Thrale, whose 
name occurs above. This gentleman added the ironmongery to the 
above business, and eventually disposed of it to Messrs. Hammond and 
Purrott (now Hammond & Hussey, of High Street). Some of the old 
inhabitants even now call Scarbrook Hill, " Pidgeon's Hill."] 

John Pidgeon, d Nov. 13, 1795, a 61. 

Here in the grave I \^y, 

And wait his will to prove. 
For he that turned me into clay. 

Will raise me in his love. 

Mary Piggott, d Aug. 27, 1822, a 84. 
George, her husband, d Jan. 28, 1824, ^ 89. 

Steward Farley, baker, died in the Great Almshouses, April 13, 1796, a 71. 

Martha Weller, d Nov. 18, 1825, a 60. 

Richard Weller, d Nov. 20, 1833, a 71. 

John Drewett, his son-in-law, d April 30, 1S46, a 59. 

Mary Ann, his wife, d Dec. 24, 1848, a 59. 

George Tilbury, d March 5, 1787, a 40. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Feb. 8, 1830, a 77. 
George, his son, d Dec. 12, 1830, a 48. 

Sarah Blumsum, of Thornton Heath, d March 9, 1S28, a 63. 
Richard, her husband, d Oct. 26, 1830, a 70. 

[Mr. Blumsum was a gentleman, residing at Thornton Heath.] 
Martin Maslin, d April 17, 1851. 

Eliza, his wife, only daughter of Wm. Turner, of Epsom, (/ April 2^, 1837 
Priscilla Bennett, d Sept. i, 1798, a 45. 

With great affliction I was sore opprest. 

By Night, nor yet by Day, I had no rest, 

Till my sweet Saviour heard the voice of me. 

And by his Mercy from my pain set free. 



North side of the Path leading from Church Road to 
Church Street. 
Sarah Ann Kemp, d March 27, 1832. 



54 Croydon in the Past. 

Sarah Ann Lloyd, d Dec. 14, 1S44, a 49. 
John Smith Lloyd, d March 5, 1846, a 80. 
Anne, wife of Alfred Lloyd, d Jan. 8, 1856, a 25. 

John Brown, d Nov. 23, 1850, a 47. 

James Bain, d April 6, 1853, a 84. 
Mary Ann, his wife, d June 28, 1864, a 77. 
Caroline, his daughter, d Oct. 23, 1843, a 23. 
Emma Bain, his daughter, d June 5, 1855, a 38. 

Mary Eliza Vigars Broughton, d June 18, 1839, a 24. 

Richard Dean, d April 22, 1853, a 72. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Feb. 7, 1837, a 62. 

Lucy Rogers, d April 21, 1832, a 55. 
James, her husband, d Aug. 16, 1840, a 80. 

John Bates, d Nov. 23, 1824, ^ 4o. 

A lingering sickness did me seize, 

No physician could me ease, 

I fought for means, but all in vain. 

Till God did ease me of my pain. 
Hannah Bates, his wife, d Feb. 26, 1855, a 73. 
Henry Bates, his brother, d Oct. 12, 1832, a 39. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Bell, d June 9, 1825, a 57. 
John, her husband, d Oct. 12, 1S40, a 65. 
John William, their son, d July 13, 1828, a 22. 
George Henry, another son, d Dec. 24, 1842, a 36. 

John Maknis, d Feb. 19, 1823, a 63. 
Ann, his wife, d Jan. 7, 1830, a 66. 
John Simonds, d Jan. 8, 1S32, a 39. 

Thomas Edwards, d May 4, 1824, '^^ 5^, and two children. 

Ann, wife of Charles Bray, d Dec. 29, 1840, a 34. 
Charles, her husband, d June 17, 1845, a 32. 
Sarah, wife of Chalkley IBra)', d Aug. 2, 1849, a 76. 
[Mr. Chas. Bray kept the Canteen at the Barracks.] 
Ann Abercrombie, d Oct. 12, 1843, a 58. 
James, her brother, d March 11, 1S44, a 61. 

Elizabeth Dixon, d June 8, 1841, a 61. 
Sarah Cliff, d July 3, 1842, a 73. 

Mrs. Charlotte Cooper, d July 10, 1829, a 86. 
Mrs. Salome Wiltshire, d Dec. 8, 1822, a 58. 

Earthly cover, to thy care 

We commit our parent's dust ; 

Safe and calmly keep them sleeping 

Till the Lord demands the trust. 
Mary Ann Wiltshire, her daughter, d Aug. 17, 1853, ^ 64. 
John Wiltshire, d Oct. 7, 1813, a 57. 
James Wiltshire, his son, d Feb. 21, 1822, a 35. 
James Robinson, d June 14, 1812, a 46. 
Mary, his wife, d Dec, 15, 1845, a 66. 

George Bell, wine merchant, Seething Lane, London, d Dec. 8, 1822, a 38. 

James Friday, d July 3, 1821, a 83. 

Lydia, wife of William Fox, d Jan. 26, 1826, a 34. 

William Fox, her husband, J Oct. 2, 1857. 



St. John's Churchyard. 55 

"Mary, wife of Henry Linfield, d Feb lo, 1826, a 37. 

Oh ! husband dear, my time is past, 

My love remained while life did last, 

But now for me no sorrow take 

But love my children for my sake. 
Robert Vigar, d Dec. 11, 1826, a 65. 
Sophia Eliza Vigar [rest illegible] . 

Deborah Pullen, wife of Joseph Gillingham, d April 28, 1822, a 35. 
Mary Ann, second wife, d Sept. 14, 1847, ^ 46- 
Joseph Gillingham, d May 24, 1S50, a 63. 

[Mr. Gillingham was a veterinary surgeon; his descendants (son and grandson) 
still carry on the business in Church Street.] 

Annabella Marsh, wife of Samuel Marsh, d Nov. 6, 1772, a 29. 

William Marsh, d July 22, 177S, a 76. 

Anne Marsh, his widow, d Dec. 8, 17S2, a 73. 

Samuel Marsh, Esq., d March 12, 1795, a 58. 

Capt. John Marsh, 62nd Regt., d Feb. 27, 1798, a 21. 

Frances Elizabeth, widow of Samuel Marsh, Esq., rf Oct. 27, 1861. 

Robert Nicholson, d March 13, 1832, a 43. 
Sarah, his wife, d May 12, 1S60, a 72. 

Mary, wife of William Gardener, miller, d Dec. 9, 1810, a 64. 

James Allen, whitesmith, d Dec. 2^, 1858, a 51. 

John, son of Major D'Arley, d Nov. 23, 1828, a 17. 

Charles Massie, d Oct. 22, 1807, a 75. 
Sarah, his wife, d Oct. 3, 1S15, a S2. 

Henry O'Neil, d June 21, 1833, a 38. 

John Adams, d March 2, 1827, a 66. 

Mary Wood, of Duppas Hill, d May 21, 1828, a 62. 
Mary, her daughter, d Feb. 23, 1S31, a 23. 
William Wood, d May 24, 1841, a 15. 

Christiana Mennie, d May 21, 1828, a 64. 
Robert, her husband, d June 5, 1833, a 63. 

Michael Weller, d Jan. 8, 1826. 
Sarah, his wife, d Sept. 29, 1836. 

Mrs. Edith Pitman, d March 6, 1833, a 81. 
Edward Pitman, d Dec. 5, 1837, a 96. 

William Bourton, d April 10, 1824, a 67. 
Margaret Bourton, d Oct. 2, 1837, " ^4- 

Mary, daughter of Thomas Pascall, d Oct. 28, 1824, ^ ^S- 
Let this vain world engage no more, 

Behold the gaping tomb, 
It bids us seize the present hour. 
To-morrow death may come. 
Esther, daughter of Henry and Martha Pascall, who sweetly fell asleep ia 
Jesus, Jan. 25, 1810, a 24. 

Sleep sweetly, thou lump of lifeless clay. 
For soon the trumpet shall proclaim the day. 
When Christ, thy Lord, will with a shout descend, 
At which the mansions of the tomb shall rend, 
And those that sleep in Him again shall rise. 
And with shouts triumphant mount the skies. 
.[The Pascalls were potters and brickmakers at Norwood, and the business is 
still carried on by their descendants.] 



56 Croydon in the Past. 

Jolin Arnard Fichal, Esq., d June 20, 1823, ^ 49- 

Ann Wri},'ht, d Nov, 20, 1834, ^7 85. 
James Wright, d Sept. 30, 1841, a 91. 

Robert, youngest son of John and Mary Moore, died in Australia, 1854$ 

" 34- 
George, eldest son, died in New Zealand, Oct. 6, 1877, a 72. 
John Moore, d Nov. 12, 1842, a 63. 
Mary, his wife, d May 5, 1843, a 61. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Batchelor, d Dec. 20, 1833, a 61. 
John Batchelor, d Jan. 20, 1837, "^^ 59- 
Martha Batchelor, d Oct. 16, 1849, a 12. 

Richard Puplett, d July 22, 1855, a 57. 

[Mr. Puplett drove one 01 the oldest coaches from London to Croydon.] 



By the side of tJie Church. 

A. Vander Kiste, d Jan. 9, 1810, a 68. 

Thou must die, go reader and repent. 
[Mr. Vander Kiste was a surgeon, having an extensive practicetin the town.. 
The Watsons were his descendants — Mrs. Watson was his daughter.]. 
Also Frances Ann Watson, d April 18, 1826, a 57. 
Benjamin Watson, d April 30, 1833, a 59. 



END OF PARISH CHURCHYARD. 



mr^"^ 




ST. JAMES'S CHURCH. 




5HIS Church is situated at the intersection of St. James's Road' 
{^ and Sydenham Road. It was built in 1828, and consecrated 
by Archbishop Howley on January 31st, 1829. When first 
erected it was called the District Chapel of St. James. It 
was the first Episcopalian place of worship erected in the parish after 
the Mother Church, and at the time of its erection was in a very 
isolated part of Croydon Common, though now surrounded on all 
sides by well-kept roads and handsome villa residences. The present 
church is a brick building in the Pointed Style of architecture, with 
square tower at the west end. Anew chancel has lately been added, 
and it is intended at some future day to take down the present church 
and rebuild it of stone on a larger scale and more elaborate char- 
acter. At the east end, over the communion table, is a handsome 
stained glass window representing several of the miracles of Jesus 
Christ. It bears the following inscription : — " To the glory of God 
and in loving memory of Henry Campbell Watson, M.A., for 13 
years Incumbent of this Parish ; born 2gth of April, 1828, died 8th 
of January, 1879. This window has been erected by his relatives, 
friends, and parishioners, as a tribute of their love and esteem." 
There are two smaller windows in the new chancel. On one is- 
depicted St. John the Baptist, and is inscribed as follows: — "In 
loving memory of Alice Emily Goldsmith, this window is erected by 
her sorrowing relatives. March loth, 1882." The adjoining window, 
containing a representation of St. Barnabas, is also erected to the 
memory of the same lady " by her lovers and friends." When the 
East India Company's Military Seminary was in existence at 
Addiscombe, the cadets attended St. James's Church, and in the 
interior are several tablets erected to the memory of officers edu- 
cated at Addiscombe, and in the churchyard the officials were wont 
to be buried. We commence with a description of the tablets in 
the interior : — 

In memory of Major-General Sir Ephraim Stannus, Knight, K.C.B., and 
Colonel of the 3rd European Light Infantry on the Bombay Estab- 
lishment, who after a long career of distinguished services in India, 
Arabia, and Persia, was selected by the Hon. E.I.C. for the arduous 
and responsible position of Lieut. -Governor of the Military Semin- 
ary at Addiscombe, where in the exemplary discharge of his duty, 
he died suddenly on the 21st Oct., 1850. Erected by a few of his 
oldest friends in token of the high estimation in which he was 
universally held, 

[This gentleman was buried in the Parish Churchyard.] 



58 Croydon in iJie Past. 

To the memory of Frederick Charles Grindall, 2nd Lieutenant in the 
Corps of Bengal Engineers, who was drowned while bathing in the 
River Indus, at Attok, in the East Indies, on the i8th July, 1849, 
in the 24th year of his age and 5th of his services. This tablet 
is erected by those of his brother officers to whom he was known, 
in friendship and in regret — a tribute to his amiable disposition 
and his distinguished gallantry. 

In memory of Eneas R. R. Macdonell, a 22 ; Norton Edward Eden, a 20; 
George Battine, rt 21 ; officers of the Hon. E. I. Co.'s Engineers; 
and of James Battine, a 18 years, Bengal Light Cavalry, who were 
drowned in the River Medway, Dec. 15th, 1855. Erected by their 
brother officers as a mark of sorrow for their loss. 

Aaron Penley, Esq., late of the H. E. I. C. College, Addiscombe, d Jan. 15, 

1870, a 64. 
George Collingwood, Esq., for many years a resident of St. Saviour's, 

Southwark, d Oct. 23, 1878, sincerely respected by all who knew him. 

Sacred to the memory of Margaret Mary Rogers, wife of Robert Rogers, 
of Croydon, d Oct. 31, 1851, a 50. 



West End and South Side of the Churchyard. 

Thomas Heydon, d Jan. 25, 1852, a 20. 
Catherine Heydon, his sister, d Jan. 6, 1853, a 18. 
Hannah Heydon, his mother, d Jan. 14, 1878, a 66. 

John Mott, d Aug. 11, 1839. 

Julia, only daughter of [Here the inscription suddenly terminates] . 

Charles, second son of John Charles Bristowe, d Oct. 10, 1840, a 20. 

Elizabeth Shaw, widow, d June 2, 1859, a 83. 

Lucy, wife of Daniel Beck, ^ March 14, 1847, a 58. 

Eliza, her granddaughter, d Oct. i, 1843, a i year and 10 months 

Daniel Beck, d Oct. i, 1857, a 68. 

Chas. John Beck, his grandson, d Dec, 13, 1878, a 25. 

[Mr. Daniel Beck was for some years master of Archbishop Tenison's school 
while it was located in North End. He was afterwards actuary of the 
Savings Bank.] 

John Swindale, Esq., resident of the Island of St. Christopher, West 
Indies, d Dec. 14, 1833, a 82. 

Sarah Lunn, d Nov. i, 1845, a 58. 

William Lunn, d July 29, 1869, a 82. 

Ellen Maria Moore, their granddaughter, d Oct. 9, 1869, a 12. 

Departed this life an angel dear, 

In all her ways an angel she appeared, 

Henry Bailes, d Nov. 13, 1831, a 66. 

Reader, the time is short ! 
Maria Firby, d Nov. 14, 1841, a 89. 
Hannah Pickering Firby, d March 13, 1857, a 63. 

I heard a voice from Heaven saying unto me " Blessed are the dead which 
die in the Lord." 

Caroline, wife of P. H. Byrne, d Nov. 12, i860, a 57. 
Philip Henry Byrne, d Nov. 7, 1864, a 70, 

Louisa Augusta Thomson, d Feb. 12, 1843, ^ 27. 

Jane, wife of Charles Pratt Thomson, d Jan. 21, 1853, a 61. 



St. James's Churchyard. 59 

Diana, wife of William Fairman, d Oct. 23, 1849, a 49. 

She was an affectionate wife and a tender mother, and sincerely 
respected by all who knew her. 
William Fairman, her husband, d July 13, 1S68, a 68. 
James Fairman, her son, d Aug. 3, 1874, a 56. 

[The Fairmans (father and son) were bricklayers, residing in Cherry Orchard 
Road.] 

Sarah Oliphant, d Dec. 16, 1840, a 47. 

Thomas Holliday, her brother-in-law, d April 22, 1840, a 38. 

[Mrs. Oliphant kept a ladies' school in South End. It was for many years the 
leading educational establishment for young ladies in the town.] 

John Parsons, Esq., d Oct. 8, 1837, ^ ^^• 

He was an affectionate husband, a kind and sincere friend, and his 
memory will ever be cherished by his widow. 
Frances, his widow, d March 24, 1848, a 65. 

Henry, son of Harriet and Robt. Loveland, d June 17, 1834, a 2J. 
Mrs. Harriet Loveland, her mother, d Sep. 13, 1855, a 52. 

Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought to love one another. 

Charlotte Kettle, d Aug. 26, 1854, a 34. 

This stone is erected by her brothers who best knew her value and 
most deeply lament her loss. 
John Kettle, her father, d Dec. i, 1858, a 75. 

Mary, wife of John Kettle, d May 9, 1833, a 73. 

Sarah, wife of John Kettle, d July 9, 1851, a 66. 

Mr. John Kettle was a livery stable keeper and horse dealer, 
residing in Addiscombe Road, nearly opposite Ashburton 
Road. When the Military College was in existence, most 
of the pupils hired their horses from Mr. Kettle ; and the 
professors and others who could afford to keep a horse of 
their own generally dealt with Mr. Kettle. Many a 
general officer in the Indian Army will have a lively 
recollection of this old gentleman's horses, some of which 
he kept to let out to the cadets, and were more celebrated 
for bone and spirit than for flesh. 

William Smith, of Addiscombe, d March i5, 1835, a 68. 
Robt. Smith, his grandson, d Sep. 16, 1849, a 10 months. 

John Little, d Oct. 3, 1832, a 68. 

Andrew Little, his son, d June 22, 1837, ^ '^^• 

Elizabeth Little, his wife, d April 26, 1855, a 70. 

John Foster, d June 12, 1833, a 63. 
Elizabeth Foster, his daughter, d Jan. 7, 1837, a 13. 
John Foster, his son, a July 5, 1839, a ig. 
Sarah Foster, his widow, d Nov. 21, 1S61, a 82. 
" The orphan's friend." 

Sarah Ann, daughter of John and Sarah Piper, of Peckham, d Oct. 12, 

1843, a ^l 
John Piper, her father, d June 20, 1850, a 40. 

Oh, Thou that hearest prayer, unto Thee shall all flesh come. 

Sarah, wife of William Aldridge, d Jan. 13, 1842, a 47. 
Mrs. Harriet Aldridge, d June 20, 1882, a 68. 

John Richardson, d Jan. 7, 1836, a 83. 

Rebecca Richardson, his widow, d Feb. 20, 1841, a 70. 



6o Croydon in the Past. 

William Furance, d March 31, 1831, a 59. 

Lucy Furance, his daughter, (/ May 27, 1833, a 22. 

Hannah Furance, his wife, d Jan. 27, 1841, a 51. 

William, son of Thomas and Mary Pascal, d Nov. 28, 1841, a 7. 

James Sturt, d Feb. 22, 1842, d 79. 

Free from all care and pain, asleep my bod}' lies, 

Until the trumpet calls the dead in Christ to rise. 

Why mourn we for departed friends 

Since death all sin and sorrow ends ? 

A life well spent no doubt brings peace 

And joys that nevermore shall cease. 
Lucy Sturt, his wife, d Nov. 15, 1852, a 96. 

Joseph Eldershaw, d March 26, 1837, ^ 27. 

Amelia Eldershaw, his mother, d Dec. 25, 1859, a 74. 

Charles Elton Prescott, d May 25, 1832, a 58. 

Ann, 'wife of William Bailey, d July 17, 1816, a 42. 
Mary, his second wife, d Dec. 17, 1833, a 48. 

Anne Cornfield, d Oct. 18, 1839, a 48. 

John Cornfield, her husband, d March 26, 1857, a 6g. 

[The Cornfields were for several generations bakers on the Common.] 

Sarah, wife of Paul Rogers, d Nov. 12, 1843, a 79. 
Paul Rogers, d Feb. 11, 1845, a 82. 
William John Weller, d Aug. 20, 1864, a 25. 
Ambrose Verral, d July 3, 1832, a 66. 
Miss Sarah Loch, d Feb. 16, 1833, a 62. 

Sarah Salmon, d Oct. 13, 1831, a 58. 

John Salmon, her husband, d Jan. 27, 1837, a 76. 

Sarah Salmon, his sister, d Dec. 5, 1858, a 84. 

Anne Isabel, daughter of J. C. Dempster, d June 13, 1867, a 6 weeks. 

Fold her, O Father, in thine arms 
And let her hencelorth be 

A messenger of love between 
Our human heart and thee. 
Norah Emma, her twin sister, d March i, 186S, a 10 months. 
William Cowling, d Sept. 4, 1834, a 72. 
Mrs. Ann Sully, d June 18, 1841, a 87. 

Julia Maria Metcalf, granddaughter, d Feb. 24, 1S37, a 17. 
Ellen E. Metcalf, d March 10, 1849, a 51. 
Edward Barnard Metcalf, d April 4, 1850, a 62. 

John, son of George Baillie, late of the Medical Establishment at Addis- 
combe, f? April 3, 1845, a 18. 
This young man, at the time of his untimely death, was one of 
the most promising pupils in the Addiscombe Military 
College. One day, while larking with a number of other 
cadets in the college grounds, they took into their heads to 
commence pulling a large garden roller along one of the 
walks. Unfortunately young Baillie's foot slipped, and he 
fell immediately in front of the roller, which passed over 
his body before it could be stopped. From the effects of 
this accident he died a few hours afterwards. 

Wm. Paterson, son of Capt. W. Paterson, R.N. d May 31, 1831, a 17. 



St. J nines' s Churchyard. 6l 

James, eldest son of the Hon. and Rev. James St. Leger, d Oct. 17, 1829, 
a 17. 

Lydia, widow of the late John Mathison, d 1S53. 
James Smith, d Feb. 8, 1830, a 44. 

An honest man is the noblest work of God. 
John Macrone, d Sept. 9, 1837, a 28. 

John Bordwine, twenty-five years Professor of Fortification at the neigh- 
bouring Military Seminary, d Feb. 21, 1835, a 57. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d April 17, 1850, 78. 

Erected by the Cadets of the Hon. E. I. Co.'s Military Seminar}\ 
Sergt. Robt. Dodd, of the Royal Regiment of Artillery, after a service of 

21 years at Addiscombe, where he died universally respected and 

regretted, May 12, 1838, a 52. 
Elizabeth Dodd, his relict, d May 16, 1859, a 78. 

David Bruce, d August 12, 1859, a 60. Deceased was formerly of the 
Royal Artillery, and was for 22 years Sergeant and Sergeant-major 
at the Military College, Addiscombe, and by strict integrity and 
affability, he was highly esteemed by all who knew him. 

Adelaide Vincent, d Sept. 26, i860, a 22. 

Esther Jayne, wife of Jas. B. Jayne, d Dec. 23, i860, a 26. 

Alfred Sheppard, d April 19, 1863, a 42. 

When round my grave 3'e come and weep. 
Think that ye hear me say to all, 
Upon the tomb no tear must fall, 
God giveth his beloved sleep. 
Mrs. Sarah Lewes, his mother, d Aug. 29, 1866, a 78. 
Thomas Daniels, d Aug. 19, 1865, ^ 63. 
Frances White, d Jan. 24, 1865, a 92. 
William Henry Witt, d Jan. 25, 1865, a 32. 

Each moment since his dying hour 

Our loss we keenly feel, 
But trust we feel a Saviour's power 
To sanctify and heal. 

Catherina Elizabeth Stanford, d Dec. 18, 1869,^ 25. 
Tender in age, but strong in faith, 
She looked above and feared not death. 

William Ford, d Oct. i, 1846, a 41. 

Anastasia Ford, his daughter, d Oct. 10, 1854, a 16. 

Cecilia Ford, his widow, d May 3, i85o, a 53. 

Elizabeth, the faithful and affectionate wife of William Mawie, d Aug. iz, 
i860, a 38; also two infant children. 

Oh ! where are the lost, whom we loved on this earth, 
With whose memory our bosoms yet glow, 
Their relics we gave to the place of the dead 
But their glorified spirits before us have fled 
To the land which no mortal may know. 
[Mr. Mawle was a member of the firm of Mawle and Sibery, grocers. Their 
shop was pulled down to make the entrance into Katharine Street.] 

Susannah Still, d Nov. 3, 1S63, a 79. 

Mrs. Mary Reynolds, d Sept. 19, 1856, a 54. 

Elizabeth, widow of Edward Burbidge, of Aldersgate-street, London, d 
May 20, 1840, a 44- 



62 Croydon in the Past. 

Miss Sally Brown, d Nov. lo, 1861, a 83. 

John, son of S. & E. Cousins, d Auj^. 17, 184S, a i|. 
Samuel, his brother, d June 20, 1862, « 5^. 

Dear to their parents, to their God more dear, 

Two little brothers sweetly slumber here, 

Blest is their state, from sin and sorrow free. 

To us they died ! they live, O Lord, to thee. 

William Cousins, of Dagnall Park, d Jan. 30, 1875, a 33. 

James Broughton, d Nov. 25, 1861, a 39. 

Charles Baker, d May 12, 1861, a 22. 

Ludee Elizabeth, wife of William Barclay Chadwick, Esq., Capt. 2nd 
Surrey Militia, d April 27, 1846, a 52. 

Kate, daughter of George Masters, d March i, i860, a 4. 
George Masters, her father, d Dec. 6, i865, a 46. 

Master John Leonard Roth, d Sept. 4, 1848, a 4 months. 
Sarah Roth, his mother, d March 8, 1848, a 21. 

Vain world, with all thy busy cares 

And glittering joys, depart ; 

A nobler guest demands my time. 

'Tis Jesus claims my heart. 

Chas. Edwd. Collins, d Aug. 26, 1845, a 5 months. 
Emily Collins, his mother, d Jan. 23, 1846, a 20. 
Richard Collins, d July 22, 1848, a 31. 

Blessed state beyond conception. 
Who its vast delights can tell? 
May it be my blissful portion 
With my Saviour there to dwell. 

William Davies, d Sept. 17, 1857, a 57. 
Maria Davies, his wife, d Dec. 18, 1867, a 68. 

Eliza Gilding, d Feb. 24, 1842, a 38. 
Mary Elizabeth Shepherd, d Feb. 18, 1843, a 5. 
[The Gildings kept a school in George Street.] 

Benjamin Cooper, d June 9, 1859, ^ 68. 

Submissive to thy will, my God, 

To thee, my partner I resign. 
And humbly bow before thy rod, 

I mourn, but dare not to repine. 

Richard Bagot, Esq., d Jan. 7, 1840, a 19. 

Mary Ann, wife of W. W. Lambert, d Maj^ 30, i860, a 57. 
John Wm. Lambert, d March 22, 1864, a 73. 

Henry Stone Lambert, M.D., their eldest son, who died at sea, July 5^ 
1871, a 39, and was buried off Brindisi. 

Wm. Dyer Thomas, M.D., Deputy-Inspector General of Hospitals, d 

March 24, 1837, a 60. 
Rosa Thomas, his wife, d March 9, 1861, a 80. 

William Johnson, of Church-street, d Nov. 22, 1868, a 85. 

Bevan Powle, d Oct. 4, 1861, a 47. 

Walter Edwd., son of John Tidey, farmer, of Woodside, d Sept, 26, 1856, 

fl 2i. 
Annie Patience, his sister, d April 28, 1867, a 17. 

Mary Anna Field, d March 17, 1854, ^ 67. 
Honoria Field, her sister, d Jan. 5, 1875, a 75. 



St. James's Churchyard. 63. 

Caroline Frances, wife of Wm. Day, Esq., d July 9, 1849, a 75. 
William Day, d Feb. i, 1853, a 81. 

[Mr. Day lived at Ringstead House in the Whitehorse Road, near the West 
Croydon Baptist Chapel.] 

Elizabeth, wife of Rev. Geo. Coles, incumbent of this district, d Feb. 19, 
1862, a 56. 

George Godiom, her son, died at Melbourne, Australia, Sep. 14, 1854, a 23. 

Rev. George Coles, d Jan. 22, 1865, a 65. 

Thomas Fennmg Coles, his son, d Dec. 12, 1879, a 38. 

The Rev. George Coles was son of Mr. Thomas Coles, of St. 
Mary Abchurch, London, who married on the 30th Nov., 
1799, Miss Elizabeth Penning, sister of William Penning, 
Esq., of Ravensbury, in the parish of Mitcham, and after- 
wards of Christchurch, Surrey, an eminent calico printer. 
He was the first incumbent of St. James's Church, and 
held the office from 1829 to 1865. He was also Chaplain 
to the Whitgift Hospital. He had a brother named 
Thomas Coles, who also married a Miss Penning, in all 
probability a sister of his wife. It will be seen that the 
rev. gentleman had a son called Thomas Penning Coles, 
whose death is recorded above. 

Isabella, second daughter of James and Mary Skinner, of Bedford Park,, 
d Dec. 24, 1865, a 12. 

And all wept and bewailed her, but Jesus said " Weep not, she is not 
dead, but sleepeth." 

John Smith, d April 15, 1861, a 68. 

Martha Smith, his relict, d March 20, 1871, a 75. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Ann Brook, her sister, d Jan. 10, 1856, a 69. 

Miss Caroline Goddard, d Dec. 11, 1853, a 30. 

Elizabeth Lamb, d July 7, 1861, a 83. 

James Burton Hayward, drowned at Gallipoli, June 5, 1859, a 18. 

Caroline Louisa Hayward, d May 25, 1866, a 14. 

Mrs. Priscilla Strike, d April 4, 1S63, a 73. 

Robert Strike, her husband, d Nov. 22, 1880, a 93, for 36 years baker and 
servant to the Hon E. L Company. 

John Hayr, d Aug. i. 1865, a 51. 

This languishing head is at rest, 

Its thinking and aching are o'er, 
This quiet immoveable breast 

Is heaved byatHiction no more. 

George Gates, d Feb. 6, 1869, a 54. 
Clara Ellen Freeth, d March 3, 1861, a 3. 
Wm. Homfray Foulkes, d Jan. 9, 1857, "■ i- 

This lovely bud, so young and fair. 

Called hence by early doom. 
Just came to show how sweet a flower 
In Paradise could bloom. 
Griffith Cadwallader Foulkes, d Aug. 19, 1857, a 5. 
Mary, wife of Cornelias Amos, d Feb. 12, 1859, a 85. 

Margaret Elizabeth Case, d March 5, 1858, a 68. 
Priscilla Case, d July 30, 1871, a 'j'j. 

Caroline Grace Cooke, d. Jan. 9, 1859, a 59. 



64 Croydon in the Past. 

•George Spiers, of High-street, d Oct. i, 1859, a 28. 

[George Spiers was nephew to the late Mr. W. H. Campart, hatter, High 
"street. He had accepted an appointment as correspondent or reporter 
to a Lewes paper, but his career as a journaUst was cut short by his 
decease in the prime of Hfe. He was a genial young man, and a 
vivacious companion. He had no family, and his widow afterwards 
married the late Mr. Bowden, ironmonger] . 

Joseph Cross, d Dec. 31, 1858, a 31. 

Though lost to sight, to mem'ry dear, 
A beloved husband lies sleeping here. 

Susan Matheson, d Sept. 17, i860, a 7J. 
William George Matheson, d Oct. 28, 1878, a 23. 
Mrs. Phillis Oliviere, d Sep. 29, 1859, a 58. 

George Ward, d Dec. 17, 1859, a 78. 

Charlotte Wells, his daughter, d Nov. 28, 1865, a 55. 

Mr. William Grace, d Jan. 20, 1859, a 53. 

William Collard, d Dec. 7, i860, a 82. 
Mary, his wife, d July 9, 1862, a 77. 

Thomas, son of W. S. & J. Walker, d Dec. 28, 1865, a 6. 
The short-lived beauties die away, 
So bloom the human face divine ; 

When youth its pride of beauty shows ; 
In their spring the colours shine. 
And sweeter than the virgin rose. 

Caroline Edith Mary Case, d Feb. 5, 1858, a 7. 
Fredk. Jas. Case, d Feb. 9, 1858, a 6. 

They were lovely in their lives, and in death were not divided. 
Frances, their grandmother, d June 2, 1861, a 70. 

Charlotte, wife of Wm. Crawley, d Nov. 25, 1855, a 32. 
Though lost to sight to mem'ry dear, 
A beloved wife lies sleeping here, 
Her loss I very much deplore, 
But hope to meet and part no more. 
Where grief and pain for ever cease, 
And all is calm and joy and peace. 

Elizabeth, wife of J. M. Hoffmeister, Esq., Paymaster R.N., d May 21, 

1858, a 53. 

Thomas Cummins, d Feb. 12, 1855, ^ S^* 

Ann Cheesman, his sister, d Dec. 20. 1861, a 68. 

Maria Lyke, d May 31, 1855, a 64. 

Charles James Whitaker, d Oct. 13, 1855, a 69. 
Martha Whitaker, his wife, d Nov. 28, 1859, a 73. 

John Morgan, d Jan. 31, 1858, a 56. 

Mary Morgan, his wife, d Feb. 6, 1880, a 83. 

William Maughan, d Jan. 23, i860, a 55. 
James Stock, Master Mariner of Hull, d May i, 1863, a 76. 
I left my home in perfect health, 

We little thought of death so nigh, 

But God saw good to take me hence, 

And with His will we must comply. 

Eleanor, wife of Joseph Gower, July 15, 1866, a 49. 
Thomas Sibery, d May 20, 1866, a 44. 
James Winburn, d Dec. 27, 1S66, a 53. 



St. James's Churchyard. 63 

Henry Cornelius Thomas, surgeon, a Nov. 5, 1858, a 57. 

Lucy Jane Frost, d Jan. 20, 1851, a 29. 

Mary Frost, her daughter, d June 8, 1S51, a 3. 

John Wenman, d Aug. 22, 1856, a 30. 

Only trust me. 

William Cochrane, Corporal in the Grenadier Guards, d March 30, i860, 
a 25. 

Edward, son of George Cooper, surgeon, d Aug. 2, 1868, a 13. 

William Edwards, who was killed by the falling of the Railway Bridge, 
Gloucester-road, March 20, 1S65, a 36. 

Elizabeth Graves, d May 10, 1865, a 26. 

Thomas Graves, d July 23, 1863, a 63. 

Elizabeth Graves, his wife, d Dec. 25, 1871, rt 73. 

William Graves, d May 28, 1872, « 31. 

Norman Alfred Graves, d July 22, 1872, a 5. Also four more children. 

Louisa Elizabeth Graves, their mother, d Dec. 5, 1880, a 41. 

[Members of the Graves' family, livery stable keepers and cab proprietors.] 

Edward Daniel, d March 27, 1864, a 31. 

So fall asleep in slumber deep, 
Slumber that knows no ending. 
[Mr. Daniel was a coach painter, and lived in Mead Grove. He was greatly 
respected, and died after a few days' illness, leaving a widow and two 
children.] 

Eliza Asman, wife of Mark Griffin, d May 23, 1873, a 68. 

George Scambler, d Oct. 4, 1865, a 54. 
James Dawson, d Dec. 29, 1S53, a 71. 

Eliza Cooper, d Aug. 14, 1866, a 47. 

John Parry, Esq., late of St. Helen's Place, London, d June 6, 1867, a gi. 
Jane Peck, his niece, d Dec. 31, 1870, a 63. 

John Bateman, Esq., d Oct. i, 1853, a 70. 

Charlotte, wife of Edwd. George Gilbert, d Aug. 7, 1858, a 41. 

James and Mary Penfold rest in Christ. 

Robt. Martin Leeds, Esq., many years in the Hon. E. L C.'s Service at 

Addiscombe, d Aug. 21, 1853, a 80. 

[This gentleman was purveyor to the Addiscombe College, and had the 

superintendence of all the provisions sent in by the tradesmen. He 

was succeeded in the office by his son, Robert Johnson Leeds, who 

is also buried in another part of this churchyard.] 

Ann Feldwick, d March 8, 1858, a 79. 

Charlotte, her sister, relict of J. W. Francis, of North End, d April 2, 1872, 
a 79. 

Needham Kilmorey Cooke, son of Lieut. Cooke, R.N., after a protracted 
illness, entered into the joy of his Lord, Aug. 14, 1844, a 21. 
By his desire this tablet proclaims that the sole foundation of his bright 
assurance of acceptance with God, which enabled him to approach 
death with unclouded composure, was the finished work of Jesus Christ. 
He hath clothed me with the garments of salvation ; he hath covered 
me with the robe of righteousness. 

Elvira, wife of Lieut. Cooke, d July 8, 1847. 

[Lieut. Cook was professor of Naval Architecture in Addiscombe College.] 
F 



66 Croydon in the Past. 

Rev. James Penfold, M.A., d June 14, 1858, a 55. 

Mary, his wife, d May 5, 1882, a 76, 

Emily Grace, his second daughter, who after a short illness, entered into 

her heavenly rest on the night of her earthly Sabbath, July 10, 

1853, a 14. 



Soutli Side of the Cliurch. 

Lieut. -Lo George Fredk. Penley, late of the Bombay Army, d May 14, 

1869, a 74. 

[Col. Penley was a well-known figure on the platforms of all Church Missions. 

During the decade i86o-i870,he was an active worker in all the religious 

and benevolent movements in Croydon ; and he died, as he had lived, 

with the respect of all who were privileged to know him] . 

Eiizabeth Soan, wife of Josiah Matthew, d June 12, 1847. 

John Lock, d Sept. 30, 1832, a 24. 

Dearest wife and mother dear, 
Think of one a sleeping here. 
And passing stop and drop a tear. 
And pray be kind to my children dear. 

Henney Longhurst, d April 22, 1861, a 68. 

Thomas Chlist, late of the Volunteer Inn, d July 16, 1S58, a 58. 

Harriett, daughter of Wm. and Harriett Batchelar, d Sept. 15, 1852, a 11 
months. 

Beneath this rail, so feebly raised, 

Harriett gently sleeps. 
Here shall the sighs of grief be heard 

For here her parents weep. 
Here rest, Harriett, free from pain. 

And free from mortal care, 
Parent and child will meet again 

And wiped be every tear. 

Clarissa Palmer, d Feb. 27, 1855, a 33. 
Sabina Elliott Palmer, d Sept. 4, 1844, ^ ^^7' 

Where Jesus is I fain would be, 

I faint my much-loved Lord to see. 

Earth twine no more about my heart, 

It is far better to depart. 

Richd. Palmer, d Feb. 2, 1836, a 74. 

Glory to Thee, who so oft has kept. 
And hast refreshed me whilst I slept. 
Grant, Lord, when I from death shall wake 
I may of endless life partake. 

Anne Heather, d May 9, 1865, " 34' and infant daughter. 

Rev. Richard Crampton Fell, died at Windermere, after a short illness, to 
the inexpressible grief of his wife, Aug. 8, 1866, a 61. 
[The Rev. R. C. Fell lived in George Street, at the house which was then 
No. 12, now No. 81. He was a great scholar, and (in conjunction with 
the Rev. E. F. Beynon, Rector of Chelsham) wrote a work on the Life 
of Alderman Kelly, the well-known publisher, who originated the plan 
of publishing works in weekly parts. Mr. and Mrs. Fell were known 
and respected for their simple Christianity and unostentatious bene- 
volence to the poor. One of the new roads on the Friends' School 
estate is named after themj. 

Eleanor, his widow, d April 18, iiih2, a 82. 



St. James's Churchyard. 6/ 

William Ralph, met his'death on the London and Brighton Railway, March 

i8, 1869, a 30. 
Alice Ralph, his wife, d July i, 1876, a 2,Z- 

Sarah, wife of Henry Cooper, d Dec. 19, 1864, a 59. 

Henry Cooper, d Sep. 4, 1SS2, a 83. 

Edward Cooper, his son, if June 28, 1855, a 27. 

Thomas Elison Deaton Howard, d July 18, 1S63, a 57. 

Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel Barton Cooke, d June 9, 1869, a 4^, A'so 
two children. 

John Sedgwick, d Jan 15, 1847, ^ ^7- 

Thomas Sedgwick, his son, d May 17, 1853, a 6. 

Beneath this stone are deposited, till the morning of the Resurrection the 
remains of Jane, the most dear wife of Lieut. -Col. Jacob. Tj her 
it was eminently given to " adorn the doctrine of God our Sa/iour 
in all things," by "her work of faith and labour of love," an J 
especially "by the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit." After a 
few hours of most patient suffering, she fell asleep in Christ on the 
nth of March, 1S53, a 35. 

After a brief interval of 15 months from the departure of his dear wife, 
were deposited by side of her, the remains of her beloved husband, 
Lieut. -Colonel William Jacob (late of the Bombay Armyi. 
What he was in His sight, the death of Whose samts is pr^cijus, thi 
day will declare. What he was in his own eyes is recorded in the 
following words in his last will — " A Sinner saved by grace." Hd 
entered into rest i6th June, 1854, a 54. 

Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Richd. Clark, ALA., d Dec. 18, 1S47, a 75. 
Sarah Ann, relict of Robt. Naylor, Esq., formerly relict of Elwn Le 

Grand, Esq., surgeon of Canterbury, sister-in-la.v of the aojve, d 

Dec. 31, 1847, « 75- 

Louisa, wife of the Rev. C. Arnold, M.A., d Oct. 25, 1851, a 73. 
Harriett Louisa, her daughter, d Aug. 20, 1878, a 59. 

Ellen Jane Leeds, d Nov. 10, 1855, ^ ^^• 

Oh ! not in cruelty, not in wrath. 

The reaper came that day, 
'Twas an angel visited the green earth 

And took the flower away. 
Caroline Ann Leeds, her sister, d May 20, 1S56, a 12. 
To thee, O Lord, we her resign, 

Our loss is her great gain. 
The lovely gift was wholly thine, 

Why then should we complain ? 

Robt. Johnson Leeds, House Steward, at Addiscombe College, d M xv \G\ 
1867, a 63. 

Caroline Ann Girling, d Sep. 29, 1S50, a 27. 

Thomas Hayward, d May 26, 1S55, a 38. 
Esther Wilhelma Hayward, his mother, d April 11, 1875. 
Richd. William Hayward, his father, d April 29, 1824, a 43. 
Richd. Hayward, eldest son of the above, d July 2, 1847, '^ H- 
Francis, second son, d June 9, 1851, a 25. 

James Parker, d March 28, i860, a 47. 
George Parker, his father, d Dec. 15, 1861, a 75. 
Martha Parker, his mother, d Dec. 15, 1862, a 74. 
Agnes Esther Smith, niece, d May 5, 1866, a 16. 



68 Croydon in the Past. 

John Russell, d Jan. 22, 1855, " 75- 

Eleanor Russell, his widow, d Feb. 26, 1880, a 89. 

Joseph Neville, surgeon, d Sept. 12, 1850, a 48. 

If the soul can cast itself upon God, and place an entire confidence in 
Him, death is no more than a sigh, or a short passage from one life to 
another. 

Frank Hay Neville, d Aug. 11, 1861, a 26. 

John Pollard, d Aug. i, i860, a 45. 

A father of the fatherless and a judge of the widow is God in His holy- 
habitation. 

Elizabeth Gardner, ^ July 23, 1856, a 32. 
James Gardner, d March 27, 1861, a 76. 

Charles Farebrother, d July 25, 1852, a 41. 
Anne, his wife, d April 24, 1S67, a 55. 

Sarah Jepson, d Oct. 15, 1851, a 47. 

Mary, wife of Joseph Smith, d March i, 1858, a 62. 
Joseph Smith, rf Nov. 25, 1862, a 64. 

John Rose, d Aug. 6, 1864, a 59, 

Herbert, son of Solomon Child, d April 2, 1863, a 16. 

Mary Ann Lewis, d May 2, 1859, a 6. 

A lovely girl lies sleeping here, 
Short was on earth her stay, 
For at the age of six years old 
Alas ! 'twas took away. 

Mrs. Sarah Dean, d Jan. 19, 1862, a 69. 
Mary Hannah Dean, d Dec. 5, 1850, a 10 months. 
Florence Edith Dean, d July 7, 1S67, a 2. 
George Dean, d Nov. 15, 1878, a 87. 

[Mr. George Dean was a well-known nurseryman. The West Croydon Baptist 

Chapel, Thornhill Road, and roads adjacent, now cover the site of his- 

gardens and grounds.] 

George Keys, d March 22, 1865, a 75. 
Jane Keys, his wife, d Jan. 30, 1876, a 79. 

, Phoebe Downing, 37 years pew opener at St. James's Church, d Nov. 22, 
1865, a 75. 
This stone was erected by the congregation of St. James's Church as a tribute 
of sincere respect for her long and faithful service. 

Sophia Morris, 37 years pew opener at the same church, ^ Jan. 24, 1S66, 

fl 85. 
William, son of George and Phoebe Downing, died in the Crimea, Jan. 24, 

1855, a 29. 
George Downing, his father, after a lingering illness of 32 years, d Feb. 4, 

1861, a 79. 

William Dyer, d Oct. 31, 1854, ^ 33- 

My time on earth so soon did pass away 

Because God called I could no longer stay, 

A rapid consumption brought me to my grave 

I trust in Christ my precious soul to save. 
James Steer, d Dec. 5, 1858, a 64. 
Matilda, his wife, d June 12, i860, a 58. 
Letitia Steer, their daughter, d Nov. 28, 1857, a ^4- 
George, their son, d July 9, 1842, a 16. 



St. James's Churchyard. 69 

Joseph Dyer, d April 24, 1S40, a 8. 

Weep not, dear friends, altho' on earth 

My time with you is past, 
With Christ in heaven we hope to meet 
Where happiness will last. 

William Russell, d May 31, 1854, a 25. 
Sarah Russell, his wife, d Jan. 6, i85o, a 34. 

James Cox, Esq., of Broad Green Place, d Jan. 7, 1862, a 83. 

Mary Cox, his widow, d May 15, 1867, a 92. 

Ann Cox, their youngest daughter, d March, 1847, ^ ^5- 

John Brookes Cox, d Sept. 4, 1851, a 22. 

Mary Cox, daughter, d Sept. i, 1877, a 50. 

Alexander Thomas Cox, d Aug. 25, 1850, a 84. 

John, eldest son of James Cox, whom he survived six months, d July 21, 

1S62, fl 59, leaving a widow and daughter, who inscribe this tablet 

to his fondly cherished memory. 
Ann Cox, his wife, d April 22, 1875, a 77. 

Catherine Brooks, d Feb 9, 1853, ^ 44* 

Mary, wife of Wm. Russell, sen., d July 27, 1853, a 64. 
William Russell, her husband, d Oct. 13, 1855, a 55. 

George Freeman, d March 28, 1853, a 17. 

Thomas Everest, d Aug. 28, 1848, a 46. 

Francis Williams, d May 10, 1861, a 76. 

To the memory of my brother, William Loft, Esq., d Sept. 13, 1842. 

George Forshaw, d June 23, 1841, a 27. 

Michael Brennan, d Jan. 11, 1848, a 30. 

George Stevens, d Oct. 4, 1863, a 68. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Dec. 20, 1841, a 47. 

William Sharp, d April 18, 1865, a 79. 

James Ford, bricklayer, d July 3, 1839, a 49, 
Mary Ford, his wife, d April, 7, 1873, a 83. 

Robert Cates, d June 27, 1845, a 59. 

Thomas Cates, his son, d March 20, 1849, a 25. 

Elizabeth Cates, his wife, d March 14, 1856, a 70. 

Robert Cates, another son, d March 7, 1839, a 36. 

Harriet Cates, d March 24, 1839, a 23. 

Mrs. Sarah Storey, her sister, d Sept. 27, 1S41, a 27. 

Thomas Stagg, d July 6, 1846, a 62. 
Mrs. Ann Stagg, d Dec. 11, 1846, a 65. 
Mrs. Jane Stagg, d Aug. 20, 1848, a 61. 

[Mr. Stagg was for many years landlord of the Windmill Inn, St. James s 
road.] 

Francis Marshall, d Dec. 24, 1836, a 71. 

Elizabeth Marshall, his wife, d April 30, 1851, a 80. 

Ann, wife of Geo. Nevill, Thornton Heath, d Sept. 28, 1S39, a 40. 

Mary, wife of John Gabitass, d Jan. 6, 1839, a 90. 
John Gabitass, d Feb. 6, 1841, a 82. 

Also three great grand children. 

Mary, wife of John Meager, of Walter Green Farm, d March 15, 1S48, 

a 29. 
Elizabeth, wife of Fredk. Snee, d March 5, 1870, a 71. 
Frederick Snee, d July 2, 1877, a Si,. 



-o Croydon in the Past. 

Elizabeth, wife of William Dyer, d Jan. 21, 1S67, a 70. 
William Dyer, d Feb. 4, 1871, a 76. 

[Mr. Dyer was a road contractor, and lived in Parson's Mead.] 

Marv, wife of Walford Appleby, d Feb. 15, 1857, a 67. 
Walford Appleby, d Nov. 19, 1867, a 81. 

[Mr. Appleby lived for many years at what is now No. 45, North End.] 

Harriett Andrew, v ife of Henry Appleby, d Easter Day, 1865, a 39. 
Alfred William, her son, d Nov. 25, 1868, a 8. 

Anthony Mean, d June i, 1858, a 54. 

Robert Hall, d Aug. 28, 1851, a 71. 
Richard Hall, his son, d July 21, 1867, a 51. 

Thomas Willoughby Holledge, d March 28, 1850, a 56. 
Sarah, his widow, d Nov. 12, 1874, a 79. 
William Elliffe, d Sept. 30, 1847, a 42. 

Prepare, my friends, do not delay, 

All in my prime was called away. 

Alice Hempstead, d Sept. 30. i860, a 83. 

Alice Goulding, her daughter, d Sept. 13, 1858, a 58. 

John Chatfield, d Nov. 28, 1854, a 57. 
Sophia Chatfield, d Oct. 22, 1849, a 24. 
Caroline Chatfield, d June 6, 1857, ^ ^9- 

Elizabeth Horner, d Sept. 10, 1841, a 52. 

John Holloway, d Aug. 11, 1843, a 65. 

Chas. Lonsdale, Esq., late Capt. 21st Fusiliers, d Feb. 26, 1846, a 60. 

William Crosby, d June 2, 1849, a 54. 
Isabella Wrigley, d Nov. 10, 1854, a 77. 

William Etherington, d Aug. 23, 1862, « 58. 

[Formerly landlord of the Star Inn, Broad Green.] 

Henry Gill Harding, d Aug. 24, 1851, a 21. 
Mary Ann Harding, d Oct. 18, 1853, a 28. 
James Smithson Harding, d May i, 1868, a 72. 
Ann Harding, d Aug. 16, 1877, a 88. 

Mary, wife of James Collis, of Bensome Lane, d April 2, 1847, a 44. 
Mis. Amelia Zuber, her sister, d Jan. 26, 1870, a 73. 

Samuel Selmes, d Nov. 27, 1852, a 80. 

Ann Maria Jane Selmes, d July 11, 1856, a 80. 

James Hayward Evans, d Nov. 19, 1848, « 20. 

Louisa Claudina Arnold, rf Feb. 24, 1862, a 31. 

John Harris Archer, d May 9, 1844, a 10. 

Frank Wells, d Nov. 30, 1858, a 10. 

Elizabeth Hall, rf Sept. 17, 1845, a 81. 

Jane Hall, her daughter, d March 9, 1848, a 46. 

Thomas Watson, draper, d March 12, 1857, ^ 3°* 

Joseph Bebb, d May 30, 1849, a 86. 

Thomas Dale, rf Dec. 23, 1847, ^ 82. 
Sarah Dale, his wife, d Feb. 26, 1848, a 80. 

Elizabeth Mary Roberts, d Dec. 8, 1846, a 23- 

Mrs. Mary Roberts, her mother, d Aug. 27, 1849, a 64. 



St. James's Churchyard. 71 

Jane Lucy Parker, d March 31, 1S48, a 4. 

O flower of bloom, too brief for human love, 
To Heaven's ark too soon, returning dove, 
One solace leaves us not with thee, sweet child, 
To God in beauty pure and undefiled. 

Jane Dartnell, d Sept. 5, 1862, a 57. 
John, herhusband, d Nov. 23, 1861, a 63. 

[Member of the well-known firm of Close and Dartnell, plumbers, glaziers, 
and painters, of North End. J 

Diana Dawes, d Jan. 21, 1847, " 82. 
Daniel Dawes, d Dec. 10, 1849, a 67. 

Elizabeth Meager Bunyer, wife of Andrew Gale, d July 29, 1848, a 41. 
Forsake me not, O Lord my God, 

Not far from me depart, 
Make haste to my relief, O Thou 
Who my salvat.on art. 
Andrew Gale, her husband, d Aug. 10, 1882, a 75. 
[A road contractor, late of the Whitehorse Road. J 
Daniel Howell, d April 24, 1S45, a 34. 

Death little warning to me gave. 
And quickly brought me to my grave ; 
I from my friends did quickly part 
And lost my life by horse and cart. 

William Hoyle, who met his death with an accident on the Dover Rail- 
road, May 24, 1846, a 22. 

Mourn not for me, my life is past, 

I loved you while life did last, 
Mercy show and pity take. 

And love my infant for my sake. 

William Torrington, d March 9, 1862, a 62. 

Sarah Davies, d Sept. 17, 1865, a 70. 
Mary Ann Davies, d Nov. 12, 1862, « 51. 

Ann, wife of Wm. Castledine, d Jan. 10, 1865, a 78. 

William Pugh, d March 31, 1S65, a 61. 

Florence, daughter of George Stamper, d April 12, 1865, a 20. 

Louisa Mary Ann Roper, d June 7, 1869, a 34. 
Robert Roper, her father, d Nov. 16, 1881, a 70. 

Margaret Mary, wife of Robt. Rogers, d Oct. 31, 1856, a 51. 
Emma, his second wife, d Feb. g, i860, a 38. 

Charlotte de Merveilleux, d May 14, 1864. 
Matilda de Merveilleux, d Aug. 23, 1867, a 35. 

Philip, eldest son of George and Augusta Chasemore, of Waddon, d Sept. 

4, 1S48, a 22. 
George, his brother, d Feb. 22, 1853, a 24. 
Augusta, their mother, d Aug. 21, 1855. 

Tvlary Ann, daughter of John Wood, d Feb. 14, 1864, a 6. 
Harriet, her sister, d March 5, 1864, a 1 year and 7 months. 

Dear to their parents, to their God more dear. 

Two little sisters sweetly slumber here ; 

Blest is their state, from sin and danger free. 

To us they died ; they live, O Lord, to Thee. 

Thomas Ward, d June 12, 1855, a -jj. 

Caroline Jane, wife of Robt. J. Ward, d March 16, 1873, a 44. 



72 



Croydon in the Past. 



Louie, daughter of the late W'm. Godson, d Aug 7, 1875, a 21. 
Mary Ann Kettle, d July 6, 1861, a 60. 

To the memory of Darling Addie, born May 27, 1S63, ^It-'pt Feb. 22, 1867, 
For of such is the kingdom of heaven. 



END OF ST. JAMES'S CHURCHYARD. 



ST. PETER'S CHURCH. 




5HE district Church of St. Peter's is very pleasantly situated 
on the brow of a hill, near the South end of the town. 
The land on which it stands, and the graveyard adjoining, 
was given by Mr. John Russell, of Dunlewey House, 
Bedford Park, who died July gth, 1864, and lies buried near the 
northern side of the tower. The Church itself is a very handsome 
structure, and was built in 1850- 1, from designs by Sir G, Scott. A 
finely-proportioned spire was placed on the tower in 1864, but was 
burnt down while being finished ; it was rebuilt and completed 
in 1865. The churchyard is full of graves, and it is expected 
that it will be closed almost immediately by an Order in Council. 
There are no tablets in the interior, but several memorial windows. 
The most prominent is one over the Communion table, the central 
portions of which represent the five most prominent Evangelists — 
St. Peter in the centre ; on the left hand, SS. Matthew and Mark ; 
on the right, SS. Luke and John. In the north aisle is a window 
erected by the relatives of a lady named Rhodes, representing the 
Christian graces — " I was hungry and ye gave me meat ; I was 
thirsty and ye gave me drink ; I was naked and ye clothed me ; I 
was a wanderer and ye took me in ; I was sick and ye visited me ; 
I was in prison and ye came unto me." Miss Rhodes was a blind 
lady, and lived at South End, She was very charitable, and con- 
tributed largely towards the building of this Church. In order to 
increase the funds she had a little work published, called The 
Anglo-Indian Family, written by a lady who now resides in the 
neighbourhood of Reigate. There are three other windows adjoin- 
ing, which bear the following inscriptions :— " In memory of Edward 
Peplar Smith, and Henrietta Frances, daughter of Charles Bailey, 
1852;" "In memoriam Georgii Smith, vicino agro Selsdonensi 
et Francesca Maria, ejus uxoris Poni curavit Johannes Henricus 
corum filius, 1852 ; " " In memoriam Thoma James et Rebecca ejus 
filii iii., filia iiij., banc fenestram tirri ferrerum." Another window 
has lately been added by Mr. J. S. Wright, in memory of his wife. 
Underneath is this inscription : — " To the memory of Eliza, the 
beloved wife of James Spurrier Wright, of Duppas Hill Terrace; 
at rest, June 15, 1880." In the trefoils at the top are angels bearing 
banners, on which is inscribed " Alleluia." The centre window 
represents St. Ann teaching the Virgin Mary from the Book of 
Hoi}' Writ. On the open page are inscribed in Latin the prophetic 
words that a virgin should bear a child who should be called 
Emmanuel. On the right hand side is depicted Mary of Bethany 



74 Croydon in the Past. 

at the feet of Jesus, with Martha in the background. Underneath, 
Ruth brought before Boaz with the gleaned wheat in her arms. 
At the bottom, the Syro-Phccnician woman touching the hem of 
Jesus' garment. On the right hand we see Esther pleading for her 
people before tlie king ; underneath is the Annunciation — " Blessed 
art thou among women ;" and at the bottor"", the infant Moses in 
his cradle is brought before Pharaoh's daughter." There is another 
memorial window adjoining the one above described, placed there 
by the late Dr. W'estall (who practised for many years in Croydon) 
to the memory of his only son. 



The South East Side of the Churchyard. 

Charles Miller, d Sept. 15, 1878. 

Mr. Charles Miller formerly lived in the Waldrons, and was the 
son of the late Thomas Miller, Esq. (gentleman and a 
scholar), who resided in Church Street for a number of 
years. He was also brother of George Miller, Esq., the 
well-known barrister, who still resides in Church Street. 
We believe that Mr. Charles Miller had an appointment in 
the Treasury, which he held for many years. 

Lydia, wife of Thos. Farley, of Clapham, d Jan. 24, 1880, a 86. 
My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest. 

Henry Constable Roberts, d July 29, 1881, a 29. 

This gentleman, who had only recently been married, was cut 
oft in the prime of life, not only to the intense grief of his 
sorrowing family, but to the sincere regret of his numerous 
friends, to whom he had endeared himself by his kindness, 
his amiability, and his boii lioiiiie. 
Mark Cooper Day, d March 8, 1874, a 43. 

[Mr. Day was a carpenter and joiner, and had his workshops in Park Street.] 
Juliet Xunes, fell asleep Jan. 9, 1872. 

Mary, wife of Christopher Bartlett, d Oct. 11, 1871, a 60. 

Christopher Bartlett, her husband, d Dec. 2, 1878, a 61. 

Mr. Bartlett was a self-made man, and was much respected by 
all who knew him. He was an old inhabitant of the town, 
and like thousands of other frugal, industrious, and for- 
tunate men, he raised himself by perseverance and 
integrity from an humble position to one of comparative 
affluence. It is often said that Fortune wearies of carrymg 
the same man ; but Mr. Bartlett must have been one of 
Fortune's favourites, for she never seemed to tire of 
carrying him, although he was not a feather weight. His 
first important work was laying out the street, now called 
West Street. He then purchased a large plot of land, 
beyond the Swan and Sugar Loaf, where he erected a 
number of houses. Bartlett Street commemorates this 
gentleman's enterprise. Mr. Chas. Davis continues the 
timber business established by the deceased. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. 75 

Edith Jane, second daughter of Howard and Julia Nalder, d March 25, 1S67. 

This memorial is erected by her brothers and sisters. 
Catherine, wife of C. R. Gilson, d Jan. 29, 1872, a 34. 

Robert Russell, youngest son of James and Mary Russell, d Dec. 26, 1870, 
• a 68. 

Sui appetens nunquam. 
Ann Russell, d March 2, 1877, a 61. 

Having survived her beloved husband six years. 

George Harker, d Aug. i. 1869, a 35. 

Harriett Harker, his wife, d Dec. 15, 1S67, a 32. 

The best of wives and mothers. 

Maria, wife of John Simm Smith, d Feb. 18, 1867, a 71. 

John Simm Smith, of Blunt House, Croydon, d Oct. 7, 1877, a 85. 

Mr. John Simm Smith was a retired physician, and resided 
with his family at Blunt House for many years. His soa 
is now one of the respected churchwardens of St. Peter's. 

Arthur Charlesworth, an infant, d Nov. 12, 187 1. 

Emily, youngest daughter of Henry Langford, d Nov. i, 1865, a 22. 

Joseph Silver, M.A., of Trinity College, Cambridge, d Feb. i, 1855, a 59. 
William Silver, M.A., of Trinity College, Cambridge, his brother, d Dec. 26, 
1867, a 63. 
[These two gentlemen were well-known in the literary circles in the town 
and neighbourhood. They resided in the house now occupied by Dr. 
Lanchester, Park Lane.] 

In loving memory of our little darling Edith Mary, d Oct. 8, 1873 ; and 
Alfred Edwin Graves, d Aug. 6, 1879. 

Mary Anne Mackenzie, d July 20, 1874, a 82. 

I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. 
Rebecca, widow of Thos. Miller, Esq., d Dec. 23, 1S60, a 85. 

[Mrs. Miller was the widow of Mr. Miller, whom we have before mentioned as- 
the first organist of St. John's Church, see page 24.] 

Mrs. Mary Ann Dudman, d Jan 13, 1875, a 86. 

She is not tasting death, but taking rest, 

On the same holy couch where Jesus lay. 
Soon to awake all glorified and blest, 

When the day breaks and the shadows flee away. 

Henry Roffey, d Nov. 10, 1S81, a 31. 

" We trust that those we call the dead are breathers of an ampler day for 

ever nobler ends." 
[Mr. Roffey was a young man of great promise. He had only (on his- 
marriage with Miss Entwistle) taken the business of Mr. Francis 
Warren, bookseller, about twelve months before his lamented death.] 

Frederick Puzey, d Jan. 5, 1873, a 35. 

[Mr. Puzey carried on the wine and spirit trade at the corner of Katharine 
Street, now conducted by Mr. Entwistle.] 

In grateful recollection of his zeal on behalf of their spiritual welfare, and 
of his many estimable qualities, this stone is erected by members 
of the Congregation of Christ Church, Nassau, Bahamas, to the 
memory of the Rev. William Strachan,who died the loth of August, 
1866, in the 74th year of his age, alter spending 53 years of his life 
as a Clergyman of the Church of the Bahamas, during 30 of which, 
and until his resignation through loss of sight, he was Rector of the 
parish of Christ Church. 



76 Croydon in the Past. 

Ann Hodgson, d Feb. 2, 1S75, a 91. 

Ann, wife of Fredk. Bean, d Nov. 17, 1863, a 47. 

Frederick Bean, her husband, d Feb. 28, 1870, a 57. 

Thomas Brooks, late H.E.I.C.S., d Feb. 19, 1864, a 67. 

Walter Heygate Lambert, d Ash-Wednesday, 1866, a 13 months. 

Augustus le Forestier, died at Samarang, Java, March 17, 1852. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Feb. 22, 1867, a 63. 
Thomas Wallis, her brother, d Feb. 8, 1868, a 51. 

Albert, son of George and Mary Ann Bance, d Sept. 20, 1867, a 27. 
George Bance, d June 15, 1873, a 75. 
Mary Ann Bance, d Feb. 24, 1880, a 76. 

[Mr. George Bance was an undertaker, and founded the business still 
carried on by his son.] 

Ann, wife of Commander Leven Charles Fredk. Walker, R.N., d Dec. 27, 

1S67, a 68. 
Commander Walker, d Sept. 7, 1S76, a 74. 

Marj' Ann, wife oi James Skinner, d Aug. 21, 1868, a 41. 

Her children arise up and call her blessed ; her husband also, 
and he praiseth her. 

Samuel Hopkins, of South End, d June 29, 1870, a 63. 
[Formerly a grocer and cheesemonger, 23, South End.] 

Ada Emma, daughter of D. W. C. and E. Ardley, d Nov. 15, 1S70, a 3 
years and 7 months. 

William Allen Willmot, d Nov. 2, 1872, a ij. 

" And Jesus called a little child unto him." 

John Allen Davis, of South End, d Aug. 11, 186S, a 26. 
John Davis, his father, d May 20, 187S, a 68. 

[For many years landlord of the Swan and Sugar Loaf Lin.] 
Martha Embly, d Nov. 2, 1873, a 45. 

Mary Ann, wife of Chas. Samuel Coppin, d Jan. 9, 1S75, a 26. 
Elizabeth, wife of Chas. James Coppin, d Jan. 14, 1877, a 62. 

Mary Ann, daughter of Curtis and Hannah Crippen, d June 25, 1S67. 
James Wells, youngest son of the above, d Sept. 11, 1S71, a jz. 

Ann Bickley, d Nov. 29, a 69. 

Gertrude Elizabeth, child of Owen and Sarah King, d Nov. 15, 1870, a 1 

year and 5 months. 
Ethel Marion, her sister, d Jan. 2, 1874, a 3. 

Mary Ann, wife of Wm. Harris Rule, D.D., Wesleyan Minister, d Feb. 26, 

1873, a 69. 
James Ulric, son of Barrow Rule, grandson of the above, d Oct. 10, 1873, 
a ID months. 
[The Rev. \V. H. Rule is still a prominent minister in the Wesleyan Church, 
and the author of several religious works. His son, Mr. Barrow Rule, 
is now clerk to the School Board.] 

George Baker, d Dec. 26, 1870, a 67. 

Emma, the fond and cherished wife of H. J. Hammon, Esq., of the Limes, 

Croydon, d June 29, 1851, a 44. 
Charles Henry, her eldest son, d May 12, 1861, a 18. 
Jane, wife of George Luckins, d Feb. i, 1866, a 49. 
Susan, wife of George Luckins, d Oct. 28, 1881, a 64. 

Louise Stubbington, d Oct. 16, 1881, a 79. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. yy 

George Hatch, d Sept. 7, 1866, a 44. 
Charlotte, his wife, d April 30, 1879, a 56. 

Francis Joseph Page, d June 4, 1867, a g months. 

William Herring, d Feb. 5, 1858, a 57. 

[A well-known eccentric barber in the Middle Row.] 
Anne, wife of H. J. Whitling, d Nov. 28, 1862. 

Sarah Hilling, d May 6, 1863, a 49. 

John Hilling, her husband, d Oct. 14, 1864, a 50. 

Chas. Wm. Wilbraham, d Oct. 26, 1868, a 64. 

Annie Elizabeth Cooper, d May 27, 1872, a 9. 
Kate Hillier Cooper, d June 17, 1872, a 16 months. 

William Davey, d May 30th, 1879, a 84. 

Francis Edward, son of F. and J. Wood, d May 5, 1873, a 5. 
Blanche Wood, d Jan. 29, 1875, a 1. 

Arthur Searle, d April 12, 1869, a 7 months. 
Mary Ann Groom, d Sept. 26, 1870, a 34 

He shall gather the lambs with His arm, and carry them in His bosom. 
James Duncan Kennedy, d Feb. 10, 1869, a 47. 

Erected by a friend from his boyhood in affectionate remembrance. 
" I sought the Lord, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears." 
James IMardell, d Nov. 3, 1867, a 74. 
Miriam Roffey, d April 10, 1862, a 49. 
James Roffey, d April 14, 1877, ^ ^4- 

[Mr. Roffey in his younger days was huntsman to the stag hounds kept in 
this neighbourhood, and was well-known and highly respected by the 
gentlemen attending the hunt. He afterwards successfullj- carried on 
the well-known inn near the Cattle Market, called the Stag and 
Hounds.] 

George Duckett, d March 2, 1S64, a 42. 

We cannot Lord, Thy purpose see, 

But all is well that's done by Thee. 
Walter Talbot, d March 2, 1858, a 62. 
Sarah Talbot, his widow, d Aug. 10, 1867, a 72. 

Robt. Ray, d Sept. 2, 1856, a 59. 

All gracious God, Thy will be done, 

'Twas Thou that didst the blessing lend 
And though withdrawn, I'm not alone. 
Thou art the widow's faithful friend. 
[Robt. Ray was a market gardener, and lived at Ivy Cottage, in the Selsdon 
Road, near the railway viaduct.] 

Lucy Maria Beck, d July 2, 1850, a 27. 

Sarah Elizabeth Wilbraham, her sister, ^ Jan. 31, 1865, (T45. 

William Lewis Janson, d April 18, 1872, a 41. 

Sophia Matilda, daughter of Lewis and Sophia Burnand, d May 20, 1859, 

a ij. 
Chas. Robt. Burnand, d Dec. i, 1879, a 29. 

Jane, wife of James Davies, Esq., d May 24, 1868, a 58. 

Eliza, eldest daughter of Edward Jones, Esq., d May 30, 1857, a 24. 
Edward Jones, her father, d Sept. 3, 1865, a 87. 

Maria Jones, her mother, d Feb. 8, 1877, a 88. 

Ellen Bailey, d July 11, 1874, a 21. 



78 Croydon in the Past. 

John Collier, d Dec. 23, 1857, a 64. 

Alfred Waller, his grand nephew, d March 3, 1874, a 8 months. 

Eli/jabcth Collier, his widow, d Dec. 16, 1881, a 80. 

Charles Collier, d Oct. 3, 1863, a 73. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d June 28, 1878, a 77, 

Joseph Bud, d Oct. 19, 1865, a 73. 

Harriet Hadwen Bud, d Nov. 11, 1881, a 81. 

Joseph Turner, of South End, d Oct. 26, 1865, fl 62. 
Richard Chas. Scott, d July 19, 1865, a 67. 

He is gone, but gone to his rest, 

No more on this earth to complain 
Of sin, that his soul oft oppressed. 
But with Jesus for ever to reign. 

Colonel Edward Kelly, late ist Regiment of Life Guards, died at Tirhoot, 
in India, Aug. 6, 1828; also in memory of Maria Louisa Kelly, 
his wife, died Dec. 22, i860. 
" God forbid that I should glory save in the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ." 
This frail memorial is erected by their affectionate daughters. 

Ann Louisa Kelly, their eldest daughter, d Dec. 23, 1880. 

Emma, her sister, wife of G. F. R. Sutton, d Jan. 26, i856. 

Anna Maria Kelly, sixth daughter, d Nov. 4, 1868. 

Colonel Kelly was in his younger days one of the finest men 
in the British Army, and was esteemed one of the best 
swordsmen. He took an active part in the Battle of 
Waterloo, and was greatly praised for his gallantry by the 
Duke of Wellington in his dispatches. He afterwards 
served in India, where he died, and was buried. The 
place mentioned on the stone is " Tirhoot," but we have 
reason to believe it should be " Ticoot." He married a 
lady from Mitcham, by whom he had issue six daughters, 
three of whom lie with their mother in this churchyard. 
A fourth married Mr. Francis Harris (son of Mr. Robt. 
Harris, for several years an active magistrate for this 
county) who practised in the medical profession in Croydon, 
but afterwards removed to Mitcham, where he died in 1849. 
Mrs. Kelly, it will be seen, survived her husband thirty- 
two years, and lived during the whole of that time at 
Boswell Court, South End, Croydon. 

Charlotte Battersbee, d March 31, 1875, a 74. 

Susan Baldwin, d Dec. 14, 1866, a 69. 
Emma, her husband, d May 23, 1868, a 76. 

George Albert Privett, d Sept. 14, i860, a 2. 

Thomas Penson, of North End, d Jan. 21, 1859, a 58. 

Fanny, daughter of Martin and Harriet Holliday, d Sept. 11, 1859, a 22. 

Wm. Dean, d Jul}' 2, 1869, a 79. 
Sarah, his wife, d Dec. 28, 1873, a 82. 

George Hall, d Dec. 3, 1867, a 54. 
Ann Hall, his mother, d June 4, 1871, a 89. 
Thomas Jacob, d Oct. 22, 1858, a 39. 
John Andrews, d Nov. 2, 1865, a 47. 

Not lost but gone before. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. 79 

Charlotte, wife of Geo. May, of London, d June 6, 1856, a 43. 
Rebecca Rowlandson, her mother, widow of the Rev. ^i. Rowlandson, 
D.D., vicar of Warminister, Wilts, d Dec, 16, 1867, a 91. 
" It is well, for God has ordered it." This was her motto through life ; it kept 
her happy, and resting in Jesus only as her rock and stay, her end 
was peace. 

George May, Esq., of Pittarrow, Croydon, d Oct. 6, 1876, a 66. 
The memory of the just is blessed. 

Ann Gordon, daughter of Chas. Engstrom, d Aug. g, 1876, a 7 weeks. 

Emily Jane, daughter of Lieut. -Col. M. L. Rowlandson, d March 10, 1858, 
a 22. 
The word of Christ dwelt in her richly, it was her delight, and in it she 
meditated day and night. Amongst her last words were " I am not in 
the least afraid." O Death, where then was thy sting; O Grave, 
where thy victory. Thanks be unto the Lord, who giveth us the \ictory 
through our Lord Jesus Christ, we have redemption through His blood. 
All my springs are in Thee. 
Also Sarah Louisa Mary Rowlandson, (/ July 16, 1S58, a 24. 

Soon called to follow her sister she so tenderly had loved, with her she now 

rests in peace. 
" The blood of Jesus Christ, His Son, cleanseth us from all sin. Jesus 
Christ, the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever." Here, she said, is 
the pillow upon which I rest my soul. " And they sung, as it were, a 
new song before the Throne," and God shall wipe away all tears from 
their eyes. 
Major-General George Rowlandson, Royal IMadras Artillery, d March 31, 
1875, a 56. 
A faithful and consistent servant of Christ and his country He is entered 
into his rest. 

Maud Mary Elizabeth Simkins, d May i, 1867. 

I was dumb, I opened not my mouth, because thou didst it. 

Hannah Crippen, d May 5, 1877, a 83. 
Elizabeth, her sister, d March 7, 187S, a 76. 

Sarah Thorp, d Nov. 20, 1859, a 64. 

James Thorp, her husband, d Aug. 16, 1864, a 71. 

Mark Bartlett, d March 6, 1862, a 76. 

Emma, wife of Wm. Bartlett, d Nov. 2, 1868, a 45. 

Ellen Wilton, d Aug. 21, 1861, a 1 month. 

Oh, not in cruelty, not in wrath. 

The reaper came that day. 
'Twas an angel visited the green earth, 

And took the babe away. 

Henry Herbert, infant son of Henry Long, d July 16, 1864. 
Martna Jones, niece of Henry Long, d March 19, 1869, a 5. 

Ann, wife of Commander Jas. Grant Raymond, R.N., d Aug, 25, 1S59, a 62. 
J. Grant Raymond, R.N., d May 27, 1863, a 67. 

Chas. Benjamin Gurrey, d Jan. 15, 1861, a 38. 

Walter Ricardo, Esq., of Haling Grove, d April 14, 1859, a 37. 

Thomas Chas. Willoughby, d June 14, 1872, d 30. 
Thomas Benjamin Willoughby, d June 16, 1875, a 68. 

Jane, wife of Jeremiah Gilbert, d Jan. 22, 1859, a 36. 
Edith Millicent Gilbert, intant daughter. 
Jeremiah Gilbert, d Feb. 10, 1869, a i month. 



8o Croydon in the Past. 

Mary Ann, wife of Cuthbert W. Johnson, Esq., d Oct. 5, 1861, a 57. 

Cuthbert W. Johnson, barrister-at-law, d March 8, 1878, a 79. 

Mr. Cuthbert Wm. Johnson resided at Waldronhyrst, in The 
Waldrons, Croydon. He was one of the earliest members 
of the Local Board of Health, and for many years was 
the highly-esteemed chairman, and ruled that body to the 
satisfaction of all. He was a gentleman of considerable 
ability, and was bred up to the law, but devoted himself 
more particularly to agricultural pursuits, and was con- 
nected with several influential agricultural journals, to 
which he frequently contributed. It is pleasing to bring to 
memory the recollection of Mr. Johnson, who was a stately 
gentleman, combining in himself the best points of the old 
school. Seated in his canopied chair, with his velvet cap, 
in sober evening dress, he looked as if he had stepped out 
of an ancient frame hanging on the walls of some family 
mansion. He was always faultlessly clean, and close shaven. 
His entire appearance and manner conveyed a sense of 
dignity, self-possession, and somewhat stiff politeness. 
He listened with patience to the long debates in which the 
members of the Board were accustomed to indulge, and 
occasionally enlivened the proceedings with a little mild 
pleasantry. Nothing seemed to ruftle him or disturb the 
placidity of his temper — a most necessary qualification in 
any gentleman called to preside over meetings where 
persons of opposite opinions meet to discuss public matters. 
His death was a great loss to the town. 

James Gooderson, d July 3, 1881, a 62. 

Florence, child of James and Harriet Gooderson, d March 2, 1874, a 16 
months. 

Richard Barrow, d Nov. 15, 1859, a 62. 

John Sawyer, died suddenly, Nov. 11, 1871, a 62. 

Farewell, farewell, yet not a long adieu. 

For I, if faithful, soon may be with you. 

In blissful regions, where no sin, no pain. 

Nor parting pangs shall sunder us again. 
Ann Sawyer, his wife, d Sept. 25, 1879, a 72. 

Tender parents and friends sincere — 

Loved and lamented much — lie buried here. 
Jane Mary Baylis, (/ Oct. 16, i860, a 34. 
Elizabeth, wife of James Pilbeam, d March 17, 1866, a 68. 
James Woodroffe, d Sept. 2, 1844, a 52. 
Sarah, his wife, d Jan. 26, 1864, a 69. 
Eleanor, his daughter, d Aug. 26, 1881. 

Morris Hughes, d Jan. 23, 1863, a 63. 

Elizabeth, his wife, d May 17, 1879, a 68. 

Samuel, son of John and Rebecca World, d May 13, 1870. 
There is a happy land, far, far away, 
Where saints in glory stand, bright, bright as day. 

Edward Gower, d July 21, 1859, a 68. 

[Mr. Gower kept the New Inn, South End.] 



St. Peter's Cliurchyard. 8i 

Harriet Rebecca, daughter of William and Harriet Claxton, d Sept. 4, 
1S69, a I. 

Martha Gray, d Dec. 30, 1S60, a 32. 

Brought up in tender care. 

Her parents and her brothers loved her dear. 

Elizabeth, wife of George Gra)', d July 20, 1859, a 34. 

Henry Govver, d Jan. 29, 1877, a 57. 

Alphonso Francis Matthey, Esq., late of Messina, d Oct. 13, 1854, a 56. 

Ann, daughter of John Grantham, Esq., d July 5, 1859. 

John Burt, d Oct. 12, 1875, a 66. 

Marion Walker, d Feb. 24, 1877. 

Marmaduke Tyson Walker, d March 29, 1877. 

Thomas James Roff, son of Thomas Roff, d Oct. 11, 1875, a 17. 

Sophia, wife of Thomas Stevens, d March 17, 1S56, a 57. 
Thomas, her husband, d April 11, 1873, a 76. 

[Formerly landlord of the Surrey Drovers, Selsdon Road.] 
James Wm. Hoare, of South End, d Nov. 3, 1854, ^ iQi- 

A youth is laid beneath this stone : 

Death nipped the bud, the blossom's gone. 

Be still each parent's sighing heart, 

Time is but short that we shall part ; 

When we again in glory meet, 

'Twill turn past bitters into sweet. 
Rebecca Hoare, his mother, d Oct. 19, 1865, a 64. 

Mary Snelling, d May 24, 1855, a 58. 

Robert Roft, d April 5, 1875, a 48. 

George Munton Bryant, d Jan. 21, 1853, a 48. 

Hannah Bush, after a long and painful illness, d Feb. 11, 1872, a 53. 

George Joseph Hope, d March 13, 1866, a 60. 

Alice Liston Harris, daughter of George Harris, of Bedford Park, d July 

21, i860, a 12. 
Louisa, widow of George Harris, Esq., and grandmother of the above, d 

Aug. 28, 1867, a 80. 

Mary Ann Bance, d July 19, 1S62, a 64. 

A dutiful wife and affectionate mother : much regretted. 
Wm. Thomas Bance, her husband, d March 28, 1873, a 80. 

[Mr. Bance carried on the business of grocer and cheesemonger at 123, High 
Street, part of the premises now occupied by Mr. Stevenson.] 

John Galloway, d Nov. 8, 1853, a 67. 
Frances Galloway, d June 14, 1867, a 92. 

This is not our home. May we all more earnestly seek a heavenly one. 
Jonathan Peed, of Brighton Road, d July 28, 1854. 
Sophia, his wife, d Aug. 17, 1878, a 88. 

[Mr. Peed was for many years shepherd on the Haling Park Farm. He is 
father to Mr. Peed, the celebrated horticulturist, of South Norwood.] 
Emily Morton Tippett, d Feb. 2, 1854, a 4 years and 9 months. 
Mary Ann, her sister, d Feb. 12, 1854, a 2 years and 3 months. 
Sweet little flowers, your blooms are fled. 
Your tender leaves are pale and dead, 
And scattered — once so rosy red — 
In the cold tomb. 



82 Croydon in the Past. 

Wm. Hodgkins, d Dec. 27, 1S54, a 78. 
Catherine, his wife, d July 31, 1865. 
Fanny Hodgkins, d Jan. 12, 1853, a iS. 

[Mr. Hodgkins was landlord of the Running Horse, in the Old Town.] 

William Phipps, d July 29, 1S62, d 60. 
Martha Phipps, d May 7, 1868, « 70. 

Hail, sovereign love, that first began, 

The scheme to rescue fallen man ; 

Hail, matchless free eternal grace. 

That gave their souls a hiding place. 
[Mr. Phipps was formerly a well-known tradesman in High Street.] 

Patience Pearce, d March 17, 1857, a 61. 

Jane, wife of Abraham Brown, d June 5, 1853, a 60. 

Mary, wife of George Cooper, d Jan 9, 1S63, a 81. 
George, h-r husband, d Oct. 24, 1866, a 79. 

Frances Sarah Gedge, d Jan. 11, 1863, a 71. 

George Tate, of Brockham, d Oct. 21, 1853, a 72. 
Ann Tate, his daughter, d Aug. 5, 1B41, a 15. 

Both buried at Pump Pail. 
Catherine Tate, his wife, d Sept. 20, 1S50, a 80. 

William May. d Dec. 12, 1858, a 34. 

Emily Jane May, his daughter, d Feb. 8, 1869, a 34. 

George Batchelar, d Jan. 25, 1853, a 83. 

Francis Charles Saker, d July 17, 1865, a 5 months. 
Eva Ellen Saker, d Aug. 28, 1865, a 2. 

John Wood, d Feb. 20, 1854, a 68. 

Sarah Chapman, d Jan. 26, 1S55, « 79. 

Rev. Edward Chapman, her husband, d Dec. 7, 1858, a 86. 

Rev. Thomas Dove, Wesleyan Minister, 14 years Missionary in Western 
Africa, d Dec. i, 1859, a 59. 

Josiah Dulake, rf July 11, i85i, a 59. 

Jane Dulake, his wife, d Oct. 2, 1863, a 60. 

[Mr. Dulake kept the Star beerhouse in Southbridge Road. He died from the 
effects of a fall. Coming down stairs one day rather hurriedly, his foot 
slipped, and he fell from the top to the bottom, breaking his neck.] 

Samuel Waghorne, d Oct. 2, 1858, a 69. 

Harriett, his widow, suddenly called to her rest May 13, 1867, a 78. 

Thomas Waghorne, her only son, d Aug. 28, 1868, a 46. 

[Formerly a coachbuilder in High Street, now Waghorne and Miles.] 
Mary, wife of Joseph Jordan, d Dec. 6, 1855, a 36. 
Mary, her daughter, d Jan. 11, 1855, a 4. 
Ann, her daughter, d April 7, 1850, a if. 
William, her son, d Oct. 29, 1863, ^ ^1- 

Elizabeth, daughter of George and Elizabeth Price, d April 25, 1853, a 9. 
Elizabeth, her mother, d Jan. 19. 1867, a 63. 
Edward, her son, d Jan. 29, 1875, a 35. 

Elizabeth May, wife of William Green, of Granville Square, London, d 

March 31, 1863, a 47. 
Emily Jane Suckling, her niece, d March 12, 1858, a 7. 

Another lamb now safe from heat and cold, 
Is gently gathered to the heavenly fold. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. 83 

Phillip Babbidge, son of John Petter, d Oct. 3, 1853, a 2 ; also 3 children. 
Mary, wife of Peter Paul Grellier, of Wormwood Street, London, d Feb. 8, 
1S55, a 80. 

Mary Ann, wife of Napoleon Belcher, d May 3, 1S59, a 80. 

Universally beloved and much regretted by all who knew her. 

Elizabeth, wife of Edwin V/inscom, d Jan. 21, 1853. 
Edwin, her son, d Jan. 8, 1S53, a 2. 

[Mr. Winscom was the first accountant to the Local Board of Health.] 
James Street, d March 31, 1873, a 68. 

William Barnes, born May 13, 181 1, a 17. 

My days are like a shadow that declineth, and I am withered like grass. 
Sophia Barnes, born July 28, 1S41, a 17. 

I cried unto him with my mouth, and he was extolled with my tongue. 
Frances, wife of \Vm. Barnes, d June 11, 1S62, « 51. 
The mother's voice we used to hear, 

Alas, too often heard in vain, 
Her anxious words of hope and fear, 

Will never reach our ears again. 
Oh, may we weigh with solemn thought. 

The holy counsel which she gave, 

Now to the heart more dearly brought, 

As here we sorrow o'er her grave. 

Wm. Chuter, d March 21, 1861, a 43. 

[Landlord of the Cricketers' Arms, West Street.] 
Mary Mullett, d May 16, 1861, a 43. 

After many years great suffering, borne with Christian fortitude. 
George Graves, d March 31, i860, a 58. 

Free now from every care and pain, 

Asleep my body lies. 
Until the trumpet calls 
The dead in Christ to rise. 

Lucy Sophia Cooper, d Jan. 20, 1S54, ^ 23. 

Robert Lashmar, youngest son of John Lashmar, d May 22, 1859, a 49. 

[The Lashmars kept for many years one of the principal drapery establish aients 
in High Street, afterwards Jarvis, now D. Davidson.] 

Bertha Emberson, d April 16, 1853, a 5. 
Ernest John Emberson, d April 27, 1853, a 9. 

[The father of these children carried on the school in High Street now under 
the management of the Rev. Dr. Roberts.] 

John Battersbee, d Nov. 23, 1S63, a 74. 

[Old John Battersbee was a collar maker in High Street. There was a court 
called Battersbee's Court on the site of the Friends' Road.] 

Harry John, son of George and John Stapleton, d March 27, 1S54, a g 

months. 
Frank Thomas, his brother, d Jan. 17, 1856, a 8 months. 
Walter James, brot'ner, d April 36, 1858, a i month. 
George Stapleton, d Aug. 17, 1869, a 48. 

John Eldridge, d Oct. 12, 1854, a 64. 

Ann Eldridge, his wife, d March 26, 1S64, a 73. 

[Mr. Eldridge was one of the Inspectors of Weights and Maasjres fjr the 
County of Surrey,] 

Edward Price, d Dec. 31, i85o, a 70. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d May 11, 1S73, a 71. 



8i Croydon in the Past. 

Sarah, wife of John Budgen, of Addiscombe Road, d June i8, 1869, a 95. 

John Biidgcn, her husband, d July 5, 1869, a 81. 

John Budgen was the principal watchmaker in the town. His 
old-fashioned shop was at the south corner of Mint Walk — 
now an oil and colourman's. He was well-known in his 
day as a most upright, honourable, and skilful man at busi- 
ness. He had filled all the usual parish offices with credit 
to himself and benefit to the town, and in the waning of 
life he retired to George Street, in order to live near his 
old friend, Mr, Wm. Inkpen. Here he enjoyed his otiiim 
ctim dignitate for a few years, when, to use a figure of 
speech, the clock of life, with all its delicate and compli- 
cated machinery, was abruptly stopped by the hand of 
Time. He left handsome legacies both to the hospital and 
the little almshouses. On reference to the parish register 
we find that in 1780, Mr. Budgen's father, who like him- 
self, was a clever watchmaker, was appointed to erect the 
chimes in the old church tower, where they remained in 
operation until the sacred edifice was consumed by flames. 

Marion Henrietta Boobier, d Jan. 9, 1855, a 31. 

Robert Wood,rf March 14, 1857, a 9. 

Robert Wood, his father, d Sept. 21, 1870, a 52. 

[Mr. Wood was a milkman, and also verger at St. Peter's Church.] 

Sophia Jane Richards, d Aug. 22, 1854, a 14 months. 
Arthur James Richards, d Aug. 31, 1S58, a 17 months. 
Farewell, dear infants, 3011 are gone 

To Heavenly rest and love, 
Thus early called to Christ away. 
To dwell with Him above. 

Elizabeth Harvey, d Nov. 16, 1874, a 73, forty-six of which were passed in- 
faithful service and friendship with the family, who erect this stone- 
to her memor)'. 

John Gunn, d Nov. g, 1865, a 59. 

Ann Gunn, his wife, d Aug. 15, 1869, a 60. 

Dear honoured parents, we must trust 

Your precious bodies to the tomb. 
Here in the Churchyard's hallowed dust, 

Sleep calmly through night's transient gloom. 

Elizabeth Finnis, relict of Gilbert Finnis, of Dover, (i March 22, 1862, a 90. 

The stone was erected by her daughter, S. Cook. 

[The husband of the deceased was a brother of Colonel Finnis, the first 

victim in the Indian Mutin}-, and a relative of Sir John Finnis, who 

once filled the office of Lord Mayor of London. Mr. Gilbert Finnis 

several times filled the office of Mayor of the Borough of Dover.] 

William Sibley, d July 14, 1865, a 49. 

Lucy, wife of Thomas Swaine, of Thornton Heath, d May 14, 1855, ^ 73- 
Thomas Swaine, her husband, d March 12, 1862, a 81. 

Mrs. Sarah Cotman, of South End, where she resided more than half a 
century, d Jan. 4th, 1855, a 81. 
Hodie mihi eras tibi. 
Also Mr. John Cotman, her son, d Jan. 6, 1868, a 56. 

[Mrs. Sarah Cotman's husband died from the effects of eating poisonous 
mushrooms.] 



St. Peter's Churchyard. 85 

Frederick John Steer, d Feb. 7, 1865, a 5. 
Mary Ann Lurway, d June 23, 1874, a 78. 
Joseph Ford, Esq., late of the War Office, Pall Mall, died suddenly at 

Beaford, North Devon, Sept. 13, i865, a 68. 
Maria, his relict, died at Alton, Hants, April 22, 1881, a 85. 

Samuel Slarke, d Aug. 15, 1864, a 60. 

" And what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly and to 
love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God." 
Ann Slarke, d April 6, 1866, a 57. 

[Mr. Slarke was a plumber, and sexton to St. James's Church. His father 
was clerk at the Parish Church.] 

George Thomas White, chorister, d May 13, 1875, a 9, 

George Lawrence, d Feb. 5, 1877, a 49. 

Rose Alice, his daughter, d Sept. 26, 1866, a 6 months. 

Amy Maude, his daughter, d Jan. i, 1873, a 5. 

Thomas William Lawrence, d Aug. 22, 1863, a 10 months. 

Caroline Georgina, his mother, d Jan. 5, 1864, a 38. 

" Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for the meat which endureth 
unto everlasting life, which the Son of Man shall give unto you, for 
them hath God the Father sealed." 
[Members of the family of Lawrence and Son, clothiers, Surrey Street.] 

Susannah Giles, wife of James Giles, d June 15, 1864, a 49. 

Eliza, wife of Thomas Weaver, of Park Hill Farm, d Dec. 6, 1862, a 54. 
Thomas Weaver, her husband, d Aug. 28, 1872, a 63. 

[Mrs. Eliza Weaver was the second wife of Mr. Thomas Weaver. She was 
unfortunately killed by being thrown out of a chaise.] 

Frederick Wagner, d Feb. 8, 1863, a 64. 

Joseph Mitchell, d Feb. 8, 1879, a 87. 
Mary Ann, his wife, d Feb. 9, 1879, a 78. 

George Richard, son of George and Sophia Matthews, d Sept. 24, 1863, a 6. 
Charles Ernest, an infant, d Feb. 25, 1874. 

James Alphonsus King, d March 31, 1863, a 53. 
James King, sen., his father, d March 27, 1865, a 83. 

Elizabeth May, wife of John Hinchcliff Williams, d Oct. 31, 1864, a 54. 
John Hinchcliffe Williams, her husband, d Feb. 8, 1869, a 59. 

Jane, wife of George Smithers, d Sept. 25, 1864, a 37. 
George Smithers, d Oct. 22, 1881, a 62. 

[Mr. Smithers resided at Duppas Hill, but in business he was the well-known 
fishmonger at the foot of London Bridge.] 

Francis Oswald, d Nov. 20, 1877, a 42. 

Thine eyes shall see the King in his beauty. 

William George Stephens, d Sept. 3, 1863, a 18. 

Ellen Victoria Stephens, his youngest sister, d Jan. 8, 1874, a 6. 

Anna Stephens, d March 11, 1881, a 22. 

Matthew Pratt, of Brigstock House, Thornton Heath, d Dec. 18, 1879, a 61 
Abi Susannah, his wile, d Jan. 18, 1866, a 35. 

This monument is erected by her affectionate husband as a tribute of love to 

her whose loss he must for ever mourn. 
[There was a tablet placed in the old Parish Church to the memory of this 
lady, a very few days before the destruction of the church. It was 
totally destroyed in the rire.J 

John William Ebbutt, d July 26, 1875, a 58. 



S6 Croydon in the Past. 

Clement Theodore Long, taken to rest Jan. 14, 1778, a 6 months. 

Herbert John, son cf John William and Elizabeth Lulham Jarvis, d Feb. 

4, 1864, a 2. 
Kate ^Iary Ann, her daughter, d June 8, 1S70. a 10 and 7 months. 
Elizabeth Johnson Jarvis, her grandmother, d Oct. 19, 1877, a 85. 

Anne, wife of Mr. James Brown, d Aug. 5, 1871, a 18. 

Annie Roberts, called to her rest Nov. 15, 1873. 

Her infant children, Maude and George Herbert, are sleeping with her. 
Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. 
Francis Dally Fisher, d June 29, 1873, a 51. 

Patience Hobbs, d Dec. 3, 1863, a 67. 

Charles Alborough Garard, d Feb. 4, 1877, a 48. 



North side of the Churchyard. 

Amy, wife of Thomas Holliday, d Feb. 4, 1S66, a 77. 
Thomas Holliday, d Oct. 16, 1870, a So. 

[For many years a night watchman in High Street.] 
Mr. Cornell, d Feb. 8, 1865, a 68. 

Mrs. Ann Peters, d Oct. 13, 1S63, a 61. 

Edward Peters, her husband, d Dec. i, 1865, a 79. 

Mary Sophia, daughter of John and Mary Eldridge, d Dec. 29, 1881, a 5 
months. 

Richard Avery Sawyer, of North End, d July 21, 1864, a 60. 
Sarah Sawyer, his wife, d Feb. 13, 1875, n 74. 

[Mr. Sawyer was a boot and shoemaker in North End.] 
Mary Ann Jackson, d May 4, 1866, a 40. 

In faith she lived, in love she died, 
Her life was asked, but was denied. 
This tablet is erected by her affectionate brother, Wm. Dulake, 2nd Battalion, 
24th Regiment, Rangoon. 

John Edward, only son of John Fuller, Esq., late Lieut. H.M's. 71st 
Regiment, d Oct. 6, 1861, a 27. 

Martha Hayward, d Feb. 12, 1871, a 62. 

Ebenezer Hayward, her husband, d Feb. 11, 1872, a 63. 

Sarah Wood, her daughter, d Oct. 3, 1879, a 30. 

Alice Jane Russell, wife of W'm. Russell, of South End, d Nov. 12, 1863, 
a 43. 

Forget thee ? Never I To the latest breath 
We shall remember thy calm bed of death. 
What humble trust ! what holy hope ! what joy, 
'Mid dying pangs, could every thought employ 1 
Yes ! in that moment thou didst seem to be 
At peace with God, and God at peace with thee. 

Mary Vickers, d Jan. 14, 1862, a 24. 

Mary Elizabeth Hayward, d Dec. 25, 1S74, a 25. 

In life much beloved, in death much lamented. 
Emma Ann Taylor, d Dec. 13, 1868, a 25. 

When musing, sorrow weeps the past, 

And mourns the present pain. 
How sweet to think of peace at last, 
And feel that death is gain. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. 87 

Fredk. J. IMuskett, d March 31, 1871, a 8 months. 
Fredk. Rigden, his brother, d Dec. 22, 1872, a 8 months. 

Elizabeth Bowring, d Feb. 6, 1873, a 27. 

Hannah, wife of Francis Bowring, d May g, 1870, a 60. 
Francis Bowring, her husband, d June 12, 1877, a 78. 

[Formerly a boot and shoemaker in High Street.] 
Mary Ann, wife of James Burns, d April 12, 1869, a 56. 

William Joseph Southey, d Nov. 23, 1864, a 38. 
Sarah Southey, his daughter, d Jan. 18, 1875, a 20. 
Alfred, his son, d Dec. 10, 1S77, a ij. 

[Mr. Southey was a chemist at 137, High Street, in the employ of Messrs. 
Crafton and Son.] 

Ellen Elizabeth Southey, d Feb. 23, 1871, a 18. 
Jehoiada Stoodley Northcott, d March 21, 1881, a 61. 
If I still hold closely to Him 

What hath He at last ? 
Sorrow vanquished, labour ended, 
Jordan passed. 
Sophia, wife of Wm. Bonella, d Jan. 9, 1875, a 67. 
William Bonella, d Dec. 21, 1880, a j6. 

Henry Whittaker, d March 5, 1869, a 85. 

Sophia, wife of W. H. Ray, d Sept. 18, 1862, a 55. 
Thomas Henry, her eldest son, d April 27, 1870, a ^^. 
Charles, her second son, d Sept. 11, 1872, a 30. 

John Pettifer, d Oct. 28, 1863, a 65. 

Let my remembrance often creep. 

Across thy mind, but do not weep. 

But go, so live thy death may be, 

Such as no friend need weep for thee. 
Alfred Pettifer, his youngest son, d March 26, 1866, a 27. 
Elizabeth, relict of John Pettifer, d Feb. 22, 1869, a 67. 
Henry Pettifer, d Aug. 30, 1873, a 39. 

[Mr. John Pettifer was a builder, 65, South End ; he also had a lime kiln on 
the Brighton Road.] 

Robt Cleveland, child of Robt. Thomas and Sarah Ann Ready, d April 24, 

1865, ay. 
Wm. Herbert Ready, d April 24, 1865, a i year and 11 months. 

Thomas Neal, d May 25, 1863, a 47. 

Wm. Burrows, after a long and severe illness, d March 16, 1868, a 43. 
Alice Burrows, his daughter, d July 12, 1869, a 14. 

Just as I am, without one plea, 

But that Thy blood was shed for me. 

And Thou bids't me come to Thee, 
Oh, Lamb of God, I come. 

Lawrence Fielder, d Feb. 10, 1866, a 68. 

I have trusted in Thy mercy, my heart shall rejoice in Thy salvation, I shall 
be satisfied when I awake with Thy likeness. 

Mary Ann Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Bean and Emma Martin, d Sept. 
14, 1869, a 17 years and 8 months. 

Sarah Ann Maria Wicks, d March 17, 1865, a 30. 

Emily, wife of Thomas Cleverly, d April 28, 1868, a 27. 
Also an infant son. 

George Bentley, d Aug. 26, 1868, a 31- 



88 Croydon in ilic Past. 

John Betchley. <? Feb. ii, iS6g, a 70. 
Susan Sarah Heslceth Betchley, d May 30, 1870, a 59. 
Weep not for us, my children dear, 
We are not dead, but sleeping here, 
Long hatb tlie night of sorrow reigned, 

The dawn sliall bring us Hght, 
God shall appear, and we shall rise, 
With gladness in his sight. 
[Mr. John Betchley was a wheelwright in North Place.] 

Susan, wife oi John Betchley, d April 28, 1868, a 25. 

Sarah Susan Matilda Betchley, d Feb. 9, 1S73, a i year and 10 months. 

Erected by Edward Hurley in memory of George Lane, who died at his 
post of duty as gamekeeper, April 22, 1868, a 53. 

Reuben Dann, d May 4, 1868. a 65. 

Harriott, wife of William Coachman, d Oct. 27, 1866, a 70. 
Each moment since her dying hour, 

My loss I keenly feel, 
But trust I feel the Saviour's power. 
To sanctify and heal. 
Wm. Couchman, her husband, d Jan. 10, 1872, a 73. 

Alfred Broadribb, brother of Mrs. Hookins, of West Street, d Nov. 17, 

1866, a 33. 
Frances Broadribb, his sister, d July 21, 1876, a 50. 

Thomas Mallett, Esq., d May 29, 1866, a 71. 

George Joseph Hookins, of West Street, d Dec. 27, 1869, a 38. 

Henry Rix, d Dec. 27, 1865, a 65. 

James Blackman, d April 29, 1868, a 72. 
Elizabeth, wife of Thos. Blackman, d April 20, 1864, a 82. 
Thomas Blackman, a respected resident of this parish, d May 15, 1864, a 78. 
A sincere Christian, a devoted husband, a faithful friend. 

John Edward Bowell, d Nov. 28, 1863, a 26. 

I wait for the Lord, my soul doth wait, and in His word do I hope. 
W^illiam Bowell, his father, d July 23, 1867, a 60. 

Thomas Bassett, d Jan. 11, 1S64, a 10. 

Alfred Cox, d Jan. 30, 1865, a 31. 

Alfred John Cox, his son, d Dec. 31, 1864, a 5 months. 

Farewell ! farewell ! yet not a long adieu, 

For I, if faithful, soon may be with you, 

In blissful regions, where no sin, no pain. 

Nor parting pangs shall sunder us again. 

Esther, daughter of Simeon and Ann Shaw, d Sept. 18, i860, a 32. 
Ann Shaw, her mother, d Dec. 23, 1870, a 77. 

William Agate, d Feb. 28, 1864, « 86. 

Charlotte Agate, his daughter, d July 17, 1871, a 59. 

[Mr. Agate was for many years the proprietor of the well-known nursery in 

Southbridge Road. He was a worthy, industrious, and successful man ; 

and it is somewhat remarkable that the names of his competitors in 

business were Diamond, Jewel, Gould, and Batchelar, all of whom have 

long since joined the majority.] 

Estelle, wife of Thomas Charles Bayliss, of Croham Mount, d April 25, 
1879, a 39. 

Sarah, wife of Frederick Potter, of Selsdon Road, d Dec. 30, 1879, a 74. 



St. Peters Churchyard. 89 

Charles Coxhead, d Dec. 2, 1874, a 18. 

Weep not for me, although on earth, 

My time with you is past, 
With Christ above we hope to meet 

Where happiness shall last. 
George Coxhead, his father, d July 13, 1875, a 74. 

Weep not for me, my children dear, 

Though you are left behind. 
Prepare yourselves to follow me 

And bear me in your mind. 

Alfred William, son of Alfred Bowell, d Dec. 20, 1871, a 3 years and 9 months. 
Rebecca Bowell, his grandmother, d March 8, 187S, a 68. 

Samuel James Everett, d July 10, 18S0, a 34. 

Julia, the beloved and deeply regretted wife of Edgar Francis Carter, and 
only daughter of Mr. C. Lenney, d Oct. 10, 1865, a 29. 

Samuel Brookes, d Aug. 18, 1881, a 49. 

" Oh, that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me 
secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time 
and remember me." — Job xiv. 13. 
[Mr. Brookes was an architect, living in St. Peter's Road, having offices in 
George Street.] 

Sophia, wife of John Coe, died suddenly Jan. 21, 1872, a 58. 
John Coe, her husband, d Sept. 16, 1880, a 71. 

[Mr. Coe was many years manager of the printing department of the Bank of 
England.] 

John Russell, of Dunlewey House, Bedford Park, third son of Thomas 
Russell, d July 9, 1864, a 46. 
" In full assurance of the resurrection to eternal life through our Lord Jesus 
Christ. The Lord gave and the Lord taketh away, blessed be the name 
of the Lord." 
[This gentleman gave the ground on which the Church stands, and the burial 
ground surrounding.] 

Robt. Horatio Johnson, d Feb. 16, 1865, a 25. 
Sarah Johnson, his mother, d Nov. 3, 1881, a 76. 

Horatio Maynard Chesterman, d Jan. 30, 1866, a 21. 

Mary Day, d Dec. 12, 1868, a 78. 

Joseph Day, her eldest son, d July 7, 1865, a 42. 

William Gaskin, d April 25, 1882, a 81. 

Because he hath set his love upon Me, therefore will I deliver him ; with 

long life will I satisfy him, and he shall see My salvation. 
[Formerly a builder in Addiscombe Road. He gave the present handsome 

carved oak pulpit in the parish church.] 

"William George Stagg, d April 14, 1871, a 53. 

Erected by a few friends as a mark of respect. 
William Edward Johnson, d Sept. 20, 1869, a 32. 

Ann Johnson, died May 16, 1S68, a 58. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Edward Chapman, d March 29, 1876, a 70. 

Henry Chapman, her son, d April 3, 1876, a 35. 

Sarah Ann, wife of John Kilmister, d Oct. 4, 1869, a 67. 
John Kilmister, her husband, d Nov. 13, 1876, a 78. 

[Old John Kilmister was a well-known character, although in humble life. 

He was carpenter to the old Workhouse, and eventually died in one of 

the almshouses.] 



go Croydon in the Past. 

William George Butt, d June 25, 1875, a 52. 

My days are pasFcd, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my 

heart. — Job xvii. 2. 
[Mr. Butt was a blacksmith, and up to the time of his death, verger of St, 
Peter's Church. His old workshop was situated at the corner of 
Coombe Lane.] 
Ann, his wife, d June i, 1882, a 66. 

Severe affliction, kindly sent in love. 
Led her to Christ, and trained her for above. 
The end, now seen, how short, how light appear, 
The longest suffering she experienced here ! 

Thomas Henry Twiddy, d June 6, 1871, a 29. 

Them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him. 
Kate Jane, daughter of Thomas and Mary Jane Young, d April 26, 1873, 
«5- 



South and West of tlie CJiiirch. 

Ann, wife of Joseph Ward, d Oct. 24, 1875, a 68. 
Joseph Ward, her husband, d Aug. 20, 1876, a 68. 

Percy Faulding Dawson, d Aug. 12, 1875, a 68. 
Sarah, wife of Francis Thompson, jun., d Oct. 23, 1S75, a 33. 
Rebecca, wife of Wm. Cooper, d July 28, 1877, a ^^. 
James Kemp, d July 7, 1876, a 72. 

[James Kemp kept an oil and colour shop, in High Street.] 

Colonel Alfred Bate Richards, for some years, and up to the time of his 

death. Editor of the Morning Advertiser, d Jan. 12, 1876, a 56. 
Also Marion Richards, d Aug. g, 1877, a 38. 

This stone is erected in affectionate remembrance of Colonel Richards by his 

colleagues on the Morning Advertiser. 
[Colonel Richards was also author of a play called " Cromwell," enacted 
with considerable success at the Queen's Theatre, London. At the 
time of his death he resided at 22, Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury. He 
desired to be buried in this churchyard, in order that he might be near 
his old friend, Mr. F. G. Tomkins, whose tomb immediately adjoins.] 

Frederick Guest Tomkins, b 1804, d 1867. 

Whene'er he came 
Into the place, where they who knew him sat. 
Mirth shone beneath the shadow of his eyes. 
In every eye around. 
[On reference to the parish register we find that Mr. Tomkins died on the 27th 
Sept., 1S67, aged 63. His residence is described to be South End, but 
this is evidently an error. There is an entry further on of the burial of 
Jane Tomkins, his wife, who died at Peckham, on the 15th May, 1871, 
aged 44. There is no tomb to her memory, nor does her name appear oa 
her husband's tomb, although she is buried by his side.] 

Agnes May Cooper, fell asleep Aug. 9, 1876, a 2 months. 
Lieut. -Col. Strachan, ist W. I. Regt., d March 23, 1877, a 43. 
William Ager, d Nov. 14, 1872, a 82. 

He opened his mouth with praise, and in his lips was the law of kindness. 
Mary Ann Ager, his wife, d April g, 1873, a 5g. 
Ann Paine, of Purley, d July 5, 1868, a 65. 
Elizabeth Corker, d Aug. 26, 1S63, « 80. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. gr 

Elizabeth Boothman, d Aug. 14, 1866, a 52. 

Edward Boothman, her husband, d Sept. 21, 1870, a 68. 

[Mr. Boothman came to Croydon to superintend the masonry works during 
the building of St. Peter's Church. When this work was completed he 
settled in the town, commenced work on his own account, and met 
with a fair share of success.] 

William Moore, d Jan. 13, 1863, a 58. 

Sarah, his wife, d March 4, 1868, a 68. 

Mary, his daughter, and wife of Charles Peel, d Oct. 12, 1876, a 36. 

[William Moore kept the Rail View beerhouse in Selsdon Road. He was a 
man in good circumstances, and had the peculiar hobby of keeping a 
fast trotting donkey, which he was fond of driving at full pace through 
the town.] 

Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Woodward, d June 30, 1868, a 70. 

Fanny Sarah, wife of Samuel Lovelock, d June 18, 1874, a ^^. 

Mary, widow of the late Henry Stone, of Horton, near Epsom, d Jan. 23, 

1882, a 92. 
Charlotte Mary, daughter of John and Charlotte Adkins, d Jan. 23, 1869, 
a 13. 
He loved her and gave Himself for her. She died trusting in her Saviour 
Jesus Christ. 

Emma, wife of Edward Gibbs, d July 4, 1872, a 37. 

Richard Comber, of Magdala House, d Feb. 9, 1870, a 69. 
Isabella Comber, his wife, d Aug. 2, 1877, a 80. 

Emma, widow of Lieut. Geo. Walter, r.n., d Jan. 18, 1870, a 60. 

Mary Couchman, d Aug. 20, 1869, a 80. 

Benjamin Couchman, her husband, d July 10, 1873, a 83. 

[A well-known and highly respected carpenter residing in Mint Walk.] 

Ernest, son of Walter and Caroline Hall, d Nov. 21, 1868, a 7. 
Jessie Maria, his sister, d Jan. 25, 1869, a 2. 

William Henry Halsey, d Nov. 26, 1868, a 29. 

Having a desire to depart and be with Christ. 
Florence, daughter of Jane and Peter Gunning, d Jan. 23, 1869, a 13. 

Jane, wife of Henry Avis, d April 30, 1869, a 53. 
Henry Avis, her husband, d Dec. 12, 1872, a 63. 

George Twigg, d Sept. 10, 1881, a 42. 

Willie, son of William Thompson and Lilly Brown, d Oct. 16, 1874, a 6. 

James Hardstone, d Dec. 29, 1871, a 36. 
Anne Hardstone, d May 2, 1882, a 40. 

Sarah, wife of Mr. James Hooker, d Sept. 27, 1869, a 45. 

Harper Batty Roberts, Keeley House, North End, rf July 8, 1874, a 51. 

I laid me down and slept. 
Frances Jane, his widow, d July 13, 1877, a 51. 
Edward Parris, d Nov. 21, 1881, a 60. 

" Watch therefore, for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come." 
Sarah Jane Knight, d Dec. 13, 1871, a 3 years and 2 months. 
Mary Ann, wife of John Newton, of Park Hill Road, d Nov. i, i86g. 

William Barker, d Jan. 4, 1875, a 67. 

Harriet Barker, his wife, d Nov. 14, 1879, a 63. 

In the sight of the unwise they seemed to die, but they are in peace. 



92 Croydon in the Past. 

Caroline Grant, d Feb. 14, 1870, a 49. 

Emily Smith Holliday, d May S, 1S69, a 57. 

George Alexander, d May 4, 1872, a 24. 

Henry Close, late of South End, rf July 28, 1867, a 47. 
Yes, he is gone, we are going all, 
Like flowers we wither, and like leaves we fall. 

Martha Matilda, wife of William Corden, d June 15, 1866, a 23. 
Thou art gone to the grave, but I were wrong to deplore thee, 

For God was thy ransom, thy guardian, thy guide ; 
He gave thee, He took thee, and He will restore thee. 

And death has no sting since the Saviour has died. 

Thomas Telford Campbell, d Feb. 28, 18S2, a 78. 

Sarah Ward Presant, wife of Capt. George Presant, of South Town, Great 
Yarmouth, d Aug. 18, 1870, a 86. 

We weep with grief that one so dear, 
No more can share our smile and tear, 
But weep with joy that God has given 
The hope to meet again in heaven. 

Elizabeth Saker, d Feb. 14, 1873, a 24. 
Mary Rylett, d Dec. 29, 1881, a 8 months. 

Sweet and lovely little flower. 

Snatched by death so very soon. 
Your parents' hearts are filled with sorrow, 
To lay you in your lonely tomb. 

Dear Jessie, child of William and Eliza Home, whom the Lord called 

home Dec. 27, 1S81, a 3 years and 8 months. 
Sarah Catchpole, d Dec. 13, 1874, a 37. 

A Memorial of Love.— Dear little Charlie C. T. G., d Dec. 6, 1877, a 18 
months. 

Sydney Charles, son of Chas. Wm. and Eliza Ewen, d Aug. 20, 1881, a i 
month. 

Elizabeth, daughter of W. and H. Prevett, d April 32, 1872, a 12. 
William, her brother, d April 30, 1872, a 11. 
John Charles Walker, d March 20, 1871, a 50. 
Sarah Wilson, d Jan. 3, 1875, a 75. 
Emma Mary Allmond, d June 7, 1873, a 53. 
Benjamin Fuller, d March 30, 1874, a 48. 

Lord Jesus, receive me in glory at last. 

When trial and conflict on earth shall be past. 

To sing with the angels who stand round Thy throne. 

Where sorrow and sin are for ever unknown. 

Mrs. Rosamond Say, d Jan. 18, 1875, a 84. 
Mrs. Deborah Crocker, d Dec. 3, 1874, aged 80. 

Henry Benson Cox, d March 18, 1871, a 63, buried at Brodas Dorp, Cape 

of Good Hope. 
Fanny, his wife, d Jan. 16, 1875, a 63. 
John Buck, died at Bristol, 1850, a 56. 
Martha Buck, his widow, d March 22, 1875, a 77. 
Alfred Bowerman, d Jan. 6, 1877, a 52. 
Mary Ann Thompson, d Nov. 4, 1880, a 67. 
William Ansell, d June 16, 1880, a 25. 



St. Peter's Churchyard. 93 

Thomas Ridley, after a long and severe affliction, d April 3, 1874, a 38. 
Eleanor Ridley, his most loving and devoted mother, d May 21, 1874, a 75. 
Thomas Ridley, his father, after a prolonged and most industrious life, d 
July 16, 1875, a 78. 
They were many years inhabitants of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, beloved and 
respected by all who knew them. 

John Wood, d Feb. 7, 1881, a 50. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Scott, d Jan. 15, 1883, a 65. 

Edith Beatrice Scott Baker, her grandchild, d June 24, 1878, a 3 years and 
II months. 

Anna, widow of Edward Bevan, d June 28, 1880, a 83. 

My grace is sufficient for thee, for my strength is made perfect in weakness. 
Charles Richard Marshall, d May 20, 1880, a 63. 
Sarah Ann Harris, d Jan. 10, 1880, a 70. 

Eliza O'Dwyer, her sister, died at Auckland, New Zealand, Dec. 22, 1880,. 
a 67. 

Wm. Miller, d Feb. 8, 1878, a 70. 

Wm. Edward Tharp, d Feb. 17, 1878, a 20. 

Just as I am, thou wilt receive. 
Wilt welcome, pardon, cleanse, receive, **- 
Because thy promise I believe, 
Oh, lamb of God, I come. 

E. Hawick, wife of F. Hawick, d April 21, 1881. 

This God is our God for ever and ever, he will be our guide even unto death. 
William Notes, d Nov. 5, 1877, a 62. 
George Harland, d July i, 1880, a 46. 

A sudden change, I in a moment fell, 

I had not time to bid my friends farewell. 

Think nothing strange, death happens unto all, 

My lot to day ; to-morrow you may fall. 

Annie Court, d Oct. 20, 1878, a 23. 

Eglantine Grant, daughter of the Rev. James Frances Grant, d Dec. 28-, 
i88i,a 81. 

Elizabeth Malson, d Nov. 26, 1881, a 65. 

Jane Sophia, wife of Eleazar Hayward, d April 17, 1881, a 73. 

William Roff, d Feb. 25, 1881, a 65. 

This stone is erected as a last token of respect by his affectionate son Henry, 
of the 22nd Regiment, Allahabad. 

Charles Spice, d Feb. 3, 1879, a 27. 

He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters. 
Arthur Pescud, d Feb. 15, 1877, a 10. 
Charles Baylis, died at Mitcham, Sept. 17, 1876, a 31. 

Thou art gone from our midst, but we cannot forget thee, 

Tho' sorrow and darkness encompass the tomb, 
Jesus, the Saviour, has passed it before thee, 
The lamp of his love will guide thee safe home. 
Erected by his widow. 

Anna Elizabeth, daughter of Henry C. and Emma Northwood, d Nov. 5, 
1876, a 28. 

I came to Jesus as I was. 

Heavy and worn, and sad, 

I found in him a resting place. 

And He has made me glad. 



94 Croydon in the Past. 

In memory of our dear mother, Jane Mole, the deeply lamented wife of 

Joseph Mole, d Nov. g, 1876, a 57. 
Joseph Mole, d Dec. 22, 1877, a 56. 

Richard Henry Easton, d Dec. 30, 1876, a 3 years and 11 months. 
James Philip Walbourn, d Jan. 7, 1877, a 56. 

Let all tliy converse be sincere, 

Thy conscience as the noon-day clear, 

For God's all-seeing eye surveys, 

Thy secret thoughts, thy works, thy ways. 

John Richard Candish, d Oct. 20, 1876, a 30. 

John Richard Candish, his father, d Dec. 22, 1876, a 75. 

Mary Candish, his mother, d Nov. 8, 1878, a 66. 

M. A, Catchpoule, d Dec. 24, 1875, a 53. 

Emma Agnes Gates, d Aug. 29, 1878, a 22. 

Ann Apps, wife of George Apps, d April 23, 1878, a 51. 

Mrs. Eliza Dudley, widow of the late T. Dudley, d Nov. 18, 1877. 

Wm. Henry Maylam, d Aug. 20, 1877, a 31. 

Farewell ; with a permanent hope of re-union. 
William Day, d June 18, 1877, a 48. 

" Thy will, oh Lord, be done ! " 

Had He asked us, well we know, 

We should cry, " Oh, spare this blow," 

Yes, with streaming eyes should pray, 

"Lord we love him, let him stay." 

Sarah, wife of Benjamin Spice, d Nov. 8, 1870, a 57. 

Robert Strike, chorister, fell asleep, June 2, 1879, a 14. 

[Poor boy ! cut off in the prime of youth ; no doubt his friends and they 
whose loving hands decked his grave with flowers, all hope that he has 
long since joined the heavenly choir, and blended his sweet voice with 
those of angels.] 

Mary, wife of Chas. Stagg, d Dec. 31, 1S78. 
Charles Stagg, d Nov. 16, 1881, a 49. 

After many years of great suffering, borne with Christian-like fortitude. 
[Mr. Charles Stagg was a builder in Southbridge Road, where his son now 
carries on the business.] 

Sarah Jones, wife of Thomas Henry Jones, d March 27, 1880, a 52. 
I chose the way of truth, and thy judgments I had before me. 

Mary Jane, wife of Thos. Young, d May 16, 1879, a 34. 
Her sun has gone down while it is j'et day. 

Caroline Gibbons, widow of Geo. David Donkin, Esq., of Wyfold Court, 
Oxfordshire, and relict of Thomas Gibbon, Esq., d June 3, 1S77, a 59. 
Emma, daughter of Mary and Jane Taylor, d Oct. 9, 1877, a 7. 
Arthur Joseph Albury fell asleep Feb. 7, 1879, a 12. 

This cross was erected in loving memory by the Sunday School teachers and 
scholars of St. Peter's. 

Arthur Jane, wife of John H. Wren, d June 12, 1878, a 26. 
Christopher Ramsay Fagan, d Nov. 9, 1878, a 25. 

Lord, all pitying Jesus blest, 

Grant him thine eternal rest. 

Bridget, wife of Hugh Venables, d Nov. 23, 1878, a 63. 
John Jerrum, of Violet Lane, d Feb. 10, 1879, a 68. 



St. Pete/s Churchyard. 95 

Alfred Mason, d Dec. 24, 1878, a 39. 

Caroline and Walter, children, who died in infancy. 

[Mr. Alfred Mason was a builder. He dropped down dead in the street. For 
some time previously he had suiTered from an affection of the heart.] 

James Samuel Candish, d March 3, 1879, a 24. 

He groweth up and is cut down like a flower. 
George Pocock, d March 23, 1879, a 29. 

In memory of our little darling, Cecil Alexander Bruce Dagleish, d July 
29, 1879, a I year and 11 months. 

Fred. Robt. Catchpole, d Dec. 19, 1880, a 25. 

Mary Elizabeth Ward, d Oct. 30, 1879, a 89. 

Richard Burley, d March 11, 1879, a 49. 
Ada Burley, his daughter, d Oct. 3, 1875, a 6. 

Charlotte, wife of Nathaniel Myrtle, d Feb. 16, 1879, a 59. 
Nathaniel Myrtle, d Jan. 27, 1881, a 68. 

The Lord is gracious and full of compassion, slow to anger, 
and of great mercy. 
[Mr. Myrtle was landlord of the Cricketer's Arms in Southbridge Place, now 
occupied by his son-in-law, Mr. Alfred Bullock.] 

Alfred Leresche, ^ June 11, 1878, a^i. 

Harriet Smith, sister of Mrs. Loveday, d March 20, 1878, a 55. 
Oh, call it not death, it is life begun. 
For the waters are passed, the home is won. 

James John Cannee, d June 25, 1877, a 19. 
Frances, wife of George Tatum, d June 15, 1877, a 56. 
No pain, no grief, no anxious fear. 

Invade thy tomb; no mortal woes 
Can reach the peaceful sleeper there. 
While angels watch her sweet repose. 

Rebecca, wife of Robert Roffey, d June 5, 1880, a 70. 

John Woodhouse Coulthard, d March 16, 1877, a 36. 

James Jeffery Marshall, d Oct. 8, 1877, « 17. 

Capt. E. M. V. James, late Bombay Staff Corps, d April 9, 1S78, a 42. 

Frances Maria, wife of Thomas Cox, d June 24, 1878, a 61. 

Eleanor Maud Goodwin, d Feb. 15, 18S0, a 6. 

We give thee but thine own, 
Whate'er the gift may be. 

All that we have is thine alone, 
A trust, O Lord, from thee. 

Rose Minnie, daughter of William and Jane Smith, d March 30, i83o, a 3. 
Hester Saunders, d May 8, 1879, a 79. 
James Williams, D.D., d June 9, 1880, a 61. 
Sophia, wife of David Haines, d May 14, 1879, a 71. 

Muriel Mary, infant daughter of Charles and Mary Edridge, b Sept. 10, d 
Sept. 21, 1881. 

Her little harp she tunes so sweet, 
While sitting at the Saviour's feet ; 
Angels do stand and listen round, 
I make no doubt, on heavenly ground, 
And then their harps in chorus raise 
To sound the loved Redeemer's praise. 



g6 Croydon in ihc Past. 

Rev. George Cooke Geldart, B.A., d July 15, 1877, a 50. 

Amelia, wife of Robt. Bailey, d April 15, 1879, a 26. 

Also Robert John, their infant child. 

Edward Lote, the much loved husband of Florence Lote, at rest, June 21, 
1880. 
I shall be satisfied when I awake with Thy likeness. — Psalm xvii. 15. 
This young man met with his death under peculiarly painful 
circumstances. On the i6th June, five days before his 
death, he was married to Miss Ranger, of Warham Road, 
Croydon. The newly married pair proceeded to spend 
their honeymoon at Lynton, a pleasant little watering place 
in Devonshire. On the 21st, he went to bathe with a 
friend, and in returning they found the tide was setting in, 
rendering their walk along the sea-shore impossible. The 
friend climbed some height up the clifls and determined to 
wait there until the tide receded. Mr. Lote being anxious 
to return to his bride, set off alone, by a somewhat difficult 
route over the cliffs, and was never again seen alive. The 
friend returned in safety, and was surprised to find Mr. 
Lote had not arrived. Search was made, but his body was 
not found until several days afterwards. It was evident 
that he had met his death by a fall from the cliffs. The 
corpse was brought to Croydon, and interred in the church- 
yard, along which he had passed a few days previously a 
happy bridegroom. 

Eliza, the beloved wife of James Spurrier Wright, at rest, June 15, 1880. 
[In loving memory of this estimable and talented lady, a beautiful stained-glass 
window has been placed in the south aisle of St. Peter's by her 
husband, Mr. J. S. Wright, which will be found fully described in our 
account of the church.] 

END OF ST. PETER'S CHURCH. 




CHRIST CHURCH. 




$HIS Church is erected near the northern end of the town, 
'^^ at the junction of Handcroft Road and Sumner Road. It 
was erected by the munificence of Archbishop Sumner, 
and was consecrated by him on the 27th of July, 1852. 
Four years later it was enlarged at the cost of the same dignitary, 
by extending the nave and adding to the chancel. Two hundred 
more sittings were thus provided. It now contains 1,050 sittings, 
of which 420 are free. An organ has lately been added. There 
is a small memorial window in the Church erected to the memory 
of Chas. Lenox Richardson, who was treacherously killed by the 
natives in Japan, Sept. 4th, 1862, aged 30. The burial-ground, 
about two acres in extent, was ordered to be closed when the 
Cemetery was opened. There are few interesting memorials 
therein : — 

Susanna, wife of John Fowles, d Nov. 23, 185Z, a 43. 
Oh, husband dear, my time is past, 
While life remained my love did last, 
But now for me no sorrow take, 
But love my children for my sake. 
Fredk. Fowles, infant son, d March 25, 1854. 
Thomas Fowles, d Sept. 6, 1858, a 8. 
Susannah Fowles, d March 20, 1863, a 31. 

George Redford, carpenter, second son of Wm. and Mary Batche'.ar, d Oct. 
16, 1854, a 22. 

How boundless is our Father's grace, 

In height, in depth, in length, 
He made his Son our righteousness 
His spirit is our strength. 

Joseph Sharp, d May 26, 1858, a 72. 

Samuel Simons, d April 25, 1867, a 75. 
Ann, his wife, d Feb. 27, 1876, a 75. 

Mary, wife of Thos. Richards, wheelwright, d 0-t. 31, 1854, a 75. 
Thomas Richards, her husband, d Aug. 25, 1874, a 81. 

William, son of Jas. and Elizabeth Beaded, d Dec. i, 1854, a jIJ. 
James Beaded, his father, d June i, 1859, a 71. 
Sarah Jane, his sister, d May 27, 1864, a 25. 
Robert, his brother, d Jan. 16, 1867, a ^^. 
Elizabeth, his mother, d Jan. 12, 1878, « 81. 

Louisa, wife of John Bennett, d Aug. 2, 1855, a 32. 

Mary Ann, wife of John Carter, d June 15, 1873, a 57. 
Elizabeth, her daughter, d Aug., 1861, a 18. 
Albert Carter, d March, 1862, a 2. 



gS Croydon in the Past. 

Michael Davies, ci May 25, 1855, a ji. 

Amy Davies, his wife, d April 8, 1863, a 82. 

Charlotte Lutter, d Aug, 8, 1867, a 61. 

Sarah, his sister, d March 8, 1869, a 79. 

Sarah Rebekah, daughter of John and Ruth Bradden, d Oct. 23, 1S65, a 3 

years and 10 months. 
Sarah Rebekah, daughter of Henry George and Sarah Bradden, d March 

4, 1874, (J 18 months. 

George Fox, d Sept. 3, 1872, a 66. 
Ann Fox, d March 10, 1861, a 83. 

Harriet Kempton, d Jan. 25, 1866, a 64. 

George, son of Richd. and Phillis Collis, d Oct. 21, 1853, a 27. 

Richard Collis, d Nov. 7, 1854, a 71. 

Charles Collis, d Oct. 12, 1877, a 44. 

Cecilia Bishop, rf April 8, 187S, a 55. 

Phillis Collis, wife of Richard Collis, d Jan. 24, 1879, a 88. 

[The Collis's were well-known brickmakers. They first had a brick-yard on 
the Selsdon Road, but afterwards removed to Selhurst, where the 
business is carried on now on a considerably enlarged scale.] 

Caroline Emily Dixon, d March 7, 1856, a 2 years and 4 months. 
Elizabeth Ann Dixon, d March g, 1856, a 8 months. 
Jane Dixon, their mother, d April 8, 1865, a 37. 

A tender mother and a virtuous wife 

Here sleeps in humble hope of better life. 

By side of those she loved and cherished well. 

We leave the judgment-day the rest to tell. 

Stephen James Burgess, d Jan. 14, 1871, a So. 
Ann, his wife, d Feb. 5, 1871, a 81. 
Maria Burgess, d Sept. 23, 1872, a 84. 

Maria, wife of Charles West, d Oct. 13, i860, a 31. 

Henry \Vm. Morrison, d Jan. 25, 1865, a 46. 
George Wm. Morrison, d April 26, 1865, a 25. 

Rev. Charles Davies, late Cathedral Missionary at Calcutta, d Oct. 31, 
1858, a Z3- 
Declare His glory among the heathen, His marvellous works among all 

nations. 

Martha, wife of W'm. Dawson, d July 20, 1866, a 68. 
Wm. Dawson, her husband, rf Sept. 14, 1873, a 70. 

Amelia Catherine, wife of Edward Stevens, d Jan. 20, 1S69, a 41. 
Martha, wife of James T. Brown, d Nov. 12, 1863, a 23. 

Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. 
George, son of Catherine and George Cole, d Jan. 31, 1856, a 82. 

Thomas Manser, d Sept. 30, 1856, a 54. 

Robert Manser, d Aug. 29, 1868, a 41. 

Catherine, wife of Thomas Manser, d May 27, 1S69, a 66. 

Isaac Sayers, d Dec. 22, 1856, a 80. 

Elizabeth Sayers, his wife, d April 9, 1869, a 87. 

Jane Ro;.e, daughter of Henrj' and Cary Wright, d March 29, 1866, a 72. 

Wm. Norton Wrij^ht, her brother, d June 7, 1869, ^ 7^- 

[Brother and sister of Mr. J. S. Wright. The former had been in the army, 
and was for some time with his regiment (the 2gth Foot) in America, 
and at Gibraltar. He was also in Paris with the Allied Army after 
Waterloo.] 



Christ Churchyard. 99 

Agnes Lindsay, d March 14, 1S60, a i year and 4 months. 
Robert Macaulay Lindsay, d Jan. 30, 1S65, a 10. 

Frances, widow of John Gray, Esq., d Nov. 17, 1S56, a 78. 
George Robert demons, d March 29, 1869, a 14. 
Mary Cox, d March 17, 1865, a 54. 

In vain our fancy strives to paint 

The moment after death, 
The glories that surround the saints 
When yielding up their breath. 
Sarah Cox, d Feb. 28, 1873, a 92. 

Jane Rebecca, wife of Robt. ^L Thompson, d Sept. 26, 1863, a 59. 
Mary, her sister, d June 5, 1864, a 65. 

Martha Towers, a beloved mother, d June 4, 1S61, a 64. 
William Neal, d Feb. 24, 1866, a 41. 

The Lord relieveth the fatherless. 

Sarah, daughter of Thos. and Sarah Batchelar, d Sept. 18, 1S64, a 45. 
Thomas Batchelar, d March 2, 1S67, a 72. 

Mrs. Martha Stride, d Jan. 20, 1867, a 67. 

Ann, wife of John Martm, d June 4, 1865, a 75. 
John Martin, her husband, d Feb. 25, 1870, a 78. 
Robt. J. G. Martin, d March 3, 1868. 

Henry Danton, d Dec. 7, 1869, a 38. 

Susannah Trapnell, d June 28, 1865, a 84. 

Henry Strangemore Couchman, d May 30, 1866, a 8. 

Joseph Strangemore Couchman, his grandfather, d June 15, 1868, a 74. 

Harold John Stanley, of Munich, painter, d Nov. 20, 1866, a 48. 

Scaro duna importuna e grave salma sig noil eterno e dal mondo disuolto qual 
fragil legno a te slanco me volto dal orribul pro cella in dolce calma. 

John Weller, d July 12, 1867, a 37. 
Edward Randall, d Dec. 24, 1S61, a 38. 

Margaret, widow of Thos. Ward, Esq., d Sept. 13, 1868, a 69. 
Helen Evelyn Lloyd Turner, d March 26, 1870, a 8 months. 
Alone unto our Father's will, 

One thought hath reconciled, 
That He uhose love exceeded ours. 

Hath taken home his child. 
Hold her, oh, Father, in thy arms, 

And let her henceforth be, 
A messenger of love between, 
Our human hearts and Thee. 
Helena Sherriff Turner, d April 21, 1868, a 4. 

Richard Jaques Sherriff, d Dec. 23, 1859, a 47. 

Thomas Turner, d Dec. ig, 1859, a 59. 

Mary Jane Turner, his wife, d Feb. 14, iSSo, a 78. 

Charlotte, wife of C. H. Tindall, d July 10, 1862, a 34. 
Anna Maria Lodge, d Sept. 16, 1858, a 28. 

" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth." " Yea," saith 

the spirit, " that they may rest from their labours and their works do 

follow them." 
Thomas Lodge, her father, d Jan. 20, 1859, a 85. 
Catherine, relict of Henry Thould, (/Jan. 28, 1S67, a 73. 



100 Croydon in tJic Past. 

William Gardiner, of H.M's. igth Foot, died at Shorncliff, May 6, 1859, a 17. 
Mary Ann, wife of George Hill, his mother, d Nov. 8, 1873, a 52, 

Thomas Escreet, </ March 7, 1S61, a 77. 

Herbert Thos. Escreet, d Oct. 22, i860, a 19 months. 

Emma Faulkner, the adopted child of Agur and Martha Faulkner, d Feb. 
18, 1S60, a 17. 

Ann Godson, d May 9, 1S65, a 59. 

George Smith, d Oct. 28, 1S66, a 49. 

Sarah Smith, his wife, d June 17, 1867, a 44. 

Lord, while our dearest earthly ties, 

Are broken one by one, 
Oh, bind us closer to Thyself, 
Thy spirit and Thy Son. 
James Smith, his brother, d Sept. 12, 1868, a 42. 

Charles Richard Crouch, d May 15, 1871, a 45. 

Maria Crouch, his mother, d Jan. 2, 1874, a 98. 

Stop and read before you go, 

For here lies beneath this stone, 
Two sinners saved — and 
By the grace of God alone. 
[Mrs. Crouch resided for many years at Bedford Place, Handcroft Road.] 

Fanny Adams, d Sept. 30, 1865, a 22. 
Elizabeth Adams, d Jan. i, 1869, a 42. 
Emma Adams, d Sept. 29, 1875, a 26. 

Alfred Dawson, d Sept. 29, 1857, ^ 23. 

Death ! where is thy gloomy prison ? 

Christ has burst the massy door. 
I shall rise, for He has risen ; 

Fear not. He has gone before. 

Mrs. Mary May, d Dec. 20, 1858, a 70. 

Honour widows that are widows indeed. — i Tim. v. 3. 

Susannah, wife of George Matthews, of the Half Moon, Broad Green, d 
May 6, 1859, a 45. 

Elizabeth lies, d Oct. 26, 1869, a 75. 

Henry Pocock, d July 20, 1864, a 40. 

Maria Pocock, his daughter, d July 17, 1878, a 24. 

Thomas Lockyer, d Dec. 22, 1869, a 41. — 

Kate, his daughter, d Dec. 25, 1881, a 19. 

Alice, his daughter, d May 12, 1865, a i. 

[Under a spreading willow tree lie the remains of " Tom " Lockyer, one of 
the best cricketers Surrey ever n'"oduced. Tom was born in Mitcham 
Road, Croydon, and was first initiated into the mysteries of the noble 
art of cricket on Duppas Hill, like many other Croydon boys. As he 
grew to manhood, he became more and more proficient in the game, 
and was the hero of many a local match, and at an early age was 
admitted into the County Eleven. He afterwards became one of the 
AH England Eleven, and twice represented the Old Country cricketers 
in their visits to Australia. He was a good all-round player, but as a 
wicket-keeper he was unrivalled, and it is doubtful whether he had an 
equal in that particular branch of the game. He died at the Sheldon 
Arms, in Whitgift Street, at the comparatively early age of 41.] 

William James Anderson, d Jan. 21, 1862, a 62. 

George, son of John and Jane N. Need, d Oct, 24, 1854, a 16. 

John Need, his father, d Sept. 18, 1868, a 67. 



Christ Churchyard. loi 

Rebecca Morris, d Dec. 28, 1859, a 61. 

Sarah, wife of Stephen Shoesmith, d July 7, 1867, a 55. 
Stephen Shoesmith, d May 29, 1873, a 85. 
Jane Shoesmith, d Dec. 4, 1858, a 56. 

EUza Cooper, d Jan. 2, i85o, a 36. 

Wm. Henry Cooper, d May g, 1880, a 63. 

Grace Henley, d March 23, 1880, a 51. 

Kate Constance, infant daughter of the Rsv. Octavius Bathurst Byers, I 
M.A., Incumbent of Christ Church, d March 20, 1856, a 7 months. 

Thomas Geo. Lowe West, d Oct. 15, 1S71, a 81. 

Elizabeth VVinterton Turnour, daughter of the late Hon. and Rev. Edward 
John Turnour, d Jan. iS, 1867. 
[The Hon. and Rev. Edward Turnour was son of the late and brother of the 
present Earl of Winterton, in the peerage of Ireland.] 

Ernest Augustus Harwood, child of John S. Vaughan, d Dec. i, iS5g, a 3. 

Mary Eliza, wife of Josias Serpell, of Croydon Grove, d July 7, 1861, a 29. 
Josias Serpell, d April 5, 1869, a 77. 

Maria, wife of John Merredew, d July 28, 1861, a 40. 

Mrs. Merredew was formerly mistress of v\'hat was called, before her death, 
" The Mead School," and many of the present good wives of Croydon 
owe their education to her. The School was built at the lower end of 
Parson's Mead by the Misses Squire, two maiden ladies of the Society 
of Friends, who then resided in the London Road, with their brother, 
in the house now occupied by Mr. Joseph Steele. The school was 
carried on mainly at the ladies' expense, though a small school fee was 
charged to the children. On the death of Mrs. Merredew, the school 
was continued by the Rev. O. B. Byers as a supplementary girls' school 
for the Christ Church district, the Misses Squire having on tne death of 
their brother, removed to Dorking, where they now reside. The advent 
of the School Board having rendered this school unnecessary, the 
premises have been converted into cottages, Nos. 70 — 73. 

Pheby Gill, d Nov. 3, 1865, a y6. 
Jane Gill, d Nov. 4, 1870, a 73. 
John Gill, d May 31, 1871, a 77. 

Mrs. Sarah Stokes, d Dec. 9, 1862, a 73. 

Charlotte, wife of Joseph Nimrod Barrell, d Jan. 11, 1861, a ^^. 
Joseph N. Barrell, her husband, d June 18, 1869, a 41. 
Charlotte Barrell, her daughter, d Dec. 17, 1878, a 23. 

Henry George Thornton, d March 15, i858, a 68. 

Richard Chatfield, d Aug. 18, 1877, a 46. 

Hannah, wife of Wm. Brasier, d Nov. 25, 1853, a 80. 

William Brasier, d March 3, 1868, a 85. 

Louisa Mary Brasier, his daughter, d Oct. ig, 1875, a 57. 

Clara James, d July 8, 1868, a 20. 

Charlotte James, her mother, d Dec. 20, 1878, a 55. 

Richard Parrott, d July 15, 1855, a i. 
Mary, his sister, d Oct. 7, 1877, a 22. 
Mary Anne Parrott, his mother, d May 25, 1878, a 54. 

Elina Russell, daughter of Miles Braithwaite, Esq., r.n., and Elizabeth 
Jane his wife, d July 25, 1861, a 18. 

Priscilla Agnes Weaver, d Nov. 25, i865, a 64. 
John Weaver, her husband, d Dec. 30, i86g, a 54. 



102 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary Selmes Dobbs, d April i, 1858, a 53. 

Harold Oliver Dobbs, d Feb. 26, 1863, a 14 weeks. 

Caroline Gcorgina, wife of George Henry Pearce, of the Half Moon, Broad 

Green, d May 19, 1864, a 39. 
George Henry Pearce, her husband, d March 22, 1871, a 46. 

Ann, wife of Chas. Hyde, d Sept. 23, i865, a 17. 

Capt. Edward John Morriss, r.n., d Aug. 7, 1870, a 77. 
Martha, his wife, rf July 31, 1872, a 61. 

What though in lonely grief I sigh, 

For friends beloved, no longer nigh. 

Submissive would I still reply. 
Thy will be done. 

William Charles Hall, d July 13, 1857, a 18. 

Selina Hall, late of Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, his mother, d Oct. 25, 
1870, a 71. 

Louisa Augusta, child of William and Emma vSlade, d June 30, 1857, a 12. 
William Slade, her father, d Feb. 20, 1867, a 67. 

Thomas Allen, d Nov. 23, 1856, a 68. 

James Thompson, d June 27, 1857, a 41. 
James Lord, his uncle, d Dec. 8, 1859, a 67. 
Elizabeth Lord, d Jan. 6, 1861, a 72. 

John Ward, d July 7, 1858, a 61. 

Samuel Golding, d Nov. 25, 1857, a jj. 

Samuel Small, d May 24, 1857, '^ 34- 

Elizabeth Small, his mother, d Dec. 18, i860, a 65. 

George Jeffery, grandson, rf Jan. 7, 1871, a 5. 

Robert Nicholson, d Nov. 17, i860, a 49. 

Robert, his son, d May 26, 1849, a i^. 

Phcebe Nicholson, his wife, d Feb. 3, 1875, a 64. 

Caroline Lambert, wife of Richard Knight, d June 18, i860, a 58. 
Richard Knight, her husband, d Feb. 12, 1872, a 72. 

Joseph Truelove, d May 21, i86i,^rt 68. 
Harriet Russell, d May i, 1863, a 58. 
Hannah Lawrence, d Jan. 23, 1864, a 48. 

When on those dear remains affections shower, 

A voice from Heaven proclaims she is not dead, 
But only sleeps to wait the promised hour, 

When Jesus will her slumber break, 
And gently lead her to His Father's feet, 
Where what was sown in weakness 
Will be raised in power. 

Rebecca Crane, d June 13, 1864, a 69. 
Edwaid Crane, d Dec. 16, 1881, a 84. 

Job Williams, of Mitcham Road, d Feb. 17, 1866, a 60. 

Whose relative and friendly qualities endeared him to all who 
were acquainted with him. 
[For many years landlord of the Spread Eagle, in the Mitcham Road.] 
George Williams, his son, d March 23, 1853, a g. 

Beloved, it is well ! though deep and sore the smart, 

The hand that wounds knows how to bind and heal a broken heart. 

Alfred Arthur, d Nov. 20, 1855, a 62. 
Jane, his wife, d June 14, 1870, a 70. 



Christ Churchyard. 103 

Sophia Polton, d Oct. 4, 1858, a 57. 
Charles Polton, d March 31, 1877, a 75. 

[A wood-broker in Myrtle Street,] 
Richard Hermell, d Nov, 4, 1864, a 64. 
Anne Green, d Jan. 16, 1854, " 1^- 
Harriot Bower, wife of Thos. James Bower, d Feb. 8, 1857, a 37. 

" This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jes-iis 
came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am the chief." — 
Tim. i. 15 V. 

William, only son of Louis Stanislaus and Emma Chartrain, d March 16, 

1859, a 25. 
Emma Chartrain, his mother, d March 19, 1S67, a 56. 

Caroline Jeffery, d Feb. 11, 1872, a 67. 

Oh, Death, where is thy sting, 

Oh, Grave, where is thy victory. 
John Jeffery, her grandson, d March 6, 1872, a 26. 

Fredolinda Alexina EUicia Mentiploy, d Jan. 15, 1856, a 14 months. 
Marrietta, her cousin, d July 21, 1853, ^ ^ months. 

Catherine Ellis, d Jan. 14, 1856, a 67. 

William, son of Thomas Burstow, of Horsham, d July 4, 1853, a zz- 

Mrs. Eliza Raine, d April 27, 1854, a 52. 

Father, I bless Thy gentle hand. 

How kind was Thy chastening rod, 
That forced my conscience to a stand, 
And brought my wand'ring soul to God. 

William Clarence, d Dec. 3, 1855, a 77. 
Harriet Eleanor Clarence, d June 25, 1862, a 82. 
Jane Louisa Clarence, d March 15, 1874, a 88. 

Elizabeth Hodges, d Sept. 17, 1858, a 43. 
Maria Hodges, d April 3, 1869, a 47. 

Matilda Ann, wife of David Tilling, d July 20, 1S72, a 58. 
David Tilling, d April 21, 1882, a 68. 

Who when living was a man ; now of his kindred dust. 

[The last man buried in this churchyard. He was for many years a plumber 
residing in the Handcroft Road. He was taken ill while attending the 
funeral of his old friend Attwood Bignell, and died a f;w aa}S 
afterwards.] 

William Albert Tilling, d Dec. 16, 1856, a 2. 
Minnigrey Eleanor Tilling, d Aug. 23, 1859, a 4 months. 

Edmund Smith, d Feb. 17, 1858, a 74. 

Mary Ann Smith, his wife, d Feb. 23, 1863, a 73. 

END OF CHRIST CHURCH. 




THE FRIENDS' BURIAL GROUND. 



gwrpiIE FRIENDS' MEETING HOUSE is situated in Park 
wl'^i Lane. The first meeting of the Friends in Croydon was 
^^Sraiti.i' held about the year i6s7. About the year i6q6, re^rular 
meetings were held m a small buildmg, but where situate 
we are unable to state, which was rented of Thomas Beck for 40s. 
per annum. In 1707 the present burial ground was purchased for 
£2^ 5$. On the ground thus acquired, a meeting-house was built in 
1720 ; this building now forms a portion of the present premises- 
The meeting-house now used was built in 1816, but has been 
altered and enlarged since that date. The oldest stone in the bury- 
ing ground is dated 181 1. Formerly the Friends objected to the 
use of headstones. Many families at the present time never use 
them, therefore the stones form a very incomplete record of the dead. 
As is customary in the Friends' burial grounds, the headstones are 
made all of one size, and contain nothing more than the simple 
announcement of the name, age, and date of death. 

Richard Crafton, d 17th 12th month, 1813, a 60. 
Elizabeth Crafton, d 7th 9th month, 1831, a 58. 

Ralph Caldwell Crafton, d 28th 5th month, 1875, a 79. 

[Mr. Crafton was the head of the present firm of Crafton and Son, 137, High 

Street.] 

William Foster Reynolds, d 19th nth month, 1838, a 70. 
Esther Reynolds, d 28th loth month, 1857, ^ 84. 

Augusta Miller, d June 28th, 1869, a 53. 
Mary Miller, d July 19th, 1873, a 95. 

Philip Cyrus Clark, d 13th 7th month, i858, a 8. 

Sarah Anna Clark, d 26th 3rd month, 1869, '^ 40- 

John Peacock, late of Sunderland, d loth 12th month, 1868, a 78. 

Ann Peacock, d 7th 7th month, 1876, a 68. 

Thomas Woodrouffe Smith, d 3rd 5th month, 1811. 
Ann Woodrouffe Barton, d 24th loth month, 1822, a 31. 
Ann Woodrouffe Smith, d 17th 4th month, 1839, a 72. 
John Morland, d 21st loth month, 1867, a 73. 

[He was a member of the Local Board of Health from 1853 to 1862. His 

son, Mr. C. C. Morland, has sat on the same Board from 1868 to the 

present time.] 

Sarah Sophia Morland, d 21st 8th month, 1852, a 32. 
Frederick Morland, d 20th 5th month, 1856, a 14. 
Edward Coventry, d 14th 9th month, 1867, a 95. 



The Friends' Burial Ground. 105 

Elizabeth Bush Hughes, d 4th 12th month, 1S67, a 71. 
Emma Binns, d 15th 2nd month, 1868, a 50. 
Henry Binns, d 17th ist month, 1880, a 69. 

[Mr. Binns was for some years one of the most valued speakers at the 
meetings.] 

Rachel Coleman, d 17th 3rd month, 1868, a 68. 

John Coleman, d loth gth month, 1830, a 67. 
Deborah Coleman, d 2nd 2nd month, 1853, a 84. 

Mary Reed, d loth 5th month, 1868, a 56. 

Sarah Moon Cash, widow of Samuel Cash, d 1866, a 83. 

Emma Wood, d 25th 3rd month, 1S66, a 13. 

Charlotte Emily Reckitt, d gth 12th month, 1865. 

Arthur Edward Reckitt, d 19th 12th month, 1870. 

Children of George and Elizabeth Reckitt. 

Peter Bedford, d ist 12th month, 1864, a 84. 
Cyrus Candler, late of Leicester, d 17th nth month, 1863, a 77. 
James Rokes, d 7th 3rd month, 1868, a 34. 

Phoebe Jane Radley, wife of Joseph Radley, d 19th 9th month, 1868, a 32. 
[Mrs. Radley was the wife of Mr. Joseph Radley, who was for many .years 

second master of The Friends' School, Park Lane, but afterwards 

removed to the Ulster Schools, Lisburn, Ireland.] 

Lucy Fryer, d 23rd gth month, 1858, a 14. 

Mary Barrett, d nth loth month, 1858, a 60. 

Mary, daughter of P. J. and M. Butler, d 20th 6th month, 1869, a 13. 

Elizabeth North Levitt, d 3rd 7th month, 1869, a 44. 

Joseph Marsh, d 3rd 3rd month, 1870, a 80. 

Anna Coleman, d 8th 7th month, 1877. 

Robert Coleman, her husband, d 5th 5th month, 1871, a 77. 

Benjamin Abbott, d 5th 12th month, 1870, a 77. 

William Squire Pryor, of Clapham, d 5th 3rd month, 1871, a 75. 

John Squire, d 29th loth month, 1872, a 79. 

Anna Sophia Dearman, d 27th ist month, 1820. 

Ann Brewster, d 21st 4th month, 1835, a 73. 

Richard Brewster, d 13th 2nd month, 1832, a 46. 

Thomas Brewster, d 3rd month, 1869, a 85. 

Eleanor Pim, d 21st loth month, 1832, a 37. 

John Hewell, d i6th nth month, 1830, a 70. 

Joseph William Taylor, son of Joseph and Elizabeth Taylor, d 2nd nth 
month, 1869, a n. 

John Dearman, d 2nd 3rd month, 1842, a 73. 

Thomas Hutchinson, d 23rd 3rd month, 1839, a 20. 

John Pine, d 6th 2nd month, 1829, a 77. 

Elizabeth Pim, d nth 12th month, i860, a 68. 

Sarah Everitt, d 8th 8th month, 1839, a 85. 
Anne Everitt, d 6th 12th month, 1868, a 79. 

Edward Foster Brady, d nth 4th month, 1838, a 35. 



io6 Croydon in the Past. 

Hannah Lucas, d 13th 2nd month, 1836, a 51. 

Sarah Hayhurst Lucas, d 14th 6th month, 1873, a 86. 

Arthur Lucas, rf 24th gth month, 1849, a ig. 

Sarah Ann Lucas, d 7th 8th month, 1869, a 53. 

Sarah, wife of Fredk. Smith, d 22nd 4th month, 1825, ^ 69. 

Esther Coleman, d 2nd 3rd month, 1872, a 68. 

Jonathan Wilkinson Angus, d i6th nth month, 1879, a 90. 

Frederick Smith, d 22nd 2nd month, 1823, a 65. 

Florence Mary Barrett, d 23rd 3rd month, 1862, a i year and 4 months. 

Deborah Coleman, d 8th ist month, 1876, a 84. 

Mary Shewell, d 10th month, 1S42, a 85. 

Philip Frith, d 7th 3rd month, 1844, a 77. 

Thomas Eaton, d 12th loth month, 1843, a 27. 

Mary Eaton, d 12th ist month, 1856, a 60, 

John Ashby, d ist 8th month, 1864, a 57. 

[Mr. Ashby was the founder of the present firm of Ashby, Son, & Allen, 
steam millers, St. James' Road. He took a prominent part in Croydon 
towards the repeal of the Corn Laws.] 

Elizabeth Candler, d loth 2nd month, 1875. 

Charles Ledbetter, d 9th 2nd month, 1850, a i year and 10 months. 

Rebecca Frier, d 12th nth month, 1853, a 73. 

William Frier, her husband, d gth 12th month, 1857, ^ ^S- 

Edward, their son, d 24th 8th month, 1870, a 54. 

Amy Edgar, d 25th 5th month, 1852, a 48. 
John Edgar, d 17th nth month, 1874, a 71. 

James Home, d 26th loth month, 1857, '^ ^^• 

Mary Ann Home, d 13th gth month, 1870, a yg. 

Joseph Neatby, d 6th 7th month, 1857, a 83. 

Alfred Tobias Sturge, d 12th 4th month, 1856, a ig. 

Hannah Horniman, d ist 6th month, 1854, a 13. 

Catherine Sophia, wife of Alfred Crowley, d 13th ist month, 1854, a 27. 

Ann Sterry, d 28th ist month, 1864, a 76. 

Richard Sterry, d 23rd 2nd month, 1865, ^ 80. 

[Mr. Richard Sterry lived for many years in the original Oakfield Park, in the 
grounds of which stood his residence now converted into the Croydon 
General Hospital. In 1858 the estate, which was formerly a deer park, 
was sold and cut up and formed into roads now known as Oakfield, 
Kidderminster, Lennard, and Farquharson. Mr. Sterry was a member 
of the Croydon Local Board from its commencement m 1849, till 1S55. 

Mary Sterry, d 28th 2nd month, 1853, « 70- 

Sarah Sterry, d 25th 2nd month, 1863, a 73. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Steele, d 21st 3rd month, 1S63, a 40. 

John Sharp, d 6th ist month, 1853, a 41. 

Hannah Sharp, d 24th 12th month, 1864, « 60. 

Mary Mason, of Waterford, d 3rd ist month, 1853, a 45. 

Sarah Barrett, d ist 6th month, 1846, a 64. 

Richard Barrett, d 4th 4th month, 1855, a 70. 

END OF THE FRIENDS' BURIAL GROUND. 



PUMP PAIL CHAPEL. 



MdiJIJ^HIS Chapel was erected in 1729, and until the opening of 
^yll'^^ the new cemetery, the small square in front of the chapel 
^^UKs^ was the only place of sepulture for Nonconformists in the 
-tiN-wj^ whole town, except the ground belonging to the Friends. 
The Chapel originally belonged to the General Baptists, but they 
removed to a larger chapel in Tam worth Road in 1866, and it was 
then purchased for the Congregationalists, who have considerably 
improved it. Formerl}' the burial ground was full of memorial stones, 
but the}' have been almost all removed, and used for other purposes. 
We append a copy of the inscriptions still remaining : — 

George Sawyers, d Oct. 26, 1852, a 82. 

Ann Sawyers, his wife, d Sept. 19, 1852, a 77. 

Sarah Tidman, d Aug. 2, 1832, a 82. 
Catherine White, her sister, d Nov. 12, 1837, ^ 62. 
Susannah, wife of Joseph Potter, d Sept. 9, 1827, a 62. 
Joseph Potter, d July 27, 1845, a 80. 

Sarah Credland, d Oct. 6, 1828, a 40. 

M}' flesh will slumber in the ground, 
Till the last trumpet's joyful sound, 
Then burst the chains with sweet surprise, 
And in my Saviour's image rise. 

Amey, w^ife of Samuel Standen, d Sept. 21, 1801, a 54. 
Sarah Ann Davis, her daughter, d June 11, 1813, a 23. 
Mary Standen, d Dec. i, 1830, a 47. 
Samuel Standen, d Aug. 29, 1835, a 82. 

William Phillips, formerly an auctioneer at Mitcham,^ Sept. 29, 1818, a 82. 

Frances, wife of Thomas Bassett, d March 29, 1828, a 29. 
Nevertheless, not my will, but Thine be done. 

Mary Ward, d March 2, 1824, a 32. 

Let worms devour my wasting flesh, 

And crumble all my bones to dust, 
My God shall raise my frame anew. 

At the revival of the just. 

William Townsend, d Oct. i, 1838, a 88. 

Maria, widow of the late Stephen Hersee, d Sept. 29, a 70. 

Susannah Collis, d April 18, 1840, a 71. 

A guilty, weak, and helpless worm. 

On Thy kind arms I fall, 
Be Thou my strength and righteousness, 
My Jesus and my all. 



io8 



Croydon in the Past. 



Sarah, wife of E\zsl Allen, and daughter of Samuel and Sarah Candish, 

d July 17, 1824, a 26. 
Samuel Candish, f/ Jan. 10, 1814, a 37. 

Hannah Chandos, d Oct. 30, 1831, a 80. 
Elizabeth Chandos, d May 13, 1813, a 71. 
Sarah Chandos, her sister, d Oct. 39, 1819, a 71. 

John Outram, d April 6, 1850, a 63. 

William Hider, d May 28, 1852, a 25. 
Mary Hider, his sister, a Jan. 26, 1853, a 31. 

END OF PUMP PAIL CHAPEL. 




BEDDINGTON CHURCH. 




^HIS Church is situated about a mile-and-a-half from Croydon 
in the valley of the River Wandle. There was a Church 
here when the Domesday Book was compiled, but no 
part of the present structure can be referred to that era. 
It would seem, from the style of architecture, to have been erected 
during the reign of Richard II, and we find that Nicholas de 
Carew, the first Lord of Beddington of that name, in 1390, be- 
queathed ;^20 to the building of the Church. The edifice is dedi- 
cated to St. Mary, and consists of a nave and aisles, a chancel, and 
a tower at the west end, and a monumental chapel for the Carew 
family, attached to the south side of the chancel, and opening into 
it. During the present century very extensive repairs have been 
made to the Church, which had become in a very dilapidated con- 
dition. Canon Bridges, the present rector, has thoroughly restored 
the Church both inside and out. The interior decorations are most 
elaborate. An addition to the churchyard was made in 1875, and 
the new ground was consecrated by the Bishop of Winchester " on 
the feast of St. Matthias " in that year. Very handsome Ij^ch 
gates have been erected to both the new and the old grounds. We 
commence our record by describing the tombs in the Carew chapel: 

• Virtutis splendore, et equestri clarus honore, Franciscus Carew conditur 
hoc tumulo, principibus fidus, percharus amicus amicis, pauperibus 
largus, munificusque bonis, Hospitio excepit Reges, proceresque 
frequenter, hospitibus cunctus semper aperta domus. Innocui mores 
niveo, candore politi, Lingua dolo caruit, meus sine fVaude fuit. 
Laudatum vitam laudanda morte peregit, solus in extremis anchorge 
Chnstus erat. 
Avunculo optime merito Nepos mcestissimus hoc monumentum honoris et 
memoriae ergo posuit. 

On the opposite panel is the following inscription : 

" Here lieth Sir Francis Carew, Knt., sonne and heire of Sir Nicholas 
Carew, Knight of the Honorable Order of tne Garter, maister of the 
horse, and privye councellour to King Henry the VHI ; the said Sir 
Francis living unmarried, adopted Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, sonne 
of Annie Throckmorton, his sister, to be heire of his estate, and to 
beare his surname, and having lived 81 yeares, he, in assured hope 
to rise in Christ, ended this transitory life the i6th day of Maye, 
i5ii." * 

The figure of Sir Francis is life size, sculptured in alabaster. 
He is represented in complete armour, wearing a scull-cap; 
his hands are folded as if in prayer. In front of the tomb, 



no Croydon in the Past. 

on a low plinth, and kneelinj^ upon cushions, are small 
figures of a knii,'ht in armour, and his lady in a ruff and 
long" cloak, together with five sons and two daughters ; the 
the latter wearing ruffs and farthingales. Underneath is 
the following inscription : — 

Sir Nicholas Carew, knight, youngest sonne of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, 
adopted into the surname and armes of Carew, maried Marie, eldest 
daughter of Sir George Moore, of Loosely, knight, of whom he had 
issue Francis, Nicholas, George, Edmund, Oliphie, Elizabeth, and 
Marie, and to the memory of his deare and well deserving unckle 
erected this monument. 
Sir Francis Carew was son of Sir Nicholas Carew, who, it will 
be noticed, held several important offices under King Henry 
VIII, and was atone time in high favour with that monarch, 
but taking part in some of the Roman Catholic plots, 
instigated by Reginald Pole, afterwards Cardinal Pole, who 
aspired to the throne, he was tried, found guilty, and 
beheaded on Tower Hill on the 3rd March, 1539, at the 
age of forty-three. He was buried in the Church of St. 
Botolph, Aldersgate, where there is a small monument 
inscribed with his name. His estate was sequestrated. 
By favour of Queen Mary, his son. Sir Francis, obtained 
the restitution of the estates, and built a beautiful mansion 
adjoining the church, where he had honour of being twice 
visited by Queen Elizabeth, as stated in the laudatory 
verses on his tomb, in the years 1599 and 1600. He died 
unmarried at the age of 81. He had two sisters, one of 
whom married Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, as the monu- 
ment testifies, and whose youngest son inherited the 
Carew name and property. The second sister married the 
celebrated Sir "Walter Raleigh, founder of the colony of 
Virginia, who first introduced the use of tobacco into 
England. He was beheaded in the reign of James ist, 
and left one son, Carew Raleigh. The lower monument is 
to the memory of Sir Francis Throckmorton Carew. He 
married twice. A son of the " laste " Lady Carew has 
erected a tablet to her memory near her husband's monu- 
ment. It reads thus : — 
To the memory of my dear mother, the Lady Carew, laste wife of Sir 
Nicholas Carew, of Bedington. 

Whose virtuous life doth memory deserve, 
Who taught her children Heaven's great God to serve. 
She departed this life Dec. 11, in the year 1633. 

She was Susanna, second wife of Sir Nicholas Carew, and a 
daughter of Thomas Bright, draper, of Bury St. Edmunds, 
and third wife and widow of Francis Barker, citizen and 
vintner of London. 

There is another monument of a more ancient date adjoining 
the above, to the memory of Sir Richard Carew, Knight 
Banneret, Governor of Calais, and his wife Malyn or 
Magdalen, daughter of Sir John Oxenbridge, Knight. On 



Beddins^ton Church. 



Ill 



the tomb are two small brasses, lately restored, of a knight 

in armour and his lady, and along the verge in black letters, 

this inscription : — 

Pray for the soules of Sir Richard Carew and Dame Malyn, his wife, 

which Sir Richard deceased the xxiii. day of Alay, anno d'ni mdxxi., 

the same Dame Malyn dyed the ■ day of , mdxxi, on 

whose souls, Jesus have mercy. 

There are several brasses on the floor, some undecipherable, 
and others covered up. One in the centre is to the 
memory of Sir Nicholas Carew and his wife, who died in 
1432. This knight was sheriff of the count}' of Surrey in 
the 15th year of Richard II., and again in the second year 
of Henry IV. ; he also represented the county in several 
parliaments. In the year 1422, he made a settlement of 
his estates, from which it appears that he had manors and 
possessions in at least eighteen different parishes in 
Surrey. 

Sir Nicholas Hackett Carew, Bart., d Aug. 10, 1762, a 42. 
Caroline Lady Carew, his wife, d March 18, 1762, a 41. 
Caroline Carew, their daughter, d March 3, 1769, a 27. 

The above Sir Nicholas Carew was descended in lineal succes- 
sion from Sir Nicholas Throckmorton Carew. Having 
no male issue, and his daughter dying unmarried, he left 
the estate to the eldest son of Richard Gee, Esq., of 
Orpington, descended from Philippa Carew, his aunt, who 
in 1780 obtained an Act of Parliament, authorising him to 
take the name and arms of Carew. There are several 
monuments to the Gee family in this chapel. 

William Gee, of Beddington, Esq., d Aug. 3, 1815, a 69. 
Ann Paston Gee, his widow, d March 28, 1828, a 71. 

Richard Carew, formerly Richard Gee, of Orpington, Kent, d Dec. 18, 
1816, a 71. 

This gentleman dying unmarried, devised all his property to 
Ann Paston Gee, the widow of his brother, mentioned above, 
and she having no issue, bequeathed the estates to her 
first cousin. Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell, G.C.B., who 
pursuant to her will, assumed the name and arms of 
Carew, by royal license, on the iSth June in the same year. 
There is a tablet to his memory. It is decorated with a 
flag (the staff broken), a naval sword, a branch of laurel, 
and the word Nile, in which battle he fought under Nelson. 
The bravery and talents of Sir Benjamin were noticed in 
the despatches. 

Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell Carew, G.C.B., b Jan. i, 1751, d Sept. 2, 
1834. 

The Carew estates afterwards descended to his sons, by whom 
they were irretrievably lost. The mansion is now occupied 
by the Female Orphan Asylum, which removed here from 
the Westminster Bridge Road in 1866. The tombs of the 
two sons of Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell Carew will 
be found mentioned in our list of tombs in the churchyard. 



112 



Croydon in the Past. 



The following is the last inscription in the Carew Chapel : — 

In the vault beneath lie the mortal remains of Patrick Maxwell Shaw 

Stewart, R.N., son of Captain Houston Stewart, R.N., G.C.B., born 

Auj;. 9, 1833, and killed June 25, 1846, by the accidental discharge 

of a fowling piece at Beddington Hall. 

Innocent, amiable, and warm hearted, he was loved and lamented by all who 

knew him. In life, he never caused his fond parents to shed one tear 

of sorrow, and they have now the blessed conviction he is safe in death. 

The following inscriptions are copied from tablets in various 
parts of the church : — 
This brass is placed to the memory of Andrew Collyer Bristowe, Esq., of 
Beddington, by his sorrowing widow, b Dec 24, 1794,1/ Dec. 2, 1S56. 

In memory of Mary Whitehall, many years a resident in and a benefactor 

by her will to the poor of the parish of Beddington, d March 27, 

1859, a 83. 
John Tritton, Esq., d Jan. 19, 1832, a 44. 
Elizabeth Mary, his wife, ti Jan. 24, 1834, a 39. 
lilary, wife of John Henton Tritton, Esq., eldest daughter of the late John 

Barclay, Esq., d Feb. 25, 1827, " T^- 
John Henton Tritton, Esq., banker, of Lombard Street, d March 20, 1833, 

a 79. 
Mary Tritton, their only daughter, d Sept. 5, 1S52, a 56. 

William Bridges, Esq., late of Wallington House, d Nov. 21, 1805, a 87. 
This monument was erected in token of grateful attachment to the memory 
of one whose benevolence extended itself to every branch of his family. 
The above inscription is taken from a very handsome 
monument of white marble on dove-coloured ground, the 
work of the younger Bacon. It is ornamented by an 
enriched urn, having the arms of the deceased sculptured 
on its pedestal. 

John Walton, Esq., d April 19, 1S02, a 63. 
Mrs. Alice Walton, d Aug. 15, 1810, a 60. 
Annie Walton, spinster, the last of her father's family, d July 11, 1826, 

a 72. 
Elizabetha felioe Caroli Proby, Chathame Navalium Curatores uxoris Pauli 
Tchitchagoff, Rerum Navalum Muscovitarum Prsefecti quas obiit 
Anno Salutis, 1811, vEtatis 36. 
[This memorial is the work of Henry Westmacott. Paul Tchitchagoff was 
superintendent of naval affairs in Russia.] 

We conclude our copies of the inscriptions in the Interior of 
the Church with the followii>g extremely amusing memorial, 
in which it will be seen the author puns on his own name. 
On the upper portion are the following brief Latin 
phrases : — 
Mors super. Virides montes. Sicut hora sic Vita. 
Tho. Grenhill, borne and bredd in ye famous Universitj- of Oxon, Batche- 
lour of Artes, and sometyme Student in Magd. Coll., Steward to ye 
Noble Kt. Sir Nicholas Carew, of Beddington, who deceased Sept. 
17 day, Ano 1634, aged 33 years. 
Will. Grenhill, Mr. of Artes, his brother, and Mar}', his sister, to his 
memory erected this. 

Under thy feete, interr'd is here, 
A native borne in Oxford-sheere, 



Beddington Churchyard. 113 

First life and learning Oxford gave, 
Surry to him his death, his grave. 
Hee once a Hill was fresh and Greene, 
Now wither'd is, not to be seene, 
Earth in earth, shoueld up is shut 
A Hill into a Hole is put ; 
But darksome earth by poure Divine 
Bright at last as ye sun may shine. 



THE CHURCHYARD. 



We now turn to the tombs and stones in the churchyard. The 
first is a remarkable one to an old servant of the Carew 
famil}' : — 

Here lieth the body of George Hickson, huntsman to the Carews of 
Beddington, died Sept. 20, 1848, in the 102nd year of his age, in the 
service of the family he had entered as a boy. 
The deceased, shortly before he died, said if he lived until 
Martinmas, he should have been go years in the service of 
the Carews, an instance of lengthened service almost un- 
paralleled. He was familiarly known as the man who eat 
his horse, and this arose from the following circumstance : 
It would seem the hounds had been out for several days 
without killing, and the old man vowed one morning if 
they were not more successful that day, he would eat his 
horse. During the course of the day, the horse he was 
riding, a young and valuable animal, fell and broke his leg, 
and it was found necessary to shoot it. Some of the men 
who had heard the old huntsman's rash vow, cut a slice out 
of the rump of the animal and sent it to the huntsman's 
cottage. His housekeeper thinking it was a beef steak, 
cooked it for his dinner. On his return home, the old 
man sat down and eat it, and vowed he had never tasted a 
better steak in his life. He was terribly annoyed the next 
morning when he was informed from whence his tender 
steak had been cut. The joke was remembered agamst 
him until the day of his death ; but he learned to laugh at 
it heartily, and the gentlemen of the hunt very frequently 
asked him when he came with his hounds to the place of 
meet whether he had made another vow. 

Mary, daughter of John Whitehall, d Jan. 24, 1824, ^ i4- 
Jerusalem, my happy home, 

When shall I come to thee. 
My dear Redeemer is above, 

Him will I go to see. 
And all my friends in Christ below 

Shall soon come after me. 

Charles Hallowcll Hallowell Carew, born March i, 1S29, ^ Sept. 17, 1S72. 
Benjamin Francis Hallowell Carew, born Oct. 3, 1830, d April 23, 1879. 

William Marsh, D.D., rector of Beddington, d Aug. 24, 1864, a 8g. 

On the day before his death he closed the 65th year of his faithful and fruitful 
ministry with these words, " Tell the clergy to preach Christ, to 
live Christ, to serve Christ, and they shall have praise in eternitv."' 



114 Croydon in the Past. 

Johannes Cox, rector hvivs ecclesias decessit Octobris xxvii, a.d., 1609,. 

letatis sv£e 49. 
Alice, wife of Francis Henry Layban, of Bandon Hill, d Dec. 22, 1872, a 26. 

Charles Berryman, alias Brandon, rector of Beddington, d Dec. 19, 1671, 

a 49. 
Thomas, his son, d Feb. 5, 1672, a 12. 

William Bromfield Ferrers, clerk, d June 6, 1841, a 83, having been rector 
of this parish for 59 years. 

Sir Charles Henry Rich, of Wallington, d Oct. 22, 1857, a 73. 
Frances Maria, his wife, d Feb. 20, 1852, a 67, 
Frances Maria Dorothea Rich, d July 20, 1878. 

William Wilkinson, gent., d Dec. 6, 1812, a 57. 
Mary, his widow, d June 9, 1821, a 70. 

Alas, the sudden hand of death, 
With sudden stroke deprived of breath 

The ashes that lay here. 
My fellow mortal, pray beware. 
And for that fatal hour prepare, 
Unknown to all now here. 

Thomas Lawrence lost his life by a fall from a horse, May 12, 1799, a, 18. 
O Death, that to me no warning gave. 
No time with my dear friends to take my leave, 
But in a moment pierced my tender heart, 
And caused me from my dearest friend to part. 
I hope with them to meet again, 
In heaven for ever to remain. 

On a rail is the following : — 

Hail glorious gospel. Heavenly light whereby. 
We live with comfort, and with comfort die, 
And view beyond this gloomy scene, the tomb, 
A life of endless happiness to come. 

Frances, eldest daughter of the late Admiral James Pigott, of Beddington 

Lodge, wife of Morgan Culhaue, M.D., d June 17, 1869, a 68. 
Morgan Culhaue, M.D., Victoria Row, Kensington, d Sept. 22, 1876, a 84. 

Sarah, wife of Wm. Shaw, Wallington, d Jan. 8, 1862, a 36. 
I was so long with pain oppress'd. 
Which wore my strength away. 
It made me long for endless rest, 
Which never can decay. 

Thomas Pratt, d May 16, 1819, a 67. 
Amey Pratt, his wife, d July 20, 1815, a 65. 

'Tis religion that must give 

Sweetest pleasure while we live ; 

'Tis religion must supply 

Solid comfort while we die. 

After death its joy shall be 

Lasting as Eternity. 

Benjamin Parker, of Wallington, who exercised a principal trust in the 
Bank of England for 37 years with earnest trustfulness, to the 
satisfaction of the Governor and Company, as well as to those'who 
had business with him, d Dec. 3, 1739, a 60. 

Jaspar Swindall, (/ June, 18, 1828, a 44. 

Memory be still, and let me tell the praise 

Of him who now beneath this stone do lie ; 
With care he sought each virtuous path to tread, 
He praj'ed for faith, and died u'ithout a sigh. 



Beddington Churchyard. 115 

George Ormerod, d Feb. 21, 1811, a 60. 

Dear wife, as I in my cold grave do lay, 
You may by chance pass by this way, 
And on my grave may shed a tear, 
For one that once loved you so dear. 
[Son of George and Mary Ormerod, of Beddington ; he was for upwards of 
30 years officer to the Sheriff" of Kent, and resided at a house called 
" Limekilns," in Greenwich.] 

John Williams Bristow, Esq., d Jan. 17, 1S31, a 72. 

Elizabeth Bristow, d Feb. i, 1S37, a 75. 

John Priest Bristow, his son, d Feb. 6, 1837. 

Mrs. Ann Bristow, widow of John Williams Bristow, d Sept. 4, 1846, a 84. 

William Bristow, Esq., d Oct. 25, 1858, » 97. 

Andrew CoUyer-Bristow, Esq., d Dec. 2, 1S61, a 66. 

Mary, his wife, d Jan. 14, 1867, a 66. 

John Pimm, of Croydon, d Oct. 10, 1848, a 38. 

Bristow Collyer, d July 12, 1870, a 42. 

John Cayley, Esq., of Wallington, many years resident of St. Petersburg, 
d March 30, 1831, a 72. 
This monument was erected by his afflicted widow to perpetuate as long as so 
frail a record may endure, the memory of one deeply regretted by all 
who were acquainted with his virtues. 
Harriet, his wife, d Feb. 23, 1870, a 91. 

Edward Cayley, his son, died in Russia, buried in Riga, Feb. 18, 1871, 
a 66. 

Honest Robin Betterton, obiit 9th Sept. 1724, asra 57. 

[We have copied the inscription as it appears on the tomb. The word cera is 
evidently intended for cetaf, a mistake probably caused during the 
restoration of the tomb. The deceased was formerly a fishmonger, 
residing in the parish of St. Botolph, Billingsgate, and afterwards of 
Croydon. In his will, among other small bequests he leaves the sum 
of £s to Mrs. Prudence Snow, "wherewith she is to make one treat for 
the Wednesday club at her house." This club, in all probability 
consisted of a number of old cronies with whom he was in the habit of 
associating during his life time.] 

Drinkwater, Ann Margaret, May 22, 1873 — Faith. 
,, Elizabeth Maria, July 5, iSSi — Charity. 

John Bridges, Esq., of Wallington House, d June 39, 1865, a 78. 
Elizabeth Bridges, his wife, d April 5, 184S. 
Brook Bridges, d July 8, 1S07, a 21. 
Brook Allen Bridges, d Nov. 12, 1815. 
Sarah, his wife, d Dec. 17, 1816. 

Thomas Hillar, d Oct. 19, 1719, a 38. 
Sarah, his wife, d August, 1752, a 69. 

William Thos. Goad, Esq., of Hackbridge House, Wallington, d Dec. 17, 

1863, a 87. 
George Anthony Goad, Esq., d June 15, 1S50, a 57. 

Elizabeth Farquhar, wife of Andrew Alfred Collyer-Bristow, d Jan. 12, 
1872, a 34. 

Mary, daughter of Geo. Ball, Esq., of iMitcham, d Aug. 10, 1820, a 68. 
If souls could always dwell above, 

Thou ne'er hadst left Thy sphere, 
O, could we keep the soul above, 
We ne'er had lost thee here. 



ii6 Croydon in the Past. 



The following are some of the Inscriptions in the new ground : — 

Henry Tritton, Esq., d Jan. 2, 1877. 
Edward Richardson, d Nov. 13, 1878, a 59. 

Under a beautiful statue of a young female leaning on a 
rustic cross : — 
Juliet Borneque, d Sept. i, 1879, a 17. 

Caroline, 46 years the beloved wife of J. F. Wathen, d Aug. 3, 1877, a 71. 
Josiah lies Wathen, d April 6, 1881, a 76. 

William Ray Smee, F.S.A., d Oct. 27, 1877, a 56. 

Alfred Smee, F.R.S., J Jan. 11, 1877, ^ 59* 

Elizabeth, his wife, d March 6, 1879, a 61. 

[Mr. Alfred Smee was the author of " My Garden," a most profusely illus- 
trated work describing the innumerable floral and horticultural beauties 
of the garden lying at the south western end of Beddington Park.] 

Frederick Smee, d Aug. 26, 1879, a 55. 

Eleanor Maria, wife of Jas. Robt. Bouquet, d Dec. 23, 1877, a 61. 

The saints of God their virgil keep, 

While yet their mortal bodies sleep, 

Till from the dust, they too shall rise. 

And soar triumphant to the skies. 

Oh, happy saints rejoice and sing. 

He quickly comes, your Lord and King. 

Eleanor Margaret, wife of Hy. J. Mitchell, d Jan. 3, 1880, a 44. 
Susanna, wife of Joseph Morris, d Sept. 20, 1876, a 41. 

END OF BEDDINGTON CHURCH. 




ADDINGTON CHURCH. 




pHE old Church at Addington was originally built of flint, 
m^ with window-cases of friable stone ; but about the year 
1773, the exterior wall of the building were rebuilt with 
brick by Alderman Trecothick. There is a low square 
tower at the west end, containing four bells. Originally there was 
only a small aisle on the south side, but a larger one has lately been 
added on the north side, considerably extending the accommodation 
in the building. The present Church dates from the reign of 
Edward III. In the year 1843 the whole of the Church was reno- 
vated, internally and externally, at the expense of Dr. Howley, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. The old pews were replaced by backed 
seats, affording accommodation for about 250 persons. Formerly 
there were numerous old monuments in this Church, but many are 
entirely lost. 

Abutting on the north wall of the chancel is a costly monument 
of alabaster and black marble. It was erected by Sir Oliph 
Leigh, in memory of his father and mother. In the upper 
part are two niches, under one of which are two figures 
kneeling, with this inscription : — 
John Leigh, of Addington, Esq., sonne of Nicholas Leigh, of Addington, 
married Joanne, daughter and heire of Sir John Ohph, Knight, by 
whom he had issue. Sir OHph Leigh, Knight, John, Charles, Anne, 
Joanne, Elizabeth, and Katharine ; he ended this life 31 March, 
1576. 
Under the other arch are two more figures also kneeling, with 
this inscription : — 
Nicholas Leigh, of Addington, married Anne, sister to Sir Nicholas Carew, 
by whom he had issue John Leigh, Malin, Elizabeth, Marj', Anne. 

These figures are habited in the dress of the period, and have 
evidently been coloured. Underneath is a full size recum- 
bent figure of a knight, fully armed, resting on his right 
elbow. In the lower compartment is the figure of a lady, 
dressed in the costume of the fifteenth century, leaning on 
her right hand, and holding a book in her left. There are 
also two figures of children kneeling, detached from the 
monument, and probably belonging to some other tomb. 
Underneath the lady we read : — 
Here resteth in peace, Sir Oliph Leigh, knight, who married Jane, daughter 

of Sir Thomas Brown, bj' whom he had Francis, his only son and 

heire, who died 14 March, 1562. 



iiS Croydon in the Past. 

On a slab on the chancel floor is a brass figure of a man in 
armour, and underneath an inscription in black letter, to 
Thomas Hatteclyffe, Esq., " sn'tyme one of ye foure masters 
of the housholde to our sov'aigne Lord King Henry 
ye VIII." 

Near this brass is a tomb, surmounted by a large memorial urn, 
standing in a recess, which has evidently, at one time been 
a small window, on the south-east side of the chancel, on 
which we read this inscription : — 

Died May 28, 1775, a 56. 
In memory of Barlow Trecothick, Esq., Merchant, Alderman, and Lord 
Mayor of the City of London, much esteemed by the merchants for 
his integrity and knowledge of commerce, truly beloved by his 
fellow citizens, who chose him as their representative in Parliament; 
and sincerely lamented by his friends and relatives, who looked up 
to and admired his virtues. This last tribute is humbly oiTered by 
his affectionate wife, Ann Trecothick, 1776. 

Near this is another large memorial tablet to the memory of the 
above gentleman's first wife : — 

In memory of Mrs. Grizzel Trecothick, who to an elegant form and mind 
united a virtuous and religious disposition ; her affectionate husband. 
Barlow Trecothick, hath placed this monument. She died at 
Addington, 31st July, 1769, aged 41 years. 

The above-named Barlow Trecothick purchased the Addington 
estate from the representatives of the Leigh family for 
;^38,500. In the particulars of the sale the lands were 
computed at 5,000 acres ; of which 500 were wood, and 
1,000 waste. On the enclosure of Croydon Common in 
1797, a large part of the Common, between Addiscombe 
and Addington, was claimed by Mr. James Trecothick, in 
right of his proprietorship of the manor of Addington ; 
and on a trial, the claim was admitted to be just. Mr. 
Barlow Trecothick is the gentleman who almost re-built 
Addington Church. He was Lord Mayor of London 
in 1770, and during his mayoralty (having lost his first 
wife, Grizzel, in 1769), he was married a second time to 
Ann Meredith, of Henbury, in Cheshire, who survived 
him, and who erected the monument to his memor3\ The 
Alderman left no issue, and devised his estate at Addington 
to his nephew, James Ivers, who took the name and arms 
of Trecothick. In 1803, this gentleman sold the estates 
in lots, and a Mr. Coles purchased the house and park, and 
he, in 1807, transferred the same by sale to the Trustees of 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Addington Park thus 
became the property of the Primate for the time being, 
instead of the Old Palace at Croydon, which was sold 
under the authority of an Act of Parliament. There are 
several other memorials of the Trecothick family, who 
were buried in the family vault under the chancel of the 
Church, though after the sale of the propert}^ they went to 
reside at Broadstairs. We append the inscriptions : — 



Addington Church. 119 

In the family vault in the chancel are deposited the remains of James 
Trecothick, Esq., j-oungest son of the late Jas. Trecothick, Esq., 
who died Sept. 29, 1849, a 51 ; also Susanna Trecothick, his eldest 
sister, who died at Broadstairs, Dec. 11, 1857,(7 79; also Charlotte, 
another sister, who died at Broadstairs, Oct. 7, 1858, a 75. 

In memory of Louisa Trecothick, died March 22, 1863, a 81 ; also Ann 
Trecothick, her twin sister, w^ho died Nov. 20, 1865, a 84. 

James Trecothick, Esq., formerly of Addington, late of Broadstairs, in the 
Isle of Thanet, died Sept. 11, 1846, a 90. For many years he ably 
discharged the duties of magistrate for Surrey and Kent, and also 
for the Cinque Ports. He was an affectionate husband and father, 
a kind landlord, sincerely beloved by his family, much respected by 
his friends and those among whom he resided. His six surviving 
children, as a tribute of respect and affection have erected this 
tablet to his memory. 

Since the purchase of Addington House, this little church and 
churchyard has been selected by the Archbishops as their 
burial place. Two are buried in vaults under the church, 
and two in the churchyard. We first append a copy of the 
tablets in the church, and other inscriptions will be found 
on the tombs in the churchyard. 

Haud Procul hinc situs est. Carolus Manners Sutton, S.T.D. Cantuariensis 
Archiepiscopus, natus Dei. Feb. 14, 1755, decessit July 21, 1S28. 

To the memory of John B. Sumner, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury. He 
was consecrated Bishop of Chester in 182S, and was translated to 
the see of Canterbury in 184S, died Sept. 6, 1S62, aged 83, and was 
interred in the vault belonging to the family in the adjoining 
churchyard. 

There is in the north-east corner of the chancel, adjoining the 
communion table, an altar tomb, which, we understand, 
once contained a recumbent figure of Archbishop Howley. 
At some time this figure was removed to Canterbury 
Cathedral, and the place is now filled up v/ith a cushion, 
on which rests a large cross, the lower part reaching to the 
end of the tomb where the feet of the figure would have 
rested. Underneath is this inscription : — 

To the memory of the Most Reverend William Howley, D.D., Archbishop 
of Canterbury ; he was born Feb. 12th, 1766, married, in 1805, 
Mary Frances, daughter of John Belli, Esq. He died Feb. nth, 
1848. 

There is also a tablet to the memor}- of a son of Archbishop 
^Manners Sutton, who, it will be seen, for eighteen years 
presided over the House of Comm.ons, and was afterwards 
elevated to the peerage :- — ■ 
Chas. Manners Sutton, P.C., G.C.B., Speaker to the House of Commons 
from 1817 to 1835, in which year he was created Viscount Canter- 
bury and Baron Bottesford, born 29th January, 17S0, died 2isi July, 
1S45. His remains are interred in the family vault inside the 
Church. 

The deceased nobleman was remarkable for his dignified 
appearance and the suavity of his manners. He presided 
over the House of Commons during the troubled and 



I20 Croydon in the Past. 

excited period which preceded and followed the passing of 
the first Reform Bill. So popular was he among all 
classes, though known to be a Conservative, he was 
re-elected to the Speakership b}' the Liberals when they 
took office in the first reformed Parliament. 

There is one other tablet, to the memory of a son of Archbishop 

Tait, buried in the churchyard. It runs as follows : — 

To the glory of God and in loving memory of the Rev. Craufurd Tait, 

only son of the Archbishop of Canterbury, called from God's work 

on earth to do his Father's will in heaven, May 29, 1878. The 

offering of parishioners of Addington and neighbouring friends. 



THE CHURCHYARD. 



Fanny, wife of George Heath, d Nov. 7, i86g. 

Merion Vansittart, daughter of Charles and Charlotte Vansittart Frere, d 
April 26, 1807, a 6. 

Augusta Fredk. Wm. Hoffman, a 82. 

Ann Langford, wife of Geo. Langford, d April 13, 1875, a 75. 
George Langford, her husband, d Sept. 28, 1879, a 79. 

Edward Loyd, of Green Hill, Manchester, d at Coombe House Jan. 30, 

1863, a 83. 
Sarah, his wile, d Jan. 19, 1873, a 78. 

Catharine and Craufurd Tait, mother and son, d Dec. i and May 29, 1878. 
We took sweet counsel together, and walked in the House of God as friends. 
Lovely and pleasant in their li\es, in their deaths they were not divided. 
When I awake up after Thy likeness I shall be satisfied with it. 

The Rev. Craufurd Tate was the only surviving son of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury. He was born in 1849, at the 
Deanery, Carlisle, and was therefore only 29 years old when 
he died, on the 29th of May, 1878. He was a young man 
universally beloved. When about seven years of age his 
father was appointed Bishop of London. In process of 
time the lad was sent to Eton, and thence to Christ Church, 
Oxford, where he graduated first class in law and history, 
in 1872. In 1873 he was ordained curate to the Rev. W. 
D. Maclagan, the Bishop-Elect of Lichfield. The Arch- 
bishop, wishing his son to become acquainted with the 
practical work of the ministry, arranged for him to spend 
two or three years working in the poorest parts of London. 
He then became his father's domestic chaplain, and held 
this post till a year before his death, when he was appointed 
to the vicarage of St. John's, Notting Hill ; but the seeds 
of a fatal disorder had already been contracted, and he 
died at Stone House, St. Peter's, near Margate, whither he 
had gone for change of air, only a few days after his 
arrival. 

Mrs. Tait, the wife of the Archbishop, died on the ist 
December, 1878, while with the Archbishop on a visit to 
Mr. Pitman, of 11, Great Stuart Street, Edinburgh. Thus, 
twice within the same year was Addington Palace thrown 



Addington Churchyard. I2i 

into grief too great for words to express. l\Irs. Tait was 
the youngest daughter of the Venerable W. Spooner, Arch- 
deacon of Coventry, and was married to the Archbishop, 
then the Rev. Archibald Campbell Tait, in 1843. 

Catherine, the dearly-loved child of Charles and Helen Goschen, of the 
Ballards, Addington, d May 18, 1875, a 5. 

Benjamin Forrester Scott, d at Croydon 14th Oct., 1870, a 62. 

Charles Thomas Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury, born July 28, 1794, 
d Oct. 27, 1868. 
[Archbishop Longlej' succeeded Archbishop Sumner, and was followed by Dr. 
Tait.] 

Caroline Georgina Levett, b July 18, 1842, d Oct. 30, 1867. 
Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord. 
Rosamond Diana Longley, b 6th Jan. 1875, d 8th Dec. 1876. 

And in their mouth was found no guile, for they are without fault before the 
Throne of God. 

Henry Selfe Selfe, d Sept. 6, 1870, a 60. 

Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is staged on Thee, because 
he trusteth in Thee. 

Edward Henry Selfe, d Oct. 17, iSSo, a 37. 

Until the day break and the shadows flee away. 
Frances Maud, a 11, and Fredk. Maxwell Spooner, d July 11, 1871. 
Charlotte Maria, wife of Capt. J. D. Clarke, d June 29, 1867, a 25. 
'Yond the shade of death's dark valley, 

Now ye lean upon his breast, 
Where the wicked cease from troubling. 
And the weary are at rest. 

George Richardson, of Croydon, d March 24, 1879, a 62. 

Marmaduke Walker, of Addington Lodge, d April 16, 18S0, a 74. 

Mr. Marmaduke Walker may claim to have accomplished in 
agriculture as great a conquest as any which have been 
achieved on a field of battle. He took a sterile tract of 
land on the hills, and in a few years converted it into an 
exceedingly fertile farm ; and by the aid of a colony of 
Irish labourers has shown what perseverance and skill can 
do. He sat for many years on the Croydon Board of 
Guardians, and was much respected. He won many prizes 
with his farm produce. 

Emily, wife of Robt. Walker, of Addington Park Farm, d Dec. 27, 1855, 

Robt. Walker, d Nov. 29, 1878, a 74. 

Christopher Rawlins, priest, 40 years vicar of Thornton-cum-Allerthorpe,. I 
Yorkshire, d April i, 1876, a 68. ^ 

Hariot Walters, d Nov. 22, 1855, a 62. 

Thomas Walters, Esq., of Heathfield, her husband, d Aug. 4, 1868, a 89. 

Mary Ann, wife of Mr. Joshua Lett, of Croydon, d June 6, 1857, a 43. 
Joshua Lott, d Nov. 24, 1863, a 47. 

Emma, wife of Wm. Harry Strudwicke, d Oct. 23, 1876, a 38. 

Francis Emma, wife of the Rev. M. T. Farrer, vicar of this parish, d Sept. 
3, 1844. 



122 Croydon in the Past. 

Wm. Middleton, late of Croydon, d Nov. 30, 1847, " 61. 
Mary Middleton, his wite, d July 16, 1856, a 63. 

Until the day dawn, here resteth all that could die of Louisa Marian 

Benham, the beloved wife of the Vicar of this Parish. She was 

born Aug. 12, 1832, and died in the faith and love of Jesus Christ 

our Lord, Aug. 22, 1870. 

The wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy 

to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality and 

without hypocrisy. — James iii, 4. 

Alexander Bissett, M.A., of Croydon, d Nov. 4, 1821, a 69. 

Sarah, his wife, d Aug. i, 1818, a 53. 

Sarah Ann Eyman, d Dec. 4, 1812, a 22. 

Harriet Maria Bissett, a July 27, 1812, a 28. 

Elizabeth Eleanor, daughter of Charles Emanuel and Elizabeth Sarah 

Bissett, d Jan. 20, 1833, a g. 
Henry Cowper, her brother, d March 13, 1S33, a 16 months. 
Elizabeth Sarah Bissett, their mother, d Nov. 26, 1843, ^ 43- 

Edward, son of Richard Furbisher, d Aug. 15, 1850, a 2. 
His tender parents left to mourn, 
Enough to break a heart of stone, 
God grant his blessing to be given 
For them to meet again in Heaven. 

Short was thy life, fair flower, how soon removed. 
Sudden thy summons to the realms above. 
Sleep on, sweet child, and take thy rest, 
For God takes them that He loves best. 

Eliza Trecothick, d Feb. 5, i860, a 79. 

B. T., d July 30, 1862. L. T., d Marph 22, 1863, a 8r. 

[Members of the Trecothick family, see tablets in the interior of the Church.] 

Jeannie Gillies, d Sep. 3, 1870, a 37. 

John Bird Sumner, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury, and his daughter, 
Marie Thomas. 
Archbishop Sumner succeeded Dr. Howley in the See of 
Canterbury. He built Christ Church, Croydon, in 1852, 
and gave the incumbency to the Rev. O. B. Byers, who 
had married the Archbishop's niece. The Archbishop died 
Sept. 6, 1862. 

Mary, only daughter of Wilson Dodie Wilson, Esq., and granddaughter of 
John Bird Sumner, Archbishop of Canterbury, d April 26, 1851, a 14. 
The flower fadeth, but the word of God standeth for ever. 
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 

Georgina Wilson, born Feb. 28, 1812, d June 22, 1S81. 

I thank my God upon all my remembrance of you. — Philippians i, 2. 
Also two children. 

Robt. Jarvis Fuller, at rest, INIaunday Thursday, 1876, a 24. 

Mr. Robt. Jarvis Fuller was the eldest son of Mr. Robt. W. 
Fuller, auctioneer, High Street, Croydon. He was a 
young man of singular promise. Affable in his manner, 
and sincere in his friendship he had won the esteem of all 
with whom he had business or social relations. He was 
taken in the pride of manhood, to the great grief of his 
relatives and friends. 



Addington Chtirchyard. 123 

William and George, the beloved infants of Francis and Elizabeth Covell, 

of Croydon. 
Also Elizabeth, wife of Francis Covell, their mother, d June 18, 1870, a 70. 
Francis, her eldest son, d Sept. 9, 1879, a 47. 

Also Francis Covell, for 38 years minister of Providence Baptist Chapel, 
Croydon, d Nov. 26, 1879, a 71. 
None but Jesus 
Can do helpless sinners good. 

Mr. Francis Covell was no ordinary man. He was born Dec. 
8th, 1S08, in High Street, Croydon, where his father carried 
on the business of a tinman and brazier, and to which 
trade he was brought up and worked at until June, 185 1. 
In early life he was a regular attendant at the Old Parish 
Church, but as he grew older, his convictions led him to 
join the Calvinistic Baptists. He commenced his ministry 
at his own house on July 14th, 1844, where a few friends 
gathered to meet him. His hearers increased, and in 1846 
they agreed to take a small meeting-house in the Old Town, 
called Ebenezer Chapel. This chapel soon became too 
small, and it was determined to build a larger chapel in 
West Street, which was opened on March 12th, 1848, and 
here he continued to minister the remainder of his life. It 
would be out of place in a work of this description to give 
any opinion of his ministry or the doctrines he held ; it will 
suffice to say that his meeting-house, called Providence 
Chapel, was invariably filled whenever he occupied the 
pulpit. He had a great aversion to the prefix " Reverend," 
and was never addressed by this ministerial designation. 
It is rather singular that this determined opponent to 
Arminianism and Sacerdotalism should find a resting place 
in the churchyard where so many Archbishops are buried. 
It will be seen, however, that he belonged to a very ancient 
family, none of whom had a better claim than himself to 
lie in such a distinguished company of illustrious dead. 

Gul. Covell, d May 11, 1636. 

John Covell, d April 14, 1650. 

Dorothy Covell, d Sept. 13, 1724. 

Mary Covell, d April 13, 1729. 

Francis Covell, d Sept. 23, 1729. 

Mr. Covell, d June, 1751. 

John Covell, d Nov. 2, 1740. 

Prudence Covell, a April 27, 1746. 

Francis Covell, d Dec. 6, 1753. 

John Covell, d April 7, 1756. 

Also Mr. Francis Covell, of Croydon, d Feb. 2, 1S30, a 61. 

Jane, his daughter, d Oct, 29, 1830, a 24. 

Mary, his wife, d Dec. iS, 1S32, a 57. 

Wm. Howard, d Jan. 17, 1795, a 78. 

With patience to the last he did submit, 

And murmured not at what the Lord thought fit ; 

All through lingering illness, grief and pain, 

Although doctor's skill and physic proved in vain, 

He with a Christian courage did resign 

His soul to God at His appointed time. 



124 Croydon in the Past. 

Elizabeth Keelj-. d Dec. 24, 1787, a 76. 

John Keely, of North End, Croydon, d April 17, 1829, a 74. 

Mary Keely, his relict, d May 3, 1839, a 72. 

Charles Blundell, if April 24, 1846, a 18. 

James Blundell, d Sept. 15, 1853, a 28. 

Ann Blundell, their mother, d Nov. 5, 1866, a 66. 

Joseph Blundell, their father, d Dec. 18, 1879, a 83. 

Rebecca, wife of John Alexander, of South End, Croydon, d Feb. 18, 1841, 

a 63. 
John Alexander, Esq., her husband, d May 20, 1861, a 83. 

Nannette, daughter of Marmaduke and Nanny Rothwell Walker, of 
Addington Lodge, d Nov. 13, 1849, a 13. 

Hester Palmerine, d Nov. 26, 1880, a 24. 

S. M. C. Boatvvright, d July 4, 1872, a 45. 

Sarah Boatwright, d May 21, 1832, a 52. 

James Boatwright, her husband, d Feb. i, 1874, a 88. 

Edward Fuller, d Feb. 18, 1849, a 80. 
Wm. Fuller, d Jan. 25, 1852, a 82. 

James Filor, house steward to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who has 
caused this stone to be erected in testimony of his worth and 
integrity, his zeal in the service of his master, and his exemplary 
attention to all his duties towards God and man, d Dec. 26, 1839, 

Sophia, his widow, d June 2, 1858, a 70. 

Mary Ann, daughter of Thomas and Mary Mann, of Croydon, d April 18, 
1798, a 46. 

Sweet is the sleep which now I take, 
Till Jesus Christ doth me wake, 
And may my soul in Heaven rejoice, 
To hear our blessed Saviour's voice. 

END OF ADDINGTON CHURCHYARD. 




SHIRLEY CHURCH. 




ripHIS Church is very pleasantly situated near to the boundary 
;j5lS of Croj'don parish, on the road to Addington. The original 
chapel was built in the year 1835, pulled down in 1S56, 
when the present edifice was erected. There is a burial 
ground attached, about two acres in extent, which is still used as a 
place of interment. The first burial therein took place on the 8th 
August, 183 1. There is one peculiarity about this ground. It 
would seem the original chapel was not placed due east and west, 
and the burials followed the direction of the church. When the new 
church was built, this fault was corrected, and the newer burials are 
of course laid at the same angle as the church ; thus some of 
the graves lie almost at right angles to the others. An attempt 
has been made to obviate this peculiarity to some degree, still the 
difference is plainly perceptible. 

Here rests from day's well sustained burden, John James Ruskin, born in 
Edinburgh, Aug. loth, 1785. He died in his home in London, March 
3rd, 1864. He was an entirely honest merchant, and his memory is 
to all who keep it, dear and helpfuU. His son, whom he loved to 
the uttermost, and taught to speak truth, says this of him. 
The deceased was father of Mr. John Ruskin, the celebrated art 
critic, and this epitaph is from his son's pen. In the same 
grave was also buried, in December, 1871, Mrs. Ruskin, 
wife of the elder Mr. Ruskin, aged go. There is no monu- 
ment nor inscription to her memory. ;- 

James Hobbs, d April 11, 1S80, a 65. 

There shall be no more death. 
Sacred to the beloved memory of Sir John W. H. Anson, Bart., whom God 
took to his rest, Aug. 2. 1873, a 56. 
Blessed are those servants whom the Lord, when He cometh, shall find 
watching. 

The deceased baronet was killed b}' an accident on the London 
and North Western Railway, near Carlisle, on the above 
date. 
Henry Oliver, fourth son of the Rev. Matthew Thos. Farrer, and Maria 
Louisa, his wife, d Sept. 17, 1854, a i year and 4 months. 
Blessed are the death which die in the Lord. 
[Mr. Farrer was the first curate in charge of Shirley Church.] 
Alexander Bankier Freeland, d Feb. 13, 1881, a 54, 

Lilian, youngest child of Matthew and Adelaide M. Hodgson, of Shirley 

Cottage, d Feb. 22, 1881, a i. 
Ralph Chassereau Burgess, a 44 years. 

Jesus, the Shepherd, our little ones keep. 



126 Croydon in the Past. 

George Pothecary, C.E., who fell asleep, being wearied with his journey, 
May 17, 1876, a 34. His mortal remains were removed from Paris 
and re-interred here Oct. 8, 1881. 

John Pennefather, d April 23, 1S81. 

Laura Russell Tillyer, d June 20, 1881, a 7. 

Ann, wife of J. S. Ancona, went home to her rest Aug. 16, 1881. 

In the next grave, though no stone has yet been erected to her memory, lies 
the body of the Right Honourable Lady Bulwer Lytton, widow of 
the celebrated novelist and statesman, and mother of the present 
Lord Lytton, late Governor General of India, who died March 15, 
1882, a 87. 

Charles Lauree, of Addiscombe, d March 26, 1882, a 58. 

David Morice, d Sept. 25, 1837, a 70. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Nov. 25, 1857, a 68. 

David Simpson, d April 21, 1881, a 63, and several children. 

Catharine Barbara Oldham, d Aug. 9, 1850, a 69. 

George Stack, late of High Street, Croydon, d Jan. 4, 1838, a 80. 

Wm. Dangar Grant, b Oct. ig, 1879, d Jan. 12, 1880. 
Thos. Michell Grant, b Oct. 3, 1876, d Jan. 30, 1880. 

Children of Henry and Helen Grant, of Sydney Hirst, Croydon. 
Henry Cornfield, d April ig, 1879, a 62. 
Lucy Fanny Gurney, of Addiscombe, d Aug. 29, 1878, a 29. 

Wm. Alexander Leslie, late H.M. Madras Medical Service, d May 5, 1878, 

a 58. 
Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of David Morice, d July 6, 1878, a 50. 

Emily Priscilla, widow of Pressey Granger, d Dec. 25, 1875, a 43. 

Elizabeth (Bessie) wife of Wm. C. Earton, d June 27, 1876, a 36. 

Theodore Lloyd, d Jan. 19, 1880, a 73. 
Anna, his wife, d March 23, 1882, a 77. 

And at evening time, it shall be light. 
Robert Newman Lloyd, d April 19, 1873, a 37. 

Thou hast made him most blessed for ever, Thou hast made him exceeding 
glad with Thy countenance. 

Eliza Gill, wife of Henry Gill, of Park Hill Rise, Addiscombe, d June 15, 
1872, a 65. 

Edward Foss, d July 27, 1870, a 83. 

Henry Young, late of the Bombay Civil Service, d Jan. 9, 1S69, a 60. 

William Seymour Quentery, d May 14, 1875, a 61. 

Lavinia Mary, widow of Mark Robert Cockburn Wightman, whom God 

called Aug. 16, 1875, a 60. 
Lavinia Mary, daughter of the above, wife of Charles F. Cooke, died at 

sea, April 3, 1880, a 31. 

Joanna, wife of W. S. Walkey, of Addiscombe, d March 16, 1876, a 50. 

Julia Sarah, daughter of Wm. B. and Jane Davis, of Croydon, d April 8, 
1876, a 21. 

Christiana Charlotte, wife of Thos. Fagg, of Addiscombe, d Oct. 27, 1876, 

a 62. 
Thos. Fagg, her husband, d June 8, 1877, a 55. 
Margaret Hill, (^ July 30, 1S77, a 70. 



Shirley Churchyard. 127 

Charles Coppin, d March 2, 1877, a 58 

There is a small triangular shaped stone erected near this 

grave. On the one side are engraved these words : — 

" This stone marks the centre of Shirley Chapel, built 1835, pulled down 
1856." 

On the other side: — 

" Yet not a hillock mouldered near that spot, 
By one dishonour'd or by all forgot, 
To some warm heart the present dubt was dear, 
From some kind age, the meanest claimed a tear, 
And oft the living by affection led. 

Were wont to walk in spirit with their dead. 

***** 

'Twas not a scene for grief to nourish care. 

It breathed of hope, and moved the heart to prayer." 

George Brown, of Brickwood House, Croydon, d Feb. 15, 1878, a 79. 

Frederick Frith, d Aug. 11, 1878, a 77. 

Bessie, wife of Richard Maidstone, of Addiscombe, d April 26, 1881, a 23. 

Louisa Harriet Hammond, devoted nurse to the family of Mr. and Mrs.. 
Lamotte, of Shirley, d July 19, 1881, a 39. 

Isabella Anderson, d Jan. 18, 1872, a 23. 
Margaret Anderson, d Feb. 20, 1877, a 30. 

Elizabeth, wife of Chas. Hingston, Esq., d July 19, 1881, a 43. 
" Rest spirit, free. 
In the green pastures of the heavenly shore. 
Where sin and sorrow can approach no more. 
With all the flock by the Good Shepherd fed, 
Beside the stream of life Eternal led. 
For ever with thy God and Saviour blest, 
Rest, sweetly rest." 

Amelia Cooper Austen, d Aug. 11, 1872, a 47. 
William Austen, her husband, d Jan. 20, 1874, a 52. 
The parent's lips when God is nigh, 

As life draws near its end. 
Trustful may say, " Behold, I die. 
But God will be your friend." 

"William Greenish, d Sept. 25, 1872, a 85. 
Bessie, his daughter, d Feb. 25, 1875, a 42. 

Alexander Gibson, d Jan. ig, 1874, a 62. 
Mary, his wife, d March 23, 1881, a 61. 

Thos. Alexander Loftus, d March 27, 1875, a 65. 

James Biggs, d June 24, 1874, a 38. 
Henry H. Biggs, d July 14, 1882, a 67. 

William Foster, d April ig, 1874, a 43. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Hart, d Jan. 26, 1874, a 35. 

A gentle faithful companion, her life was blameless and her end was peace. 

Wm. Henry, son of W. H. and Emma Cooper, d Nov. 3, 1873, a 23. 
William Henry Cooper, his father, d July 15, 1876, a 49. 

William Pare, d June 18, 1873, a 68. 

Write me as one who loved his fellow men. 

Percy Watson Tickle and Norman Lester Tickle, children of William 
Wilson and Annie E. Tickle, i, Outram Villa, Addiscombe, d Aug. 
28, 1871. 



128 Croydon in the Past. 

Robert Chuter, d Feb. lo, 1872, a 79. 

James Miller, banker, London, d at Addiscombe, Jan. 24, 1871, a 56. 

Samuel Tarrant, <f Jan. 12, 1865, a 87. 

Eliza, wife of John Skinner, d Dec. 19, 1875, a 61. 

Robert Nash, accidentally killed at West Croydon Station Yard, Jan. 15, 

1876, a 55. 
William Baker, surgeon R.N., d July i, 1867, a 79. 
Henry Gill, d Oct. 27, 1S67, a 64. 

Many Ann Houghton, d Nov. 25, 1867, a 59. 

John Houghton, her husband, d June 16, 1868, a 63. 

Florence, daughter of Thomas and Christian Fagg, d Aug. 22, 1868, a 15. 
Elizabeth Sarah, her sister, d May 5, 1870, a 18. 

Elizabeth Simpson, eldest daughter of Patrick and Elizabeth J. Punnett, 
d Dec. 17, 1868, a 20. 

There is a spot where spiiits blend. 
And friend holds fellowship with friend. 
Though sundered far, by faith they meet, 
Around one common mercy seat. 

Rebecca, wife of Thos. Grantham Atkinson, of Clyde House, Addiscombe, 
d April 24, 1881. 

James Pusey, d Jan. 16, 1865, a 88. 

Thomas Prescott, d March 21, 1867, a 46. 

Mary, wife of Geo. Bradford, farmer, Woodside, d Jane 23, 1865, a 70. 
George Bradford, her husband, d Feb. 8, 1867, a 68. 

Sarah, wife of Jas. Ellis, d Feb. 3, 1862, a 62. 

Joseph Jell, d May 26, 1863, a 72. 
Elizabeth, his widow, d April 18, 1880, a 90. 

Robert Parfitt, d June 3, 1856, a 49. 

William Gorton, of Addiscombe, d Dec. 19, 1858, a 54. 

Ann Innell, died suddenly, March 27, 1866, a 71. 

Robert Tolhurst, d Sept. 24, 1862, a 55. 

Dear Little Willie Hunt, who was accidentally drowned in Shirley Park, 
Feb. 28, 1874, a 45. 

Eveline Lizzy, daughter of Alfred G. Patch, d April 25, 1870, a y^. 
By Guardian Angels led, 
Safe from temptation, safe from sin's pollution. 
She lives, whom we call dead. 
Mrs. Amelia Hubbard, d Feb. 17, 1869, a 69. 
Florence Maria, daughter of Henry William CoUeson, d Oct. 27, 1869, a 21. 

Major Charles J. Strange, youngest son of Sir T. Strange, d Jan. 26, 1863, 
a 38. 

Harriet Mure, d June 13, 1873, a 73. 

Elizabeth, wife of Jas. Peck, rf Aug. 3, 1836, a 61. 

Roger Plumb, d July 28, 1840, a 64. 

Rachel, wife of Thos. Blake, d Feb. 13, 1837, a 76. 
Thomas Blake, d Feb. 4, 1855, a 81. 

Ann Piper, d Sept. 2. 1840, a 74. 
Rebecca, her sister, d Aug. 25, 1841, a 81. 
Joseph Piper, d Dec. 26, 1842, a 80. 



Shirley Churchyard. 129 

Marianne, wife of Thomas Phillips, of the Hermitage, Woodside, Nov. 18, 
1862, a 62. 

Major Rohde, Esq. d July 22, 1846, a 68. 

Ann Rohde, d June 8, 1847, a 63. 

Eleanor Rohde, d Nov. 9, 1859, a 76. 

When thou passest through the waters I will be with thee, and through the 
rivers and they shall not overflow thee, when thou walkest through the 
fire thou shalt not be burned, neither shall the flame kindle upon thee, 
for I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour. 

John Gray, of Addiscombe, d May 6, 1875, a 54. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d April 26, 1878, a 68. 

Harry, son of W. H. Woods, of Addiscombe, d July 12, 1877, a 13. 

Mary Ann, widow of the Rev. C. P. Jones, d March 9, 1879, a 76. 

James Russell, d Jan. 1877, a 80. 

Lydia, wife of Henry Branscombe, of Kondrovo, Park Hill Road, d Feb. 

12, 1879, a 23. 
Carmelina Geraldine, fifth and youngest child of the above, d Jan 30, 1880, 

a 2. 

Fredk. Bethel! Lloyd, only child of Fredk. and Ann Lloyd, whom God 
called to Himself June 5, 1880, a 5. 

James Allen, of Croydon, d Aug. 30, 1881, a 81. 

Robert Amadeus, Baron Heath, d June 5, 1882, a 63. 

The deceased Baron was Consul-General for the Kingdom of 
Italy. His father was created a baron in the Italian 
peerage by King Victor Emanuel. He lived for many 
years in Coombe Lane, Croydon, but shortly before his 
death removed to Coombe House. He died while on a 
visit to Paris, and was brought home to be buried here. 
He was a great friend to all the charitable and educational 
institutions in the town, and most liberally supported every 
movement of a benevolent character. 

Helen Hamilton, widow of Henry Hamilton, d Jan. 3, 1882. 

Georgiana Isabella Sutherland, d June 5, 1881. 

John Wm. Sutherland, of Coombe, d Aug. 14, 1871, a 70. 

Hawkins Francis James, d March 3, i860, a 53. 

Eliza Martha, wife of Henry Fawcett, d Nov. 10, i860, a 61. 
Henry Fawcett, her husband, d Dec. 3, 1881, a 73. 

Thomas Andrew Gilson, Commander R.N., d Oct. 20, 1873, a 77. 
Ann, his wife, Jan. 13, 1881, a 79. 

John Bisdee Fawcett, of North Park, t/May 11, 1877, a 40. 

Ellen Fawcett, his wife, d March 10, 1877, a 38. 

Eliza Martha, her daughter, d March 23, 1877, a ij days. 

In Thy presence is fulness of joy ; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for 
evermore. 

Albrecht Maurice Schenk, d March 12, 1879, a 17 months. 

Wm. Gedge Clarke, d Nov. 15, 1878, a 5. 

Marion Emma Clarke, d Nov. 20, 1878, a i year and 2 months. 

Charlotte Augusta, wife of Hy. John Kirby, Esq., d Sept. 28, 1S70, a 62. 
Edward Fredk. Kirby, her eldest son, d at Otago, New Zealand, July 17, 
1S62, a 28. 

K 



130 Croydon in the Past. 

James Frewer, d Feb. 14, 1854, a 59. 
Elizabeth, his widow, d April 2, 1878, a 86. 

John Grantham, d July 10, 1874, a 61. 

Thomas James, second son of the Rev. Charles Goodwin, rector of 
Hildersham, Cambridgeshire, d April 25, 1872. 

Isabella Stainforth, d Nov. 2, 1876, a 45. 

Sarah Stainforth, her sister, d March 7, 1882, fl 58. 

John Martin, d June 25, 1881, a 51. 

Jane, wife of Wm. Price, d Oct. 26, 1879, a 44. 

Reuben Browning, d Sept. 6, 1879, a 77. 

Margaret Browning, his wife, d Aug. 19, i88i,a 61. 
Together down they sink in social sleep, 
Together free'd their gentle spirits fly, 
To scenes where love and bliss immortal reign. 

John Bennington, formerly of St. James, Westminster, d Oct. 14, 1877, a 72. 

Until the day dawn and the shadows flee away, rest the dear children of 
Richard and Isabella Borrow : Robert James, d June 12, 1874, a 5, 
and Minnie, d March 5, 1875, a 7. 

Helena Pilcher, "dear little Nellie," born All Saints' Day, 1869, f^^l asleep 

Nov. 3, 1877. 
James Fredk. Pilcher, d Jan. 2, 1881, a 42. 

Benjamin Rawlings, of Bensham Manor House, Croydon, d Dec. 4, 1878, 
a 59. 

Frankie, child of Francis and Margaret Napier, b July 2, 1869, d Feb. 22, 
1874. 

God calleth those whom He loveth best. 
Agnes Louisa Thomson, d Oct. 13, 1879, a 27. 

Francis Waters, d June 6, 1880, a 70. 
Eliza Waters, his wife, d Nov. 4, 1880, a 45. 

John Wickham Flower, of Park Hill, Croydon, d April 11, 1873, a 65. 

Nee quseso lacrimis tuis viator, a^ternam invideas mihi quietam, vixi at nil 

obiise pienitendum i viator et humanis rebus tantillam fide. 
[There are several memorial windows to the memory of this gentleman in the 
Parish Church, Croydon, see page 2. He sat on the Croydon Local 
Board during the first two years of its existence.] 

Charlotte Beaumont, wife of General Spink. K.H., d Aug. 24, 1876, d 74. 
General John Spink, d March 14, 1877, a 93. 

George Hudson, d Sept. 4, 1881, a 54. 

END OF SHIRLEY CHURCHYARD. 




CROYDON CEMETERY. 



I^ROYDON CEMETERY is pleasantly situated in the Queen's 
Es Road — between Pawson's Road and Princess Road. It 
ft comprises about 24 acres of land of good dry gravel soil, 
"^ and is enclosed with dwarf stone walls and ornamental iron 
railings. 

In the year 1859 the Churchyard of St. John the Baptist 
(Parish Church) was directed to be closed by Order in Council. The 
date of closing was ultimately extended to the 31st of August, 1861. 
The Croydon Local Board of Health was appointed the Burial 
Board by an Order in Council dated the 3rd of March, 1859. The 
Board immediately proceeded to acquire the necessary land, and to 
make arrangements for the formation of a Cemetery. Twenty-four 
acres of land were purchased at £"200 an acre, and ;^8 per acre for 
the purchase of a portion of the tithes. The consent of the Secre- 
tary of State to the various plans was obtained, and also that of 
the Lords of the Treasury to the raising of the loans on security of 
the Poor Rate. Two Mortuary Chapels and a Lodge were erected. 
The Chapels are built near the centre of the ground, each of them 
consisting of a simple nave with open timbered roof, the episcopal 
chapel having the addition of a semi-octagonal apse at the east end. 
Both Chapels are paved with ornamental tiles. There are three 
recessed entrances to the grounds, with carved and moulded Bath stone 
piers between the carriage and foot gates. Down the centre is a 
straight roadway 20 feet wide, crossed at right angles near the centre 
by another road running from the side gates in Pawson's Road and 
Princess Road. The entrance lodge adjoins the Queen's Road. The 
total cost of the land, erection of Chapels and buildings, including 
the wall and railings, and the laying out of the grounds, has been 
£"16,000. The amount is charged upon the Poor Rate, a 30th 
portion of the principal being repaid yearly with 5 per cent, interest 
on the balance remaining unpaid. Portions of the ground have 
been set apart for the use of members of the Church of England, 
Nonconformists, Roman Catholics, and the Society of Friends. 

The first portion of the Church of England ground was conse- 
crated by the late Archbishop Sumner on Thursday the i8th of July, 
1861, and the remaining portion by the Suffragan Bishop of Dover 
(acting for the present Archbishop Tait) on the 4th of July, 1871. 

The first interment took place in the Nonconformist Ground 
on the 24th July, 1861, being that of Mr. Garniss, a member of the 
Board of Guardians, and formerly of Fairfield House School. 



132 



Croydon in the Past. 



Since tlie opening of the Cemetery the following interments 
have taken place : — 



Year. 


Consecrated. 


Uncon- 
secrated. 


Year. Consecrated. 


Uncon- 
secrated. 


1861 


... 63 .. 


20 


1873 ... 524 


210 


1862 


.. 183 .. 


59 


1S74 ... 662 


209 


1863 


228 


66 


1875 ... 798 


261 


1864 


272 


78 


1876 ... 713 


227 


1865 


.. 348 


93 


1877 ... 679 


. 183 


1866 


.. 356 .. 


95 


1878 ... 727 


241 


1867 


•• 339 


no 


1S79 ... 727 


252 


1868 . 


.. 538 - 


III 


1880 ... 674 


. 285 


1869 . 


.. 503 


168 


1881 ... 678 


273 


1870 . 


.. 590 


162 


i882(Dec. 1)733 


321 


187I . 


604 


186 






1872 . 


.. 536 ... 


194 


"475 


3804 



The Cemetery grounds are very tastefully laid out, the late 
Chairman of the Local and Burial Boards, Mr. C. W. Johnson (a 
practical and skilful horticulturist) rendering very valuable assist- 
ance. The grounds are open to visitors daily, subject to certain 
rules and regulations notified on a board at the entrance. 

The Scale of Fees to be charged by the Board were submitted 
to and adopted at a vestry meeting of the inhabitants, and on the 
I2th of July, 1861, they were approved by the Secretary of State for 
the Home Department. 

The members of the Burial Board are the same as the Loca 
Board. The Clerk and Registrar is Mr. R. J. Cheeswright, and the 
Superintendent is Mr. T. Alden. 



CHURCH OF ENGLAND GROUND. 

We commence with the tombs nearest the Lodge, on the right hand side, 
and work downwards to the end of the ground. 

George, son of Joseph and Louisa Stainburn, d May 9, 1870, a 29. 

Mrs. Rachel Saward, d Dec. 21, 1867, a 76. 

Edward George and Eleanor, children of Edward Puxon. 

Eliza, wife of Henry Rhodes, of Sutton, d May 15, 1867, a 56. 
Henry, her husband, d June 6, 1878, a 69. 

Belinda Cornish, d Nov. 8, 1877. 

Fanny Hemmings, d Aug. 25, 1869, a 22. 

Hold Thou Thy Cross before my closing eyes, 
Shine through the gloom, and point me to the skies, 
Heaven's morning breaks, and Earth's vain shadows flee, 
In Life, in Death, oh Lord, abide with me. 

William Hemmings, d Feb. 24, 1854. 
Louise Kent, his niece, d March 8, 1870, a 2. 

Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Routledge, late of Denmark Hill, d June 23, 

1867, a 84. 

Frank Herbert Davy, d March 19, 1879, a 15. 

Nothing in my hand I bring, 
Simply to thy cross I cling. 

Maria, wife of Richard Morrant, d Jan. 3, 1S68, a 28. 
Harry, her infant son, d Aug. 3, 1868. 



The Cemetery. 133 

Archibald James, son of James and Agnes Russell, d April 8, 1875, a 3 
months. 

" He is not dead but sleepeth." 
Agnes, wife of James Russell, d Jan. 6, 1880, a 39. 

Asleep in Jesus. 

John Henry Klitz, of Dagnall Park, d Dec. 6, 1880, a 64. 
Sarah, his wife, d Nov. 6, 1868, a 58. 

Saxe Bannister, m.a., d Sept. 16, 1877, a 85. 

" Shew some token upon me for good, that they who hate me may see it and 
be ashamed; because thou hast holpen me, and comforted me." — Psalm 
Ixxxvi. 17. 

Matilda Rayment, d April 27, 1878, a 61. 
Sarah Rayment, her sister, d Feb. 2, 1880, a 60. 

Trusting in the finished work of Jesus. 
Louisa, wife of Henry A. Cleaver, surgeon, d Oct. i, 1877, a 63. 
Maria Moyse, d April 19, 1868, a 82. 

" My soul fainteth for Thy salvation, but I hope in Thy word." 
Frances Anne Chappie, wife of George Chappie, d Oct. 6, 1877, a 53. 

" Thy will be done." 
Mary Eleanor Duncan, wife of John Foster, d Sept. 10, 1877, a 29. 
In memory of Hannah and her little George. 
John Tummons, d Dec. 30, 1873, a 53. 

Requiescat in pace. 
Olive Ann Ireland, youngest daughter of the late C. G. Ireland, Esq., of 

London, d Feb. 26, 1870, a 36. 
Betsy Frances Ireland, her sister, d Oct. 7, 1856, a 23. 
Mary Ireland, her mother, d April 15, 1872, a 82. 

Ellen, wife of W. B. Hammond, d July 31, 1877, and two infant sons. 

Annie Jane, daughter of Thomas Joy, d July i, 1869, a 4. 

James Hubbard, d June 6, 1870, a 60. 
Rose Hubbard, d March 5, 1878, a 45. 

Rev. Lewis Gregory, vicar of Oadly, Leicestershire, d May 10, 1869, a 61. 

John Wilson Bertram, died of apoplexy on board the steamer Nubia, Aug. 

14, 1866, a 35. 
Frederick Bertram, his son, d Feb. 13, 1869, a 8. 

" Be ye therefore ready also, for the Son of man cometh in an hour when ye 
think not." 

Elizabeth Jackson, d Sept. 9, 1876, a 47. 

John Alexander Hunt, d Sept. 25, 1874, a 77. 
Mary Anne Hunt, d Dec. 15, 1879, a 82. 

John Bechely, d Oct. 28, 1877, a 62. 

Joseph Partridge, d May 8, 1867, a 'jb. 
Elizabeth, his widow, d Sept. 7, 1872, a 79. 

Edmund T. Brown, d Feb. 29, 1876, a 27. 

Gerald August, second son of Squire John and Jessy Pitt, d Oct. 14, 1874, 

a 2. 
Ann Sarah, widow of Joshua Blow, d Nov. 18, 1871, a 79. 

Edward Warner, of Mitcham Road, d Oct. 30, 1867, '^ 29. 
Walter Henry, his nephew, d Sept. 30, 1875, a 19. 

It is good for me that I have been afflicted, 

Thou, Oh Christ, are all I want ! 



134 Croydon in the Past. 

George Carter, d Jan. g, 1872, a 56. 

Weep not dear friends, but be content, 
For I to >ou was only lent. 
The Lord has only had his due. 
And very soon may call for you. 
Mrs. Sarah|Carter, widow, d July 13, 1878, a 61. 
They have gone, we are going all. 
Like leaves we wither, and like leaves they fall. 

Wm. Henry Campart, d March 19, 1870, a 74. 

Deeply respected by all his friends. An honest man is the noblest work of God. 
Mr. Campart was a hatter in the High Street, for very many 
years. He was one of the good old-fashioned tradesmen 
who disHked innovations of any kind. He had a great 
antipathy to gas, and would never have it laid on even to 
his shop, though " Campart's hats " were as noted as 
" Budgen's clocks." 

George Everall, d Nov. 27, 1867, a 50. 

All gracious God ! Thy will be done, 

It was Thou that did'st the blessing lend. 
And though withdrawn, I'm not alone. 
Thou are the widow's faithful friend. 
Rest in the Lord. 
Frances, his wife, died suddenly, June 24, 1871, a 69. 

" Be ye also ready." 

Ellen Hewitt, d Dec. 11, 1867, a 36. 

Jesus said, " Him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out." 
Asleep in Jesus ! oh, how blessed I 
How sweet her slumberings are I 
From sufferings and from sin released, 
And freed from every snare. 

Charlotte Chart, d Feb. 6, 1873, a 66. 

Arthur G. Tate, d May 16, 1866, a 16 months. 

Mary Alice, wife of Wm. Page, d Oct. 7, 1869. 

Joseph Bond, d Sept. 14, 1875, a 70. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d May 5, 1863, a 65. 
Elizabeth, their daughter, d Sept. 20, 1870, a 40. 

Thomas Alexander Bustard, d April 10, 1866, a 27. 

Beloved and lamented by all who knew him. 
Thomas Bustard, d April 11, 1878, a 69. 

Then, dearest Lord, in Thine embrace 

Let me resign my fleeting breath, 
And with a smile upon my face 

Pass through the lonesome vale of death. 

Elizabeth Meager, d Oct. 10, 1868, a 67. 
Amey Meager, her sister, d Feb. 18, 1870, a 68. 
Catharine Meager, her sister, d March 17, 1872, a 69. 

Miss Harriott White, d April 6, 1866, a 78. 
William Kneller, d Jan. 13th, 1869, a 74. 

E'en as he died a smile was on his face. 

And in that smile affection loved to trace 

A cheerful trust in Jesu's power to save, 

An aged pilgrim's triumph o'er the grave. 



The Cemetery. 135 

Harriet, daughter of Wm. E. Brockway Rogers, of Lansdowne Road, 
d Dec. 30, 1866, a 10. 

That Httle star, but for a moment given, 
Just rose on earth, then set to rise in heaven. 

Annie Penrose Skinner, d June 21, 1867, a 3 months. 
Minnie Isabel Skinner, d March 11, 1871, a 4 months. 

Bertha Winifred, second daughter of Charles William and Mary Harriet 

Bonus, d June 29, 1871, a 3. 
Mary Harriet Bonus, her mother, d Jan. 15, 1879, a 38. 
Edward, infant son, born and died Dec. 6, 1878. 

" And they shall be Mine, saith the Lord of Hosts, when I make up My 
jewels." 

Margaret Bonus, d Oct. 7, 1878, a 89. 
Jane Bonus, d Aug. 4, 187S, d 74. 

Georgina Grise, their faithful servant and friend for 44 years, d Oct. 2S, 
1879, a 80. 

Mary Jane, wife of Richard Restell, High Street, d Feb. 21, 1874, a 65. 
" My soul fleeth unto the Lord." 

William Caswell, d Dec. 28, 1881, a 82. 

Mariannie, wife of the above, whom she survived only three days, a 65. 

Henry Mark Shattock, at rest Oct, 3, 1872, a 70. 
Mary, his wife, at rest July 5, 1S80, a 71. 

Father, in Thy precious keeping. 

Leave we here Thy servants sleeping. 

Agnes Clara, daughter of Francis and MaryRosina Wright, d May 16, 1875. 
Francis Wright, of Addiscombe, d Jan. 2, 1874, a 62. 
Mary Rosina Wright, d Feb. 14, 1876, a 62. 

In their death they were not divided. 
In peace, let me resign my breath. 

And Thy salvation see. 
My sins deserve eternal death. 
But Jesus died for me. 

Eliza, wife of Thomas Angell, of Woodside, d Nov. 3, 1874, a 63. 

George Meakin, d Feb. 4, 1869, a 73. 

Elizabeth Elliott Orkinstall, widow, d Jan. 30, 1S74, a 74. 

Adam Uriah Bryant, d June 22, 1871, a 70. 

Charles Lenny, died suddenly March 15, 1877, a 64. 

Mr. Lenny was the well-known and successful carriage builder, 
whose factor}' was at North End. He was in an extensive 
way of business, and made a name by his manufacture of 
the pretty " Croydon Basket Carriage," which was (in the 
decade from 1855 — 1865) most extensively patronised, not 
only in England but on the Continent. 

Adna Fuller, d April 3, 1S79, a 87. 

After many years suffering. This monument is erected by her loving sister, 
Mrs. Maltby. 
Charles Henry Maltby, third son of the Right Rev. Edward Maltby, late ^ 

Bishop of Durham, d Sept. 22, 1878, a 77. 
Maria, his wife, d March 16, 18S0, d 84. 

Emma, relict of Thomas Froggatt, d Aug. 5, 1876, a 50. 

Jesse Vincent Watkins, d June i, 18S1, a 82. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Moore, Oakwood, Park Hill, d July 20, a 71. 



136 Croydon in the Past. 

John Drummond, d March 19, 1880, a 78. 

John Drummond was so well known in Croydon that any re- 
marks referring to him may appear almost superfluous to 
his friends ; but as every month brings new inhabitants to 
the town and neighbourhood, it may be mentioned that he 
was the elder brother of the respected chairman of the 
Local Board of Health, and the senior partner of the well- 
known firm of solicitors at North End. He filled the office 
of Vestry Clerk for many years (succeeding Mr. George 
Penfold), and, like his brother William, he always took an 
active part in all affairs relating to the parish. He was a 
good speaker, as we have not only heard him address 
public meetings, but have also had the pleasure of hearing 
his merry laugh, in days gone by, at the Easter dinners 
at the Greyhound, where his speeches and his anecdotes 
would always excite the risible nerves of the joyous com- 
pany. He was a man " full of wise saws and modern 
instances," who had the happy knack of making a "July's 
day short as December." 

Mary Elizabeth, the dearly loved, honoured, and lamented wife of John 
Drummond, d July 19, 1876, a 74. 

Rev. Jonathan Cape, M.A., F.R.S., formerly Professor of Classics and 
Mathematics, East India College, Addiscombe, d Sept. 9, 1S68, a 75. 

Wm. Sutherland, M.D., b in Aberdeen, Sept. 20, 1812, d in Croydon, Nov. 
25, 1874. 
Dr. Sutherland was in practice for many years in Croydon, 
and was medical officer to Whitgift's Hospital, by the 
inmates of which he was loved and valued. He was also 
a valuable member of the Local Board of Health (from 
1858 to i86g), and his opinions were invariably listened to 
with respect, and his suggestions frequently adopted. The 
doctor was a skilful practitioner, cheery, straightforward, 
and upright, a " man of cheerful yesterdays and confident 
to-morrows." One of those honourable men who would 
" prefer a good name to great riches." The writer of this 
note, like many others, by his death, not only lost a skilful 
medical man, but a valued and esteemed friend. 

George Chasemore, d Feb. 9, 1874, a 74. 

Mr. Chasemore was the senior partner in the well-known firm 
of bankers — Chasemore, Robinson, and Sons, of the Union 
Bank, High Street. He formerly resided at Beddington 
Corner, afterwards at Waddon, and lastly at Park Lane, 
where he died. He was a wealthy, warm-hearted man, 
though sometimes a little brusque in his manner. He was 
a lover of truth, and a hater of chicanery, and in all his 
dealings with the world he was most honourable and correct. 
His word was his bond, and the public had the utmost 
confidence in him. He was a director of the Croydon Gas 
Company, and was not only highly valued by his colleagues, 
but by the large body of proprietors. 

Augusta Mary Chasemore, wife of Henry Chasemore, d June 27, 1870, a 38. 



The Cemetery. 137 

Mary Ann, wife of Allen John Lambert, d Dec. 31, 1866, a 45. 

This estimable and amiable lady was the affectionate wife of 
Mr. A. J. Lambert, of High Street, and the eldest daughter 
of Mr. Henry Overton, the successful brewer, of Surrey 
Street. In life she was dearly loved by all her family and 
friends ; and in death she was not only deeply regretted by 
all her relations, but by all who had the pleasure of knowing 
her. This slight tribute to her memory is written by on& 
who knew her, and values her excellent qualities. 

Thomas Farley, d at Dovercourt, Thornton Heath, July 19, 1881, a 73. 
So He giveth His beloved sleep. 
Thomas Farley was one of the old Croydon worthies, whose 
ancestors had also been old inhabitants of the parish. Mr. 
Farley was a wealthy gentleman farmer, and resided at 
Thornton Heath all his life. He was a shrewd, clear- 
headed man of business, and before he had " fallen into 
the sere and yellow leaf," he was most active and useful in 
all parish affairs, and it is believed that he had filled 
every honorary office in the parish, from overseer and 
churchwarden to high constable. He was a member of 
the Croydon Board of Guardians for 33 years, a member 
of the Local Board of Health for the first 20 years of its 
existence, and also one of the old " Homage Jury." It 
will thus be seen that he was a useful man, and during his- 
long life, he no doubt " did the state some service." 

Mary Frances, wife of John Farley, d Aug. 15, 1882, a 56. 

James Boyton, Esq., late Hon. E. L Co.'s service, d Sept. 21, 1867, a 79. 
Susan, his wife, d Jan. 6, 1880, a 76. 

Jane, wife of James Pearce Budden, d May i, 1877, a 52. 
[For several years of the Greyhound Hotel, Croydon.] 

Margaret Burdus, daughter of Edward and Margaret Oliver, b Dec. 28^ 
1S60, d May 16, 1877. 

Caroline Metcalte Browne, d Oct. 30, 1868. 

George Browne, Esq., her father, late Hon. E. I. Co.'s service, d Feb. i, 

1S70, a 80. 
Caroline Browne, his widow, d Feb. 16, 1881, a 86. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Mortleman Eastty, Esq., d March 13, 1864, a 43. 

Rev. Joseph Henry Eastty, B.A., eldest son of the above, assistant curate 
of St. Cross, Holywell, Oxford, d Dec. 16, 1S72, a 28. 

Joseph Mortleman Eastty, J. P., b Sept. 19, 1819, d Jan. 5, 1878. 

Mr. Eastty, who resided at Wellesley House (now in the occu- 
pation of J. Spencer Balfour, Esq., M.P.), was a magis- 
trate for the county. He was rich and kind-hearted, 
liberal and humane, and always had a cheery word for 
everyone, which made him very popular, and won him 
" golden opinions from all sorts of people ! " He was 
always nicely dressed, and invariably wore a pretty button- 
hole, and was, in fact, the beaii ideal of a gentleman who 
enjoyed society. 

Alice Emma, daughter of Arthur Burrows, Esq., d Oct. i, i865, a 19. 



13S Croydon in the Past. 

James Cullen, d Aug. i, 1865, a 82. 

Margaret Jeffrey, his wife, d Feb. 13, 1872, a 86. 

Louisa Wilhelmina Anna Cornelia Cullen, at rest April 2, 1881. 

Patrick W. Dolan, Esq., d Jan. 27, 1878, a 67. 
Amelia, his wife, d Oct. 10, 1867, a 47. 

Louisa Wyatt, wife of Herbert Bean, d Oct. 23, 1874, a 30. 

Benjamin Bean, d April 20, 1867, a 56. 

Mr. Bean, after residing at Croydon for some time, became the 
proprietor of the Greyhound Hotel, which he conducted 
successfully for a number of years. He was respected by 
his fellow townsmen, and filled most of the parochial offices 
in the parish. He was also a useful member of the Local 
Board of Health from 1859 to 1867. 

Elizabeth, his wife, d June 3, 1867, a 51. 

Charlotte, wife of William Bean, d Feb. 3, 1875, a 36. 

Thomas Watson Young, d March 10, 1875, a 72. 
Ann, his wife, d July 12, 1871, a 58. 
James Young, his son, d Dec. 3, 1879, a 33. 

Elizabeth Easted, d Oct. 21, 1881, a 78, 

Sarah Ann, wife of William Sharp, d Aug. 8, 1839, a 41. 

Interred in Hackney New Churchyard. 
Mary, her daughter, d Feb. 26, 1869, a 39. 
William Sharp, d Oct. 4, 1877, a 83. 
Ann, his daughter, d Dec. 24, 1880, a 48. 
Eleanor, second wife of William Sharp, d April 19, 1880, a 78. 

John Rickett, f.r.m.s., late of H, E. L Co.'s Service, and of Hong Kong, 
d May 11, 1878, a 76. 

" Rest weary soul, rest, sweetly rest." 
Mr. Rickett resided in the Wellesley Road for some time, but 
removed into Dingwall Road before his death. He was an 
ardent meteorologist, and kept a perfect set of instruments 
for recording the weather. For some time he published 
these in the Croydon Advertiser, but growing infirmities 
prevented his taking a complete register, and when he 
could no longer furnish a perfect report he discontinued 
them altogether. He was a strict Conservative, and had 
ideas of his own which made him resolve never to wear an 
overcoat. 

Julia Elizabeth Chatfield, d March 27, 1875, a 41. 
Edward Moseley, d Aug. 14, 1876, a 72. 

Last survivor of 14 sons of the late Litchfield Moseley, of Somersham, Hants. 

Emma Bingham Carter, widow of the late Rev. William Drayton Carter, 
Vicar of Kirby-Moorside, Yorkshire, d June 27, 1873, a 81. 

Thomas Curtis Vipan, d Dec. 25, 1870. 
George Francis Vipan, d June 21, a 12. 

James Hamsher, d Aug. 24, 1865, a 68. 

Severe affliction, kindly sent in love, 
Led him to Christ and trained him for above ; 
The end now seen, how short, how light appear, 
The longest sufferings he experienced here. 



The Cemetery. 139 

George Holdsworth, formerly of Shanghai, d Nov. 4, 1S78, a 34. 

Albert Neave Davis, d Aug. 12, 1880, a 2. 

Thomas John Brooker, d Nov. 7, 1866, a 18. 

Sophia, wife of Frederick J. Durban, d May 3, 1870, a 70. 

Deeply lamented and sir.cerely respected by all who knew her. 

Frederick John Durban, d April 4, 1873. 

[Mr, Durban was a pensioned letter carrier, and was one of the most exten- 
sive newsagents in Croydon — first (in 1857) '" Chapel Path, then in 
North End (now the site of Oxford House), then at No. 106, High 
Street, where he died.] 

Alfred William Davis, after many years intense suffering, d June 28, 1865, 

a 24. 
Fanny Elizabeth Davis, his sister, d July 6, 1865, a 22. 
Frances Elizabeth Davis, their mother, d Jan. 28, 1870, a 52. 
Thomas Hensall Davis, their father, d May 7, 1881, a 69. 

Samuel Francis Baker, d Oct. 23, 1866, a 58. 

" God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave, for He shall receive 
me." 
Jane, his wife, d Aug. 2, 1874, a 62. 

" Them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him, therefore comfort 
one another with these words." 

Maria Henley, d Aug. i, 1868, a 59. 

Long lingering sickness gave the silent blow, 
The stroke was final though the effect was slow. 
With wasting pain, death found me sore opprest, 
Pitied my grief, and kindly gave me rest. 

John Adam Trenter, d Sept. 9, 1880, a 74. 

Hannah, his wife, d Sept. 16, 1868, a 67. 

Jane, wife of Richard Wells, 43, London Road, Thornton Heath, d Oct- 
28, 1874, a 80. 

Richard, her husband, d May 17, 1875, a 'j'j. 

Mrs. Sarah Jones, of the Waldrons, d May 7, 1869, a 98. 

Margaret, wife of R. M. Bennett, d April 2, 1876, a 61. 

Sarah, wife of Samuel Matthews, d Sept. 5, 1868, a 44. 
James, son of the above, drowned near Portland, U.S. 

In memory of Little Edith, born Feb. 19, 1873, d Feb. 23, 1874. 
Mary Lascelles, her sister, d April 11, 1875, a 15. 

Alexander John Moseley, d July 19, 1865, a 28. 

Jane, widow of John Spencer Dickin, Esq., of Wem, in Salop, and 
daughter of the late Rev. Richard Parker, vicar of Leppington, in 
the same county, d Oct. 12, 1867, a 63. 

Alexander Eraser, quartermaster of the West Cork Artillery Militia, d 
April 4, 1868, a 52. 

Robert Smith, d April 8, 1872, a 29. 

" Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right ? " 
William Thomas Dickenson, of North End, d Oct. 5, 1871. 

" In my afflictions I called upon the Lord, and he heard me and delivered me 
out of my troubles." 

John Hawkins, d Jan. 12, 1872, a 64. 

William Briggs Page, d Aug. 9, 1865, a 65. 

Deborah, his wife, d Jan. g, 1876, a 75. 

Wm. Briggs Page, his son, d May 31, 1874, a 38. 



140 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary, wife of Robt. Newbury, d Aug. 12, 1865, a 65. 

Mary Ann Frost Matthews, d July 10, 1876, a 82. 

George Gatland, d May 23, 1874, a 58. 

William Marshall, youngest son of Robt. Marshall, of South End, ^Oct. i, 

1865, a 29. 
Frank, third son, died at Brighton April 6, 1871, a 38. 

Elizabeth Slatter, d Nov, 5, 1873. 
John Slatter, d Dec. 18, 1878,, a 53. 

Harry Fowles, d Dec. 18, 1878, a 26. 

Emma Adelaide, wife of Benjamin Bradley, d Sept. 6, 1872, a 42. 

Whilst on the Father's love relying, 

And Jesus all her need supplying, 
In peace she fell asleep. 
Mary Ann, his second wife, d Aug. 31, 1876, a 52. 

Mary, wife of Thomas Pascall, of South Norwood, d July 25, 1879, a 70. 
Thomas Pascall, d Oct. 26, 1881, a 6g. 

[The Pascalls for tile making and red pottery have attained a wide fame in. 
the Home Counties.] 

Charles Pascall, d June 3, 1868, a 19. 

So kind, so young, so gentle, so sincere. 

So loved, so early lost, may claim a tear, 

Yet wherefore mourn, the life resumed by Heaven, 

Doubtless fulfilled the end for which it was given. 

James Davis, d Nov. 8, 1865, a 16. 

Herbert Davis, his father, d July 22, 1869, a 59. 

Maria Whetstone, d March 16, 1866, a 66. 

" My beloved spake, and said unto me. Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come 
away." 
Edward Joyce, d April 11, 1S68, a 66. 
Sarah E. Joyce, his wife, d Nov. i, 1877, a 64. 

Agnes Elizabeth, wife of Christopher P. Armstrong, d June 13, 1869, a 29. 
Christopher Perkins Armstrong, d March i, 1875, a 33. 

Elizabeth Fuller, d Aug. 18, 1867, a 69. 

Emily Sarah West, daughter of Thomas West, d Oct. 9, 1867, a 4. 

Susannah Elizabeth, wife of Charles Hussey, d June 8, 1S74, a 27. 

Susannah, wife of H. Hammond, d Dec. 8, 1865, a 40. 

Her immortal soul has gone to that bright land of everlasting life and never- 
ending love, where the weary rest in Christ. 
G. W. Hammond, her son, d Sept. i, 1879, a 25. 

[Founder of the firm of Hammond & Purrott.] 
Henry Hammond, d Jan. 21, 1872, a 53. 
Annie, wife of Henry Hammond, d March 6, 1869, a 29. 

Henry James Wells, licensed victualler, d Jan. 9, 1866, a 40. 

Jane, wife of Atwood Bignell, d June 28, 1872, a 46. 

Harry, second son of Thomas and Anne Day, victualler, d May 23, 1866, 

a 7 months. 
Margaret W. Day, d March 8, 1867, a 3 months. 
Fredk. Jas. Day, d Aug. 19, 1868, a 10 days. 
Thomas H. Day, d July 30, 1870, a 12. 

Mary Gower, d March 21, 1865, a 69. 

Robert Gower, her husband, d May 21, 1873, a 77. 

For honest worth, let friendship drop a tear. 

Who knew them best, lament them most sincere. 



The Cemetery. 141 

Emma, wife of Joseph Gillingham, d Oct. 16, 1880, a 62. 

Mary Ann, wife of Geo. Treadaway, d Nov. 11, 1874, a 67. 

Good God, have mercy upon my poor soul. 
George Treadaway, d Aug. 12, 1875, a 64. 

[Mr. George Treadaway was a jobbing bricklayer, and lived in his own house 
in the Handcroft Road.] 

Joseph Wilson, late of the Derby Arms, d Jul)' 30, 1875, a 46. 

Robt. Milton Spearpoint, 22 years station-master at West Croydon, d Nov. 
7, 1872, a 61. 

Grieve not, dear wife, but be content. 
For unto thee I was but lent, 
My time is o'er, my labour done. 
Therefore, dear wife, prepare to come. 

Thomas West, timber merchant, d Dec. 23, 1866, a 53. 

[Mr. West first commenced the timber yard now occupied by Messrs. Taylor 
and Brooker, Pitlake.] 

Elizabeth Garner, d June 16, 1867, a 70. 

Wm. Frost, Biggin Cottage, Norwood, d March 30, 1872, a 86. 

Martha, his widow, d Dec. 29, 1875, a 86. 

Yes, they are gone, we are going all. 

Like flowers we wither, and like leaves we fall. 

John Tebbutt, d July 22, 1832, a 62. 

[For many years landlord of the Fox and Hounds, West Croydon.] 
Thomas Wj'att, d Jan. 20, 1875, a 83. 

Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on Thee. 
Mary, widow Arthur Septimus Ediin, d March 22, 1871, a 54. 
Emma, wife of Albert Willing, d June 11, 1874, a 24. 

Jane Annie, widow of Capt. Jackson V. Tuthill, late 2nd Dragoon Guards, 
d June 7, 1S74, a 66. 

Martin Vernon Ayre, grandson, drowned at Brighton, Aug. 17, 1875, a 15. 
Thou art gone to the grave, but we will not deplore thee. 
Whose God was thy ransom, thy guardian, thy guide ; 
He gave thee. He took thee, and He will restore thee, 
And death has no sting, since the Saviour has died. 

Elizabeth Matthews, widow, d April 2, 1867, a 83. 

Sarah, wife of John Denning, d Dec. 18, 1876, a 68. 
John Denning, d March i, 1880, a 71. 

Ada Mary Hatch, d March 11, 1879, a i year. 

A fondly-loved treasure in heaven. 
Annie Keen, wife of John J. Keen, d July 16, 1869, a 46. 

Domenico Antonio Tonelli, born at Couvalle, near Lucca, Italy, d May 11, 
1871, a 66, after 49 years' residence in England. 

John Skynner Bailey, d Jan. 19, 1877, a 80. 

Margaret, his wife, died at The Priory, Croydon, Nov. 14, 1863, a 68. 

Sweet is the memory of departed worth ; her faith rested in her Saviour, 
Jesus Christ. 

Anne, wife of James Denis de Vitre, Esq., of Bedford Park, d June 20, 

1871, a 54. 
James Denis de Vitre, d Jan. 2, 1875, a 82. 

Caroline Rosaline, wife of G. W. Allen, Esq., of North-West India, d Sept. 
30, 1866, a 24. 



^42 Croydon in the Past. 

Rebecca Purkess, d July i8, 1879, a 41. 

Wm. Ernest Purkess, her son, d Oct. 13, 1879, a 6. 

Sarah Kinsman, d Nov. 7, 1S81, a 69. 

Capt. Matthew Jas. Popplewell, R.N., d April 30, 1871, a 83. 

Philippa Margaret Ellen Watkins, wife of C. R. W. Watkins, d March 18, 

1881, a 61. 

Her children rise and call her blessed Not lost, but gone before. 
Until the day break. 

Caroline Brown Flint, d April 26, 1881, a 51. 

Thos. Hernon Woodfall, d April 13, 1874, a 73. 

Caroline, his wife, d Oct. 14, 1855, buried at Brighton. 

George Henry, eldest son, died at Nagasaki, in Japan, Nov. i, 1861, a 25. 

Adelaide Beatrice Johnson, d Sept. 7, 1871, a 3. 

Lucy Johnson, her mother, d June 25, 1873, a 33. 

Wm. Henry Alexander Russ, d Sept. 17, 1872, a 68. 

Marjory Gerard Cruikshank, widow of Colonel Colin Mackay, d Feb. 23, 

1873, a 84. 
Elizabeth, wife of A. Jackson, d Sept. 14, 1875, a 54. 
Arthur, her husband, d Nov. 24, 1875, a 84. 

Harriet Schroder, d Nov. 23, 1881, a 65. 

Henry Babington Ross, fell asleep, Jan. 22, 1876, until the daybreak. 
He satisfieth the loving one and filleth the hungry soul, the waves thereof 
are still. Then are they glad because they are at rest. 

Ellen Harriet, wife of Lieut. Gompertz, late Madras Army, a Aug. ii> 
1880, a 65. 

Ann Brealey, d Christmas Day, 1881, a 62. 

Henry Carlyon Phear, d March 2, 1880, a 54. 

[Mr. Phear was a banister-at-law, and resided for many years in Bedford Park. 
He was a Christian gentleman in every sense of the word ; an earnest 
supporter of every philanthropic work in Croydon, and his death at so 
comparatively early an age was greatly deplored.] 

Elizabeth, wife of William Rigby, d March 11, 1879, a 64. 
Anne, her daughter, d June 30, 1878, a 32. 

Jessy Mackenzie, widow of the Rev. T. Pearson Lammin, of Tamworth, 
d April 27, 1880, a 79. 

To the glory of God and in loving memory of Admiral Sir Stephen 
Lushington, g.c.b., entered into rest May 28, 1877, a 73. 
Be ye also patient. 
So He bringeth them into the haven where they would be ; they are then glad 
because they are at rest. 
Henrietta, his wife, daughter of Admiral Sir Henry Prescott, g.c.b., d Sept. 
22, 1875, a 57. 

" Because I live, ye shall live also." 

John Anson Whealler, d June 6, 1865, a 63. 

Louisa, his wife, d June 8, 1868, a 70. 

Mary Winnifred, his grandchild, d June 8, 1875, a 7. 

Evan Jones, d May ig, 1878, a 85. 
Sarah, his wife, d March 19, 1867, a 77. 
Spencer Evan Jones, d July 30, 1868, a 10. 

Catherine Belcher, d April 26, 1863, a 89. 

Herbert, fourth son of Robert Cleara Collis, d Dec. 31, 18S0, a 19. 



The Cemetery. 143 

Henry Richards, d Feb. 20, 1868, a 63. 

Mr. Henry Richards was the predecessor of Mr. W. H. 
Rowland, soHcitor, High Street. He held several offices of 
importance in the town, in all of which he was very generally 
respected. He was Clerk to the Local Board of Health ; 
Registrar of the County Court ; and joint Secretary (with 
Messrs. Drummonds) to the Croydon Gas Company. 

Robert Kynaston, d Oct. 14, 1874, a 47. 
Ethel May, his daughter, d July 16, 1873, a 13. 

[For many years Mr. Kynaston resided at Bensham Villa, Broad Green.] 

James Mash, c.e., d April 21, 1877, a 67. 
Caroline, his wife, d Nov. 4, 1876, a 44. 

Euphemia, wife of Arthur Simpson, d Aug. 12, 1861, a 40. 

Louisa Lee, wife of Melbourne Clarke, d Jan. 21, 1864, a 49. 
Mary Caroline, her daughter, (f Sept. 10, 1878, a 28. 

Herman Cornelius Rymbende, born in Holland, d Feb. 19, 1876, a 79. 

Eliza, wife of William Wenham, d July 16, 1863, a 58. 
William Wenham, d April 20, 1866, a 60. 

May their souls rest in peace. 
[Landlord of the Gun Inn for many years.] 

Sarah Fidler, d July 28, 1863, a 58. 

John Hill, d Sept. 14, 1863, a 58. 

Rose, his granddaughter, d Feb. 19, 1867, a 18 months. 

Catherine Townly, wife of Edward Wm. Townly, jun., d Oct. 15, 1863, a 32. 
Awhile the stormy life she trod, 
Then meekly closed her eyes and saw her God. 

Henry Johnson, d March 29, 1862, a 48. 

Whate'er the cross in mercy given, 

To lead to Christ, and train for Heaven. 

If meekly born with faith and prayer, 

It ends in joys beyond compare. 
Margaret, his widow, d Dec. 16, 1875, a 65. 
Mary Rees, wife of Chas. L. Ward, d April 19, 1S65, a 39. 

Emily, wife of Chas. Reading, of Caterham, d Oct. 19, 1863, a 29. 
Mercy, good Lord, mercy I ask, 

This is the total sum, 
For mercy. Lord, is all my suit, 
Lord, let Thy mercy come. 
Adrian Vernon, daughter of Henry and Jane E. Hodges, taken home 

March 20, 1870, a 4. 
Emma Hodges, his grandmother, d April 29, 1S78, a 79. 

Elizabeth, relict of Chas. Bond, d April 7, 1879, a 72. 

Mary Ellen, daughter of Geo. Whiffin, d March 2, 1864, a 5. 
Maud, infant sister, d May 21, 1867, a 8 months. 

Mary Ann Clark, d May 11, 1867, a 44. 

Dear Jesus to Thy Glory take me in, for there I long to be. 
James Clark, her father, d Feb. 15, 1878, a 78. 
Mary, his wife, d July 14, 1880, a 72. 
Reuben Clark, d March 5, 1864, a 32. 
Percy Clark, d April 26, 1S64, a 9 months. 

Too bright for earth, thou precious one, 
Lord, help me say " Thy will be done." 



144 Croydon in the Past. 

Mrs. Mary Ann Wren, d April 5, 1864, a 34. 

Mrs. Amy Bennett, d Nov. 20, 1863, a 74. 

Richard Bennett, her husband, d July 16, 1873, a 86. 

Esther Toms, d Nov. i, 1869, a 67. 

Harriet Toms, her sister, d Sept. 3, 1878, a 77. 

Henry Monk, d Jan. 19, 1868, a 82. 
Edward Rugendyke, his nephew, d Aug. 3, 1867, a 40. 
Gone to the grave in all thy vigorous prime, 

In full activity of zeal and power, 
A Christian cannot die before his time, 

The Lord's appointment is the servant's hour. 

Jane Dorothy Spencely, d Oct. 18, 1863, a 72. 
Mary Spencely, her sister, d May 4, 1875, a 74. 

Robert Rickards, Esq., d May 24, 1863, a 77. 

George William Kershaw, d Dec. 11, 1875, a 29. 

Elizabeth Reed, d Jan. 6, 1863, a 29. 

Samuel Reed, her father, d May 13, 1864, a 63. 

Charles Reed, d Jan. 9, i860, a 23. 

Eliza Bennett, d Nov. 10, 1865, a 26. 

Mrs. Eliza Bennett, her mother, d Dec. 14, 1865, a 54. 

They were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not 
divided. 
Mr. Richard Bennett, her father, d Sept. 4, 1866, a 52. 

Sarah Skelton, of Factory Lane, d Feb. 14, 1876, a 76. 

Edward Warner Whiffin, d March 14, 1862, a 18. 
Henry Whiffin, d Aug. 3, 1869, a 78. 

Wm. Jones, d Nov. 14, 1875, a 70. 

Richard James Jones, his brother, d Sept. 17, 1878, a 69. 

Mary Jones, d Nov. 13, 1862, a 96. 

Sarah Hatton, her daughter, d Oct. 13, 1865, a 58. 

John Jones, d Sept. 22, 1861, a 35. 

John Jones, his father, d Aug. 21, 1874, a 70. 

Eliza Jane, relict of Richard George, d Feb. 10, 1863, a 53. 
Mrs. Jane Lodge, her mother, d June 10, 1869, a 83. 
Mary Bailey, d May 7, 1862, a 69. 
John Bailey, her husband, d June 13, 1870, a 73. 
Robert John, his grandson, d Aug. 6, 1878, a 4 months. 
Walter Towse, d Aug. 4, 1864, a 34. 

A lingering sickness did me seize. 

No physicians could me ease ; 

I sought relief, but all in vain, 

Till God did ease me of my pain. 

Edmund Walter Menhennitt, d Feb. 28, 1879, a i. 

Farewell, loved child, with angels wing thy way ; 
Amid our tears, we dare not bid thee stay. 

George Kirk, d Feb. 11, 1864, a 73. 
Ann, his wife, d March 24, 1869, a 76. 

Emily Edith Owen, d March 8, 1863, a 3. 
Samuel Claydon Owen, d Dec. 18, 1874, a 44. 

Mary, wife of Thos. Eggleton, d Feb. 21, 1863, a 44. 
Thomas Eggleton, sen., d Jan. 13, 1864, a 82. 



The Cemetery. 145 

Mary, wife of Thomas Pascall, d March 5, 1S62, a 77. 
Lord, she was Thine, and not my own, 

Thou hast not done me wrong. 
IJthank thee for the precious gift 

Afforded me so long. 

Thomas Pascall, a Feb. 89, 1873, a 85. 

Far from this world of toil and strife, 

They're present with the Lord, 
The labours of their mortal life 
End in a large reward. 

Mrs. Ann Swansborough, d Jan. 17, 1S61, a 75. 
Eliza, wife of James Bain, d July 31, 1867, a 36. 

Gone from earth to rest above. 

Rejoicing in a Saviour's love. 

John Batchelor, of Waddon, d Jan. 13, 1864, a 58. 

When sorrowing o'er the stone we bend. 

Which covers our departed father, friend. 

Thou Saviour mark'st the tears we shed. 

For we do weep o'er our father dead. 
Mr. Batchelor was the well-known gardener at Waddon, and was contemporary 
with the Agates, the Diamonds, and the Jewels. In his time there was 
only a narrow lane leading by his cottage to Beddington, called 
Batchelor's Lane, traces of which may still be seen along the quickset 
hedge on the south-east side of Mr. Philip Crowley's beautiful grounds. 
When, however, the Epsom Railway was formed, it occupied part of 
the site of the old lane, and the present wide road was made which leads 
to the Waddon Station. The garden is still in existence, in the occu- 
pation of some of his descendants, but as the site is a most desirable 
one, it is feared that it will soon be cut up for building purposes. Mr. 
Batchelor was a jovial man, fond of company, and very musical ; and 
half a century ago there was an excellent glee club held at the Gun 
Tavern, in Church Street, which attracted much attention, and gave 
great pleasure to the inhabitants. Mr. Batchelor was a member of this 
club, where he played second violin. Apropos of this club, sometimes, 
on a summer's evening, the road in front of the Gun was almost impas- 
sable in consequence of the number of people who stood listening to 
those fine old glees, " The Chough and Crow," " The Red Cross 
Knight," " Life's a Bumper," " How Sleep the Brave ? " and many 
other familiar favourites. 

"Alas ! for the joyous hearts that then 
Beat warm, but now are cold." 
William Harris, his son-in-law, d Dec. 30, 1880, a 41. 

John Pritchard, d Jan, 17, 1865, a 62. 

Louisa Wilder, wife of James Wilder, married June 12, 1861, died Nov, 12, 
1861, a 20. 

Lent to thee, my husband dear, 

Only for a short time here, 

With my Saviour now at rest. 

Anchored safe among the blest. 

See the haven full in view. 

Love divine shall bear thee through. 

Trust to that propitious gale, 

Weigh the anchor, spread the sail. 

Shudder not to pass the stream, 

Fearless trust the helm to him, 

He will guide thee safely o'er, 

He has passed this way before. 

Now I wait in Heaven, our home, 

Watching o'er you till you come. 
Sarah Jane Quittenton, d June 16, 1862, a 27. 



146 Croydon in the Past. 

Douglas Augustine Belletti, d December 29, 1863, a 47. 

Rebecca Chilman, d March g, 1865, a 65. 

\Vm. John Bennett, her nephew, d Feb. 1863, a 33. 

Thomas, second son of George Horsley, d Nov. 18, 1862, a 27. 
Frank, fifth son, d at Maroin, Brazil, March 26, 1869, a 29. 

George Smith, d March 4, 1875, a 52. 

Sarah Ann, wife of Samuel Smith, d Oct. 21, 1863, a 62. 

Charles Smith, d Dec. 21, 1867, a 42. 

Samuel Smith, d April i, 1875, a 72. 

Mr. Samuel Smith was one of the original Croydon carriers, 
and acquiring a competence, retired from active life. He 
was much afflicted, having lost the use of his lower limbs. 
He was not an idle man, however, as those who could see 
his portly figure through his open door in George-street 
(now No. 26) could testify. He worked some beautiful 
pictures in embroidery, at which he was very clever. 
But it was as the treasurer to a large Court of Foresters that 
he was best known. He made the keeping of these 
accounts his hobby, and for many years it was an honorary 
office. 

George Robert, son of George Smith, d Sept. 13, 1863, a 2 years and 2 
months. 

George William, son of William James Smith, d April 3, 1882, a 44. 

John Martin, d March 17, 1862, a 6g. 
Eiizabeth, his wife, d July 25, 1863, a 76. 

Hannah Young, d Dec. 19, 1861, a 52. 

Edith, daughter of Frederick William Edgar, d May 16, 1863, a g days. 
Kate Margaret Edgar, d Dec. 27, 1867, a 5 years. 
Florence R. Edgar, d June 13, 1868, a i, 

William Ringham, d Dec. 6, 1861, a 46. 

Sarah Ringham, his relict, d June 15, 1881, a 6g. 

William Shepherd, of Carshalton, d Dec. 6, 1864, a 61. 

Alfred Taylor, infant son of E. J. Edgar, d Jan. 10, 1866. 
Edward James Edgar, d March 25, 1871, a 35. 
Sarah Ann, his wife, d May 5, 1873, a 38. 

Sarah Shephard, d Nov. 2, 1861, a 6g. 
Isabella Neale, her niece, d Oct. 31, i87g, a 63. 

Janet, wife of Henry Home, d Jan. 3, 1880, a 72. 
Henry Home, d July 2, 1881, a 81. 

Jane, wife of James Willis, d Jan. 14, 1863, a 53. 

Mary Ann, daughter of Francis Potter, fellmonger, d Aug. 13, 1861, a 72. 

Caroline, wile of Charles Potter, i June 12, 1875, a 47. 

Sarah Susannah Vincent, d Sept. 18, 1871, a 88. 

Ann, wife of William Radford, d Sept. 30, 1862, a 43. 
Susannah McLean, her sister, d Sept. 3, 1865, a 4g. 

Mary Ann Twort, d Dec. 15, 1876, a 23. 

Frances Georgina Shove, d Aug. 30, 1880, a 57. 

William Dyer, d Oct. 20, 1861, a 35. 
Ann, his relict, d Feb. 12, 1869, a 41. 
Also four children died in infancy. 



The Cemetery. 147 

Henry Stagg, d Aug. 5, 1878, a 82. 

This old, respected, and well-known inhabitant was formerly in 
business as a grocer (in the shop afterwards occupied by 
Mr. Matthew Hoy) at the back of the Town Hall ; and 
when business no longer prospered he became one of the 
collectors of the Croydon Gas Company, an appointment 
which he held for many years with credit to himself and 
satisfaction to his employers. 

Jane Stagg, d April 4, 1880, a 80. 

Jonas Sturt, (f Aug. 16, 1864, a 65. 

Mr. Jonas Sturt was a worthy old Croydonian. He was a farrier 
and shoeing smith, and his old-fashioned house and smithy 
were in Sturt's Yard— so named, doubtless, after his father, 
who lived and carried on business there for a generation or 
two anterior to his son. Mr. Jonas Sturt was a Chairman 
of the Gas Company, and was an old crony of Mr. H. 
Overton's. He retired from business some years before his 
death, and resided at Thornton Heath. 

Ann Sturt, his mother, d Oct. 24, 1867, a 96. 

Maria Sturt, d Nov. 4, 1873, a 74. 

William Morris, died suddenly May 13, 1878, a 67. 
Eliza, his wife, d Jan. 26, 1875, a 59. 

Ellen Barry, d June 2, 1878, a 75. 

Robt. Pope, d Oct. 24, 1864, a 35. 
Charles Nicoll, d March 23, 1S65, a 55. 

No more weighed down by pain or strife, 

His spirit is refreshed and free, 
After the battle hour of life, 

Saviour, he findeth rest in Thee. 

Joseph Allbright, d July 16, 1869, a 60. 
Lucy Allbright, d Dec. 10, 1878, a 69. 

And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes, and there shall be no more 

death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain, 

for the former things have passed away. 

Rev. Chas. Maddock Arnold, M.A., minor canon of Westminster Abbey, 
d June 21, 1876, a 64. 
[For many years Incumbent of St. Mark's, South Norwood.] 
Eliza Frances Hatchett, d Nov. 15, 1818, a 41. 

Richard Watson Pritchard, d Sept. 16, 1867, a 2 months. 
Louisa Pritchard, his mother, d Feb. 7, 1868, a 31. 

Maria, wife of Chas. M. Edwards, d July i, 1879, a 55. 

Her children arise up and call her blessed, her husband also, and he praiscth 
her. 

In sweetest remembrance of a beloved husband and father, Frederick 

Ditmas, Major R.E., called home June 12, 1876, a 64. 
Also darling first born and sister, Emily Ditmas, called home July 19, 1876, 
a 26. They sleep. 
Major Ditmas was an earnest Church worker, and took a 
leading part in several home mission efibrts in the St. 
James's district. He resided several years at No. 3, 
Morland Road, Addiscombe. 



148 Croydon in the Past. 

Fred, James Campbell, d June 19, 1867, a 43. 

He is gone, and we weep that we see him no more, 

We mourn his departure, but would not repine, 
We know that the grave shall his body restore. 
And Heaven invest it with lustre divine. 

Joseph Kirkham, d Jan. 5, 1880, a 76. 

Samuel Freeman, d Jan. 25, 1863, a 58. 

Yes, he is gone, and we are going all. 

Like flowers we wither, and like leaves we fall. 

Ann, widow of the above, d Oct. 10, 1864, a 81. 

Eli^a Warren, d Sept. 15, 1872, a 15. 

Adieu, dear Eliza, till we meet above. 

In those pure peaceful realms of light and love. 

Grain sown on earth is still its owner's care, 

And evening's sun but sets to rise more fair. 
Also Eliza, her mother, d Feb. i, 1876, a 56. 

Hannah, wife of Wm. Purvis, d April 4, 1866, a 54. 

Fortified by a firm faith in the redeeming love of Christ, she was sustained 
through many months of daily increasing suffering unto the end, when, 
with a joyful heart, she yielded up her soul to God. 

William Purvis, her husband, d May 23, 1873, a 52. 

This gentleman was a man of ability, and was very fortunate in 
life. He was brought up in the office of Messrs. 
Drummonds, the eminent solicitors, where he remained as 
confidential clerk for some years. He afterwards became 
secretary to the Croydon Gas Company, and was highly 
valued in both appointments. He was also proprietor of 
the well-known boot and shoe establishment at No. 3, 
North End, then known as " Drew and Purvis." 

Henry Jas. Wild, Commissary-General, d April 28, 1873, a 80. 

Susan, widow of Colonel Evalt, d Oct. 3, 1875, a 83. 

Elizabeth Newton, a Feb. i, 1869, a 28. 
Jane Newton, d Feb. 14, 1873, a 73. 

Amy Lucy Woodhouse, wife of E. P. Cearns, d Dec. 24, 1871, a 27; also 

an infant son. 
Edward Paton Cearns, d Jan. 7, 1874, a 47. 

Martha Sarah Blythe, d March 14, 1876, a 69. 

Wm. Nathaniel Sandell, d May 24, 1881, a 62. 
Ann Elizabeth, his wife, d April 11, 1862, a 52. 

Elizabeth Johnson, d June 2, 1862, a 52. 
Wm. Joseph Johnson, d May 3, 1880, a 40. 

Charles Plowman, d May 9, 1865, a 53. 
Mary Ann, his wife, d Jan. g, 1872, a 56. 

Wm. Chas. Arthur and Elizabeth Amelia, two children, died in their 
infancy. 

These lovely buds, so young and fair 

Called hence to early doom, 
Just came to show how sweet such flowers 
In Paradise would bloom. 

Thomas Strange, d Sept. 25, 1863, a 78. 

Mary Rebecca, grandchild, d Nov. 28, 1863, a 7. 

David Thomas, d Dec. 2, 1863, a 3. 



The Cemetery. 149 

Frederick Hopkins, d Sept. 23, 1S62, a 43. 

Frederick Samuel Hopkins, d Oct. 17, 1878, a 87. 

Mr. Hopkins was a most retiring and amiable gentleman (for 
some time a Poor-law Guardian), whose only daughter was 
married to Mr. S. L. Rymer, the eminent dentist, of George 
Street. He was a " monarch retired from a London 
business," and soon after he came to Croydon he built an 
excellent residence in the London Road, on land which 
formerly was a portion of Parson's IMead, where he enjoyed 
his otiiim cum dignitate for some years. 

Keturah, infant daughter of Samuel Lee Rymer, d Dec. 14, i858. 

Frances Rymer, d Feb. 4, 1870, a 72. 

Mary, widow of Frederick Samuel Hopkins, d May 15, 1879, a 86. 

Anne Christina, infant daughter of R. and C. Roberts. 

Lawrence Lancelot Cowling, d July 23, 1863, a 27. 

Sophia, wife of Robt. Shotton, a Feb. 2, 1874. 

Elizabeth, widow of John Shotton, of Lamb's Conduit Street, d Dec. 29, 
1863, a 79. 

John Trapp, Esq., d Jan. 14, 1876, a 92. 

Mr. Trapp was a gentleman of the old school, and always 
appeared on his walks in his drab " smalls " and gaiters, 
and black coat. He was, unfortunately, not quite cotupos 
T)ientis, but was most harmless, and amiable and polite to 
anyone. He resided for many years with Miss Deacon, in 
the house now occupied by the Misses Coward. His 
relations were rich people, and, no doubt, allowed a hand- 
some sum for his maintenance to the lady who had charge 
of him. He appeared to enjoy life, and, notwithstanding 
his infirmity, he lived to a green old age. 

Mrs. Emily Brooker, d Aug. 6, 1863, a 63. 
Mary, wife of Andrew Dyer, d Oct. i, 1864, a 30. 
Fanny, relict of Thomas Hintson, d Aug. 27, 1865, a 87. 

Thomas C. Geyle, Master of Croydon Workhouse from Jan. 1855 to 1864, 
d Nov. 3, 1S64, a 61. 
Mr. Geyle was a fine-looking man, hale and hearty, till he met 
with an accident at the laying of the memorial stone of the 
Roman Catholic Chapel in VVellesley Road. While the 
Bishop of Southwark was engaged in the ceremony, part 
of the scaffolding gave way, and Mr. Geyle, with several 
others, was precipitated to the ground about 15 feet below. 
Mr. Geyle was much shaken by the fall, although no bones 
were broken ; and being a heavy man, and of good age at 
the time, he never really recovered from the shock. 

Elizabeth, relict of John Town, Esq., of Tunbridge, d Nov. 11, 1866, a 73. 

Mary Puplett, d July 21, 1864, a 85. 
John Puplett, d May 3, 1865, a 82. 

Thomas, son of Thomas and Mary Ann Paine, d Sept. ^o, 1865, a 48. 
Thomas, his father, d March 7, 1867, a 88. 

Mary Ann, wife of William Baker, d April 2, 1864, a 59. 



150 Croydon in the Past. 

Thomas Pilbeam, late beadle, d March 28, 1864, a 79. 

Thomas Pilbeam (once beadle of our parish) was a good officer, and a terror 
to all evil-doers. His face and figure were known to every one — and so 
soon as " old Tom," as he was familiarly called, put in an appearance, 
the roughs bolted as quickly as though a shell had fallen amongst them. 
But it was on Sundays, when " Tom " was in outward show elaborate, 
that he " astonished the groundlings." On the Sabbath he always 
appeared at the church door, draped in gold laced hat and coat, with 
stick in hand, and all the little boys that passed him — almost shaking 
in their shoes — must have considered him as grand, if not grander, 
than the Lord Mayor ! Pilbeam's father was beadle before him, and 
the name becoming so familiar, it is thought that the canaille considered 
it another name for beadle, and that there were " Pilbeams " in every 
town. "Tom's" house adjoined the gaol, in which there was a 
remarkably strong room, where he received all visitors, without making 
too many enquiries about their antecedents. 

Elizabeth, his sister, d April 29, 1866, a 84. 
Eleanor, his wife, d Sept. 14, 1880, a 89. 

Jane Elizabeth, wife of John Hempsted, of South Norwood, d March 5, 

1868, a 66. 
Lucy Brown, her sister, d Sept. 11, 1869, a 75. 
John Hempsted, d Aug. 26, 1871, a 68. 
Lucia Dora Closer, his grandchild, d Jan. 17, 1879, a i. 

Thomas Turner, after a long and painful illness, d April 9, 1864, a 70. 
Dear Jesus, smooth my rugged way. 
And lead me to the realms of day. 
To milder skies and lighter plains, 
Where everlasting sunshine reigns. 

Jane Turner, d April 21, 1869, a 41. 

Thomas Turner, her husband, d April 27, 1869, a 77. 

Emily, their youngest daughter, d Dec. 9, 1874, a 32. 

John Adolphus Stafford, d Jan. 14, 1874, a 76. 

William Miller, after intense suffering, d Aug. 21, 1834, a 32. 

Also darling little Maud Mary, only child of George and Anne Alsop, 

rf Aug. 30, 1866, a 3^. 
George Wm. Alsop, her father, d May i, 1874, a 46. 

Caroline Ann, wife of James Griffiths, d Oct. 25, 1864, a 28. 

James Paine, Esq., d Dec. 19, 1867, a 48. 
Elizabeth Paine, his sister, d Jan. 13, 1875, a 63. 

Henry Batchelor, d March 19, 1877, a 62. 
Martha, his wife, d Dec. 19, 1879, a 62. 

Harriet, wife of Thos. George Chapman, d Aug. 24, 1879, a 63. 

Weep not for me, I'm free from pain, 

My earthly sufferings o'er, 
I hope to meet you all again. 

On a peaceful happy shore. 

Mary Ann Herring, d Dec. 6, 1865, a 73. 

John David Julian, beadle of this parish, d Dec. 22, 1865, a 57. 

This stone is erected by a few friends, in commemoration of his faithful public 
services for 35 years in various ranks of the Metropolitan Police. 

Caroline, wife of Saml. John Mason, of Penge, d Sept. 2, 1864, a 59. 
Samuel John Mason, d Nov. 10, 1872, a 77. 



The Cemetery. 151 

Charles Page, d May 6, 1864, a 45. 
Eliza Ann, his daughter, d Aug. 7, 1S64, a 10 months. 
This lovely bud, so young and fair, 

Called hence by early doom, 
Just came to show how sweet a flower, 
In Paradise would bloom. 

John Boreman, d Feb. 9, 1S73, a 78. 

Anna, wife of Dr. J. Bellwood, of Addiscombe, d Oct. 14, 1877, a 53. 

Wm. Henry Varden, d Oct. 29, 1871, a 69. 

Richard Coates, d April 21, 1868, a 74. 
Mary Ann, his wife, d April 23, 1865, a 66. 

William Harris, d June 4, 1878, a 84. 

Mr. Harris resided near the Old Church, and was deservedly successful in 
business as a builder. Fortunately for him, he possessed abundance 
of nous, and had a good share of " go " in him : essentials of the 
highest importance in this high-pressure age. He was somewhat 
eccentric and humorous, was in a large way of business, and 
occasionally employed a large staff of men, whom he managed with 
tact and judgment. It is doubtless within the memory of many of the 
inhabitants, that he turned the extensive sheet of water, near St. John's 
Church, known as the old " Mill Head," into a swimming bath, which 
he made private by throwing up high banks of earth. The speculation, 
however, was not a profitable one ; and when the Local Board came 
into existence, so large a head of water was considered injurious to the 
neighbourhood, the swimming bath was consequently condemned, the 
banks were levelled, and it is believed that some of the houses on the 
south side of St. John's Road were built close to the site. It will thus 
be seen that more changes have taken place near the Parish Church, 
than those which have been rung on the beautiful peal of bells, which, 
sometimes sound " sweet and musical as Apollo's lute." 

Mary, his wife, d April i, 1879, a 82. 

Julia Desborough Vaux, d Sept. i, 1871, a 41. 

Emily, widow of Calvert Bowyer Vaux, d Feb. 9, 1S81, a 88. 

Wm. George Grantham, d April 29, 1S65, a 34. 
He is not dead, but sleepeth, 

A sleep, how calm, how blest, 
When Christ the spirit keepeth. 
The wearied frame hath rest. 
Emanuel Grantham, his brother, d Nov. 11, 1869, a 66. 
Henry Payne, of North End, d Feb. 10, 1873, a 48. 
James Newman, d June 7, 1865, a 40. 
Mary Ann Towers, d Dec. 6, 1865, a 40. 

For 13 years a faithful and trustworthy servant of Mr. G. Stapelton, 
High Street, Croydon. 

David Thomas, d July 16, 1873, a 41. 

John Thomas Raffe, d June 6, 1865, a 11. 
Hannah Amelia Raffe, d Sept. 25, 1865, a 15. 

William Raffe, d Jan. 9, 1873, a 65. 

Mr. Raffe was an architect, for many years in the service of Air. 
John Berney, of North End. His son was a bookseller, first 
at No. 85, then at 62, North End. 

Eleanor, wife of James Tharp, d Nov. 21, 1879, a 51. 
Also two infant children. 

Henry Franklin, d Jan. 27, 1867, a 59. 



152 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary Ann Ford, d May 12, 1S77, a 53. 

Farewell, dear husband, my time is past, 
My life to you not long did last ; 
And for me no sorrow take. 
Love my children for my sake. 

John Bickersteth Wheeler, d Feb. 8, 1870, a 14. 
Constance Wheeler, d Dec. 28, 1880, a 16. 

Mary, wife of Henry Messenger, d June 3, '1866, a 42. 
Louisa Price, her daughter, d Feb. 3, 1880, a ^^. 

John Shepherd, d Jan. 23, 1866, a 38. 
Sarah Cherry, d May 24, 1875, a 87. 

Louisa Francis Jane Tate, d Aug. 15, 1865, a 54. 

Andrew Bruce, infant son of Monkhouse R. Tate, d Aug. 23, 1865. 

Louisa Elizabeth Norman, d July 17, 1865, a 7. 

William John Bennett, d Dec. 23, 1866, a 63. 
Louisa, his wife, d Feb. 15, 1880, « 73. 

Cecilia Pringle, d June 21, 1880, a 78. 

" She hath done what she could." 

Fanny Grace, wife of William James Carey, d Oct. 31, 1871, a 41. 

Vernon Mansell, her son, d Sept. 28, 1870, a i. 

Ida Grace, d Sept. 29, 1871, a 13, during her mother's last illness. 

Eliza Withers, sister of Hesther Dosell, d Dec. 27, 1879, a 70. 
James Dosel, d July 28, 1876, a 81. 

Emma Watson, d June 27, 1876, a 81. 
James, her husband, d March 2, 1828, a 72. 
Elizabeth, wife of Wm. Stuart, d May 23, 1865, a 35. 

Led by simplicity divine, 

She pleased, but never tried to shine. 

Joseph Glover, d July 25, 1866, a 53. 

George Matthew, d March 16, 1865, a 71. • 

Anne Matthew, d Dec. 9, 1878, a 79. 

William Ireland, d July 11, 1865, a 42. 

Once the beloved partner of my earthly love 

I yield thee to a dearer Friend above ; 

On Him I rest, who all my love can feel, 

And trust the Hand which gave the blow to heal. 

John Sadler Hartley, d March 16, 1863, a 66. 

Sophia Stephens Hartley, his wife, d Oct. 2, 1866, a 69. 

Isabella, wife of George Hayward, d May 26, 1863, a 52. 

Leslie George, her youngest son, died at Leghorn, July 20, 1868, a 25. 

Rev. Richard Mason, d Feb. 12, 1869, a 70, late Incumbent of Tovill, 
Maidstone. 

Rev. Henry Campbell Watson, M.A., Incumbent of St. James', Croydon, 
d Jan. 9, 1879, a 50. 
[A handsome stained glass window is erected to his memory in St. James* 
Church (see page 57).] 

Mary, wife of Chas. Wm. Barkley, d July 30, 1875. 
Mary, her eldest daughter, d July 27, in the same year. 

Elizabeth Piercy, d July 21, 1862, a 53. 
Sarah Pearce, d Feb. 18, 1865. 
Elizabeth Pearce, d Jan. ig, 1874, a 70. 



The Cemetery. 153 

Mary Elizabeth Barrand, d Sept. 2, 1864, a 39. 
Isabella Jane Towers, d Aug. 8, 1867, a 'j'j. 

Mary Ann Eyles, d April 29, 1S68, a 75. 
Elizabeth Eyles, d May 19, 1870, a 73. 
Elizabeth Wells Eyles, d Feb. 4, 1879, a 44. 

Donald McDonald, i April 23, 1868, a 23. 

Chas. Jas. Grant McDonald, d Nov. 23, 1869, a 34. 

Sarah Bentley, d July 5, 1862, a 71. 
Isabella, her sister, d March 2, 1877, a 80. 
Samuel Bentley, her brother, d April 13, 1868, a 83. 

John French Burke, d June 8, 1SS2, a 80. 

Ada Annie Holden, grandchild of Mrs. Jane Wilmshurst, d Oct. 10, 1868, 
a 6. 

John Henry Living, d Oct. 14, 1881, a 72. 

Jane Madeline, wife of Wm. John Tapson, of Anerley Park, d Oct. 23, 
1874, a 27, and two children. 

Harriott Gresham, d March 19, 1862, a 67. 

William Robinson White, one of Her Majesty's Justices of the Peace for 
the county of Surrey, d Dec. 30, 1863, a 59. 

And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water that bringeth forth 
his fruit in his season, his leaf also shall not wither, and whatsoever he 
doeth shall prosper. 

Mary Ann, his widow, d March 28, 1869, a 75. 

Mary Ann Clark, d Jan. 16, 1869, a 64. 

Thomas Well, d July 12, 1868, a 74. 
Ann, his relict, d Feb. 20, 1869, a 77. 

Thomas Henry Thomas, d Jan. 31, 1868, a 57. 
Frances Thomas, d March 21, 1881, a 58. 

James Birch, d June 6, 1868, a 95. 

Thomas Purritt, d July 26, 1872, a 19. 

Charles Major Herbert, d Dec. 24, 1861, a 38. 

Frances Sophia, his youngest child, a 3 years and 9 months. 

George Herbert, his eldest son, d Oct. 15, i856, a 19. 

Jacob Herbert, 32 years secretary to the Corporation of Trinity House» 

London, d Jan 9, 1867, a 79. 
Charles Herbert, C.B., general in Her Majesty's Indian Army, his brother^ 

d Jan. 17, 1867, a 87. 
Ann, wife of Jacob Herbert, d March 24, 1874, a 79. 

Elizabeth Caroline, wife of Charles Hall, d Dec. 20, 1861, a 42. 

Henry Sawyer, c/ Jan. 11, 1867, a 64. 

Horace, his fifth son, d Nov. 27, 1869, a 25. 

Adela, his third daughter, d March 4, 1871, a 26. 

Eliza, his widow, d Feb. 14, 1872, a 62. 

Isabella, his second daughter, d April 11, 1875, a 32. 

Henry Alfred Lucas, late H.M. Customs, d Oct. i, 1867, a 50. 
Harvey Bryer, his only son, d Nov. i, 1869, a 6. 
Eliza, his relict, d May 30, 1876, a 42. 

Charlotte Pearce, d April 22, 1877, a 57. 

Ann Lomas, d]a.n. i, 1868, a 41. 

John Lomas, her husband, d April 13, 1881, a 64. 

Eliza Lomas, her daughter, d June 25, 1868, a 6 months. 



154 Croydon in the Past. 

Arthur, son of Fredk. Wiltshire, d Jan. 12, 1873, a 2. 

George Wiltshire, d July 20, 1880, a 11. 

Zillah Maud Wiltshire, d Jan. 23, 1881, a 6 months. 

Ellen, widow of Jonathan Barrett, d Nov. 28, 1880, a 70. 

John Purdie, of Thornton Heath, d Jan. 25, 1880, a 81. 

William Bilbie Parker, d April 11, 1866, a 64. 

[For many years a coal merchant at East Croydon.] 
Lydia, his wife, d Sept. 24, 1877, « 71. 

Ann, wife of John Stedman, d Sept. 2, 1868, a 52. 
John, her husband, d Feb. 17, 1877, a 71. 

Eliza, youngest daughter of Thomas and Mary Ward, d May 5, 1870, 

»54- 
Mary, her sister, d June 22, 1879. 

Sarah Elizabeth Brisenden, d June 19, 1869, a 88. 

Erected by a few of her friends. 

William Francis Lock, d Sept. 24, 1866, a 14. 
Herbert George Lock, d Dec. 12, 1869, « 13. 

Sarah, wife of B. Pearson Bartleet, d Sept. 24, 1870, a 71. 

Emily, her eldest daughter, d Aug. 11, 1874. 

Benjamin Pearson Bartleet, d Oct. 13, 1877, * 7^* 

John Brown, of Selhurst Road, d Oct. 8, 1879, a 71. 

Capt. Henry Maynard Bingham, R.N., d July 28, 1880, a 51. 

" Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on Thee." 

Rev. W. J. Friel, M.A., first Incumbent of St. Luke's, Woodside, d Dec. 
19, 1873. 

A workman that needeth not be ashamed. 
Mr. Friel had, by untiring energy, worked up a congregation at 
Woodside, and had ministered in a school-room on Wood- 
side Green for five years. The new church was consecrated 
in April, 1872, and he died, to the great grief of his 
parishioners, before the close of the next year. 
William Smith, d Aug. ig, 1866, a 61. 

With patience to the last he did submit, 
And murmured not at what the Lord thought fit, 
With Christian spirit did his soul resign. 
Returned to God at His appointed time. 
Matilda, his widow, d June 22, 1881, a 72. 

Thomas Rowe Edmonds, d March 17, 1866, a 9. 
Caroline, his sister, d May 12, 1875, a 15. 

Dame Eliza Margaret Fitzgerald, d Aug. 3, 1877, a 61. 
Thomas Echalaz Davison, d Jan. 16, 1881, a 36. 
Elizabeth Bonaker Whittington, d Jan. 10, 1867, a 70. 

Benjamin Whittington, born on the Festival of the Conversion of St. Paul, 
1799, who fell asleep March 12, 1871. 
Lovingly remembered by all their children, who in their mourning sorrow not 
(all glory be to God !) as those which have no hope. 

Christiana Jane Overbury, d April 9, 1876, a 59. 
John Thomas Twigg, d March 4, 1881, a 71. 
Mrs. Isabella Irwin, d Nov. 16, 1877, a 72. 

Erected by the five children whom she so faithfully nursed. 



The Cemetery. 155 

Joseph Clifford, d Oct. 8, 1881, a 59. 

Twenty-seven years Waterworks Foreman. This stone was erected by 
members of the Local Board. 

Mr. Clifford was an honoured member of the Ancient Order of 
Foresters, and was for upwards of 20 years secretary of one 
of the largest Courts in the kingdom. He was familiarly 
known as " Brother Joe," and had won the esteem of all 
parties. He had received three testimonials from his 
brethren, and at his funeral he was honoured by the largest 
concourse of spectators which ever assembled at the 
Cemetery. 

Sarah Frances, daughter of Capt. H. A. Drought, I.N., d May 29, 1868, 
fl II years and 10 months. 

Blanche Mary Braikenridge, d March 12, 1881, a 26. 

George Edmonds, d Sept. 13, 1869, a 64. 

Martha Norroway Gregory, d March 9, 1872, a 39. 

Mrs. Catharine Snelling, d Aug. i, 1867, a 86. 

Mary, widow of Thomas Stunnell, d Nov. 23, 1869, a 79. 

Charles Gregory, d Nov. 2, 1865, a 75. 

Jane, wife ot Charles Gregory, d June 23, 1872, a 73. 

Elizabeth Franks, d June 8, 1866, a 76. 
George, her husband, d Nov. 22, 1867, a 70. 

Richard Alexander Pettit, of Thornton Heath, d Sept. 19, 1877, a 25. 

John Cousens, d Dec. 26, 1880, a 70. [Of South Norwood.] 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Jan. 31, 1870, a 60. 

Mary, wife of Thomas Ready, d Aug. 11, 1875, a 94. 
Thomas Ready, d March 16, 1877, a go. 

James Moore, d March, 1866, a 81. 

Jane, wife of James Moore, d March 27, 1866, a 33 ; also 4 children. 

Maria, wife of George Thomas Moore, d Aug. 30, 1872, a 56. 

William Ernest Gutteridge, of Southbridge House, d April 18, 18S0, a 7. 

Thomas Clift, d Oct. 6, 1866, a 75. 
Harriet, his wife, d Dec. 18, 1871, a 72. 

Charlotte, wife of George Dann, d Nov. 11, 1876, a 64. 

Jane Fairman, d June 21, 1866, a 40. 

Yes, she is gone, we are going all. 

Like flowers we wither, and like leaves we fall. 

Caroline Ellen Faulkner, d Jan. 20, 1879, a 20. 

This stone is erected in aff'ectionate gratitude for her loving care of Walter de 
M. Malan, by his parents. 

Lucy Ashdown, d July 7, 1866, a 75. 

Ann Barker, wife of Wm. Carter, of South Norwood, d Nov. 29, 1877, 

a 63. 
Jemima Eliza, his second wife, d Dec. 20, 1879, a 55. 

Elizabeth Haines, d Feb. i, 1871, a 65. 

For forty-six years devoted servant to Mr. Benington and family. 
Charles Joseph Hewitt, d March 8, 1874, a 56. 
Jonathan Brooks, d Sept. 26, 1875, a 77 



156 Croydon in the Past. 

Maria, wife of Mark Fothergill, d Feb. 25, 1870, a 64. 

Annie Ellen, her daughter, and wife of the Rev. Thos. T. Lightfoot, Canon 

of St. George's, Capetown, South Africa, died at sea, on her passage 

to England, Trinity Sunday, 1874. 

Elizabeth, widow of Chas. Carter, Esq., d Sept. 15, 1871, a 82. 
George Cumick Wilson, d Oct. 7, 1871, a 32. 
Thomas King, of Parson's Mead, d Aug. 8, 1871, a 90. 

[Father of Mr. William King, now of the Blue Anchor, South End. He was- 
formerly connected with the Greyhound Livery Stables.] 

Ellen, widow of James Martin, d Dec. 14, 1873, a 72. 

Thomas Waldron, d Jan. ig, 1875, a 61. 

Mary, his wife, d Jan. 3, 1872, a 65. 

Mary, daughter of Thos. Kitchen, d April 24, 1871, a 2. 
Marie, her sister, an infant. 

Augustus Chas. Andrews, d June 29, 1875, a 47. 

William Merredew, d April 8, 1871, a 67. 

Edith Maria Sandy, d March 10, 1871. 

Thou star of comfort, for a moment given, 
Just rose on earth, then set to rise in heaven. 

Sarah Webb, d Dec. 30, 1878, a 86. 

Martha Bratton, her cousin, d May 20, 1881, a 81. 

Anthony Cooper, d Jan. 22, 1872, a 61. 

Esther, wife of Wm. Stevenson, 123, High Street, d Oct. 28, 1877, a 58. 

George Longueville Bedingfield, d Nov. 21, 1871, a 38. 

Mr. Josiah Witt, of Cross Road, d March 29, 1871, a 68. 
Sarah, his wife, d Sept. 24, 1876, a 81. 

Rest our kind and gentle parents, 

From this troubled world of pain. 
We trust you've left us for a better, 

Where we hope to meet again. 
For, though lost from sight, remember'd here, 
A faithful Father and a Mother dear. 

George Campbell Ruxton, d March 25, 1879, a 23. 
[Son of Mr. W. Ruxton, of East Croydon Station.] 

Elizabeth Anne, daughter of John Dowden, d April 5, 1871, a 14. 
John Frederick, her brother, d Feb. 7, 1872, a 17. 

Thou hast called us to resign, 

What most we prized, thou Lord divine, 

We only yield Thee what was Thine, 
Thy will be done. 

Ann Price, d Dec. 23, 1877, a 77. 
Edward Price, d July 28, 1878, a 70. 

Ada Maria Smith, d Dec. 3, 1874, a 16. 

Ten thousand words could not proclaim her goodness nor her worth. 
Emma Susannah Ford, d Oct. 11, 1877, a 58. 

Anne Colmore Lambley, who resided as a most cherished friend for many 
years at the Vicarage, Thornton Heath, d Aug. i, 1877, a 49. 

Elizabeth, wife of James Ellis, d Sept. 12, 1874, a 75 
James Ellis, d May 16, 1882, a 79. 

Louisa, wife of James Cadburn, d Dec. 27, 1870 a 72. 
James Coates, d Feb. 12, 1877, a 74. 



The Cemetery. 157 

Henry Parry, son of William Randall, d Nov. 29, 1880, a 3. 
John McCutcheon, d April 27, 1874, a 39. 

Ellen, wife of George Nicoll Price, d Jan. 12, 1877, a 38. 

William Cragg, d Jan. 10, 1874, a 39. 

Frederick West, d May 3, 1876, a 53. 

Mr. Fredk. West, of the Waldrons, Croydon, had risen to be 
regarded as one of the first lawyers in London. As 
partner in the firm of West & King, he was solicitor to the 
Croydon Local Board of Health, a position now held by 
his son. He was a liberal supporter of all the institutions 
in the town of a philanthropic, social, or scientific character. 
Among the elite of society in Croydon he was much 
esteemed. He died in the prime of life, to the intense 
grief of his family and friends. 

Robert, infant son of Robert and Annie Davidson, d March 12, 1875. 
Annie Ruby, his sister, d Nov. 2, 1877, a 2. 

Anwyn Mary, widow of Nicol Stenhouse, d May 12, 1871, a 54. 

Fanny Neale, d Nov. 3, 1875, a 43. 

Herbert Hazelgrove, d March 15, 1867, a 16. 

Thomas Brooker, d March 5, 1867, a 73. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d April 25, 1871, a 69. 

Mary Russell, d Jan. 20, 1878, a 36. 

Lord, she was Thine, and not mine own, 

Thou has not done me wrong, 
I thank Thee for the precious gift, 

Afforded me, but not for long. 

John Morley, d Feb. 13, 1867, a 66. 

Mary Ann Russell, d March 14, 1867, a 48. 
Fredk., her husband, d Jan. 10, 1869, a 53. 

Honoured and loved, and full of days. 

We laid thee in the silent earth, 
And here this humble stone we raise, 
A tribute to a parent's worth. 

John Bradbury, d March 8, 1865, a 40. 
Ann Teale, d Feb. 13, 1872, a 82. 

Alice Elizabeth, wife of Thos. Sanders, d Aug. 21, 1879, a 28. 

Thomas Beale, d Nov. 28, 1870, a 70. 

John Smith Waller, d July 23, 1873, a 31. 

Ann Waller, her mother, d April 16, 1875, a 56. 

Joseph Waller, fourth son of David Waller, d May 23, 1875, a 20. 

Louisa, wife of George Bailey, d July 21, 1873, a 25. 

Antonia Caroline, wife of John Harris Danvers, d Feb. 4, 1864, a 47. 

Jane, widow of William Beckley, d March 21, 1880. 

Thomas Biddulph, d Dec. 18, 1877, a 41. 

Henry Oswald Baber, son of Henry John Strong, M.D.,rfJuly 11, i865, 

a 3 years and 10 months. 
Maria May, wife of Henry John Strong, M.D., d April 22, 1871, a 45. 

Elizabeth Matilda Grist, d Feb. 9, 1S78, a 51. 



158 Croydon in the Past. 

Maria Dyke, d Dec. 28, 1878, a 44. 

Leonard Bristow, son of John and Mary Halliwell, d July 27, 1866, a 9 

months. 
Charles Herbert, her brother, d Sept. 18, 1S79, a 21. 

James Davis, d Aug. 27, 1876, a 31. 

Owen H. Turner, d April 8, 1874, a 42. 

Though lost to sight, to memory dear ; 

A beloved husband and father lies sleeping here. 

George Dean Corbett, d Oct. i, 1874, a 59. 

Matilda Artindale, d July 19, 1875, a 85. 
John Artindale, d Oct. 10, 1858, a 62. 

George Summersby, d March 6, 1871, a 48. 

[He kept the level crossing gate where the trains from Norwood to West and 
New Croydon are turned on to their respective lines. He was knocked 
down and killed by a passing train which he had not observed.] 

George Hayes, d June 8, 1874, a 59. 

Samuel Townshend Davey, d March 18, 1871, a 34. 

George John Cuckow, d Sept. 19, 1880, a 85. 
Amelia Ann Sedgwick, d March 20, 1871, a 50. 

Lone are the paths and sad the home. 

Whence thy kind smile is gone ; 

But, oh ! a brighter home than ours, 

In heaven, is now thine own. 

Susannah Janet, widow of the Rev. A. J. Bennoch, Vicar of St. Luke's, 

Woodside, rf Dec. 16, 1879, a 35. 
Jane, widow of Archibald Bennoch, d Dec. 12, 1880, a 79. 
Archibald Bennoch, died at Pine Hill, South Australia, Feb. 20, i860, 

_ a 58. 
Archibald Francis Bennoch, d Jan. 3, 1882, a 3. 

William Grace, d Jan. 20, 1859, a 53. 

Jane Grace, his wife, d Nov. 16, 1879, a 69. 

Jane Johnson, his daughter, d Feb. 20, 1880, a 47. 

Elizabeth, wife of Chas. Cross, of Norwood, d Dec. 22, 1874, a 67. 
Eliza Ellen Tolly, d Feb. 6, 1876, a 45. 

Thos. James, son of Henry Marrion, d July 18, i86g, a i year and 4 months. 

Albert Sidney, brother, d Dec. 10, 1880, a 7 months. 

Helen, sister, d Dec. 3, 1871, a 1 year and 5 months. • 

Flora, sister, d Feb. 8, 1880, a 7. 

Alice Spencer, child of Edwin Spencer, d June 10, 1872. 
Albert Spencer, d April 13, 1879, a 3 years and 8 months. 
These lovely buds, so young and fair, 

Called hence by early doom ; 
Just came to show how sweet such flowers 
In paradise could bloom. 

Michael King, d Nov. 12, 1871, a 70. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Jan. 29, 1882, a 81. 

William James, second son of William James Paxton, d March 2, 1874, 

a 4 years and i month. 
Jane Ellen, infant sister. 

Elizabeth Blackburne, d Jan. 23, 1874, a 39. 

Annie Adelaide Shardlow, d July 25, 1872, a 10. 

Mary Jane, wife of William Reeves, d Juiy 14, 1S77, a 29. 



The Cemetery. 159 

Emanuel Butt, d June 7, 1S76, ci 45. 
Sarah Sares, d April 27, 1S75, a 50. 
George Cooper, surgeon, d Oct. 31, 18S0, a 70. 

[An old resident of Croydon, having lived many years in George Street. He 
was police surgeon, and of quiet and retired habits.] 
Alfred Cooper, his son, d Nov. 25, 1875, a 23. 
Mary Jane, wife of George French, d March 10, 1877, a 74. 

When last we looked on her we loved, 

Whom in life we held most dear, 
We then turned submissive to our God, 

But could not suppress the tear. 

Elizabeth Jane Collier, d Oct. 25, 1876, a 59. 

Thomas Arthur, son of J. F. A. Norton Beecher, d July 9, 1876, a 7. 
He is not dead, the child of our affection. 

But gone unto that school, 
Where he no longer needs our poor protection, 
And Christ himself doth rule. 
Also Mabel, his infant sister. 

Maria Maidment, d May 29, 1877, a 66. 

William Henry Puttick, d Sept. 16, 1876, a 4. 
Mary Puttick, d Oct. 7, 1877, a 74. 
Maria Masters, d Sept. 4, 1877, ci 44. 

Joseph Webb, d Sept. 5, 1876, a 64. 

William Hudson Beckwith, tf Aug. 23, 1876, a 14. 

Edmund John Henry, son of H. G. Harris, surgeon, d June 6, 1874, a 10, 

Emma, wife of Henry Thomas Dellar, d Dec. 13, 1873, a 63. 

Francis Ann, wife of Francis M. Mercer, d Aug. 6, 1873, a 43. 

Thomas Williams, d Sept. i, 1873, a 74. 
Rebecca, his widow, d Nov. 19, 1881, a 81. 
Elizabeth Roberts, widow, d Nov. ig, 1873, a 93. 
Thomas Williams, d Sept. 22, 1877, a 49. 

Isabella, wife of D. G. McReddie, d March 24, 1874, a 32. 
Charles Gage, d Aug. 29, 1873, a 55. 

Hannah Sarah Elizabeth, wife of Edward James Ulph, (^Oct. 21, 1872, a 49. 
Thou art gone to the grave, but we will not deplore thee. 

Though sorrows and darkness encompass the tomb. 
The Saviour has passed through its portals before thee, 
And the lamp of His love is thy guide through the gloom, 
Edward James Ulph, d Jan. 14, 1879, a 54. 
George Marston, d April 9, 1878, a 24. 

Jessie Susannah, child of John and Jessie Humphreys, d Feb, 15, 1876, a 8. 
Here our darling Jessie sleeps 
But her soul our Shepherd keeps 
With his host of lambs above, 
See his everlasting love. 

Rev. Wm. Deacon Isaac, d June 21, 1S75, a 60. 

Chas. Wm. Gibson, d March 17, 1879, a 48, 
Jessie, his daughter, d July 3, 1873, a 15. 

Mary Goadby, d Feb. 23, 1873, a 68. 
She was 44 years in the service of one family, by whom she was much regretted, 
Robert Rosier Ray, d Feb. 25, 1S75, a 76. 



i6o Croydon in the Past. 

Matilda Thyer, d Jan. 25, 1873, a 26. 

Oh, weep not for her, 'tis unkindness to weep, 
The weary weak frame is but fallen to sleep. 
No more of fatigue and endurance she knows. 
Oh, weep not, oh, break not the gentle repose. 

Annie, wife of Henry Smith, Whitehorse Road, d April 22, 1873. 
Henry Smith, d March 11, 1881, a 53. 

Susan, wife of W. A. Isaac, d July 13, 1873, a 53. 
Percival Hadden, her grandson, d Jan, 6, 1876, a4j. 

Richard Rowley Collier, d July 18, 1873, a 65. 

Lieut.-Col. Edward Thomas Tierney, late 28th B. N. Infantry, d Dec. 25, 
1872, a 64. 

Erected by three loving friends. 

Frank Henry, son of Henry and Elizabeth Salt, of Thornton Heath, 

d July 9, 1874, a 4. 
Albert Layton, d Oct. 31, 1872, a 39. 
Alice, his sister, d July 8, 1878, a 61. 
Joseph Booker, d March 17, 1873, a 44. 
Julia Legg, d Nov. 18, 1872, a 56. 
Sarah Wallis, d Dec. 21, 1873, a 47. 
Mary, wife of John Wood, d Oct. 15, 1872, a 24. 
Keturah, wife of Alfred P. Hughes, d Dec. 29, 1875, a 40. 

Caroline Matilda, wife of C. W. Johnson, d March 17, 1874. 
Eva Caroline, her daughter, a 12. 

Ann Langridge, d Oct. 29, 1873, a 76. 
Thomas, her husband, d Feb. 14, 1881, a 84. 

Released from sorrow, sin, and pain. 

And free from every care, 
By angel hands to Heaven conveyed, 
To rest for ever there. 

Josiah Ludlow, d July 8, 1872, a 37. 

My God hast called me to resign. 
What most I prized, it ne'er was mine, 
I only yielded what was thine. 
Thy will be done. 
Grieve not for me, but be content 
For unto you I was but lent. 
In love we lived, in peace I died. 
You asked my life, but 'twas denied. 

Jane Freeman, d Feb. 5, 1874, a 52. 

James Charles Brady, d Sept. 29, 1874, a 55. 

Eliza Shepherd Bowman, widow of Deputy-Commissioner General Bowman, 
d June 2, 1872, a 72. 

Edward Leese, d Jan. 22, 1875, a 62. 

Jane Caroline Drury, second daughter of the late Rev. C. Taylor, of 
Barnby, Nottinghamshire, d May 14, 1872, a 42. 

Wm. Henry Eustace Hide, died Vigil of St. Mark, 1872, a 27. j 
Lily Verena, his daughter, d Aug. 4, 1872. 

Mary Ann, wife of Stephen Ferrett, d May 12, 1872, a 38. 

Albert George, son of Thomas Mills, d July 24, 1878, a 7J. 

Charles William Dawson, d Sept. 27, 1878, a 37. 



The Cemetery. i6i 

George Martin, d March lo, 1869, a 53. 
Mary, his mother, d June 28, 1874, a 84. 

John Foster F. Fresson, youngest son of the late Capt. Fresson, d Jan. 17, 

1865, a 18. 
Eliza Fresson, d July 6, 1869, a 41. 

Joseph Jas. Welch, of Beaulieu, South Norwood, d June 12, 1872, a 67. 
Joseph Archibald Welch, his grandson, d June 18, 1873, a 2. 

Frederick Rumble, d Oct. 16, 1866, a 33. 

Ann, wife of Richard H. Trott, d June 19, 1867, a 67. 
Richard Howard Trott, d Jan. 28, 1868, a 67. 

Maria, wife of William Edward Parker, d Feb. 23, 1872, a 23. 

Captain James Holland, late 69th Regt., 20 years Paymaster and Quarter- 
master Highland Borderers, Light Infantry Militia, d Jan. 31, 1879, 
a 81. 
Erected by the officers who served with him in the last named regiment. 
George McMillen, Esq., d Sept. 1872, a 27. 

He now sleeps in Jesus and is blest, 

How soft his slumbers are, 
From suffering, and from sin released. 
And freed from every care. 

Frederick Moore Lloyd, d Sept. 15, 1879, a 31. 

Edith Lucy Steed, d Dec. 8, 1875, a i year and 5 months. 
Jane Elizabeth Steed, her mother, d Oct. 25, 1876, a 34. 

George Peskett, d Dec. 15, 1875, a 36. 

Weep not for me, my children dear, 

Although j'ou're left behind, 

Prepare yourselves to follow me, 

And bear me in your mind. 

Arthur George Inglis, d Dec. 27, 1875, a 4^. 

Henry Randall, d April i, 1876, a 28. 
Charles Randall, d Nov. 28, 1S81, a 24. 

Not gone from memory, not gone from love, 

But gone to his Father's home above. 

Jane Rebecca McKay, d March 9, 1876, a 51. 
George Daniel McKay, d Jan. 2, 1880, a 62. 

Sarah Kathrine, wife of Robert Gear, d Feb. 11, 1876, ^30. 
Consumption sapped her youthful life, 
My children lost a mother, and I a wife ; 
As human skill could not death arrest, 
May she live in Heaven among the blest. 

Jane Hale, d April 15, 1876, a 57. 

Nathaniel Hale, her brother, d Jan. 4, 1S67, a 41. 

Catherine Mary, wife of Alfred Bywater, d April 30, 1876, a 24. 

Margaret Mary Glutton, d Feb. 30, 1875, a 53. 
The winter of trouble is past, 

The storm of affliction is o'er, 
Her trials are ended at last, 

And sorrow can reach her no more. 
Clara, her daughter, d July 22, 1882, a 36. 

Most dearly loved, most deeply mourned, by all who knew her. 
Thomas Wells, lost his life at Selhurst Station, Dec. 16, 1874, a 37. 
Sophia Priscilla Sirr, d Jan. 7, 1875. 
M 



1 62 Croydon in the Past. 

Emma Arthur, d Feb. 3, 1875, a 86. 

Richard Beaver, d Sept. 20, 1874, a 71. 
Jane, his wife, ^ Dec. 31, 1878, a 72. 

Maria Walker, for many years serving woman in the Parish Church of 
Cro5'don, d March 30, 1875. 

This stone was erected by members of the congregation. 

Eliza, wife of D. W. Lanham, d April 4, 1875, a 41. 
John Holland, d April 2, 1875, a 79. 

" Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear 
no evil, for Thou art with me, Thy rod and Thy staff comfort me." 

Eliza, wife of J. J. Murray, d April 10, 1875, a 53. 
Asleep in Jesus I oh, for me, 
May such a blissful refuge be 1 
Securely shall my ashes lie. 
Waiting the summons from on high. 

Eleanor Phoebe, wife of James Read, d April 7, 1875, a 27. 

Martha Meads, d Maj' 19, 1875, 62. 

Alice, daughter of Walter Albert and Hettie Andress, d Dec. 27, 1875, a 

I year and g months 
Albert, infant son, d June 25, 1875. 

Sarah, wife of John Middleton, Esq., d April i, 1876, a 73. 

Ann Julia Young, d July 28, 1876. 

Cassandra, wife of Jas. H. Sanderson, d June 10, 1879, a 38. 
Basil Walker, her son, d Dec. 23, 1876, a 2. 

John Hatter, d Sept. 4, 1876, a 54. 

The winter of trouble is past, 

The storm of affliction is o'er, 
His trials are ended at last. 

And sorrow can reach him no more. 

George Dodd, d May 15, 1875, a 59. 

Dear Saviour, though unworthy, 

Yet this my only plea, 
Thy all atoning merit. 

For Thou hast died for me. 

John Birch, d June 3, 1875, a 75, 

His languishing head is at rest, 

Its thinking and aching is o'er. 
His quiet immovable breast, 
Is heaved by affliction no more. 

Our darling baby, Eve Francis Ann Saunders, d June 11, 1877. 

Adelina Margaret Oldfield, d May 3, 1879, a 12. 

Mary Ann Hersee, d May 12, 1879, a 80. 

Elizabeth Sarah, wife of Wm. Harris, d Jan. 31, 1879, a 50. 

Sidney Wm. Harris, d March 17, 1870, a 6 months. 

Rachel Martha, wife of Henry Clarke, d Jan. 27, 1870, a 68. 

Stranger, pause ! think what a woman should be, for such was she. 
Wm. Hy. Scudamore Ward, d March 12, 1879, a 50. 

They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. 
John Ellis, of Neville-road, d Dec. 5, 1877, a 74. 
Maria Ellis, his wife, d July 15, 1878, a 78. 

Sarah D. AUanson, d Jan. 10, 1879, a 65. 



The Cemetery. 163 

Benjamin Tett Palmer, d Dec. 17, 1877, a 49. 

George Patterson, Staff Commander, R.N., d April 28, 1877, '^ 42- 

Ann King, of South Norwood, d Sept, 13, 1877, a 79. 

Frances, wife of J. E. D. Rodgers, surgeon, d Jan. 3, 1879, a 58. 

Hannah, wife of Richd. Balcomb, d Dec. 7, 1877, a 60. 

Mary Ann Geal, d Sept. 7, 1877, a 66. 

Wm. Henry Geal, her brother, d May 5, 1882, a 44. 

Mary Ann, wife of P. R. T. Martin, d April 6, 1878, a 52. 
Mary Ann, her daughter, d Sept, i, 1877, a 27. 
Charles James Gates, d Dec. 23, 1877, a 77. 

Wm. Arlett, d March 25, 1874, a 86. 
Jane, his daughter, d Oct. 10, 1877, a 49. 

Kate Ellen Mayhew, d Sept, 23, 1879, a 49. 
Thomas Solkeld Martin, d April 11, 1877, a 54. 

For many years a resident in South Africa. 
Alice Hamp, d Dec. 9, 1877, a i, 
Wm. Gambrill, d May 9, 1877, a 68. 

Lord, all pitying Jesu bless, 
Grant him thine eternal rest. 

Fanny, wife of George Ladd, d May 2, 1877, a 72. 
Ellen Wall, d April 24, 1877, a 54. 

Jonathan Richardson, rf March 2, 1877, a 68. 

Fanny, his wife, d April 25, 1881, a 44. 

Jessie Ann, wife of Richd. Harding, d Dec. 17, 1876, a 42. 

Thomas Hole, t? Jan. 17, 1877, ^ ^• 

Joyful, joyful, will the meeting be. 
When from sin our hearts are pure and free. 
And we shall gather, Saviour, with thee. 
In our eternal home. 

James George Allan, d Nov. 27, 1876, a 67. 
Walford Izod, d April 8, 1880, a 24. 

Marcella Sarah Heading, d Oct. 19, 1875, a 31. 
Robert Heading, her father, d Feb. 9, 1880, a 66. 
Mary, wife of Thomas White, d Sept. 5, 1875, a 53. 

Albert Edward Holman, d Aug. 8, 1875, a 5. 

Without a fault before the throne of God. 
Nellie Holman, d Jan, i, 1880, a 4 years and 8 months. 

The cup was bitter, the loss severe, 

To part with her we loved so dear. 

Catherine Ada, d July 6, 1875, a 32. 

Emily Mary Atkinson, d Nov. 8, 1876, a 39. 

Joseph Young, d July 7, 1875, a 42. 

Amelia Bull, d Jan. 8, 1880, a 77. 

Chas. Edward Pocock, d Jan. 8, 1875, a 22. 
Elizabeth, his sister, d Jan. 13, 1875, a 26. 

When blooming youth is snatched away, 

By death's resistless hand, 
Our hearts the mournful tribute pay, 
Which pity must demand. 



164 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary Ellen, daughter of Capt. J. H. Anderson, d Jan. 12, 1875, a 24. 
Edward Maxwell, d Feb. 20, 1875, a 46. 
Eli^a, wife of Thomas Gregory, d Nov. 21, 1S75, a 66. 
We cannot tell who next may fall. 

Beneath the chastening rod, 
One must be first, then let us all, 
Prepare to meet our God. 

Augusta Hill James, d Jan. 23, 1878, a 62. 

Charles Anderson Read, F.R.H.S., d Jan. 23, 1878, a 36. 

This memorial is erected by his friends. 
John Chappell, d Jan. 28, 1878, a 64. 

He is not lost, he is within the door. 

That shuts out loss, and every hurtful thing. 
With angels bright, and loved ones gone before. 
In his Redeemer's presence evermore. 

And God himself. His Lord, and Judge, and King. 
Mary Jane Chappell, d Jan. 22, 1880, a 71. 

Emma Constable, d Feb. 15, 1877, a 53. 

John Constable, her husband, d May 2, 1878, a 55. 

Charles Hart, d March 20, 1877, a 37. 

Weep not for me, my wife and children dear, 
I am not lost, but sleeping here. 
Though like the blossom plucked from the tree, 
So death has parted you and me. 

Georgina Elizabeth Tarver, d Feb. 15, 1878, a 60. 

Wm. Henry Webb, d Feb. 28, 1878, a 30. 

Harold FAnson, d Jan. 6, 1878, a 2. 

William Miriam, d Sept. 6, 1878, a 51. 

Susan Brown Salmon, 70, Albert Road, d Sept. 3, 1878, a 84. 

J. W. Martin, d Sept. 6, 1878, a 51. 

Sarah Foster, d June 24, 1878, a 85. 

I came to Jesus as I was. 
Weary and worn and sad, 

I found in Him a resting place. 
And He has made me glad. 

Florence Beatrice Mayhew, d July 23, 1878, a g months. 

Susannah, wife of Wm. Parker, d Aug. g, 1879, a 70. 
Ernest Pottinger, her grandson, d July 28, 1878, a 7 months. 

Mary Ann Glisbey, d Aug. 13, 1878, a 49. 

Wm. Brooker, lost his life while on duty at Norwood Junction, April i, 
1876, a 58. 

Sleep, dear husband, sleep, 

Time will soon pass away. 
When I shall cease to weep. 
And calmly with thee lay. 
Rose Harriet Ann, his granddaughter, d Jan. 30, 187S, a 2^. 
Amy, wife of Isaiah Wilkins, d Dec. 20, 1875, a 66. 
Thomas Hedgis, d Nov. 24, 1875, a 66. 

[For very many years a wheelwright at " Hedgis' Yard," North End.] 

Henry Greenhead, d Aug. 22, 1875, a 63. 

Rebecca, his wife, after a long and painful illness, d July 17, 1880, a 59. 



The Cemetery. 165 

Sarah Jane Vinall, d Jan. i, 1S76, a 18. 

Beneath this turf of ashes rest, 

Whose memory lingers dear, 
She sleeps unconscious of the tear, 

That tells my tale of sorrow here. 

Richd. Simmons, d Aug. 22, 1878, a 40. 

Susanna Ingram, d Oct. 8, 1S78, a 48. 

John Ingram, her husband, d May, 1866, a ^2. 

Beatrice Ethel Bush, d Jan. 14, 1882, a 2. 

Allen John Fredk. Kotze, d June 27, 1878, a 4. 

Ere sin could harm or sorrow fade, 

Death came with friendly care. 
The opening bud to Heaven conveyed. 
And bade it blossom there. 

Harriet Thorn, d April 24, 1S81, a 62. 
Moses, her husband, d March 2, 18S2, a 60. 

[For many years a hairdresser in Handcroft Road.] 

Mary Leaver, d Dec. 29, 18S1, a 47, 

A loving wife, a sister dear, 
A fond and faithful friend when here ; 
She lived in love, she died in peace. 
We trust her joys will never cease. 

Catherine, wife of Lieut. -Colonel H. W. L. Paddon, late of the Royal 
Fusiliers, d Aug. 12, 1881, a 36. 

A wife after God's own heart, chosen and precious. 
Thou art all fair, my love, 
There is no spot in thee ! — Song. 
Severed only till He come. 
Edward Ewer, d Nov. 14, 1881, a 53. 

Day by day a voice saith, " Come, 

Enter thine eternal home," 

Asking not if we can spare 

This dear soul it summons there ; 

Had He asked us, well we know 

We should cry, " Oh, spare this blow!" 

Yes, with streaming eyes should pray, 

" Lord, we love him, let him stay ! " 

Harriet Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel Jacob, d Aug. 7, 1S81, a 26. 
The smile of life has taken flight 
To a world unknown to mortal life ; 
Her time was short with husband dear ; 
How sweet indeed while life was here ! 
The infant was her joy of thought. 
Which none but mother's love has brought ; 
Still left by God's kind will behind 
To calm the mourner's troubled mind. 

Also Lily Maud, infant daughter, d April i, 18S2, a 8 months. 
Lay her plaj^things all away, 
She will never need them more ; 
Gone, the sunlight of our day, 
Gone to yonder happy shore ; 
Little baby's gone to sleep, 
While we gently round her weep ; 
Angels bade our darling come 
To her Father's happy home ; 
Sweet the mother's meeting now will be 
In heaven through all eternity. 



i66 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary Ann, widow of Christopher Hildyard, of Brigg, Lincolnshire, d Nov.. 
8, 1878, a 78. 

Rebecca Ridpath, d Aug. 29, 1880, a 61. 

Farewell, farewell, I go to join the number. 

Who wait through watches long, 
I rest in peace, for that which breaks the slumber 

Shall be the angel's song. 

Jessie Kettles, d July 11, 1879, a 2. 

George Smith Orton, rf July 25, 1880, a 30. 
Ellen Alice, his wife,(/ July 26, 1879, a 28. 
Ellen Alice, his daughter, d Sept. 6, 1878, a 4. 
Jessie, second daughter, d Aug. 15, 1879, a 10. 

James W. Newbery, d Aug. 20, 1879, a 35. 

His sun went down while it was yet day. 

George Kelly King, late W.M. of Lodge 1,797 ; P.M. of No. 4, and No. 
1,541 ; S.W. of No. 1,141 ; P.G.S. The stone was erected by mem- 
bers of the above Lodges, in testimony of the untiring zeal and 
energy of his devotion to the Brotherhood, d Aug. 24, 1879, a 63. 

Eliza King, who survived him only four months, d Dec. 29, 1879, a 68. 

Cyril Alfred Scrivener, d May 5, 1880, a 7. 
Harriett Dow, d July i, 1879, a 68. 

Thomas Stone, d July 17, 1879, a 63. 

Strange are His judgments, and His ways past finding out. 
John Walton, of St. James's Road, d May 19, 1879, a 39. 
Wm. Fudge, d May 18, 1879, a 54. 
C. Michaelwaite, d Aug. 1879, a 20. 
Annie Carthew Trewheela, d May 21, 1879, a 41, 

To one who loved her her place is empty always. 
Edward Burchatt, d June 11, 1879, a 36. 
Fredk. Berwick Montague, d June 1874, a 41. 
Francis Tarrant, of Whitgift College, d June 29, 1879, a 88. 
Wm. H. G. Mason, d May 14, 1879, a 68. 

John Moorley, d April 18, 1879, a 68. 

Phoebe Norkett, mother of Mary Moorley, d Nov. 5, 1879, a 65. 

Hannah, wife of Thos. Tubb, d March 23, 1879, a 38. 

Charles Langley, d Feb. 28, 1879, a 41. 

Weep not for me, my wife and children dear, 

I am not dead, but sleeping here. 

Stay a little while in peace and love. 

And trust in God to meet above. 

Richd. Beams PauU, of Lansdowne Road, d suddenly at Purley, Feb, 7, 
1879, a 52. 
Mr. Paull was for several years principal of the Grammar 
School in the Lansdowne Road. In this capacity he had 
the training and education of many of the children of the 
leading gentry in the town, of whom he had won universal 
respect. He was a favourite reader at popular entertain- 
ments, and it was while reading at a school room at Purley 
that he suddenly expired, to the inexpressible grief of his 
family and friends. 



The Cemetery. 167 

Henry Walker, d Feb. 20, 1879, a 57. 
Simon Barton, d Aug. 29, 1876, a 59. 
William Linn, d April 20, 1879, a 59. 

My God, my Father, while I stray, 

Far from my home, on life's rough way. 

Oh, teach me from my heart to say, 
Thy will be done. 
Elizabeth Jane Linn, his daughter, d Jan. 23, 1S56, a 15. 

Mary Rudge, d Nov. 26, 1878, a 16. 

James Dryden, d Nov. 11, 1878, a 55. 

Philadelphia Sarah, daughter of Joseph Dean, d Nov. 4, 1878, a 32. 

Charlotte, widow of Joseph Carham, d Dec. 24, 1879, a 89. 

James Quelch, d Jan. 4, 1S79, a 72. 

Fanny Wood, (f Sept. 17, 1876, « 27. 

This cross is erected by Maud, Amy, Charles, and Robt. Buxton, as a token of 
affection for their nurse, who devoted nine years of her life to their 
care. 

Katie, wife of James L. Browning, d March 6, 1880, a 27. 

Mary Hunt, d May 10, 1880. 

Struck by death's unerring dart. 

All physicians still proved vain. 
She endured the bitter smart, 
Till eased by God from pain. 

Wm. George Harden, d Oct. 31, 1879, a 68. 

Weeping may endure for a night. 
But joy cometh in the morning. 

Mary Ann Lawrence, d June 15, 1880, a 76. 
Hermon Capern, d Nov. 23, 1879, a 65. 
Thomas Punnett, d March 30, 1880, a 64. 

May his memory be long blessed, and his soul be happy for ever. 
Katherine Greaves, d Jan. 21. 1880, a 84. 

Ellen Margaret, wife of Thomas Stuchberry, d May 10, iSSo, a 34. 
John Pitts, d Jan. 22, 1880, a 19. 

Fixed in his eternal state. 

He is gone from all below ; 
We a little longer wait, 

But how little none can know. 
John Sharp, d March 26, 18S0, a 48. 

Many years resident in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. 
Charles Edward Rivers, d March 7, 1880, a 4. 

John Little, d April 22, 1881, a 74. 
Patience, his wife, d Dec. 23, 1878, a 69. 

George Osborn, " Black Horse Inn," Woodside, d July 3, 1877, a 46. 

John Robt. Hotson, d June 15, 1877, a 39. 

Sarah Constable, d April 21, 1877, a 74. 

Robt. Bade, d Aug. 8, 1877, a 62. 

Annie Catherine, widow of John Scotland, Esq., W.S., d Feb. i, 1880, 
a 64. 

James Bray Cutting, d June 5, 1S80, a 73. 



1 68 Croydon in the Past. 

Robert Spencer, d March 17, 1S7S, a 64. 

Wm. Robert, his youngest son, d Oct. ig, 1875, a 10. 

Hugh Maitland, son of Maitland Gardner, d Feb. 3, 1880, a 8. 

Eliza lilead, d March 9, 1880, a 64. 

Sarah Ellen, daughter of John Watson Greenwood, d Jan. 13, 1880, a 29. 

Eliza, wife of J. R. Worcester, d May 11, 1880. 

Eli Beagley, d Dec. 24, 1878, a 69. 

Fredk. Lucas, d May 29, 1879, a 44. 

George Wm. F. Berresford, d Dec. 4, 1878, a 7 months. 
Not in cruelty, not in wrath. 

The reaper came that day ; 
'Twas an angel visited the green earth, 

And took our darling child away. 

Matilda Harland, d Sept. 20, 1877, a 66. 

My wearied limbs will toil no more. 
Suffering and pain with me are o'er. 
Forbear, dear friends, to mourn and weep, 
Whilst sweetly in the dust I sleep ; 
This toilsome world Tve left behind, 
A glorious crown I hope to find. 

John Cole White, d May 20, 1879, a 52. 
Richard Hazelgrove, d Feb. 16, 1881, a 85. 
Fredk. Geo. Shattock, d Feb. 26, 1879, a 71. 
Edward Sturgeon, d Nov. 4, 1881, a 26. 

Released from sorrow, sickness, and pain, 

And free from everj^ care ; 
By angels' hands to Heaven conveyed, 
To rest for ever there. 

Percy Francis, d Nov. 9, 1880, a 3. 
Herbert Owen, d Nov. 11, 18S0, a 4. 

Children of George Fredk. and Frances Claredge. 
Wm. Jacob, son of John Henry Freestone, d Jan. 3, 1881, a 22. 

Jane, wife of George Smith, d Nov. 24, 1881, a 66. 

We bring our years to an end as a tale that is told. 
Harriet Symonds, d May 16, 1880, a ji. 
Matilda Hungerford Lattrell, d Sept. 7, 1869, a 56. 
Hannah Death, d May 3, 1880, a 81. 
Richd. Henley, d June 25, 1880, a 40. 
George Morton, d Jan. 23, 1881, a 61. 

What I do thou knowest not now, but thou shalt know hereafter. 
Dear little Annie, child of George and Anne Smith, (/ July i, 1881, a 4. 
Thomas Ingleton, d Oct. 5, 1881, a 66. 
Anne, wife of Henry Arnold Cowley, d Nov. 8, i860. 
Isabel, daughter of Jas. and C. Scott, d Aug. 17, 1880, a 20. 

Ernest William, son of Wm. and Helen Broad, d Dec. 17, 1880, a 15. 
Herbert Edward, his brother, d Feb. 14, 1882, a 2. 

Our dear little Bertie, dear child of Richd. and Sarah Crookes, d March 
20, 1882, a 6|. 

Harriot Eliza Cole, (/ Feb. 15, 1882, a 85. 



The Cemetery. 169 

Caroline Louisa, wife of Wm. Dyer, d Oct. 27, 1881, a 57. 

Wm. Paston Robinson, d Dec. 5, 1880, a 47. 

Our little darling Harvey Paston, only son of the above, d Dec. 2, 18S0, a 4. 

[Mr. Robinson was for twenty years a journalist in Croydon.] 
William Waller, d Jan. 2, 1882, a 75. 
Gertrude Horsley, d Nov. 28, 18S0, a 2^. 
William Henry Hulbert, d June 13, 1882, a 74. 
Louisa, wife of John Wm. Vint, d March i, 1881, a 25. 
William Dearling, d Feb. 12, 1881, a 68. 

Dear little Tim — Thomas Herbert Tapson, d June 4, 1882, a i year 10 
months. 

Walter John Fulker, d April 8, 1882, a 26. 

Emily, wife of William Clarke, d Jan. 4, 1873, a 34. 
Elizabeth, second wife, d March 8, 1881, a 36. 
Herbert William, infant son, d April 17, 1881. 

Matilda, wife of John Turtill Ward, d May 26, 1875, a 45. 
William Collier Ward, his son, d June 11, 1877, a 18. 

George Baber, d March 12, 1874, a 73. 

[For many years a confidential clerk to Mr. Henry Richards, solicitor.] 

Henry James Long, d March 19, 1874, a 22. 
Sarah, his mother, d April 18, 1874, a 47. 

John Dyer, d Nov. 21, 1873, U 74. 

Mabel Caroline, daughter of W. H. Snelling, d Feb. 10, 1876, a 4. 

Hamel Smith, d Jan. 18, 1873, a 12. 
Philip Smith, d Oct. 5, 1875, a 12. 

Children of Hamel Lewis Smith. 
Ellen, wife of George Brooke, d July 15, 1871, a 31. 

We weep for our loss, we rejoice at her gain, 

Like her, we would pass from sin, sorrow, and pain ; 

We long for the time when, with angels above. 

We join them in praising the Saviour they love. 

Mary Ann Bavridge, d Nov. 8, 1872, a 22. 

Caroline, wife of Fredk. Nash, d Dec. 27, 1880, a 24. 

Catherine, widow of the late Capt. Peter B. Man, Madras Army, d May 

29, 1873, a 82. 
Lieut.-Colonel H. Garnet IMan, d Nov. 4, 1873, a 69. 

George Poole, of Beulah Grove, d Aug. i, 1S73, a 55. 
Jane, wife of William Haden, d June 14, 1874, a i^j. 

How loved, how valued once, avails thee not, 
To whom related, or by whom forgot ; 
A heap of dust alone remains of thee, 
'Tis all thou art, and all the proud shall be. 
Also Wm. Haden, d Feb. 13, 1S77, a 60. 

" And there shall be no night there, and they need no candle, neither light of 
the sun, for the Lord God giveth them light, and they reign for ever 
and ever." 

Oh, glorious hour ! oh, blest abode ! 
I shall be near and like my God, 
And flesh and sense no more control 
The endless pleasures of the soul. 



170 Croydon in the Past. 

Richard Wood, d May 3, 1875, a 65. 

John Wood, his brother, d Oct. 28, 1880, a 82. 

We all do fade as a leaf. 

William Line, d May 29, 1879, a 60. 
Caroline, his wife, d Dec. 11, 1874, a 57. 

Rebecca, widow of Henry Gillingham, thirty-five years a householder of 

Norwood, d Jan. 8, 1875, a 75. 
Captain Henry Constable, her grandson, d March i, 1875, a 13. 

Lydia Payne, wife of Henry Payne, jun., d Jan. 27, 1871, a 22. 
Charles Portsmouth, d Feb. 22, 1871, a 29. 
George Holmden, d March 27, 1876, a 31. 

See from the earth the fading lily rise, 

It springs, it grows, it flourishes, and dies. 

So these fair flowers scarce blossomed for a day, 

Short was the blossom, and early the decay. 

Lucy Maria, relict of the late Rev. John W. Hughes, rector of St. Clement's, 
Oxford, d June 11, 1866, a 67. 

Wm. Bryant, d Jan. 27, 1866, a 46. 

Mary Bryant, d May 27, 1871, a 74. 

James Bryant, her husband, d Jan. 5, 1881, a 85. 



The remaining inscriptions on the tombs of the Church or con- 
secrated portion of the Cemetery w^ill be found on two 
sections in the upper part of the Cemetery, on the left-hand 
side of the main path. 

Charles Godwin, d Dec. 27, 1870, a 65. 

Emma Elizabeth Madock, d March 21, 1875, a 77. 

B. C. Staples, of Sydenham Road, d April 26, 1872, a 45. 
Percival Herbert, infant son, d Feb. ii, 1872. 

Mary Chalklin, d Feb. 4, 1871, a 64. 
Fredk. Turner, d Jan. 9, 1871, a 57. 

We trust her soul has found a home 

Among the faithful blest, 
Where the wicked cease from troubling, 
And the weary are at rest. 

Sarah Ann, wife of Charles Day, of Addiscombe, d April 27, 1881, a 58. 
In life a pure and holy bride, 
With look angelic as she died, 
And passed away in peace. 

Catherine, wife of Edwd. R. Gibbon, d Oct. 30, 1874, a 21. 
She is not dead, the loved of our affection. 

But gone into that school 
Where she no longer needs our poor protection, 

And Christ Himself doth rule; 
Day after day we think what she is doing 

In that bright realm of air, 
Year after year her tender steps pursuing, 

Behold her crown more fair 
In that great cloister's stillness and seclusion. 

By guardian angels led ; 
Safe from temptation, safe from sin's pollution, 

She lives whom we call dead. 



The Cemetery. 171 

James King, builder, of Portland Road, South Norwood, d Oct. 27, 1873, 
a 64. 

Ellen, daughter of G. W. Smith, of Wellesley Terrace, d May 15, 1871, 

a 17. 
John Howell, d June i, 1874, a 52. 
John Girault Bailey, his nephew, d Aug. 30, 1875, a 21. 

Safe sheltered from the storms of life. 
Sophia Bartlett, d July 30, 1870. 
Henry Simpson, d Sept. 27, 1871, a 53. 

The dust shall return to the earth as it was, and the spirit shall return to the 
God who gave it. 

Wm. Jermyn Burch, d Sept. 28, 1871, a gi, 
Charlotte, his wife, d Feb. 28, 1874, a So, 
Emma, his eldest daughter, d May 15, 18S1. 
Sarah Holmwood, her sister, d Oct. 16, 187S. 

Robert Martin, d Nov. 17, 1871, a 49. 

Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of John George Marks, d April 22, 1873, a 2 

years and 4 months. 
Sarah Marks, her mother, d April 3, 18S0, a 39. 

Her pure bright spirit, beautiful unselfish nature, loving heart, wise and 
earnest-minded views, made her the guide and blessing of her husband 
and her boys, and endeared her to all who knew her. 

Edward Elliff, d Dec. 26, 1S69, a 60. 

George Waters, of George Street, d April 10, 1872, a 76. 

Mr. Waters was the originator of the famous Croydon Basket 
Carriages, and founder of the present firm in George 
Street. He was of a quiet unobtrusive nature, and died 
with the respect of all who knew him. 

Eliza Jane Waters, his grand-daughter, d Jan. 14, 1876, a 12. 

Wm. Evans Briden, M.D., d April 15, 1873, a 79. 

Wm. Gardner, d Aug. 2, 1873, a 55. 

Elizabeth Smith Oliphant, d May 26, 1872, a 54. 

John Callow, d October 10, 1874, a 47, 

Ann, widow of John Callow, d Oct. 10, 1877, a 54. 

Mary Ann Wilcox, d March 12, 1875, a 70. 
Ann Martin, d Feb. 11, 1870, a 70. 
George Butcher, d Dec. 6, 1869, a 38. 

A dutiful son, and a loving husband. 
Josiah James Rickett, d Feb. 13, 1875, a 61. 
Charles Bennett, d Sept. 2, 1870, a 62. 
Elizabeth, wife of Amos Weaver, d Dec. 18, 1872, a 72. 
There is a cross in every lot, 

And an earnest need of prayer, 
But a lowly heart that leans on God, 
Is happy everysvhere. 
Also Amos Weaver, d Feb. 25, 1878, a 82. 
Thomas Baker, Bensham Lane, d March 26, 1871, a 75. 
In life, oh, how beloved, his death. 
How dear, we can but mourn. 
A husband, father, loving friend, beneath this stone is buried. 
Sarah, his wife, d Dec. 8, 1874, a 71. 



172 Croydon in the Past. 

Mary Ann Eastey, d April 16, 1S71, a 78. 
Catharine Georgiana Eastey, d Feb. 7, 1879, a 74. 

Sophie Amelie Williams, wife of C. G. Williams, d Oct. 14, 1872, a 62. 
Charles Gummow Williams, her husband, d June 18, 1877, a 74. 

Susannah Mary Wilkinson, d July i><, I'^ji, a 81. 

Little Willie, her grandchild, d Feb. 8, 1S71, a 10 months. 

Thomas Oakley, d Sept. 10, 1875, a 76. 
Jane, his wife, d July iS, 1874, a 65. 

Thos. Fielder, Leslie Park, d Dec. 2S, 1871, a 55. 
Hetty, his wife, d June 29, 187.S, a 63. 

Maria, widow of Geo. Moorcroft, d Nov. 30, 1871, a 87. 
And there with all the Mood-bought throng, 

From sin and sorrow free, 
I'll sing the new eternal song. 
Of Jesu's love for me. 

Emma, wife of Samuel Barnes, d June 20, 1873, a 23. 

Henrietta Yeoell, d Nov. 3, 1874, a 30. 

Daniel Belton, d May 25, 1873, a 70. 
Jane, his wife, d Dec. 23, I075, a 6S. 

Samuel Banister, d Jan. 11, 1870, a 79. 

Matilda Pollard, rf Sept. 20, 1869, « 5. 

Gone early to rest. 
William Attridge, d Aug. 26, 1869, a 63. 
Emily Louisa Tyler, d Jan. 54, 1875, a 15. 

Be my last thought, how sweet to rest, 

For ever on my Saviour's breast. 

Richard Alder, d Oct. 18, 1873, a 66. 

James Gilbert, d Dec. 15, 1872, a 39. 

Julia Ann Gilbert, his wife, d Aug. 18, 187&, a 30. 

Sidney Gilbert, his son, d April 19, 1870, « 11 months. 

Jane Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph Willis, South Norwood, d March 22, 
1874, a 19. 

Frances Elizabeth, widow of John Ely Fisher, d April 11, 1874, a 86. 

Hannah Elizabeth Wright, d Jan. 27, 1870, a 91. 

Susanna, wife of John Simmons, d April 26, 1870, a 54. 

Catherine Willcox King, d Aug. 1870, a 61. 

John Geo. King, her husband, d April 13, 1875, a 61. 

Francis Tummons, d Nov. 9, 1878, a 60. 

We cannot tell who next may fall, 

Beneath the chastening rod, 
One must be first, but let us all. 
Prepare to meet our God. 

John Ridge, d March 27, 1879, a 64. 

Catherine Christiana, wife of Job H. West, of Thornton Heath, d Aug. 7, 

1876, a 75. 
Job Henry West, d July 23, 1880, a 78. 

A father kind, and most dear. 

And to the end he was sincere. 

Though great the loss we all sustain, 

We hope in Heaven to meet again. 



The Cemetery. 173 

John Allsop, d Aug. 27, 1872, a 52. 

[Well known as a public man in Croydon, having served on the Local Board 
and Board of Guardians.] 
John Marston Allsop, d June 13, 1877, a 34. 
George Day, d Dec. 13, 1877, a 51. 

[Many years landlord of the Railway Bell, North End.] 

John Greenhill, jun., d June 29, 1879, a 34. 

God moves in a mysterious way, 
His wonders to perform. 

Thomas Goodwin, d March 7, 1873, a 53. 

[A foremost man in the County elections, and one of the principal originators 
of the Croydon races.] 

Thomas Wigley, d Jan. 20, 1882, a 72. 

Arthur Robt. Potter, d Oct. 31, 1879, a 40. 

Laura Louisa, his sister, wife of William Griffin Davis, d March 6, 1881, 

«35- 
Emma, wife of J. T. Murray, of Coodnor, East Indies, d Dec. 11, 1880, 

«35- 
Mar3% wife of Richd. Harman, Dunheved House, West Croydon, d Sept. 

15, 1880, a 48. 

Charles Stanley Masterman, d Jan. 8, 1870, a 88. 

" He died and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days, and 
his sons buried him." 

[A solicitor residing in the Wellesley Road.] 

Ann Cadogan, d Dec. 25, 1879, a 67. 

Eliza Pulford, d July 12, 1869, a 46. 
Mary Ann Ringham, d May 21, 1880, a 43. 

James Thomson, 150, Leadenhall Street, d Sept. 16, 1870, a 49. 
Rev. Charles H. A. Ormerod, M.A., d Feb. 5, 1874, a 44. 

For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we 

have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the 

heavens." 
Laura Gertrude Ormerod, d Sept. 5, 1878, a 15. 

Archie, at rest on the morning of April 22, 1879. 

Love follows him. 
Marianne Marsh, d Nov. 7, 1876, a 77. 
Mary Elizabeth Harcourt, d June 6, 1866, a 49. 
Edward Allen Berney, d Oct. 17, 1870, a 18. 

W^illiam Tice, d March 29, 1879, a 73. 
Louisa Ferryman, d July 26, 1873, a 84. 

Martha, wife of Wm. Tice, died of consumption, July ig, 1866, a 26. 
She bowed with meekness to the stroke, and fell asleep in Christ. 
Calm on the bosom of thy God, 

Fair spirit, rest thee now. 
E'en while with mine thy footsteps Jrod 

His seal was on thy brow. 
Dust to its narrow house beneath. 

Soul to its place on high ; 
They that have seen thy look in death 
No more may fear to die. 

James Norrington, d July 28, 1872, a 75. 
Sarah, his wife, d Oct. 23, 1872, a 68. 



174 Croydon in the Past. 

Jane, daughter ot Wm. and Martha Tice, d of bronchitis, March 23, 1868, 
a 9 and 4 months. 
Thou art gone to the grave, but 'twere wrong to deplore thee, 

When God was thy Ransom, thy Guardian, thy Guide ; 
He gave thee, He took thee, and soon will restore thee 
Where death hath no sting, since the Saviour hath died. 
Also George, her brother, d July 11, 1875, a 19. 
Not gone from memory or love. 
But to our Father's home above. 
Also William Tice, the father, d March 29, 1881, a 51. 

William Barham, d Sept. 17, 1877, a 72. 

All gracious God, Thy will be done, 

'Twas Thou that didst the blessing lend, 

And though withdrawn, I'm not alone, 
Thou art the widow's faithful Friend. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d Aug. 23, 1879, a 67. 

A tender mother and a virtuous wife 

Here sleeps in humble hope of better life, 

By side of him she loved and cherished well ; 

We leave the Judgment Day the rest to tell. 

Henry Prior Farr, d Sept. 4, 1866, a 86. 
Elizabeth Chilton Farr, d Dec. 20, 1876, a 84. 

Ann Pratt, d June 23, 1875, a 47. 

While on the Father's love relying, 
And Jesus all her need supplying, 
In peace she slept. 

George Ansell Crippen, d Sept. 7, 1867, a 69. 
Susannah Layton, his wife, d June 18, 1870, a 69. 

Frederick Herbert, son of Stephen and Mary Eglantine Quelch, d Jan. 15 
1877, a 12. 

It is well with the child ; it is well. 

Walter Tracy Walker, d Sept. 16, 1872, a 27. 

Wm. Taylor Bruce, d Oct. 8, 1867, a 54. 
Hannah T. Bruce, his wife, d Aug. 24, 1871, a 57. 

Marianne, child of A. E. and E. C. Ginner, a 9 years and 10 months. 
These is a rest for little children, 

Above the bright blue sky, 
Who love the blessed Saviour, 

And to his Father cry, 
A rest from every trouble, 

From sin and danger free, 
There every little pilgrim. 

Shall rest eternally. 

Mary, wife of James Pilbeam, d Aug. 10, 1875, a 64. 
William, her son, d March 21, 1879, a 34. 

Ann Kerrell, d Jan. 14, 1870, a 71. 
Wm. Kerrell, her husband, d Feb, 10, 1878, a 80. 
For ever with the Lord, 

Amen, so let it be, 
Life from the dead is in that word, 
And immortality. 

Carry, d April 20, 1868, a 8 ; Charles, d Jan. 8, 1869, a 3 ; Lizzie, d Feb. 9, 
1869, a 18 months ; children of Thomas and Caroline Hipwell. 

Ann Warburton, d Oct. 6, 1878, a 80. 



The Cemetery. 175 

Sarah Maria Windle, d Feb. 5, 1877, "■ ^S- 

Patent in suffering ; cheerful under the affliction ; full of love for Others ; sweet 
is the remembrance of thee, dear mother. 

Rachel, wife of W. Blitz, d June 3, 1878, a 40. 

Henrj' Farrant, d Oct. 7, 1870, a 68. 
Ann, his wife, d Dec. 17, 1S58, a 53. 

Susanna Milward, d July 19, 1818, a g. 

The hoary head is a crown of glory if it is found in the way of righteousness. 

Samuel Simpson Toulmin, barrister-at-law, d March 7, 1871, a 68. 
Susanna, his wife, d Sept. 11, 1881, a 67. 

Eliza, widow of Capt. O'Shea, d June 13, 1874. 

Henry Owens, M.D., d Sept. 9, 1878, a 40. 

Lionel Foster, d Oct. 26, 1878, a 23. 

Eleonora Sophia, relict of Lieut. James Love, R.H.A., d June 4, 1880, a 77. 

Richard Batchelar, d Aug. 11, 1868, a 54. 

All gracious God, Thy will be done, 

'Twas Thou that didst the blessing lend, 
And though withdrawn, I'm not alone ; 
Thou art the widow's faithful friend. 

Charles Mortimer, d May 7, 1868, a 2 years and 10 months ; Frederick 
Harry, d May 13, 1868, a i year and 3 months ; children of Harry 
Toulmin and Louisa Flower, of Enmore Park, South Norwood. 

Edmund Lorant, d March 14, 1879, a 40. 

William Holman, 8, High Street, d March 17, 1870, a 2. 

Alfred Walter, son of Robt. Mills, d May 7, 1868, a 3 years and 7 months. 

Margaret, wife of Robt. Lumley, d June 16, 1878, a 49. 

Jean, wife of James Norris, d Jan. i, 1870, a 77. 

Cornelius Pugh, d Aug. 4, 1869, "^ 38. 

Eliza, wife of Samuel Redman, d Dec. 29, 1873, a 53. 

Robt. Wm. Farrant, d Dec. 3, 1872, a 31. 

[Mr. Farrant's bright hopeful nature brought a gleam of sunshine wherever 
he went.] 

Little Annie, d June 12, 1867, a 4 months. 

Thomas Robinson Read, a March 8, 1874, a 17. 
Henry Robt. Read, d March 30, 1874, a 6. 
Philip Chas. Read, d Nov. i, 1877, a 18. 

Henry Richard Martin, d March 26, 1880, a 46. 
His work concluded, ere the day was done, 
Sudden the Saviour stooped, and caught him to His throne. 

Henry Sharp, d April 8, 1870, a 47. 

We wait Thy time, our Father, 

Then in the home above 
We shall be re-united 

By Christ's redeeming love. 

John Rowlett, d July 17, 1875, a 86. 

Wm. John Sharp, d Oct. 6, 1876, a 80. 

Fanny Grant, d Feb. 18, 1875, a 51. 

I came to Jesus as I was, 

Weary and worn and sad, 
I found in Him a resting place, 

And He has made me glad. 



176 Croydon in the Past. 

Nellie Amelia Richards, d May 19, 1867, a 13. 

Charles Thomas Richards, her father, d May g, 1872, a 49. 

Cecile Heloise Eliza Cooke, d Dec. 4, 1868, a 16. 

The sweet tender rosebud hath withered and passed away, but the thorn, alas, 
remaineth behind. 

Ann Maria Chatfield, d Sept. 16, 1879, a 44. 

Though lost to sight, to memory dear, 
A loved wife lies sleeping here. 

William Crickmere, for 47 years a faithful servant of the London Society 
for Promoting Christianity among the Jews, d June 30, 1870, a 78. 

Susannah Clements, wife of Richd. Clements, d Nov. 20, 1870, a 51. 

Wm. Henry Gardner, d June 15, 1869, a 29. 

Dearest, thou art gone before me. 
And thy soul, we trust, is flown 
Where tears are wiped from every eye. 

And sorrow is unknown. 
Where thou art sure to meet the good. 

Whom on earth thou lovedst best. 
Where the wicked cease from troubling. 
And the weary are at rest. 
Erected by his affectionate lover, E. Halls. 
Mary, wife of Thomas Southgate, d Aug. 21, 1875, a 64. 
While on her Father's love relj'ing. 
And Jesus all her need supplj'ing, 
In peace she slept. 
Also Thomas Southgate, d Oct. 13, 1876, a 69. 

Selina Hillman, d Oct. 6, 1872. 
Elizabeth Hillman, d Dec. 4, 1878, a 85. 

Henry Gale, d Sept. 23, 1872, a 24. 

William Blackburn, d March 30, 1875, a 70. 

Susannah Mary, daughter of Robt. Dods, d Oct. 21, 1868, a 20. 

George Kember, d Oct. 8th, 1868, a 35. 

Henrietta May, his daughter, d March 22, 1868, a 7. 

Major Richard William Meheux, d at Sydenham, Nov, 20, 1868, a 59. 

Mary Maltby, widow, d May 17, 1874, a 75. 

James Steer, d April 2, 1874, a 51. 
Mary, his wife, d March 11, 1874, a 47. 

In life they were together, and in death were not divided. 
Charles Goodwin, d March 5, 1875, a 46. 

Since Thou hast called me to resign 
What most I prized, it ne'er was mine, 
I only yielded what was Thine. 
Thy will be done. 

Caroline Gillespie, wife of Commander R. Patton Jenkins, R.N., d Feb. 15, 

1881, a 39. 
Caroline Mary Beatrice, d Dec. 12, 1877, a 10. 
Alice Eleanor Maud, d April 20, 1873, a 6 months. 

Sarah Moxam, spinster, d March 14, 1869, a 81. 

Joseph Hollidge, d Oct. 4, 1873, a 51. 

Ann James, d Aug. 29, 1873, a 65, 

This humble stone records no titled fame. 

But better far, a Christian servant's name. 



The Cemetery. 177 

F. Bov/den, High Street, d Feb. 26, 1S7S, a 46. 
Also two children. 

He was a good husband, a kind father, and a sincere friend. 
[Mr. Bowden was one of the most respected of the Croydon tradesmen, and 
his early loss was universally deplored. He had formerly been in the 
service of Messrs. Hammond tS; Purrott ; and was subsequently partner 
in the firm of Redgrove & Bowden, ironmongers, High Street.] 

Charles Chambers, d ]n\y 16, 1881, a 59. 

Mary Chambers, d June 26, 18S1, a 67. | 

Lovely and pleasant were their lives, and in death they were not divided. I 
James Elliott, d March 15, 1869. 
Jane, his widow, d Oct. i, 1880. 

Sophia, wife of Edward Samuel Edwards, d Nov. 3, 1880, a 63. 

George Link, d July 25, 1881, a 80. 

Marj% wife of Philip Secretan, Esq., of Harestone, Caterham, d March 11, 

1869, a 54. 
Philip Secretan, d April 4, 1S77, a 58. 

John Steer, d June 21, 1869, a 74. 
Ann, his wife, d June 17, 1879, a 87. 

Eliza Ann, daughter of John Thomas Burgess, rf Jan. 18, 1869, a 3^. 

Mary Punnett, d Feb. i, 1873, a 51. 

Rebecca, her sister, relict of Alfred Veriom, Esq., of Chumbra, Weynaad, 
Malabar, d Nov. 15, 1872, a 41. 

William Henry Hughes, d Oct. 24, 1878, a 42. 

Eliza Hawes, wife of Wm. Fox Hawes, of North Park, d April 7, 1878, 

James Tart, d Feb. 18, 1874,. a 59. 

Frank Leonard, infant grandson, d Feb. 21, 1874. 

Mary Ann, wife of Wm. Godson, d Nov. 27, 1868, a 47. 
Wm. Godson, d Dec. 5, 1872, a 72. 

[For a number of years chief clerk at the Union Bank, Croydon.] 
Arthur Butchers, d July 11, 1877, a 64. 
John Paull Lang, d Nov. 29, 1873, a 39. 
Elizabeth Carrick, d Nov. 8, 1868, a 64. 
Emily Godfrey, d May 10, 1872, a 66. 
Mary, wife of Wm. Godfrey, d Sept. 14, 1868, a 69. 
Long time I've been a sufferer, 
But the Lord has set me free, 
And called me to his own elect. 
So do not weep for me. 

Mary Needland, wife of Benjamin Gibbins, d April 9, 1879. 
Anne, wife of John Quittenton, d May 8, 1873, a 60. 
The winter of trouble is past. 

The storms of affliction are o'er, 
Her struggle is ended at last, 
And sorrow and death are no more. 
John Quittenton, d Dec. 17, 1875, a 59. 

John Chauncey Jones, d Dec. 23, 1879, a 61. 
Clarissa, his wife, d Nov. 11, 1872, a 51. 

Charlotte, wife of Wm. Todman, d July 23, 1881, a 72. 

N 



178 Croydon in the Past. 

Samuel Stovell, d Aug, 2, 1877, a 59. 

Mr. Stovell was the principal poulterer in the town, and carried 
on an extensive business in the High-street. After he 
had secured the assistance of his sons, like others who 
have plodded along the dusty road of life, he required a 
little leisure and relaxation, and in order to secure these 
advantages, he built a pretty cottage in Warrington-road, 
Duppas Hill ; but notwithstanding his walks to and from 
his shop, the salubrity of the atmosphere, and the pleasures 
he derived from his suburban residence, his health failed, 
and to the great grief of his family and friends, he passed 
away at a comparatively early age. 

Isabella Stovell, d Aug. 13, 1S82, a i year and 10 months. 

Thomas Trilleo, d May 18, 1882, a 6g. 

[A former landlord of the " Fox and Hounds," West Croydon.] 
Mary Ann, his wife, d Nov. 17, 1881, a 62. 

Thomas Boileau Trilleo, d July 8, 1874, a 31. 

This stone was erected by his sister. 
"And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes, and there shall be 
no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any 
more pain, for the former things have passed away." 

John George Drinkwater, d April 26, 1877. 

Robert Streeter, d April 23, 1873, a 79. 

Mr. Streeter was formerly a butcher in Surrey-street (then 
called Butchers' Row), and carried on business in the shop 
now occupied by Mr. Dunham. His father also carried on 
an extensive business as a butcher for many years, and the 
family were well known and respected. 
Louisa, his daughter, and wife of Thos. Henry Ebbutt, d Nov. 29, 1874, 
a 41. 

Joseph Steer, d Jan. 29, 1872, a 73. 

Elizabeth Mary Steer, d March 11, 1879, a 80. 

Susannah Harding, d June 3, 1870, a 9. 

In memory of our only one, Ernest Page, d Aug. 24, 1870, a 6 months. 

Our little boy gone. 

Emeline Mary Moore, daughter of John Rhodes, d April i, 1870, a i year. 
Mary Agnes Moore, d Jan. 14, 1876, a 16 months. 

William, son of Rose and Wm. Prodham, d April 19, 1870, a 5^. 
Valentine (dear little Julie), d Aug. 3, 1877, a 1 years and 8 months. 

Henry Selby Hayr, of Linden lodge, Thornton Heath, d June 28, 1881, 

»43- 

[A partner with Mr. Stephen West, wholesale butcher, Church Street.] 

Emma Jane, wife of Wm. I\L Perkins, d June. 24, 1879, a 47. 
I heard the voice of Jesus say, 
" Come unto me and rest." 

Eleanor, wife of Edward Garaty, d Dec. 4, 1880, a 50. 

Thomas Whiffin, who was killed at Cannon Street Railway Station, Nov. 
17, 1879, a 82. 

Elizabeth, wife of George Harmer, d July 30, 1881, a 50. 



The Cemetery, lyg 

Samuel Webb, of 36, Surrey Street, d Jan. 7, r88i, a 50. 
He is not dead, but lieth sleeping, 

In the sweet refuge of his Master's breast, 
And far away from sorrow, toil, and weeping; 
He is not dead, but only taking rest. 
Samuel William Webb, his only son, d Jan. 11, 1882, a 17. 
With love I gazed on thee, dear boy, 

And watched the opening bloom ; 
But all the hopes I had in thee 
Are withered in the tomb. 

George Holliday Holledge, late of Sunnydene, London Road, d Tune :50th, 
1882, fl 66. 
[Mr. Holledge, with Mr. Freeman, secured the land for the Crovdon Ceme- 
tery, and were voted £100 each by the Burial Board for their success.] 
Eliza, his wife, d Sept. 23, 1882, a 65. 

It is the voice of Jesus that I hear 

His are the hands stretched out to draw me near. 

And His the blood that can for all atone, 

And set me faultless there before the Throne, 

Henry James Grantham, d Oct. i, 18S2, a 25. 
Alfred Draper, b Aug. 6, 1838, d Oct. 2, 1882. 
William Henry Hulbert, d June 13, 1882, a 74. 

" Sorrow may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning." 
Mary Elizabeth, wife of H. J. Close, at rest April 21, 1882, a 85. 

Henry Thomas Smith, d July 4, 1882, a 60. 
Eleanor Mary, his wife, d May 12, 1882, a 61. 

After many years' suffering, borne with Christian fortitude. 
Mary Stone, at rest, Aug. 27, 1881. 

Thine eyes shall see the King in His glory. 
James Gordon, d June 27, 1882, a 69. 

End of Cluirch of England Ground. 



NONCONFORMIST SIDE, 

Commencing at the end nearest Queen s Road. 
Robert Orr, of Orland Villa, Bedford Park, d Jan. 5, 1S74, a So. 

[Mr. Orr had amassed an ample fortune during his younger years abroad, and 
spent the evening of his life in quiet retirement in Croydon, where his 
tall, commanding figure was as well known as his sedate yet courteous 
manner was esteemed.] 

George Spooner, of Church Road, Upper Norwood, d March 12, 1874, a 49 
Charles Spooner, his son, drowned at Trinidad, West Indies, March 2 
1870, a 18. 

Thomas Oxford, d April 8, 1874, a 41. 

Jesus loves me, he who died, 
Heaven's gate to open wide. 
He has washed away my sin. 
Let his loved one enter in. 

Sarah, wife of Thos. Jas. JNIarrion, of South Norwood, d Aug. 18, 1S82, 
a 74. 

I am so tired, let me rest. 
" Come unto me all ye that are weary and heavy laden, and I will give you 
rest." 



i8o Croydon in the Past. 

Louisa Ann, wife of Mr. John Gray, Dingwall Road, d March 4, 1866, a 6o» 
John Gray, Buckland Lodge, born (to die) June 2, 1807, died (to live again) 
May 20, 1877. 
Mr. Gray was the successful and highly-respected printer and 
bookseller of High-street (afterwards Gray and Warren, 
and now Roffey and Clark). He was also a printer and 
bookseller's valuer, in which profession he ranked very 
high. He was facile princeps as an arithmetician, and he 
has been heard to observe that he delighted in disentangling 
accounts that were intricate and complicated. We believe 
that after he had left business as a bookseller, and had 
retired to Buckland Lodge, he still retained the trade of a 
valuer, in which he was most successful. He was also 
a valuable Director of the Gas Company, and was missed 
and regretted by his colleagues ; and taking him for " all 
in all," it is hardly an exaggeration to state that " none but 
himself could be his parallel." 

Elizabeth Harrison, widow, d March 30, 1S74, a 74. 
Penelope, wife of John Wilson, Lansdowne Road, d Dec. 13, 1866, a 41. 
After very long and intense suffering endured with wonderful patience and 
Christian resignation. 

Sarah Maria Aris, d May 20, 1880, a 50. 

Elizabeth, wife of Wm. J. Lewis, d March 18, 1865, a 60. 

Edwin Coleman, d March 27, 1867, a 26. 
Charles, his brother, d May i, 1868, a 22. 

Mary Bullock, of Lansdowne Road, who suddenly but very peacefully 
passed away June 30, 1874, a 68. 

Nothing in my hand I bring, 
Simply to Thy cross I cling. 

George Axford, d July 28, 1874, a 27. 

I came to Jesus as I was. 

Weary and worn and sad, 
I found in Him a resting-place, 
And He has made me glad. 
Also Mary Jane Axford, his niece, d Sept. 20, 1878, « 3 years and 9 months. 

Christian Jane Carpenter, d Dec. 29, 1868, a 73. 

One gentle sigh her fetters broke, 

We scarce could say, she's gone, 
Before her willing spirit took 
Its mansion near the throne. 
William Carpenter, her husband, d June 10, 1874, a 73. 
His dying testimony — 
A guilty weak and worthless worm, 

On Thy kind arm I fall ; 
Be Thou my strength and righteousness, 
My Jesus and my All. 

Ruth Smith, d July 2, 1871, a 76. 

A loving and beloved mothei. 
Father, I bless thy gentle hand, 

How kind was the chastening rod, 
That forced my conscience to a stand, 
And brought my wand'ring soul to God. 



The Cevieicry. l8l 

William Thrift, d Dec. 30, 1879, a 84. ,■• 

So he giveth his beloved sleep. 
Eliza Dickson, d March 12, 1871, a 69. 
Deborah Anscombe, d Jan. i, 1869, a 20. 
Eliza Jane Axford, d July 31, 1881, a 29. 

Alfred Richardson, d Oct. i, 1863, a 18. 

George William Richardson, d Jan. 2, 1880, a 37. 

Annie Richardson, d Feb. 7, 1S71, a 22. 

Ann Walden, d Sept. 20, 1876, a 77. 

Ellen, wife of Joseph Staples, d Nov. 9, 1875, a 27. 

George Easton, d Oct. 18, 1871, a 21. 

Richard Mott, d Feb. 17, 1866, a 63. 

On Christ the solid rock I stand, 
All other props are sinking sand. 

Elizabeth, wife of G. Shirley, d Feb. 7, 1870, a 58. 

For 38 years a faithful member of the Wesleyan Society. 
When this poor lisping stammering tongue 

Lies silent in the grave, 
Then in a nobler sweeter song 
I'll sing His power to save. 

Louisa Clarissa Gray, d Jan. 38, 1865, a 78. 
William Goff, d June 4, 1874, a 85. 

Rev. John Nelson, who during 54 years of his life, at home and abroad, was 
a faithful minister of Christ, b ijgS, d 1873. 

The religious shall be in everlasting remembrance. 

When the congregation of Baptists removed from Pump Pail 
to the new chapel in the Tamworth Road, Mr. Nelson, 
who was then living in a well-earned retirement in Croydon, 
took the old Salem Chapel, and gratuitously conducted the 
services for some time as well as his failing health would 
allow him. His ministrations to the poor were much 
appreciated and blessed, his memory being held in just 
affection. 

Susannah, wife of Thomas Crutchett, d Sept. 12, 1875, a 38. 

Rev. Joseph Whiting, minister of South Croydon Congregational Church, 
d Oct. 14, 1875, a 58. 
Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, from henceforth ; yea, saith the 
Spirit, that they may rest from their labours, and their works do follow 
them. 
I gave unto them eternal life, and they shall never perish, neither shall any 
pluck them out of my hand. 

Mr. Whiting was for many years a Congregational minister at 
Bideford, and had chosen Croydon to spend the evening of 
his life. His love for the cause of religion, however, 
induced him to take charge of the South Croydon congre- 
gation, then worshipping in an iron chapel at the corner of 
Parker Road. This soon proving too small, he mainly by 
his own untiring efforts, built the present handsome Church 
in the Aberdeen Road. He was a Christian gentleman in 
every sense of the word, a classical scholar, and a cheerful 
companion. He lived at Sedgfield Villa, St. Peter's Road. 



i82 Croydon in the Past. 

Henrietta Wratten, d June 23, 1870, a 14. 

Eliza Willis, d Sept. 21, 1870, a 27. 

Edward Parsons, d March 17, 1876, a 10 months. 

Keziah, wife of John Wratten, d April 7, 1879, a 68. ( 

Marj', wife of John Roberts, d April 28, 1879, a 68. 

Wm. Henry Rivers, d Jan. 21, 1866, a 63. 

Grace, relict of the Rev, C. N. Davies, late tutor of Brecon College, South- 
Wales, d Feb. 26, 1874, a 76. 
Sarah Elizabeth Mary Ann, wife of Wm. Toy, d May 29, 1865, a 24. 

Rev. Wm. Matthew Robertson, d June 30, i865, a 36. 
Lydianna, his wife, d Jan. 2, 1865, ^ S^* 
Richard Cort, Esq., d March 4, 1866, a 82. 

The last surviving son of the late Henry Cort, the father of the British Iron 
Trade, and the Tubal Cain of our country. — Times, July 29, 1856. 

Thomas Chard, d Oct. 22, 1867, a 41. 
Thomassinia Chard, d Feb. 16, 1876, a 76. 

James Axford, d April 21, 1874, a 67. 

Why should our tears in sorrow flow, 

When God recalls his own. 
And bids them leave a world of woe, 
For an immortal crown. 

John Kent, d Feb. 20, 1866, a 59. 

Being taken from you for a short time in presence, not in heart. 
Lucy Plowman, d July 8, 1865, a 28, 

Waiting here the morning of the first resurrection. 

Mary, wife of Wm. Batchelar, d March 4, 1866, a 58. 
Wm. Batchelar, d Jan. 20, 1881, a 72. 

Julian Brack, wife of Andrew Kerr, d July 24, 1864. 
Thus we part, but not for ever, 

Joyful hopes our bosoms swell. 
They who love the Saviour never, 
Know a long, a last farewell, 
Blissful unions 
Lie beyond this parting vale. 
Helen Murray Liddell, her granddaughter, d Nov. 11, 1874, a 22. 
Caroline StoUens, d Jan. 19, 1873, a 25. 

Ebenezer Palmer, formerly of Paternoster Row, d March 22, 1866, a 82. 
George Savage, d June 15, 1866, a 31. 
Bertha, h July 29, 1862, d Dec. 4, 1865. 

Gone from this room into the next. 
George Shurlock, suddenly snatched away June 26, 1866, a 47. 
Reader, art thou ready to meet thy God ? 
[Formerly an undertaker in Tamworth Road.] 

Walter, son of J. and C. Burton, d July 10, 1865, a 2. 
Alfred Burton, d July 4, 1881, a 20. 

Joseph Brown, d April 21, 1876, a 66. 

The Lord is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble ; and He knoweth 

them that trust in Him. 

Mary Ellen, wife of Alfred S. Groom, of Thornton Heath, d April 29, 1873, 

a 28. 
Lily, infant daughter, d April 28, 1873. 

So he bringeth them unto their desired haven. 



The Cemetery. 183 

Richard Goddard, d Aug. 2, 1S66, a 45. 

" The voice said, Cry ! And he said, What shall I cry ? All flesh is grass, 
and all the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field." 

Mary Newman, d May 11, 1870, a 82. 

Ellen Johnson, d Feb. 28, 1874, a 44. 

Ann Johnson, her mother, d June 2, 1874, a 74. 

If thou should'st call me to resign. 

What most I prize, it ne'er was mine, 

I only yield thee what was thine, 
Thy will be done. 
Hettey, wife of Henry Appleby, d Oct. 31, 1863, a 36. 

Margaret, wife of William Lowe, d July 12, 1S72, a 47. 
William Lowe, d Dec. 27, 1881, a 56. 

George Norton, of Westerham, Kent, d July 25, 1874, a 78. 
My hope is fixed on nothing less, 
Than Jesu's blood and righteousness. 

Mary Ann Tancock, d Feb. 20, 1875. 

Emily Louisa, daughter of George Thomas King, of Holloway, d Nov. 12, 
1870, a 5 years and 8 months. 

Hannah, wife of Jabez Smith, d Oct. 27, 1S75, a 43. 
What cheering words are these. 
Their sweetness who can tell ; 
In time and to eternal days 
'Tis with the righteous well. 

Joseph Tennison, d July 14, 1875, a 65. 

Alfred Runacres, d Dec. 17, 1873, a 42. 

Eliza Mary, wife of George Auber, d April 4, 1878, a 45. 
Walter, her son, d Sept. 4, 1871, a 7. 

John Edward Arnold, d Aug. 8, 1878, a 39. 

[Of the firm of Arnold and Coldwells. His comparatively early death from 
consumption was much deplored by his family and friends.] 
James, his son, d Jan. 2, 1873, a 7. 

Frank Marmion, son of Frank M. and Maria Coldwells, d Sept. 11, 1871, 
a 17. 
[A most promising lad when he was untimely snatched away by fever.] 
Margaret Alice Coldwells, d Sept. g, 1872, a 8 months. 

The flower fadeth. 
Caroline, wife of Henry Theobald, d March 4, 1871, a 30. 
Henry Theobald, d Nov. 24, 1871, a 31. 

Harry, son of James R. and Mary Payne, d July 29, 1869, a 11. 
Mrs. Mary Kirkham, his grandmother, d Oct. 9, 1866, a 90. 

Sarah, wife of Geo. Perkins, d Nov. g, 1871, a 53. 
Be still, and know that I am God. 
Ann Merrick, d March g, 1867, a 75. 

If I am found in Jesu's hands, my soul cannot be lost. 

Wm. Bishop, died suddenly March 14, 1869, a 73. 
Emma Bishop, his wife, d Oct. 23, 1S78, a 79. 
Also infant grandson. 

Elizabeth Ann, wife of Thos. Candy, d Sept. 21, 1872, a 43. 

Her kindness of heart and self-sacrificing disposition endeared her to all who 
knew her. Safe with Jesus, not a wave of trouble rolls across her 
peaceful breast. 



184 Croydon in the Past. 

Amos, youngest son of John and Mary Fuller, d April 6, 1S72, a 27. 
Jane, wife of Charles Sheppard, d Sept. 25, 1866, a 57. 

Reader! art thou prepared to die ? Now is the accepted time ; now is the day 
of salvation. 

Mary, wife of George Sherrin, d Jan. 11, 1868, a 74. 

Johanna Mary, wife of James Browning, d Nov. 28, 1878, a 56. 

Elizabeth Roberts, wife of P. R. H. Henson, d May 10, i86g, a 49. 

James Wm., son of Joseph and Jane Campbell, d April 8, 1866, a 3. 
Joseph, his elder brother, d Jan 14, 1882, a 28. 

Lydia Sarah, daughter of J. and S. Thomson, d April 15, 1S65, a li. 
Here our little Lj'dia lies, 
But her soul our Shepherd keeps, 
With the host of lambs above, 
In His everlasting love. 

J. R. Thomson, d Sept. 3, 1880, a ig. 

J. S. Thomson, d Jan. 29, 1868, a 9 months. 

Emily, daughter of Joseph Hallett, d July 11, 1863, a 3. 

Ann, wife of George Sparkes, d Jan. 24, 1880, a 59. 

Thomas May Simson, d Nov. 21, 1S73, a 76. 
Rosa, his widow, d Dec. 14, 1876, a 54. 

Ruth, daughter of Samuel Page, d April 5, 1875, a 5. 

George Alfred Hinton, d Sept. 2, 1874, a 23. 

Alice, widow of Robt. Smith Stubbs, d Jan. 21, 1871, a 69. 

Elizabeth, wife of Chas. J. Moss, d Jul}' 9, 1870, a 34. 
"Wilfred Moss, their son, d Jan. 19, 1877, a 8. 

Dr. David Munro, d April 23, 1869, a 29. 

More than conquerors through Him that loved us. 
Agnes Jervis, d Aug. 20, 1867, a 62. 

Mary Ann, daughter of James H. and S. Sanders, d Dec. 11, 1S64, a 41. 
Philippa, wife of Samuel Miles Benson, d May 31, 1873, a 49. 
Hear what God, the Lord, hath spoken, 

Oh, my people, faint and few. 
Comfortless, afflicted, broken. 
Fair abodes I build for you. 

Thorns of heartfelt tribulation. 

Shall no more perplex your ways, 
You shall name your walls salvation, 

And your gates shall all be praise. 

Joseph Charles Philpot, M.A., late of Stamford, d Dec. 9, 1869, a 67. 

He was widely known and greatly beloved by the living family of God, for 
whom he laboured abundantly by tongue and pen. He being dead yet 
speaketh. 
This monument is erected by his bereaved widow and children. 

Adelaide Ann Mary, daughter of Reuben Vincent and Mary Ann Barrow, 
rf July 26, 1875, a 13. 

Nathaniel Bogle French, d Sept. 11, 1876, a 48. 

With Christ which is far better. 
For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more 
exceeding and eternal weight of glory. 

Rev. Samuel Barrows, of Shanklin, Isle of Wight, d Feb. 4, 1881 ; and 
Mary Ann, his widow, d Jan. 26, 1879, a 71. 



The Cemetery. 185 

John Atkin, of Thorn Bank, Chepstow Road, d July 3, 1876, a 47. 

Lydie A. King, d Oct. 20, 1S76, a 42. 
Howard Shepherd King, a 3 months. 

Mary, wife of Wm. Clarkson, 1882. 

Herbert Stradling Skeates, d Oct. 12, 1881, a 53. 

[A son-in-law of the late Edward Miall, editor of The Nonconformist.'] 
Herbert Allan, his son, d March 20, 1878, a 26. 

Elizabeth Virgin, widow of James Billings, who after a self sacrificing and 
Christian life, sweetly entered into rest July 8, 1879, a 82. 
My days of praise shall ne'er be past, 
While life, and thought, and being last, 
Or immortality endure. 

To the sweet memory of Alice Cecil, fifth daughter of John Reid and Susan 
Jackson, d Oct. 17, 1877, a 34. 
Purified and made white, among the lilies, by the grace of God. She has 
been a succourer of many and of myself also. 

Eliza, wife of R. W. Russell, d March 26, 1879, a 67. 
Mary Ann, wife of Wm. Wheeler, d March 21, 1879, a 69. 

A sinner saved by grace. 
William W^heeler, d May 30, 1881, a 70. 
David, son of Wm. Ashby, d April 30, 1872, a 10. 
Mr. James Warren, d Dec. 21, 1867, a 57. 

Deeply lamented by his sorrowing wife, for he was an affectionate 

husband, and a sincere friend. 

Weep not, dear friends, although on earth 

My time with you is past. 
With Christ alone we hope to meet. 
Where happiness will last. 

Sarah, wife of Thomas Shadbolt, d Feb. 21, 1878, a 51. 
Josephine Elizabeth, his daughter, d Nov. 7, 1S61, a 9. 

George Matthew, d Sept. 16, 1879, a 62. 

John Bishop, d Dec. 20, 1867. 

Althea Sophia, wife of John C. Kersey, d June 3, 1S79. 

Susan Dennis, spinster, d April 3, 1882. 

Thirty years faithful servant in the family of the late Thomas Diller, 
of Thornton Heath. 

Thomas H. Graley, of Thornton Heath, d July 14, 1876, a 74. 
Louisa Graley, his sister, d Aug. 26, 1875, a 60. 

Fondly loved and deeply regretted by all who knew her. 
John Greenwood Graley, d Sept. 22, 1881, a 79. 

Elizabeth, wife of G. R. Bell, d Feb. 4, 1875, a 52. 
George Alexander Bell, d June 26, 1877, a 60. 

" And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of Hosts, in the day when I 
make up my jewels." 

Ann, wife of Thomas Brooker, d Nov. 18, 1875, a 54. 
Thomas Garniss, d July 19, 1S61, a 64. 

[Mr. Garniss was formerly principal of the late Fairfield House School, in 
which he was succeeded by Mr. A. Twentyman. He was the first man 
buried in this Cemetery.] 
Anne, his widow, d March 16, 1877, a 80. 
William Ridley Garniss, d Feb. 20, 1864, a 3. 
Frederick William, his brother, d July 21, 1868, a 7 months. 



i86 Croydon in the Past. 

William Lewis, d Aug. i6, 1861, a 67. 

Dear friends, farewell, at God's command, 

I summoned was before His bar to stand ; 

This sudden stroke of death calls loud on thee 

For to prepare yourselves to follow me. 
James Lewis, his son, d Sept. 27, 1861, a 37. 

Richard Brain, d Dec. 18, 1864, a 81, 

Oh, glorious hour ; oh, blessed abode, 

I shall be near and like my God, 

And flesh and sense no more control 

The sacred pleasures of my soul. 
Mary Brain, his wife, d June 2, 1866, a jj. 

Phoebe Mary, daughter of Robt. and Phoebe Brain, d May 8, 1S72. 
Great the joy, the union sweet. 
When the saints in glory meet. 
Where the theme is still the same. 
Where they praise Jehovah's name. 

John Sugden, d April 28, 68, a 61. 

His soul the second death defies, 
And reigns eternal in the skies. 

Sarah, wife of Robt. Mortimer, d Nov. 30, 1861, a 45. 
With patience to the last, she did submit. 
And murmured not at what the Lord thought fit, 
With Christian spirit did her soul resign, 
Returned to God at His appointed time. 

Mrs. Jane Mortimer, d May 17, 1871, a 86. 

W. M. Chambers, d May 23, 1866, a 66. 
Mary, his wife, d Oct. 20, 1872. 

Esther Ann, wife of James Dryland, of 42, Thornton Heath, d Dec. 13^ 
1874, a 76. 

Mary Kentish, d March 31, 1862, a 82. 
Thomas Diller, of Thornton Heath, d Dec. 10, 1871, a 85. 
Mary Ann, widow of Thomas Penson, d July 18, 1863, a 64. 
Rachael Mary, wife of Chas. Penson,^ Feb. 7, 1874, a 28. 
Thomas Holliday, builder, d suddenly Jan. 26th, 1875, a 55. 

A kind, intelligent, and affectionate husband and father, greatly 
beloved and regretted by all who knew him. 

William West, d Jan. 26, 1876, a 73. 

Fredk. Evans, his grandson, d Feb. 12, 1876, a 6. 

Elizabeth Hannah Rogers, d Dec. 17, 1862, a 2 years and 8 months. 
Fredk. Rogers, d Dec. 16, 1867, a 7 months. 
Florence Emily Rogers, d Sept. 13, 1878, a 17. 

Children of Edward and Elizabeth Rogers, and grandchildren of 
Wm. West, sen. 

William West, of North End, d Oct. 13, 1878, a 40. 

For me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. 
Then farewell to evil, a final farewell, 
Shut in for ever with Jesus to dwell. 

Elizabeth Pennick Hickmott, d Aug. 9, 1878, a 79. 

Kate West, d Jan. 9, 1871, a 4 months. 
Alfred West, d Dec. 14, 1873, a 7 months. 

Children of Wm. and Eleanor Elliott West, of North End. 



Tlie Cemetery. 187 

Rachael Mannerson, d Sept. 23, 1S72, a 58. 
Henry Glover, d Nov. 3, 1876, a 69. 
Robert Knell, d Oct. 21, 1877, a 84. 
Vincent Wm. Ballard, d Feb. 5, 1877, a ^^i- 

Who lived in that faith and died in the hope of an eternal inheritance, which 
Christ the Redeemer of all the elect family of God wrought out by His 
glorious resurrection from the dead. 

To the pure soul of Matilda, wife of James Francis Morgan, d Feb. 7, 1880, 
a 62. 

Sarah Ann, wife of Arthur Richard May, d Sept. 12, 1863, a 23. 

Ann Martin, for many years the faithful and affectionate housekeeper to 
the family of James Taylor, Esq., Ravenswood, (f Jan. 14, 1865, a 79. 

Mary, wife of Geo. W. H. Tharp, d Feb. 17, 1864, a 39. 

Oliver Samuel (Oily), youngest son of Jesse W. and Maria Ward, who 
passed away 23rd Nov., 1877, a 3^. 

" For of such is the kingdom of heaven." 
Emily, wife of Richard Landon, d July 25, 1881, a 41. 
Emily Charlotte, daughter of A. C. Jones, d Nov. 27, 1863, a 6 months. 

Edward Brown, d Feb. 29, 1864, a 74. 

Mrs. Ann Dalton, his sister, d May 6, 1867, a 81. 

Mary Ann Thomas Candish, d Aug. 6, 1864, a 68. 
Sarah Colhns, d Aug. 3, 1876, a 82. 

Martha, wife of Chas. John Lee, d March 6, 1873, a 49. 
John Thorn, son of Wm. and Elizabeth Thorn, d Feb. 13, 1873, a gh. 
Mar>-, wife of Richd. Gaston, d Feb. i, 1864, ^ 75' 
Now the grave's a downy bed, 

Embroidered round with blood. 
Say not the believer's dead, 
She only rests in God. 
Mary Ann, wife of Joseph Brown, d Oct. 15, 1868, a 36. 
Every moment since her dying hour. 

My loss I keenly feel, 
But trust I feel the Saviour's power. 
To sanctify and heal. 
Eliza, wife of Edward Dixon, d March 25, 1877, a 46. 
Wm. Edward, her son, d March 21, 1864, a 6 years and 10 months. 

Philip Denny, d July 31, 1877, a 37. 
Alfred Woodhams, d April 9, 1865, a 49. 

Having a desire to depart and be with Christ. 

James Shankland, 11, Katharine Street, died suddenly April 14, 1872, a 42. 

Let manhood think that death may come, 

When least it seemeth nigh. 
And though content with this bright home, 
Yet be prepared to die. 

Richd. Dallow, d March 21, 1874, a 21. 
Jane Jenkins, d Sept. 8, 1874, a 23. 

She's safe in her Father's home above, 

In the place prepared by her Saviour's love. 

Mrs. Emma White, d Jan. 25, 1872, a 66. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Evans, of Waddon New Road, d Sept. 29, 1872, 
a 50. 



1 88 Croydon in the Past. 

Arabella Palmer, d May 17, 1871, a 33. 

I will see you again. — John xvi, 32. 
Wm. Hall, d Feb. 5, 1878, a 66. 

Emily, wife of Edgar Newby, of Walpole Cottage, Whitehorse Road. 
d June 10, 1878, a 66. 

William Childs, of Selhurst, d March 10, 1874, a 44. 

Samuel Rogers, d March 28, 1875, a 41. 
Anna Agnes Kate Rogers, d Feb. 7, 1882, a 18. 

Parnel, wife of Thos. Forman, of South Norwood, d Nov. 29, 1870, a 42. 

Jane Mary, wife of A. W. P. Keep, d Jan. 29, 1877, a 49. 

John Skere, d Jan. 7, 1870, a 68. 
Frances, his wife, d Oct. 31, 1871, a 78. 

George Richard, infant son of Geo. John and Ann Jones, High Street, d 

Oct. 13, 1874, a 4 months. 
Wm. Henry, his brother, d March 12, 1876, a 4 months. 
Elizabeth Ann, his sister, d April 4, 1879, a 3. 

Emma, wife of Jas. Hanscomb, d May 18, 1880, a 65. 
Rest from thy labour, rest 

Soul of the just, set free ; 
Blest be thy memory, and blest 
Thy bright example be. 
James Hanscomb, d May 18, 1882, a 80. 
Emma, wife of Alfred Brooks, d May 2, 1882, a 62. 

No one knows how much we miss her. 

None but aching hearts can tell ; 
Earth has lost her, Heaven has won her, 
Jesus doeth all things well ! 

John Thomas Walford, d Feb. 21, 1876, a 86. 

Absent from the body, but present with the Lord. 
Dear little Florry, third child of Charles and Louisa Hunt, d July i, 1875, 
a 2. 

To us for two short years. 

Her infant smiles were given, 
And then she bade farewell to earth, 
And went to dwell in heaven. 

David Lauchlan, d Oct. 30, 1869, a 64. 

Wm. Thomas, his youngest son, d March 30, 1877, a 13. 

Emily Ann Broughton, d June 8, 1875, a 30. 
Safe in the arms of Jesus, 

Safe on His gentle breast, 
There by His love o'ershaded. 
Sweetly my soul doth rest. 
John Albert Broughton, her youngest son, d Sept. 9, 1881, a 8. 
Jonathan Johnson Martin, d Sept. 10, 1875, a 36. 
Waiting until the day break. 

James Gray, d May i, 1869, a 74. 

For some years deacon of the Congregational Church, George Street. 

Eliza, wife of George H. Couch, d Nov. 14, 1878, a 36. 

We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed. 
Percy Charles, infant son of J. Compton Rickett, d Aug. 19, 1877. 
Chas. Wm. W. Frisch, d Oct. 30, 1875, a 26. 



The Cemetery. 189 

Jane, wife of John Couch, d July 8, 1869, a 63. 

George Couch Gunn, his grandson, d Dec. 21, 1868, a 13. 

Esther Mary, wife of Robt. Edward Hart, 57, High Street, d July 7, 1872, 
a 27. 

Knowing as I am known, 

How shall I love that word, 
And oft f^peat before the throne, 
" For ever with the Lord." 

Richd. Trotman, d Feb. 13, 1872, a 68. 
Elizabeth, his wife, d April 12, 1874, a 63. 

Emily, eldest daughter of Wm. and Mary Lock, d Aug. 26, 1881, a 30. 

Annie, the dearly loved wife of Lindon Parkyn, of Christ Church, Addis- 
combe, d May 21, 1881, a 30. 

Florence Elizabeth, daughter of J. W. Buckley and Louisa, his wife, d 

May II, 1862, a 4. 
Joseph Wilson Buckley, d Jan. 30, 1874, a 57. 

[Mr. Buckley was a deacon at George Street Chapel, Croydon, but removed to 
Dorking a few years before his death.] 

Richard Pengilly, for nearly 40 years pastor of the Baptist Church, 

Newcastle-on-Tyne, d March 22, 1865, ^ 83. 
Eliza, his wife, d Jan. 7, 1869, a 82. 

Edgar Rowland VVitherby, a 6 years and 10 months. 

A moment o'er the stone, dear children stay, 
" Do you love God ? " was Edgar wont to say, 
In rosy health, and now his early grave 
Shall ask, " Is Jesus, who our souls to save 
Was nailed upon the cross, your Saviour dear ? " 
If yes ! then children you have nought to fear. 
E'en from the silence of our darling's tomb. 
The name of Jesus penetrates the gloom 
Of death ! Come quickly Saviour, bid us rise 
With all thy lambs to meet Thee in the skies. 
Until the morning of the first resurrection, here sleeps the body of our 
dearly beloved boy, Henry Dawson Witherby, whose spirit was 
called away October 4, 186S, a 3 years and 8 months. 
Jesus said, " Suffer little children to come unto me ; rejoice with me for I 
have found my sheep which was lost." 
Among the countless ransomed children there. 

Our darling we shall know, 
Again shall find him, and while passing fair 
The same we loved below. 
Annie Witherby passed away June 2, 1879, a 17. 

Not long before she fell asleep she said, " We shall have plenty of happy days 
in Heaven." And again, "After all, this is only just the beginning of 
life — only like a few days." 
" Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of mani 
the things which God hath prepared for them that love Him ; but God 
hath revealed them unto us by His spirit." 

Mary Ann, wife of Chas. Coles, rf Jan. 20, 1880, a 36. 

Not gone from memory, not gone from love, 
But gone to her Father's home above. 

Chas. Joseph Mclvor, only son of A. and G. M. Acheson, d July 8, 1868, 

a 20. 

And his body rests here until the resurrection from among the dead. 
Georgina Margaret Acheson, d July 8, i858, a 20. 

To depart, and be with Christ, which is far better. 



igo Croydon in the Past. 

Ann Heatley, d Feb, 12, 1867, a 72. 

Reader, — I ask have you found that peace 
That only Christ can give ; 
Have you by power divine been changed, 
For Christ and heaven to live ? 

Mrs. Charlotte Herbert, d Nov. 21, 1870, a 91. 
Thomas Surman, d May 31, 1875, a 75. 

Harriette Amelia, wife of Charles Kingston, d Sept. 3, 1878, a 37. 
There is no death. What seems so is transition. 

This life of mortal breath 
Is but a suburb of the life Elysian, 
Whose portal we call death. 

Agnes Gray, wife of William Gardiner, d March 28, 1872, a 23. 
Helen Eliza, her daughter, d June 24, 1872, a 35. 

Emma, 42 years the affectionate and helpful wife of Thomas C. Carter, 
d March 28, 1875, a 64. 

By the grace of God I am what I am. 

Hannah Vincent, for 16 years a faithful servant in the family of Mr. E. 
Moore, No. 2, Stanley Villas, St. James's Road, d April 2, 1875. 

Artie, child of John and Jessy Walker, d Jan. 11, 1875, a 11. 

Robert Cathcart Matheson, d Dec. 8, 1871, a 2^. 

Eliza Margaret, daughter of Benjamin and Margaret J. Lees, d April 15, 

1872, a 26. 
Benjamin, her father, d Aug. 13, 1872, a 52. 

Alfred Goldsmith, d March 5, 1871, a 48. 

Humbly we hope that death to him was gain. 

To whom God's mercy through his blessed Son, 
Gave gracious strength through long continued pain. 
Meekly to trust, and say " Thy will be done." 

Zachariah Westbrook, d April 2, 1875, a 81. 

Sarah, his wife, died on the 8th of the same month, a 75. 

Both safe in the arms of Jesus. 
Henry Kirkby, d Feb. 2, 1867, a 50. 
Mary Annie, his daughter, d July 5, 1875, a 23. 

Amy Florence Lewis, of Thornton Heath, d Jan. 9, 1866, a 4 months. 
A lovely babe lies sleeping here 

Short was on earth her stay, 
For at the age of four months old, 

Alas, 'twas took away. 

Thomas Wm. Lewis, d Oct. 17, 1868, a 5. 

He was not loved by one, but all, 

He left this world when God did call, 

Knock'd at the door, death did so soon. 

His morning sun went down at noon. 

Grieve not for me my parents dear, 

I do lie here till Christ appear. 
Grace Eleanor Lewis, d Dec. 13, 1878, a 7. 

She is not among the dying now, 

For she has life for ever, 
Yet links remain to hearts below. 

No stroke of death can sever. 
We mourn the wreck which death hath made, 

But shed not hopeless tears, 
Her body 'neath this sod is laid. 

Her soul in Heaven appears. 



The Cemetery. 191 

Harriet Waghorne, d March 3, 1881, a 63. 

Maria Bambridge, her sister, d Feb. 21, 1862, a 33. 

Stephen Scott, of Woodside, d April 19, 1864, a 58. 

Elizabeth Ann Trindal Reep, widow of the late Capt. Reep, R.N., d Oct. 
29, 1864, a 80. 

Mary, wife of Jacob Venning, d Dec. 11, 1865, a 26. 
What is there here to court my stay. 

Or hold me back from home, 
While angels beckon me away. 

And Jesus bids me come 
Away to yonder realms of light, 

There multitudes redeemed with blood. 
Enjoy the beatific sight, 

And dwell for ever with their God. 

James Martin, d Nov. 5, 1868, a 73. 

Susannah Layton, wife of Bryan Bishop, d April 12, 1878, a 74. 

Richard Wallis, d Aug. 11, 1878, a 82. 
Maria, his wife, d May 5, 1862, a 67. 

Charlotte Dobin, d Nov. 18, 1878, a 54. 

Kate Adeney (Kitty), d July 28, 1879, a 2. 
Francis G. Farrow, d July 13, 1878, a 2 months. 

Mary Smith, d July 12, 1878, a 53. 

Mary Ann Palmer, d Sept. 27, 1878, a 44. 

Hannah Kimber, d Jan. 15, 1829, a 30. 

Major-General James Campbell, R.A., d March 4, 1878. 

Alfred Frederick Bell, d April 20, 1878, a 33. 

James Peerless, d Sept. 14, 1877, a 74. 

Robt. W. W. Vickery, d Sept. 11, 1876, a 65. 

Selina, wife of James Woodman, d March 28, 1877, a 38. 

Released from sorrow, sin, and pain. 
And free from every care, 

By angels' hands to Heaven conveyed. 
To rest for ever there. 

Mary Ann Jefferies, who lived for 46 years with the late Mr. Garniss, of 
No. 8, Park Lane, d Jan. 8, 1878, a 76. 

Sarah Ann Peskett, of South End, d April 11, 1877, a 52. 
Blessed are they and only they 

Who in the Lord their Saviour die ; 
Their bodies wait redemption day, 

They sleep in peace where'er they lie. 

Mary Smith, d May 5, 1877, a 77. 

Fanny, infant daughter of Alexander Shapcott, a 5 months. 

Mary, wife of William Robinson, died suddenly at New Thornton Heath, 

Feb. 3, 1877, a 40. 
William Robinson, her husband, d April 10, 1877, a 42. 

Laurie, son of Charles B. Ingham, d Nov. 26, 1876, a 34. 

Fred George Whitfield, son of Walter Holt, d Aug. 12, 1877, a i. 
Wm. Henry Peckham, d March 14, 1876, a 35. 

Hannah, wife of Stephen Willcock, d Jan. 7, 1876, a 81. 
Jemima Duthort, her sister, d Oct. 9, 1881, a 70. 



192 Croydon in the Past. 

In remembrance of Little Charlie, son of Edwin Alden, d Jan. 6, 1S78, a 6 
months. 

That beautiful flower was lent awhile, 

To cheer us on our way, 
But Jesus took it to a fairer clime. 
To bloom in endless day. 

John Ling, d May 31, 1879, a 75. 
Ann, wife of Henry Johnson, d Jan. 10, 1880, a 63. 
Her toils are past, her work is done, 

And she is fully blest, 
She fought the fight, the vict'ry won, 
And entered into rest. 

Emily, wife of Richd. John Coventry, d May 9, 1877, ^ 3°' 

William Martin, d Dec. 2, 1879, a 53. 

Mary Grace, wife of Ebenezer S. Pears, of Broad Green, d April 7, 1878, 
a 29. 

Shall not the Judge of all do right ? 

George H. Owen, 2, Grosvenor Road, South Norwood, d Dec. 10, 1878, 
a 20. 

Frank, infant son of Ebenezer Wilson, d Dec. 6, 1878. 

He metes thy days, my little one, who gave thee life. 
Charles Westrope, b Aug. 31, d Sept. 18, 1877. 
Pattie Westrope, b Aug. 31, d Oct. 31, 1877. 

Twin infants of Charles and Martha Bowman, of London Road. 
Isabella, wife of John Tanner, d April 33, 1880, a 62. 
Henry lies, d ]u\y 18, 1880, « 65. 
Margaret Jane Smith, d April 2, 1881, a 76. 
Charles Watts, of Canterbury Road, d Jan. 18, 1880, a 65. 
Ann, wife of Wm. Newling, d Dec. 11, 1880. 

Her hope was built on nothing less 
Than Jesu's blood and righteousness. 

Rebecca, wife of Benjamin Haines, d Oct. 8, 1881, a 26. 
Mary, wife of Edward Granville, d Sept. 30, 1881, a 78. 
Elizabeth, wife of Alfred Claudius Collins, d March 27, 1881, a 88. 

Clarence Henry, infant son of Hy. Peters, of Croydon Grove, d Aug. 15, 
1879, a 6 months. 

From adverse blasts and low'ring storms, 

His favoured soul He bore, 
And with yon bright angelic forms, 
He lives to die no more. 

Little Walter, only child of Chas. and Sarah Heathfield, d May 19, 1879, a 
5 months. 

Alice, daughter of Jane C. and Mary King, d Aug. 26, 1879, a 12. 
Pain and sickness ne'er shall enter. 

Grief nor woe her lot shall share ; 
But in that celestial centre, 

She a crown of life shall wear. 

Robert Mapletoft, d Sept. 5, 1881, a 50. 

Just as I am, without one plea. 

But that Thy blood was shed for me, 
And that Thou bidst me come to Thee, 

Oh, Lamb of God, I come. 



The Cemetery. 193 

Samuel Robinson, d May 26, 18S0, a 58. 

John Robinson, his brother, d March 13, 1882, a 68. 

Edward Odd, d Dec. 27, 18S0, a 42. 

Louisa Bloclc, d Sept. 24, 18S0, a 41. 

She was endowed with a mind so clear. 

That all who knew her, loved her far and near. 

But God, her Father, loved her best. 

And took her to her Heavenly rest. 
Charles Smith, d May i, 1880, a 43. 
Hannah, his wife, d Nov. 22, 1881, a 45. 

Alice Evelyn Freebody, d June 17, 1881, a 4J. 
" And Jesus called a little child unto Him." 

Emma, widow of Wm. Slade, d March 12, 1882, a 75. 
Thomas Douglas, her son, d April 11, 18S0, a 37. 

James Pilbeam, of South End, d Jan. 30, 1S82, a 84. 
Sarah Davis, d Sept. 13, 1881, a 98. 

She was a member of the Wesleyan Church 74 years. 
Richard Hanks, of Church Street, d Oct. 21, 1880, a 55. 
Mary Ann, wife of George Horn, d Jan. 2, 1879, a 49. 
Jane Row, d May 21, 1879, a 70. 
Thomas Dartnell, d Nov. 15, 1879, a 75. 

Ophelia Jane, wife of John Hunt, of South Norwood, d July i, 1879, a 38. 
Jesus protects ; my fears be gone. 

What can the Rock of Ages move ? 
Safe in Thy arms, I lay me down, 
Thy everlasting arms of love. 
Arnold C. Westlake, her nephew, d Jan. 4, 1882, a i. 
Samuel Overton, d May 28, 1879, a 60. 

Until the day break, and the shadows flee away. 

George Henry Checker, d Feb. i, 1S77, a 48. 
George Checker, his son, d March i, 1877, a 18. 

Elizabeth, wife of Thos. Jeffery Duke, d July 9, 1S77, a 50. 

[Late Matron of the Croydon Workhouse.] 
John Kew, d March 19, 1879, a 68. 

Oh, Death, where is thy victory, 
Oh, Grave, where is thy sting? 

Thomas Ray, of North End, d March 23, 1871, a 76. 
Harriot, his wife, d Dec. 11, 1877, ^ 73- 

Let them be at rest that die in the Lord. 

Sarah, widow of the late Rev. R. Inchbald, D.C.L., late of Aldwick Hall, 
Doncaster, d July 15, 1872, a 75. 

Margaret Hodgson, d March 28, 1882, a 62. 

" Be ye therefore followers of God, as dear children." 
Richard Astington, died suddenly, Jan. 26, 1882, a 74. 

[For many years a tailor in Church Street, much respected.] 
Caroline, his widow, d May 15, 1882, a 68. 

William Potter, d Oct. 17, 1882, a 63. 

Blessed are they whose fault is gone. 

Whose sins are washed away with blood. 
Whose hope is fixed on Christ alone, 

Whom Christ has reconciled to God. 



194 Croydon in the Past. 

Rev. Henry Mitchell, M.A., d May 9, 1867, a 62. 

William Lowndes, d July 3, 1882. 

Thomas Edwards, late of Llanfyllion, Montgomeryshire, d Oct. 22, 1881, 

Janet, wife of Leigh Paul Tebbutt, d Feb. 12, 1882, a 35. 
Percy Tebbutt, d Feb. 17, 1882, a 13 days. 

[Mother and babe fell victims to that terrible disease, small-pox.] 



SOCIETY OF FRIENDS. 



A small portion of the Unconsecrated Ground is devoted to the 
burial of Members of the Society of Friends. The follow- 
ing is a copy of the gravestones therein : — 

Alfred Crowley, d i6th ist month, 1876, a 51. 

Alfred Crowley was a principal member of the ancient firm of brewers at 
Croydon and Alton. He took an active interest in public affairs, and 
sat on the Local Board of Health from 1858 until his death. Gifted 
with much general knowledge, his experience in commercial matters 
was very wide, and his common sense opinions were invariably 
expressed tersely and fearlessly. 
Guy Robt., son of Alfred and Mary Crowley, d 20th 8th month, 1873, a 7 
months. 

Helen, daughter of John and Alice Ward, d 2nd 12th month, 1878, a 1 year 
and 8 months. 

Louisa Cruickshank, d 6th 4th month, 1875, a 22. 

Mary Harrisson, d 15th loth month, 1874, a 72. 

Charles Dearman, d 2nd gth month, 1872, a 73. 

John Harry McGill, d 31st 5th month, 1875, a 13. 

Sarah Sidney Beach, d 5th loth month, 1871, a 38. 
Thomas Beach, d 9th 4th month, 1S75, a 76. 

Arthur Godfrey, d 25th 5th month, 1875, a 15. 

Robert Harvey, d 15th 3rd month, 1867, a 61. 
Matilda Harvey, d 5th 7th month, 1875, a 74. 



ROMAN CATHOLICS. 

The Roman Catholics have two pieces of ground near the 
Nonconformist Chapel. 

To my child, d loth May, 1875. 
James Lynch, d Nov. 19, 1879, a 26. 
Benjamin Hoar, R.N., d May 17, 1878, 

We have loved him in life, let us not forget him in death. 
Catherine Caplis, d April 3, 1869, a 38. 
Eloy Eugenio da Silva, 1877. 
Susannah Rousch, d Jan. 18, 1876, a 50. 

Jacob Henry Cattaneo, who met with a fatal accident Nov. 22, 1881, a 28. 
On whose soul, sweet Jesus have mercy. 



The Cemetery. 195 

Hugh Hastings, d Dec. 21, 1867, a 57. 
Edward James Lane, d April 3, 1865, a 55. 

Pray for the repose of his soul. 

Orate pro animabus Joannes Pace et Anna Marije, ejus uxoris, qui obierunt 
ilia 16 Mai, 1864, aet. 48 ; ille 15th Jan. 1876, ast. 67. 
Morte disjuncti nunc morti juncti. 
Requiescant in pace. 

Edward Gustavus Norton, d April 13, 1871, a 44. 

Ernest Thomas Hammond, d May 12, 1863, a 31. 

Charles A. Cattaneo, d Aug. 25, 1870, a 19. 
Marcelina Jane Cattaneo, d Dec. 2, 1S76, a 35. 

Winifred Catherine Hanlon, d Aug. 21, 1862, a 4. 
Mary Hanlon, her mother, d Aug. 16, 1871, a 37. 
Edward Hanlon, d March 9, 1875, a 43. 

[Mr. Hanlon formerly was a leather cutter at 31, High Street.] 
Calieto Hanrie, d July 25, 1863, a 56. 
Anna Maria Vernon, of Penge, d June 27, 1863, a 38. 
Eda J. M. Alexander, of Thornton Heath, d Aug. 27, 1870, a 16. 
Ellen Mary Cattaneo, d May 30, 1S64, a 4. 

Catharine Mary, wife of Pasquale Cattaneo, d Feb. 24, 1866, a 46. 
Peter Thomas Cattaneo, d March 4, 1S66, a 3. 
George Francis Cattaneo, d Dec. 7, 1869, a 15. 
Julia Mary Kate Cattaneo, d May 2, 1S70, a 12. 

Mary Blanche, daughter of M. G. Lavers, Esq., d July 5, 1869, a 14. 

John Walton Teevan, M.A., d Dec. 27, 1871, a 32. 
Henry James, his second son, d Nov, 26, 1868, a 7. 
Arthur Walton, third son, d Nov. 26, 1868, a 5. 
William Walton, fourth son, d Nov. 27, 1868, a 3. 
Edward Walton, sixth son, d Dec. 10, 1870, a i. 

Thomas J. Woods, d Feb. 8, 1870, a 59. 

Etienne Toussant Desire Benoit, of the Royal Military Academy, 
Woolwich, d Feb. 14, 1868, a 53. 

Jane Harvey, d March 4, 1880, a 84. 
Alfred Patrick Ryan, d July 27, 1872, a 35. 

[Mr. Ryan was a mahogany and timber merchant at the steam saw mills in 
Morland Road.] 

John Carley, Esq., d March 7, 1870, a 68. 
Wm. Phelen, d March 29, 1868, a 45. 
Bryan Wynn, Esq., d Jan. 31, 1869, a 73. 

[Formerly an accountant at 56, High Street, living in Parson's Mead.] 

Lieut. Geo. Alfred Devereux, R.N., d July 7, 1867, a 80. 
Ann Mary Devereux, d Feb. 9, 1872, a 81. 

Eliza, wife of M. O'Riordan, d July 7, 1867, a 43. 

Have mercy on me, have pity on me, at least you, my friends. 

On your charity, pray for the repose of the soul of Susan Mary Agatha 
Pearson, of Penge, d Aug. 23, 1869, fortified with the rites of Holy 
Church. 

On whose soul, sweet Jesus, have mercy. 

We loved her during life, let us not forsake after death. — St, Ambrose. 

May her soul rest in peace. — Amen. 



ig6 



Croydon in the Past. 



Georgina Devereux, d April 30, 1880. 

Charles Evan McDougall, d April 10, 1872. 

Mrs. Margaret Turner, d Nov. 27, 1868, a 48. 

John Edmund Hastings, d Oct. 22, 1872, a 54. 

Ethel Mary Sidgreaves, d Oct. 11, 1881, a 5. 

Marie Anna, daughter of Napoleon Alexander and Mathilde Coste, d Feb. 
8, 1882, a 26. 

John Lawless, Esq., d June g, 1869. 

Daniel O'Driscoll, d July 28, 1877, a 24. 
Catherine, his mother, d Nov. 22, 1881, a 58. 

Simon Kelly, of South Norwood, d Nov. 6, 1873, a 65. 

Wm. Thomas Doyle, d Sept. 12, 1874, a 22. 

Mary Ann Doyle, his mother, d Aug. 18, 1878, a 67. 

George Doyle, d Sept. 25, 1879, a 69. 

Francisco Augusto J. N. Gomez, born in Hong Kong, May 16, 1S64, died 
in Croydon, May 19, 1882. 
[He was a very promising student in St. George's Roman Catholic College, 
in the Wellesley Road.] 

John Nathaniel Clarke, d April 16, 1873, a 32. 
John Murray, d June 15, 1868, a 96.